Hindu Yogis befriended Muslim Sufia. Their followers portrayed them as super- humans. Their disciples make them fly. In the process, Hindus who embraced Islam, and Muslims who were exposed to the currents of Vedant Hindu Mysticism , all remained half-Hindus and half-Muslims. If some Hindus embraced Islam, many Muslims embraced Hinduism.
Most Muslims of the subcontinent are in fact followers of the Unified Faith. Here is a glimpse of the Unified Faith: Hindus worship idols, Muslims worship graves. Ask about anything else. The priest in the church is our Allah. Ibn-Arabi, Qasasul Ulema pg 53 There is none else worthy of worship. Come and worship me. He floored me because I am 2 years younger than He is. The Muslim fails to understand that Allah can be found only in idol worship. The death anniversary of Imam Husain must be celebrated like the Festival of Eid.
So, I placed my foot on Hazrat Ali's neck. Nujoom-uz-Zahrani I hate the God who does not appear as a dog or cat. One thousand years have gone and so has the time of Muhammad. Now it is my time, the time of Ahmad. The second millennium is mine. Khwaja Fareeduddin Ganj Shakar upon narrating this fell unconscious. He himself could not bear his own forgery.
Rahatil-Quloob, Ganj Shakar. He should have expired. Adam cried for years, so much so that birds made nests on his face. His tears brought forth so much grass that it covered his 60 meters long body. Unlike humans we are free from lies. Reference same If Awlia saints wish, they can accept invitations from 10, towns and be there at the same time. Two tiny hands appeared from her belly for prayer. She was frightened. What a breakthrough! He comes to check the accounts of the Madrasah.
He has learnt Urdu from the Ulema of Deoband. Was this tale made up to lend credence to the Deoband Mullah factory? Allah revealed Himself to me as an extremely beautiful, irresistible woman, decorated with fine ornaments and garments. She suddenly embraced me and merged into my body.
He accepted my allegiance. Reference same, pp The sun cannot rise before greeting me. The new year, the new month, the new day, cannot dawn without greeting me and informing me of every single event. Give me 12, tongues so that I may glorify Your Name. Malfoozat Chishti. Thanks for the lame statement!
Hazrat Uthman brought home a fish. All the firewood was burnt off, but the fish remained fresh uncooked. He believed that insects, animals, idols and human beings were all God. I have more than 99, in fact Reference same, pg God came to me in a cloak in the guise of an extremely beautiful woman. It reveals my beauty. Al-Tawassul Wal Waseela pg This one sounds true. The great Pir master saint of the 19th century, Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi, has been quoted in his Malfoozat pg 32, "Prophets are alive in their graves like ever before.
They eat, drink, pray and receive their wives in the grave and engage in sex with them. He has given in my hand this world and the Hereafter and all Creation. The governor of Baghdad, Ubaidullah Yunus, leveled the home of Jeelani d.
The governor had attained Fatwas against Jeelani that he was a Mushrik and Kaafir. Prophet David and Prophet Muhammad both sinned because they saw the beauty of unclothed women. She challenged the Prophet. There is no deficiency here. We wonder whether these are sacred writings or pornography!
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These dogs and swines are our God. My Glory is beyond description. Any preaching based on these absurdities leaves a strongly negative impact on our society. They promote human worship and other forms of shirk. They encourage immodesty and degrade women. The Muslim gets further away from the Quran and gets enslaved by superstition and ritual. It is regrettable that non-Muslims think that this trash represents Islam and then, of course, despise our Deen. In addition, many of our youth get disenchanted with this man-made Islam, and lose their faith. True Monotheism is that everything in the universe is God.
He, of course, was a part of the Essence of God. In Cordova, I fell in love with Fatima. In Makkah I fell in love with the beautiful Ain-ush-Shams. The spiritual windows opened upon me hence. I can take a soul and return it as I want. He merely glanced at the dog which then reached such glory that all dogs of the town followed him. Then he sat down and all dogs sat around him in meditation. There should be no priesthood in Islam, but in reality the Sufi and the Mullah have formed a very strong union.
They are always ready to attack any semblance of reason from all quarters and they are always vigilant to label any voices of reason as infidels since they commit the blunder of thinking and reasoning. Your children are the same as mine. He must get weak to the point where he becomes unable to pray. He resided in a meadow and used to visit the town riding a wolf. He walked on water. His urine was drinkable like pure milk. Jalaluddin Rumi never prayed.
