Gates advocated using the drone missile option but changed his support the next day to the helicopter raid plan. Obama said he wanted to speak directly to Admiral McRaven before he gave the order to proceed. The president asked if McRaven had learned anything since arriving in Afghanistan that caused him to lose confidence in the mission. McRaven told him the team was ready and that the next few nights would have little moonlight over Abbottabad, good conditions for a raid.
EDT ,  Obama conferred with his advisers and gave the final go-ahead. The raid would take place the following day. That evening the president was informed that the operation would be delayed one day due to cloudy weather. They watched night-vision images taken from a Sentinel drone while Panetta, appearing in the corner of the screen from CIA headquarters, narrated what was happening.
In an adjoining office was the live drone feed presented on a laptop computer operated by Brigadier General Marshall Webb , assistant commander of JSOC. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was one of those in the Situation Room, and described it like this: "Contrary to some news reports and what you see in the movies, we had no means to see what was happening inside the building itself. All we could do was wait for an update from the team on the ground. I looked at the President. He was calm.
Rarely have I been prouder to serve by his side as I was that day. The raid was carried out by approximately two dozen heliborne U. For legal reasons namely that the U. According to The New York Times , a total of "79 commandos and a dog" were involved in the raid. Army Special Operations Command unit known as the " Night Stalkers ", provided the two modified Black Hawk helicopters  that were used for the raid itself, as well as the much larger Chinook heavy-lift helicopters that were employed as backups.
The Black Hawks used previously unseen "stealth" versions of the helicopter that fly more quietly and are harder to detect on radar than conventional models;   due to the weight of the extra stealth equipment on the Black Hawks, cargo was "calculated to the ounce, with the weather factored in. The Chinooks were equipped with 7. Their mission was to interdict any Pakistani military attempts to interfere with the raid.
The th SOAR helicopters were supported by an array of other aircraft, to include fixed-wing fighter jets and drones. The raid was scheduled for a time with little moonlight so the helicopters could enter Pakistan "low to the ground and undetected". The flight from Jalalabad to Abbottabad took about 90 minutes.
According to the mission plan, the first helicopter would hover over the compound's yard while its full team of SEALs fast-roped to the ground. At the same time, the second helicopter would fly to the northeast corner of the compound and deploy the interpreter, the dog and handler, and four SEALs to secure the perimeter. The team in the courtyard was to enter the house from the ground floor. As they hovered above the target the first helicopter experienced a hazardous airflow condition known as a vortex ring state.
This was aggravated by higher than expected air temperature   and the high compound walls, which stopped the rotor downwash from diffusing. The SEALs encountered the residents in the compound's guest house, in its main building on the first floor where two adult males lived, and on the second and third floors where bin Laden lived with his family. The second and third floors were the last section of the compound to be cleared. Osama bin Laden was killed in the raid  and initial versions said three other men and a woman were killed as well: bin Laden's adult son Khalid,   bin Laden's courier Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti , al-Kuwaiti's brother Abrar, and Abrar's wife Bushra.
Conflicting reports of an initial firefight exist. Owen's states that the team were in a "short firefight" before reaching bin Laden. Bin Laden's young adult son is said to have encountered the SEALs on the staircase of the main house, and to have been shot and killed by the second team.
Reports differ, though agree eventually he was hit by shots to the body and head. The initial shots either missed, hit him in the side, or hit him in the head. The lead SEAL shot her in the leg, then grabbed both women and shoved them aside. Robert J. O'Neill , who later publicly identified himself as one of the SEALs who shot bin Laden,   states that he pushed past the lead SEAL, entered through the door and confronted bin Laden inside the bedroom.
O'Neill states that bin Laden was standing behind a woman with his hands on her shoulders, pushing her forward. O'Neill immediately shot bin Laden twice in the forehead, then once more as bin Laden crumpled to the floor. Matt Bissonnette , gives a conflicting account of the situation. After Bin Laden staggered back or fell into the bedroom, Bissonnette and O'Neill entered the room, saw the wounded Bin Laden on the ground, fired multiple rounds, and killed him. According to Bergen's sources, O'Neill did not mention firing the shots that killed Bin Laden in the after action report following the operations.
