Once the king went to the Nilanchal mountain due to the disappointment that there were no ideals of Lord Vishnu because it was taken by the Gods. Then, a divine intervention in the heaven announced that he will be incarnated in the form of stone or wood as Jagannath.
And so to please his devotees he came back in the form of wood. These idols are placed in the decorative chariots, accompanied by chants and conches, which can be heard all around. This event is known as Ansara. Various hordes of locals and devotees flock around the temple area. Later, he decorates the chariot with flowers. The ground on which the chariot will move is also cleaned by him and then sandalwood is sprinkled on it. Later, they are back to their home. The return journey of the three deities is termed as 'Bahuda Yatra'.
In fact the Lord Jagannath is considered as one of the reincarnation of avatars of Lord Vishnu. Every year, the Rath Yatra is celebrated by the devotees. Idols are taken out on a chariot and the three chariots are pulled by the devotees through the streets of Puri to the Gundicha temple a few kilometres away. There is a belief that pulling the chariots of their God during the procession is a way of engaging in the pure devotion of Lord and it also destroys the sins which might be committed either knowingly or unknowingly.
Jagannath Rath Yatra is celebrated by millions of devotees that came from across the world to seeks the blessings of God's and fulfil their wishes. The atmosphere at the time of Rath Yatra is so pure and beautiful. Devotees with the chariots keep singing songs, mantras with the sound of drum beatings. Do you know about 25 amazing facts of Mahabharata?
Cricket World Cup Complete list of Centuries. According to the tradition current in Odisha, Gundicha was the name of the queen of Indradyumna, the legendary builder of the first temple. As Gundicha had initiated this festival, it is known after her name. This festival of international fame takes place in the month of Asadha June - July every year.
It is a nine-day festival, when the deities are taken to the Gundicha temple located at a distance of about 3 kms.
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Normally, the chariots reach the destination the Gundicha temple by the evening on the first day of the festival and on the ninth day, the deities are brought back to the main temple on the same chariots. Thus, the deities practically spend full seven-days in the Gundicha temple.
The return journey is called Bahuda Yatra and is performed on the same manner ,as Ratha Yatra. Certain other religious rites are performed on the chariots on that day including special dressing of the deities after which the deities are taken back to. Logs of wood for the chariots are obtained from the forests of Dasapalla located at a distance of about kms. The special names of these three chariots are as follows : i Jagannatha - Nandighosa,' ii Balabhadra Taladhvaja and iii Subhadra - Devadalana.
The colour of the fabrics used to decorate the chariots are yellow, green and black respectively, mixed with red. The order of movement of the chariots from the temple gate towards the Gundica temple are a Balabhadra, b Subhadra and lastly, c Jagannatha. The deities are taken from the temple to the chariots in a swinging manner, which is locally called Pahandi. They are made to swing forward and backward in the process of which there is a little forward movement in each effort.
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After the deities are seated on their respective chariots, the Raja of Puri sweeps the floor of the chariots locally called Chera Pahanra and this is a great attraction during the Ratha Yatra. This signifies that even the highest sovereign power of the country is only a servant , before the God. After the sweeping ceremony is over, the charioteers are seated on the respective chariots, the horses four in each chariot are tied and the ropes usually four in each chariot are fitted.
A huge log is used as the break of each chariot. Then the people are allowed to pull the chariots in. This liberty indicates that the god is equal for every person on earth and grants equal opportunity to all. This festival also signifies that, the deities desire to come down to the level of the common people for some time and move with them. It is said that Gundica temple was the place where Jagannatha had his first manifestation in the present form and therefore, it is the birth place of Jagannatha.
This festival takes place in the month of Asadha, when the deities are still in their chariots in the Lions Gate after the Return Car Festival. On this occasion, the images of Vasudeva, Bhubanesvari and Narayana are taken to the chariots.
After some rites are performed there, these images are taken to the 'chamber of slumber' for enjoying complete rest for four months. This festival takes place on the day of Karkata Sankranti. Special rites are performed on. This festival takes place in the month of Bhadra. The deities enjoying sleep change sides on this day. This festival takes place in the month of Kartika.