The Lie of the Grave Torture and the Bald Serpent (Works of Dr. Ahmed S. Mansour Book 7)
When the time for prayers came he used to vanish. Khwaja Nizamuddin Awlia, Raahat-il-Quloob. My uncle saw me create and destroy the universe. Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki, Malfoozat Here is a funny one: The dead body of a dervish was lying in a jungle laughing. How can you laugh?
This mountain is 40 times bigger than the earth. A cow is holding it on its head. Khwaja Moinuddin Chishti, Dalilul Arifain. This mythology is obviously borrowed from Hinduism which holds that the entire earth is perched on one horn of a cow and when it shifts the load to the other horn, earthquakes occur. He became enraged, brought the sun down and roasted the meat. As people became restless with heat, they came to the saint and asked his forgiveness and then he ordered the sun to go back.
The Lie of”The Grave torture and the bald serpent”( part three)
Since that day, the town became known for its hot summers. Abdul Wahab saw a beautiful bondwoman. The dead Pir spoke again, "O Abdul Wahab! Take her to the room in front and satisfy your desire. Shah Waliullah, Hujjatullah-il-Baaligha pg Ibraheem Adham was the governor of Balakh. While hunting, a deer turned back and scolded him. Since that day, Adham quit his throne and became a saint. He had a foot that was amputated. I stepped one foot out. An angel warned me, and I immediately cut off my foot with a knife. A man stole shrouds from graves for 40 years, but he went to the highest degree in Paradise.
Because he held on to the prayer rug he prayed all the time. Otherwise the whole Universe would burn. Khwaja Qutubuddin Bakhtiar Kaki knew half the Quran by heart when he was born. What titanic forces prevented him from completing it? And I led the prayer the Prophet was his follower in prayer. Ahmad Raza Khan Barelwi, Malfoozat. Sir Syed Ahmad Khan rightly pointed out that the supposed Islamic saints were frequently envious of the exalted Prophet. This mountain is resting on the head of a cow.
The greatness and size of this cow equals 30, years of travel. Her head is in the East and her tail is in the West. She has been standing since eternity praising the Lord. Both disappeared leaving their gowns behind. They had gone to take a stroll up the Mount Caucasus. They should have disappeared from the planet. By God! I know 99 out of thoughts that come in the heart of an ant living in the lowest stratum of the earth.
Else, you will go astray. The Quran claims that it is an easy book to understand, and it is. However, it is of paramount importance to know what Islam is not. These infractions dishonor the exalted Prophet and his companions, promote Shirk, degrade human rights and rob women of the high stature bestowed by God.
The author and the Shura committee have no intention of respecting those who dishonor Islam. He is Dajjal. Whoever spoke much in vain was called a Faqih. They destroyed Islam just as the children of bondwomen had destroyed Israelites.
Abu Hanifa accepted only 17 Ahadith. Khateeb Baghdadi This one makes sense. The following eight statements are taken from the popular Gharaib fil Tahqiq-al-Mazahib wa Tafhimul Masaail compiled by several scholars: 1. Abu Hanifa declared that Imam Malik was a man without any sense. He equated Hadith with Wahi. He was a sodomite and a catamite. Imam Ahmad bin Hanbal was apparently a vanguard of Islam, but in truth, he was a horrible hypocrite.
The Sacred Tank of water, Intercession, Angels questioning in the grave, Doom of the grave, Returning of souls in the grave, are truths beyond doubt. They have created irreconcilable divisions in the Deen of Nabi S. Where is their mutual harmony? We believe it was necessary to point this out. Only that step can free our minds from blind reverence and following.
It will be difficult, if not impossible, to find a single book of the Imams without lofty prefaces or introductions by the publishers and presenters. The idea is to portray the Imams as infallible beings. It is strange that the man claiming to be a great Islamic scholar lived 76 odd years with this name. Does it need much insight to see that the very name is shrieking outright divinity and Shirk?
Note: In this chapter, as an example, will mean vol 1 page This rule will apply to women regardless of whether they belong to People of the Book, or any other religion. The Quran in verse states that the captives of war must be freed either for ransom e. The owners should be advised to treat them well. He can have sexual relations with them freely.