The weapon used to kill bin Laden was an HK using 5. In these reports, there were said to be two weapons near bin Laden in his room, including an AKSU carbine and a Russian-made Makarov pistol , but according to his wife Amal, he was shot before he could reach his AKSU. As the SEALs encountered women and children during the raid, they restrained them with plastic handcuffs or zip ties.
While bin Laden's body was taken by U. The raid was intended to take 40 minutes. The time between the team's entry in and exit from the compound was 38 minutes.
Time in the compound was spent killing defenders,  "moving carefully through the compound, room to room, floor to floor" securing the women and children, clearing "weapons stashes and barricades"  including a false door,  and searching the compound for information. Since the helicopter that had made the emergency landing was damaged and unable to fly the team out, it was destroyed to safeguard its classified equipment, including an apparent stealth capability. Since the SEAL team was reduced to one operational helicopter, one of the two Chinooks held in reserve was dispatched to carry part of the team and bin Laden's body out of Pakistan.
While the official Department of Defense narrative did not mention the airbases used in the operation,  later accounts indicated that the helicopters returned to Bagram Airfield. According to U.
America dropped 26,171 bombs in 2016. What a bloody end to Obama's reign
The body was washed, wrapped in a white sheet and placed in a weighted plastic bag. An officer read prepared religious remarks which were translated into Arabic by a native speaker. Afterward, bin Laden's body was placed onto a flat board. The board was tilted upward on one side and the body slid off into the sea. The body bag was placed on a white table at the rail of the ship, and the table was tipped to let the body bag slide into the sea, but the body bag did not slide and took the table with it. The table bobbed on the surface while the weighted body sank.
According to Obama administration officials, U. According to the Pakistani foreign ministry, the operation was conducted entirely by the U. DNA samples collected from his body were compared to a comprehensive DNA profile derived from bin Laden's large extended family. Based on that analysis, the DNA is unquestionably his. The probability of a mistaken identity on the basis of this analysis is approximately one in One neighbor said, "I saw soldiers emerging from the helicopters and advancing towards the house. Some of them instructed us in chaste Pashto to turn off the lights and stay inside.
The blast broke his bedroom window and left charred debris over a nearby field. One journalist concluded after interviewing several residents that it was a routine rolling blackout. ISI reported after questioning survivors of the raid that there were 17 to 18 people in the compound at the time of the attack and that the Americans took away one person still alive, possibly a bin Laden son. The ISI said that survivors included a wife, a daughter and eight to nine other children, not apparently bin Laden's. An unnamed Pakistani security official was quoted as saying one of bin Laden's daughters told Pakistani investigators that bin Laden had been captured alive, then in front of family members was shot dead by U.
Five were killed, including Osama bin Laden. EDT , the White House announced that the president would be addressing the nation later in the evening. Good evening. Tonight, I can report to the American people and to the world that the United States has conducted an operation that killed Osama bin Laden, the leader of al-Qaeda, and a terrorist who was responsible for the murder of thousands of innocent men, women, and children President Obama recalled the victims of the September 11 attacks.
He praised the nearly ten-year-old war against al-Qaeda, which he said had disrupted terrorist plots, strengthened homeland defenses, removed the Taliban government, and captured or killed scores of al-Qaeda operatives. Obama said that when he took office he made finding bin Laden the top priority of the war.
Bin Laden's death was the most significant blow to al-Qaeda so far but the war would continue. He reaffirmed that the U. He said Americans understood the cost of war but would not stand by while their security was threatened. In Dearborn, Michigan , where there is a large Muslim and Arab population, a small crowd gathered outside the City Hall in celebration, many of them being of Middle Eastern descent.
The deputy leader of Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood said that, with bin Laden dead, Western forces should now pull out of Iraq and Afghanistan ; authorities in Iran made similar comments. Mahmoud Abbas welcomed bin Laden's death, while Ismail Haniyeh , the head of the Hamas administration in the Gaza Strip , condemned what he saw as the assassination of an "Arab holy warrior".