On this day the deities rise from their sleep. Besides, it is a very sacred day for the Hindus. Parvana Sasthi: This festival takes place in the month of Margasira. This is locally known as Odhana Sasthi. The deities are covered with thick cloths till the month of Magha. This festival takes place in the month of Phalguna. It was done in AD. The invasion was launched in Jagannath Temple is a very big temple and covers an area of m 2.
The height of the outer wall is 6. This outer wall surrounds the whole temple and is known as Meghananda Pacheri.
The main portion of the temple is also surrounded by a wall known as Kurma Bheda. The temple was built on the basis of Oriya architecture and has around temples and shrines inside. The main temple has curvilinear shape with a chakra of Lord Vishnu on the top. This chakra is also known as Nila Chakra. The tower of the temple has the height of 65m. Nila Chakra is located on the top of the temple and a different flag, each named as Patita Pavana , is hoisted on the chakra daily. The chakra has eight spokes called Navagunjaras.
The chakra was made by an alloy of eight metals also known as Ashtadhatu. The circumference of the chakra is 11m and height is 3. There are four gates to enter the temple and one of them is Singhdwara which is a Sanskrit word which means Lion Gate.
Jagannath Rath Yatra festival begins
There are statues of two lions one on each side of the gate. People can enter the temple through the staircase of 22 steps which is known as Baisi Pahacha. There is an image of Lord Jagannath which is painted on the right side of the entrance and is known as Patitapavana.
This image was made for untouchables who were allowed to pray to the image of the lord from outside but cannot enter the temple. Arun Stambh is situated in front of the Singdwara. The pillar is sixteen-sided and is monolithic. Idol of Arun can be found here who drives the chariot of Sun god. Arun Stambh was previously located at Konark temple but was brought here by Guru Brahamachari Gosain. Hathidwara, Vyaghradwara, and Ashwadwara are the three other entrances from where people can enter the temple. Hathidwara is also known as elephant gate , Vyaghradwara as tiger gate , and Ashwadwara as horse gate.
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The gates are named so as they are guarded by elephant, tiger, and horse respectively. There are many minor temples in the precincts of Jagannath Temple and Vimala temple is one of them. Hindu mythology says that the feet of Goddess Sati has fallen on the spot where the temple is constructed. The food offered to Lord Jagannath is also offered to goddess Vimala then it is called Mahaprasad. Many rituals are performed in Jagannath temple and the Mahalaxmi Temple plays an important role because preparation of the food to be offered to Lord Jagannath is supervised by Mahalaxmi.
The food is known as Naivedya. Mukti Mandapa is a platform made with granite and its height is five feet. The square-shaped mandapa covers an area of square feet. The roof of the mandapa is supported by twelve pillars out of which four are built in the middle. The roof is 13 feet high while the height of each pillar is 8 feet. Idols of many gods and goddesses have been installed here. Dola Mandapa is used to make a swing on which idol of Dologobinda is placed. The swing is made during the annual Dol yatra.
The mandapa is carved by using Torana and it is the same arch on which the swing is hanged. Each year many festivals are celebrated in the temple and most important of them is the Rath Yatra in which the three main deities of the temple are carried to Gundicha Temple on three separate chariots. Chandan Yatra is the longest festival celebrated in the temple as it takes 42 days to complete the yatra. The yatra is divided into two parts namely Bahara Chandana and Bhitara Chandana and each part is celebrated for 21 days.
Bahara Chanda is the first part in which the chariots are built that will take the three deities during Rath Yatra. The deities are put into the boats and they swim in the tank. Bhitara Chanda is the phase carried for the last 21 days in which the rituals are carried inside the temple. Snana Yatra is celebrated on the full moon day of the Jyeshtha month as this is the birthday of Lord Jagannath.
On this day, Lord Jagannath, Balabhadra, Subhadra, Madamohan, and Sudarshan are taken to Snana Bedi in a procession and bathed while performing different rituals. These rituals are performed on the basis of a description made in the Skanda Purana which states that the rituals were arranged by King Indradyumna when the three deities were first installed. The devotees believe that on visiting the deities on this day clean all their sins. Anavasara or Ansara is celebrated after the snana yatra in which the deities are taken to Anavasara Ghar where they rest for 15 days.
In these days, the devotees can go to Brahmagiri to see Alernath which a four handed deity and a form of Lord Vishnu. These 15 days are the resting period of main deities and devotees are not allowed to see them. Cooked food is also not offered to the deities.