There is no reason for any man to feel bad about having sex with these captured concubines. Tafhimul Quran onwards, and onwards Beware! Some companions wanted to break his teeth, for he was a fiery orator against Islam. If I break his teeth, Allah will break my teeth even though I am a Prophet. In the Quran, Allah promises to protect the Prophet S from people What sinister point is Maududi trying to make?
Did the Prophet S really lose his teeth in the Battle of Uhud? He lived nine more years after that battle. I have not come across a single narrative suggesting any missing teeth on the person of the exalted Prophet. It is not only permissible to give in marriage the girls who have not had their menstrual periods yet. Rather, it is also permissible for the husbands to have sexual intercourse with them. Now it is obvious that something that has been allowed by the Quran, no Muslim has the right to declare it forbidden.
To the unfortunate Mullah, everything revolves around sex. Is there any wonder that the West call him a child-molester? Why don't then the Sunnah-peddlers "marry off" their daughters at 6 and 9? Many countries set an arbitrary 16 years for the girl and 18 years for the boy.
The Divine Wisdom enshrined in the Quran makes things so sensible. It sets up three rational criteria: 1 - Sufficient maturity to grant consent. When they reach the age of marriage and attain sound judgment, release their property to them. The marriageable age shall mean attainment of physical and mental maturity when one can legally make a solemn contract It is not lawful for you to force women into marrying or holding on to them in marriage against their will. Back to Maududi: If someone dies of hunger, he dies because Allah had written for him to die of hunger.
Tarjumanul Quran, Jan. Should the government and the community be so easily absolved of their fundamental duty? All those who register as Muslims will be forced to observe the worships and rituals of Islam, five prayers a day, Friday prayers, 2. Then whoever falls short of these obligations of Islam, will be beheaded. Please note that many Mullahs considered Maududi a heretic apostate. He might have been the first to be put to sword. The Prophet came to lead prayers. People lined up. He left the standing lines and went to take a bath.
Then he came back with water trickling. Tarjumanul Quran, Oct Maududi presents this insult on the authority of Bukhari reminding the reader that Bukhari also states that it is Satan who causes men to forget during Salat. Were the exalted Prophet and his companions living in glass houses and had they no sense of privacy? Were they so obsessed with sex? Or is it our Mullahs who are so obsessed? There are ample traditions filled with references to sex, lust, bath, menstruation, divorce, suckling, slaves, concubines, houris, etc with shameless detail.
The grand Vision and the Supreme Ideology of Islam remain elusive to these small minds. The Prophet S and his companions were busy creating the noblest revolution in human history and they had no time for this kind of nonsense. Hazrat Uthman burned six copies of the Quran which were all in different tongues. Allah and Rasul had not ordered him to do this.
Syed Maududi, Tarjumanul Quran pg Did Maududi witness this? Does the Quran state that it has been revealed in different ways, tongues or dialects? The belief of life in the grave is dangerous and that of no life is also dangerous. Maududi, Tarjumanul Quran, Dec. Dead means dead. It is the human nafs, or self which lives on, not the material body and, according to the Quran, the dead do not return to this world.
Death is a prolonged state of sleep until the Day of Resurrection, according to the Quran as shown below. Who has awakened us from our beds of sleep? This is what the Beneficent promised, and the Messengers spoke the truth. These two verses strongly dismiss the clergy- peddled false concept of punishment in the grave. And how would God punish people after death before the Day of Judgment. Tarjumanul Quran, Dec. Can you see the blatant and silly contradiction here? According to the Quran, there is no compulsion in religion. Ref same, pg The Mullah thought that he would be the owner of Paradise!
How about slavery, even in Paradise? Maududi never thought that his own children could be eternal slaves. The daughters of non-Muslims who died young will be made hoors of Paradise. Asia, Lahore, June 14, And how will they be treated? According to Maududi, the men of Paradise will have their young, full-breasted houris indoors in their palaces.
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And the little infidel 'houri girls', eternally staying little, will live in beautiful outdoor tents. Men of Paradise which would be, of course, Mullahs alone will have sex with them whenever they go about strolling in the evenings.
But in real life, needs arise when telling lies is not only allowed, rather it becomes mandatory. Tarjumanul Quran, August Maududi puts forward an example: If a man and woman get stranded on an island, as soon as they procure food, they should go ahead, marry and indulge in sex with no witnesses required, and regardless of their marital status. It is also possible that they may be able to listen, but their soul might not be there and you may be calling nobody.