If something is serious and it is necessary to take counter-measures, you have to take counter-measures. Chidambaram said that bin Laden hiding "deep inside" Pakistan was a matter of grave concern for India and showed that "many of the perpetrators of the Mumbai terror attacks , including the controllers and the handlers of the terrorists who actually carried out the attack, continue to be sheltered in Pakistan". He also called on Pakistan to arrest them,  amidst calls for similar strikes being conducted by India against Hafiz Saeed and Dawood Ibrahim. Although the Abbottabad raid has been described in great detail by U.
Boasberg held that the Department of Defense was not required to release any evidence to the public. According to a draft report by the Pentagon's inspector general, Admiral William McRaven, the top special operations commander, ordered the Department of Defense to purge from its computer systems all files on the bin Laden raid after first sending them to the CIA.
What the transfer really did was ensure that the files would be placed in the CIA's operational records, a records system that—due to the CIA Operational Files exemption —is not subject to the FOIA and is a black hole for anyone trying to access the files within. The move prevents the public from accessing the official record about the raid, and bypasses several important federal records keeping procedures in the process. The United States Defense Department can prevent the release of its own military files citing risks to national security, but that can be contested in court, and a judge can compel the Pentagon to turn over non-sensitive portions of records.
The CIA has special authority to prevent the release of "operational files" in ways that cannot be challenged in federal court. The inspector general's draft report also described how former Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta disclosed classified information to the makers of Zero Dark Thirty , including the unit that conducted the raid and the ground commander's name. Following the attacks of September 11, , the U.
Congress passed the Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists , which authorized the President to use "necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons" he determines were involved in the attacks. State Department 's senior lawyer during President George W.
Bush 's second term, said the strike was a legitimate military action and did not run counter to the U. The killing is not prohibited by the long-standing assassination prohibition in executive order [signed in ], because the action was a military action in the ongoing U. The assassination prohibition does not apply to killings in self-defense. State Department , said in that "under domestic law, the use of lawful weapons systems—consistent with the applicable laws of war—for precision targeting of specific high-level belligerent leaders when acting in self-defense or during an armed conflict is not unlawful, and hence does not constitute 'assassination'.
The object is not to literally summarily execute him if he's under indictment. If the Navy SEALs were instructed to kill bin Laden without trying first to capture him, it "may have violated American ideals if not international law. In an address to the Pakistani parliament , Pakistan's Prime Minister Yousaf Raza Gillani said, "Our people are rightly incensed on the issue of violation of sovereignty as typified by the covert U.
The Security Council, while exhorting UN member states to join their efforts against terrorism, has repeatedly emphasized that this be done in accordance with international law , human rights and humanitarian law. Pervez Musharraf denied a report in The Guardian that his government made a secret agreement permitting U. In testimony before the U.
It's lawful to target an enemy commander in the field. Holder testified that bin Laden made no attempt to surrender, and "even if he had there would be a good basis on the part of those very brave Navy SEAL team members to do what they did in order to protect themselves and the other people who were in that building. Former Nuremberg prosecutor Benjamin B.
Ferencz stated it was unclear if bin Laden's killing was justified self-defense or premeditated illegal assassination ,  and that "killing a captive who poses no immediate threat is a crime under military law as well as all other law,"  a view also held by legal scholar Philippe Sands. Under Islamic tradition, burial at sea is considered inappropriate when other, preferred forms of burial are available, and several prominent Islamic clerics criticized the decision.
A stated advantage of a burial at sea is that the site is not readily identified or accessed, thus preventing it from becoming a focus of attention or "terrorist shrine". Addressing the same concern, Egyptian Islamic analyst and lawyer Montasser el-Zayat said that if the Americans wished to avoid making a shrine to bin Laden, an unmarked grave on land would have accomplished the same goal.
The Guardian also quoted a U. If the family does not want him, it's really simple in Islam: you dig up a grave anywhere, even on a remote island, you say the prayers and that's it. Sea burials are permissible for Muslims in extraordinary circumstances. This is not one of them. Leor Halevi, a professor at Vanderbilt University and the author of Muhammad's Grave: Death Rites and the Making of Islamic Society , explained that Islamic law does not prescribe ordinary funerals for those killed in battle, and pointed to controversy within the Muslim world over whether bin Laden was, as a "mass murderer of Muslims", entitled to the same respect as mainstream Muslims.