Also, it may be that their soul might be having sex or praying to their Lord and you may tease them in your selfishness. It is possible that Maududi had lost his mind. It is also possible that he has no idea of what he is talking about. See Quran above. Tarjumanul Quran Allama Iqbal was a scholar par excellence, and one of the greatest exponents of the Quran through his world-renowned poetry. Also, he was a benefactor of Maududi, providing the jobless Mullah with an opportunity to work at Pathankot.
A dead Mullah also becomes more revered and authoritative. The Quran warns against blind following of ancestors and equates it with disbelief. Dear reader, these were just a few glimpses of the brilliance of Maududi. Only space limits us from presenting quite a few more gems. This is supposed to have happened when there was chaos in home at the demise of the Prophet S. The other verse was about the grown-up men suckling on a young woman.
The 'Imams' of Hadith report that Hazrat Ayesha advised women of an 'easy' way to admit unrelated men into their privacy. Let any grown up unrelated man suckle on the woman's breasts on ten different occasions and lo and behold! He becomes a Mahram one who is a family member and can intrude into their privacy from then on.
They all indulge in the material, physical, and carnal aspects of human existence. Their mind refuses to rise to the higher strata of intellect and aesthetics. About foster mothers, the Quran clearly states: The following women are prohibited for you in marriage: Your … foster-mothers who have ever nursed you, foster-sisters … The verse is obviously talking of babies and their foster mothers. Children become related to one another in a solemn bond of brotherhood or sisterhood by nursing from a common woman. According to Maududi, Imam Hanbal says that suckling on a woman on three occasions will confer the bond of suckling on a child.
However, to an aesthetically sound mind the principle is quite clear. It honors a lady for nursing a child even though not her offspring. But our jurists and Mullahs get entangled in silly disputes. In Vol 1 pg of his Tafhim points , Mullah Maududi writes that although the jurists differ on the age of suckling, even if a grown up or an old man suckles on a woman, he will enter into the bond of suckling! But the foolishness does not end here. Maududi asserts in Tarjumanul Quran that the amount of milk actually swallowed is of terrible importance.
How much milk? Well, the amount is that which will be enough to break the fast of a fasting person. However, the three Mullahs fail to elaborate how much milk will be sufficient to break a fast. The Mullahs have neither the sense, nor the courage to reject Ahadith that insult human intelligence, such as this one of a grown up man suckling on a strange woman!
Would the Mullahs advise this nonsense to their wives, sisters and daughters? Who knows if Maududi did that? In fact, they invent hypothetical situations. This chapter will verify this statement. The order of the day in the Mullah world is that reflecting on the Quran is forbidden. If you conclude what our ancestors have concluded, your reflection will be redundant. If you conclude otherwise, it will be curse-worthy. The Imam responded, "Maybe you will find him engaged in sex with one of his wives.
This is how the Hanafi Mazhab sect became popular. Shah Waliullah, Hujjat p. But he rebelled prematurely and got humiliated. Then Hazrat Usman played with the Quran as he liked. Hazrat Ali drank heavily during Jahiliyah and later on in hiding. Reference same. This is a non-Quranic statement by Hanbal. See verses again. The concept of punishment in the grave is non-Quranic and, hence, wrong.
Ibne Kathir , Then Ibne Kathir changes his mind: The earth is resting on a fish. The fish is resting on water, water on the Mount Safa in Makkah, Safa on an angel, the angel on a rock, the rock on air. When the fish moves, it causes earthquakes. Imam Ibne Kathir, Tafseer part I pg Sir Isaac Newton could have learned something from our enlightened Mullahs. Or, he would turn in his grave.
If the wife is not beautiful, the husband's body becomes weak. The greater evil is that there is no subsistence without her. Beware of even the good women. A person suspected of causing the evil eye must be imprisoned until death. Please note that Ghazali was born 5 centuries after the exalted Prophet. Imagine him rebuking the exalted Moses. Take the front leg of a goat after Friday prayers. Be completely naked. Write Surah Yasin and the name of the person you desire. Then place the meat in a cooking pot. That person will surely fall in love with you.
Recite Surah Ar-Ra'ad. Break the bread into five pieces and feed them to five dogs. It is tragic that millions of innocents and illiterates in the Subcontinent consider these Mullahs and Sufis as authorities and follow their advice! Say Fazabooha So is it slaughtered before you cut a melon, or any fruit for that matter and you will find it very sweet. Recite the verse, "When the heaven will split. Cut the hair of that woman and burn it between her thighs and childbirth will be easier still.
Ashraf Ali Thanwi, Aamal-e-Qurani. One of the greatest names of the Islamic world of the 20th century , the Chief Saudi Cleric, Sheikh Abdul Aziz bin Baaz, issued a Fatwa in Whoever believes that the Earth moves around the Sun, or that man has landed on the Moon is an ardent Kaafir.
Furthermore, anyone doubting his infidelity would be a greater Kaafir and his wife would be automatically divorced from him. It would be haram to marry into his family, drink water in his house, pray behind him, or to attend his funeral prayer. This Fatwa edict was sponsored and publicized by the Saudi government. I am also serving Zakaria in the 20th century. I am coming directly from bath after doing that. The Quran here means: When socializing with women not wives it should be kept in mind that they are the custodians of your future generations.
See verse above. The wife of Mullah Jalaluddin Rumi thought that he lost his sexual desire. The Mullah came to know of her suspicion in a trance of revelation kashf. That night he went to his wife and did it 70 times, the language has been made milder so much so that she asked his forgiveness. He writes on in Imdadul Mushtaq p. People told him if delicious food is part of the person of Allah and feces too is a part of Him, then, eat both. The Sheikh first became a pig and ate feces. Then he became a human being and ate food! Fatawa Azizi p. This is happening in the 19th century! If one hair gets plucked out, not one tooth will stay in your mouth.
According to the Quran, the relationship between Sahaba was of exemplary mutual respect and affection Bring these items to my grave twice a week: The ice of milk, chicken biryani, chicken pulao even if it is from goat read again, chicken from goat , shami kabab, parathay fried homemade bread , milk cream, custard, meat patties, special lentils, ginger, apple water, pomegranate water, a soda bottle, ice of milk from buffalo, homemade.
Some descendant or disciple might be feeding the dead Pir Sahib in his grave to this day, who knows? Physicians who believe that having sex with married women is good for health are wrong. There is a great advantage in having sex with virgin girls. Evil spirits cause epilepsy. The treatment you ask? What should be done then is lashes on one day then stoning on the following day as Hazrat Ali commanded. This is an error since Lahore never printed books of this quality years ago. So, the correct date is probably A.
Let us examine the heights of his flight. After finishing your meal licking the cup or plate and drinking the washings brings the reward of freeing a slave. Eating the pieces of food on the dinner cloth will bring a good life, your children will be healthy and it becomes the marital gift for the houris heavenly beautie. Are the heavenly beauties such a trivial bargain? The best among my friends is the one who overeats and places big morsels in his mouth. Cattle meat is disease and its milk is cure. The Quran must have forbidden cattle for consumption, then.
Eating halwa pancakes and sweets causes the testicles to dangle. The best prescription for good health is to marry young women. Christians do believe there is living water and the tree of life with its fruit according to Revelation Narrated Qaisi, Allah's Apostle said, 'In Paradise there is a pavilion made of a single hollow pearl sixty miles wide, in each corner there are wives who will not see those in the other corners; and the believers will visit and enjoy them.
Mohammed had apparently an epileptic fit when he was inspired. Mohammed told Gabriel in disguise, mentioning four of the five pillars No Hajj. Quoted Sura Bukhari vol. Then He spread the earth in two days. Mohammed used it to provide for all of his wives and he dedicated the rest for purchasing arms and horses as war material to be used in Allah's cause.
Here is the quote: Narrated 'Alqama: Abdullah bin Mas'ud said, "Allah curses those ladies who practice tattooing and those who get themselves tattooed, and those ladies who remove the hair from their faces and those who make artificial spaces between their teeth in order to look more beautiful whereby they change Allah's creation. Do not take Allah's enemies as friends quote from Sura On the other hand, Mohammed had a girl put on a sheet with marks on it, and Mohammed touched the marks, saying "good, good". Abu Lahb will be burnt in a fire of blazing flame Sura as well as his wife.
Ubai says, 'I have taken it from the mouth of Allah's Apostle and will not leave for anything whatever. The Book of the Virture of the Qur'an Bukhari vol. Many who had memorized the Qur'an were killed, and Abu Bakr was worried that some parts of the Qur'an would be lost. After Mohammed's death fragments of the Qur'an were written on palm leaves, rocks, and bones according to the Bukhari vol. Thus there was no organized manuscript of the Qur'an prior to his death. Mohammed did not accept though. Narrated 'Umar bin Khattab : I So I was on the point of attacking him in the prayer, but I waited till he finished his prayer, and then I seized him by the collar and said, "who taught you this Surat which I have heard you reciting?