At the same time, he suggested that the burial could have been handled with more cultural sensitivity. Omar bin Laden , son of Osama bin Laden, published a complaint on May 10, , that the burial at sea deprived the family of a proper burial. After bin Laden's death, it was reported he had left a will written a short time after the September 11 attacks  in which he urged his children not to join al-Qaeda and not to continue the Jihad.
CNN cited a senior U. A source told ABC News that the photos taken by the military servicemen on the scene depict the physical damage done by a high- caliber bullet. It's very bloody and gory. Senator Jim Inhofe , who viewed the photos, stated that the photos taken of the body on the Carl Vinson , which showed bin Laden's face after much of the blood and material had been washed away, should be released to the public.
A debate on whether the military photos should be released to the public took place. Those in opposition expressed concern that the photos would inflame anti-American sentiment in the Middle East. Obama decided not to release the photos. We don't need to spike the football. That's not who we are. On May 11, selected members of Congress the congressional leadership and those who serve on the House and Senate intelligence, homeland security, judiciary, foreign relations, and armed forces committees were shown 15 bin Laden photos. In an interview with Eliot Spitzer , Senator Jim Inhofe said that three of the photos were of bin Laden alive for identification reference.
Three other photos were of the burial-at-sea ceremony. The group Judicial Watch filed a Freedom of Information Act request to obtain access to the photos in May , soon after the raid. Boasberg of the U. District Court for the District of Columbia issued a ruling denying release of the photographs. Edwards , and Judge Judith Rogers affirmed the ruling, holding that 52 post-mortem images were properly classified as "top secret" and exempt from disclosure.
Supreme Court review, but in January the Supreme Court declined to hear the case. The Defense Department rejected the request, and the AP administratively appealed. According to Pfarrer, neither helicopter crashed at the beginning of the raid. Instead, the SEALs jumped onto the roof from the hovering Razor 1 helicopter and entered a third-floor hallway from the roof terrace.
She was blinded by a strobe light and pushed to the floor as the SEALs went past her. At the same time, Osama's son Khalid bin Laden ran up the stairs to the third floor and was killed with two shots. Two SEALs broke through the bedroom door. The SEALs fired four shots at bin Laden; the first missed, the second grazed Amal in the calf also missing bin Laden, and the final two hit bin Laden in the chest and head, killing him instantly. In Pfarrer's account, the total time elapsed from jumping on the roof to Osama bin Laden's death was between 30 and 90 seconds.
Around the same time, snipers in the hovering Razor 2 helicopter shot and killed Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti when he came to the door of the guest house firing an AK Two of the snipers' bullets went through al-Kuwaiti and killed his wife who was standing behind him. The Razor 2 team cleared the guest house and then breached their way into the main house with explosives. As the Razor 2 team entered the main house, al-Qaeda courier Arshad Khan pointed his AK gun and was killed with two shots.
Twenty minutes into the operation, Razor 1 took off from the roof of the main house to reposition to a landing spot outside the compound. As Razor 1 was crossing over the courtyard, both "green unit" flight deck control systems went off line. The helicopter settled slowly, bounced off the ground, and then broke apart as it hit the ground a second time. Both failed green units were removed for later examination. Media accounts had reported that the plan had been to fast rope to the inner courtyard and to clear the main house from the ground floor up.
The helicopter crashed in the outer courtyard with the SEAL team still on board. The SEAL team exited and needed to breach two walls and then into the house. As a result, Osama bin Laden was killed several minutes into the operation. The Pentagon disputed Pfarrer's account of the raid, calling it "incorrect". Special Operations Command also disputed Pfarrer's account, saying, "It's just not true. It's not how it happened.
The Obama Administration and the Press - Committee to Protect Journalists
Matt Bissonnette, a SEAL who participated in the raid, wrote an account of the mission in the book No Easy Day , which significantly contradicts Pfarrer's account. Bissonnette wrote that the helicopter approach and landing matched the official version. According to Bissonnette, when bin Laden peered out at the Americans advancing on his third-floor room, the SEAL who fired upon him hit him on the right side of the head. Bin Laden stumbled into his bedroom, where the SEALs found him crumpled and twitching on the floor in a pool of body matter, with two women crying over his body.