So we said, ' Shall we get ourselves castrated? Make not unlawful the good things which Allah had made lawful for you, but commit no transgression Footnote 2 says "This sort of marriage was later on forbidden forever. Wives had to be veiled but not slave girls in Bukhari vol. A woman wanted to give herself to Mohammed in marriage. Khaula bint Hakim was one of the ladies who did so. I do not know whether that was only for us or for all the people in general Abu 'Abdullah Al-Bukhari said: 'Ali made it clear that the Prophet said, 'The Mut'a marriage has been cancelled made unlawful.
So if you want to get benefit from her, do so while she still has some crookedness. They are ungrateful and unthankful to their husbands. Most heaven-dwellers are poor. It does not specify whether the slaves are male or female, because at another time Mohammed criticized Muslim men for beating their wives in the same way they beat their slave-girls. No pictures of people or animals according to Bukhari vol. Coitus interruptus sexual practice unlawful. I continued watching till I was satisfied. So you may deduce from this event how a little girl who has not reached the age of puberty who is eager to enjoy amusement should be treated in this respect.
Also quoted in Women in Islam p. The child resembled the accused man, not the husband, so Li'an was stoned to death. Mohammed said it was lawful, he just did not like it. Bukhari book 65 vol. All intoxicating drinks are unlawful. He said, "All drinks that intoxicate are unlawful to drink. However, Satan does not open a closed door, so you can close your doors. But I forbid my followers to use cauterization. Also vol. Evil omens. Footnote 1 says, "Medically it is well known now that a fly carries some pathagens on some parts of its body as mentioned by the Prophet before years.
Similarly Allah created organisms and other mechanisms which kill these pathagens e. Recently experiments have been done under supervision which indicate that a fly carries the disease pathagens plus the antidote for those organ-isms. Ordinarily when a fly touches a liquid food it infects the liquid with its pathogens, so it must be dipped in order to release also the antidote for those pathogens to act as a counter balance to the pathogens.
Regarding this subject I also wrote through a friend of mine to Dr. Muhammad M. After he put on the silken Farruj, he offered prayer in it. It said "Muhammad, the Apostle of Allah. These claims are referred to in Sura ; Bukhari vol. Mohammed was bewitched. Narrated 'Aisha: The Prophet continued for such-and-such a period imagining that he has had sexual relation with his wife, and in fact he had not.
One day he said, to me, "O 'Aisha! Allah has instructed me regarding a matter about which I had asked Him. There came to me two men, one of them sat near my feet and the other near my head. The one near my feet, asked the one near my head pointing at me , 'What is wrong with this man?
The first one asked, 'Who has worked magic on him? The tops of its datepalm trees look like the heads of the devils, and its water looks like the Henna infusion. His face got red with anger, and then he got hold of the curtain and tore it into pieces. The Prophet said, 'Such people as paint these pictures will receive the severest punishment on the Day of Resurrection.
A sentence in parentheses says no playing with dolls today, but that is not in the Arabic, only in the translation. And Anjashah, the slave of the Prophet [Mohammed], was driving their camels It is not specified which Zainab this was. And whoever intentionally ascribes something to me falsely, he will surely take his place in the Hell Fire. Women are like glass vessels. When He created him, He said to him , 'Go and greet that group of angels sitting there, and listen what they will say in reply to you, for that will be your greeting and the greeting of your offspring.
Since then the creation of Adam's offspring i. Allah does not eat or sleep, while Adam eats and sleeps. The wives of the Prophet used to go out to answer the call of nature at night only at Al-Manasi'. Once Sauda, the daughter of Zam'a went out and she was a tall woman.
So Allah revealed the Verse of veiling. Al-Hijab; - a complete body cover excluding the eyes. Mohammed asked his father to choose one of his boys to serve him. Forgive my past and future sins. It has to be the prayer of a righteous person. Mohammed did not like people to ask too many questions. Allah will come to them in a shape other than they know and will say, 'I am your Lord. This is our place; we will not follow you till our Lord comes to us, and when our Lord comes to us, we will recognise Him.