The other SEALs allegedly grabbed the women, moved them away, and shot several rounds into bin Laden's chest until he was motionless. According to Bissonnette, the weapons in the room—an AK rifle and a Makarov pistol —were unloaded. Unlike the official account, Bissonnette's version alleges that bin Laden's wife Mariam was uninjured in the raid. The author also asserted that one SEAL sat on bin Laden's chest in a cramped helicopter as his body was flown back to Afghanistan.
Bissonnette stated that a search of bin Laden's room after his death uncovered a bottle of Just for Men hair dye. In February , Esquire conducted an interview with an anonymous individual called "the shooter" who stated that bin Laden placed one of his wives between himself and the commandos, pushing her towards them. In American intelligence analyst Raelynn Hillhouse wrote that according to U. According to the sources, Pakistan purposely stood-down its armed forces to allow the U.
Hillhouse's sources stated that the Pakistanis had been keeping bin Laden under house arrest near their military headquarters in Abbottabad with money provided by the Saudis. Hillhouse later also stated that bin Laden's body had been thrown out of a helicopter over the Hindu Kush. Pakistan decided to give up bin Laden's location to the U. Pakistani officials were aware of the raid, and assisted the U. According to Hersh, bin Laden was basically an invalid. Hersh's U. Although similar in claims, both Hillhouse and Hersh's accounts of the bin Laden death appeared to be based on different sources which The Intercept concluded might corroborate the claims if their identities were known.
After the Hersh story broke, NBC News also independently reported that a Pakistani intelligence officer was the source of the original bin Laden location report, and not the courier. The reports of bin Laden's death on May 2, , are not universally accepted  despite unreleased DNA testing confirming his identity,   bin Laden's twelve-year-old daughter witnessing his death,   and a May 6, , al-Qaeda statement confirming his death.
Pakistan came under intense international scrutiny after the raid. The Pakistani government denied that it had sheltered bin Laden, and said it had shared information with the CIA and other intelligence agencies about the compound since Carlotta Gall , in her book The Wrong Enemy: America in Afghanistan, , accuses the ISI , Pakistan's clandestine intelligence service, of hiding and protecting Osama bin Laden and his family after the September 11, attacks. She claims that she learned from a Pakistani official with whom she later clarified that she did not speak, the information coming through a friend  that a senior U.
After the raid, there was an unconfirmed report that Pakistan allowed Chinese military officials to examine the wreckage of the crashed helicopter.
- Recess Is My Best Subject.
- The Independent.
Abbottabad attracted refugees from fighting in the tribal areas and Swat Valley , as well as Afghanistan. The city was home to at least one al-Qaeda leader before bin Laden. Operational chief Abu Faraj al-Libi reportedly moved his family to Abbottabad in mid Pakistani officials say they informed their American counterparts at the time that the city could be a hiding place for al-Qaeda leaders. On January 25, ,  ISI arrested Umar Patek , an Indonesian wanted in connection with the Bali nightclub bombings , while he was staying with a family in Abbottabad.
Tahir Shehzad, a clerk at the post office, was arrested on suspicion of facilitating travel for al-Qaeda militants. Numerous allegations were made that the government of Pakistan had shielded bin Laden. According to the leaked files, in December , the government of Tajikistan had also told U. CIA chief Leon Panetta said the CIA had ruled out involving Pakistan in the operation, because it feared that "any effort to work with the Pakistanis could jeopardize the mission.
They might alert the targets. Brennan , Obama's chief counterterrorism advisor, said that it was inconceivable that bin Laden did not have support from within Pakistan. He said: "People have been referring to this as hiding in plain sight. We are looking at how he was able to hide out there for so long. Chidambaram , said that bin Laden hiding "deep inside" Pakistan was a matter of grave concern for India, and showed that "many of the perpetrators of the Mumbai terror attacks , including the controllers and the handlers of the terrorists who actually carried out the attack, continue to be sheltered in Pakistan".
He called on Pakistan to arrest them. Pakistani-born British MP Khalid Mahmood stated that he was "flabbergasted and shocked" after he learned that bin Laden was living in a city with thousands of Pakistani troops, reviving questions about alleged links between al-Qaeda and elements in Pakistan's security forces. Stratfor had been given access to the papers collected by American forces from bin Laden's Abbottabad house.
The desk was "led by an officer who made his own decisions and did not report to a superior [ According to a Pakistani intelligence official, raw phone-tap data had been transferred to the U. While the U. Bin Laden left "an invisible footprint" and he had not been contacting other militant networks. It was noted that much focus had been placed on a courier entering and leaving the compound. The transfer of intelligence to the U. According to the Pakistani high commissioner to the United Kingdom, Wajid Shamsul Hasan , Pakistan had prior knowledge that an operation would happen.
Pakistan was "in the know of certain things" and "what happened, happened with our consent. Americans got to know him—where he was first—and that's why they struck it and struck it precisely. They had superior intelligence, superior technology, and we are grateful to them. Another Pakistani official stated that Pakistan "assisted only in terms of authorization of the helicopter flights in our airspace" and the operation was conducted by the United States.
He also said that "in any event, we did not want anything to do with such an operation in case something went wrong. Mark Kelton , then the CIA station chief for Pakistan, alleges that he was poisoned by the ISI in retaliation for the raid, forcing him to leave the country. Several officials who were present in the Situation Room , including the president,  told reporters that the code name for bin Laden was "Geronimo".
Many Native Americans were offended that Geronimo , the renowned 19th-century Apache leader, was irrevocably linked with bin Laden. The chairman of the Fort Sill Apache Tribe , the successor to Geronimo's tribe , wrote a letter to Obama asking him to "right this wrong. Senate Committee on Indian Affairs heard testimony on the issue from tribal leaders, while the Defense Department had no comment except to say that no disrespect was intended.
After the death of bin Laden, some officials from the Bush administration, such as former Bush Office of Legal Counsel attorney John Yoo   and former attorney general Michael Mukasey ,   wrote op-eds stating that the enhanced interrogation techniques they authorized since legally clarified as torture yielded the intelligence that later led to locating bin Laden's hideout. Senate Select Committee on Intelligence , countered that those statements were "false". They noted that a report by CIA Director Leon Panetta stated that the first mention of the courier's nickname did not come from Mohammed, but rather from another government's interrogation of a suspect whom they said they "believe was not tortured.
McCain called on Mukasey to retract his statements. I have sought further information from the staff of the Senate Intelligence Committee , and they confirm for me that, in fact, the best intelligence gained from a CIA detainee—information describing Abu Ahmed al-Kuwaiti's real role in Al-Qaeda and his true relationship to Osama bin Laden—was obtained through standard, non-coercive means, not through any 'enhanced interrogation technique'.
Whether those techniques were the 'only timely and effective way' to obtain such information is a matter of debate and cannot be established definitively. This information was discovered through other intelligence means. In addition, other U. After Abu Faraj al-Libbi was captured, he provided false or misleading information: he denied that he knew al-Kuwaiti and he made up another name instead.
Evidence seized from the compound is said to include ten cell phones , five to ten computers, twelve hard drives, at least computer disks including thumb drives and DVDs , handwritten notes, documents, weapons and "an assortment of personal items". Intelligence analysts also studied call detail records from two phone numbers that were found to be sewn into bin Laden's clothing. The material gathered at the compound was stored at the FBI Laboratory in Quantico, Virginia , where forensic experts analyzed fingerprints , DNA and other trace evidence left on the material.
A special CIA team has been given the responsibility of combing through the digital material and documents removed from the bin Laden compound. Bin Laden's youngest wife told Pakistani investigators that the family lived in the feudal village of Chak Shah Muhammad , in the nearby district of Haripur , for two and a half years before moving to Abbottabad in late The material seized from the compound contained al-Qaeda's strategy for Afghanistan after America's withdrawal from the country in ,  as well as thousands of electronic memos and missives that captured conversations between bin Laden and his deputies around the world.
Seventeen documents seized during the Abbottabad raid, consisting of electronic letters or draft letters dating from September to April , were released by the Combating Terrorism Center at West Point one year and one day after bin Laden's death. He told al-Qaeda in the Arabian Peninsula to expand operations in the U. The seized material shed light on al-Qaeda's relationship with Iran , which detained jihadis and their relatives in the wake of the U. Al-Qaeda's relationship with Iran was, according to the Combating Terrorism Center, an "unpleasant byproduct of necessity, fueled by mutual distrust and antagonism.
Bin Laden opined that U. Vice President Joe Biden should not be a target because "Biden is totally unprepared for that post [of president], which will lead the US into a crisis. He expressed his opinion that killing Muslims has weakened his organization and not helped al-Qaeda, writing that it "cost the mujahedeen no small amount of sympathy among Muslims.
The enemy has exploited the mistakes of the mujahedeen to mar their image among the masses. In addition to information and data recovered that were of intelligence interest, the documents and computer items also contained personal files, including family correspondence and a large stash of pornography. US officials have refused to characterize the type of pornography found other than to say that it was "modern" in nature.
The tail section of the secret helicopter survived demolition and lay just outside the compound wall. Serial numbers found at the scene were consistent with an MH built in Photos showed that the Black Hawk's tail had stealth-configured shapes on the boom and the fairings , swept stabilizers and a "hubcap" over the noise-reducing five- or six-blade tail rotor. It appeared to have a silver-loaded infrared suppression finish similar to some V Ospreys. Pakistan had custody of the wreckage for over two weeks before its return was secured by U.
Senator John Kerry. Stealth technology was already operational on several fixed-wing aircraft and the cancelled RAH Comanche helicopter; the modified Black Hawk was the first confirmed operational "stealth helicopter". It is likely that the most valuable information obtainable from the wreckage was the composition of the radar-absorbing paint used on the tail section.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Death of Osama bin Laden. This article is part of a series about. Cabinet Judges. Main article: Search for Osama bin Laden. Main article: Osama bin Laden's compound in Abbottabad. North Arabian Sea. Play media. Main article: Reactions to the death of Osama bin Laden. Main article: No Easy Day. Main article: Osama bin Laden death conspiracy theories. See also: Allegations of support system in Pakistan for Osama bin Laden.
See also: Code name Geronimo controversy. Pakistan portal Terrorism portal. The Washington Post. Retrieved May 6, The New York Times. Archived from the original on May 2, Retrieved May 1, The Daily Telegraph. Retrieved May 9, Los Angeles Times.
Obama has handed a surveillance state and war machine to a maniac | Trevor Timm
Retrieved May 14, Christine May 4, Foreign Policy. Retrieved May 10, BBC News. May 2, Retrieved May 2, May 6, Fox News. Associated Press. Retrieved April 25, Pew Research Center. Archived from the original on May 9, Retrieved May 19, Amnesty International. Daily Times, Pakistan. Retrieved June 28, Al Jazeera English. Retrieved July 8, The London Review of Books. Retrieved May 11, The Intercept. Retrieved May 12, Sources Say". NBC News. Retrieved May 5, Archived from the original on January 19, Retrieved December 25, The Wall Street Journal.
May 28, Retrieved May 8, Critics say this engagement strategy went too far during the Green Movement uprising against the reelection of President Mahmoud Ahmadinejad, when the Obama administration was reluctant to overtly back the protesters. Since then, the administration has instituted a number of new sanctions against Iran that are aimed at halting its nuclear enrichment program.
Iran with nuclear weapons would pose a threat not only to the region but also to the United States," Obama said in a recent news conference in Hawaii. On his trip to Asia this November, Obama is working to promote a new trans-Pacific free trade agreement. The facility remains open, however, largely due to congressional opposition over where to house the remaining prisoners. Obama has put a halt to the "enhanced interrogation techniques" employed by George W.
This year, Obama abandoned tough new air-quality rules , adopted early in his administration. The president successfully negotiated the New START nuclear reduction treaty, though there have been significant disagreements with both Russia and his GOP opponents over the contours of missile defense. Human rights advocates have criticized the president for ignoring the erosion of Russian democracy.
Russia has also continued to stymie U. The president has been less outspoken about other Persian Gulf allies, including Bahrain, which hosts a key U. Obama has urged Egypt and Tunisia to "set a strong example through free and fair elections, a vibrant civil society, accountable and effective democratic institutions, and responsible regional leadership. Other issues: Although he once described himself as a George H. As the European economic crisis has worsened, Obama has been speaking out more in support of strong measures to protect the common currency.
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