Hell is temporary for a few people. Then a soul is breathed into him. Each woman will have nothing but what Allah has written for her. Do not stop part way, for what has been ordained has been ordained. The Muslim fought bravely, received many wounds, and because of the pain committed suicide, so Mohammed was correct.
The cursed tree which is mentioned in the Qur'an is the tree of Az-Zaqqum. The parts in the parenthesis do not significantly change anything though: Bukhari record that Ibn 'Abbas said this was actually Jerusalem. Adam overcame Moses with this argument in Heaven. When the Prophet heard of that, he said to his companions , 'Who wants to buy him i.
One night Solomon slept with each of his ninety wives, to produce 90 sons who would fight for Allah's cause, but Solomon forgot to say "God willing". If one does this a male or female slave should be freed. Glossary Ka'ba in Yemen. The news of this event, reached Ibn 'Abbas who said, "If I had been in his place, I would not have burnt them, as Allah's Apostle forbade it, saying, 'Do not punish anybody with Allah's punishment fire.
The Prophet said, "O 'Aisha! Allah is kind and lenient and likes that one should be kind and lenientin all matters. The Prophet then said, 'Moses was harmed with more than htis, yet he remained patient. This has been used to justify every offensive attack for land as a defensive war. Coerced marriage, or a marriage without the woman's consent is invalid.
The Prophet replied, 'I do not know how to read. He then released me and again asked me to read, and I replied, 'I do not know how to read,' whereupon he caught me again and pressed me a second time till I could not bear it anymore. He then released me and asked me again to read, but again I replied, 'I do not know how to read or, what shall I read?
Has created man from a clot. Read and Your Lord is Most Generous that which he know not. Cover me! The fetters on the feet symbolizes one's constant and firm adherence to religion. Note that the context Mohammed was originally said this was when the Persians made a woman their ruler. However, also note that the application of this saying benefited Muslims after Mohammed's death at the Battle of the Camel, when 'Aisha tried to defeat Caliph 'Ali.
So while the immediate context was Persia, the applicability was universal for after that. The next two hadiths Bukhari vol. So when the sun will rise and the people will see it rising from the West they will all believe embrace Islam but that will be the time when : As Allah said, 'No good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before, nor earned good by deeds of righteousness through its Faith vol.
He selected 'Uthman. Note that in Ibn-i-Majah on transmitting hadiths Abdur-Rahman is called a liar. However, Bukhari vol. Allah will insist on Abu Bakr becoming a caliph and the believers will prevent anyone else from claiming the Caliphate ' Book 90 The Book of Wishes Bukhari vol. They broke the jars that had alcohol in them. Note that Mohammed is not living in a tent now, but a multi-story house.
Who will refuse? Our souls are in the Hands of Allah, and when he wants us to get up, He makes up get up. While the Prophet was leaving, 'Ali heard him striking his thing with his hand and saying, "But man is quarrelsome more than anything else. Now if she stayed in 'Aisha's tent and later house, how could Mohammed come to see 'Aisha if this girl was there too? It was not mentioned that Jesus made any mistakes.
Jesus also said, "I am not fit for this undertaking, but you'd better go to Muhammad whose sins of the past and the future had been forgiven by Allah. Allah is a thing? And Allah said: - Everything will perish except His Face. Then He created the Heavens and the Earth and wrote everything in a book. Zainab "used to boast before the other wives of the Prophet and used to say, 'Allah married me to the Prophet in the Heavens. Also no. In other words in the eternally existing uncreated Qur'an in heaven, Zainab's marriage was mentioned.
Some get out of Hell. What do you want now? Then it will be said to the Christians, 'What did you use to worship? These people will try to prostrate but their backs will be rigid like one piece of a wood and they will not be able to prostrate. Then the bridge will be laid across Hell," Bukhari vol. Some hell-dwellers eventually go to heaven. Forgiveness Bukhari vol. Adam got the best of Moses in this argument because Adam said he could not be blamed for a matter which had been ordained for him before he was created. Box Riyadh - Saudi Arabia. International Islamic Publishing House. Printed in Saudi Arabia.
No date, no copyright. There is an index at the end of volume 4, but this index is not derived from that. Sahih Muslim has hadiths 69 pages on Jihad. Sahih Muslim vol. Believing in the oneness of Allah is not enough to be a Muslim. You have to believe in Mohammed also. A wise lady among them said: Why is it, Messenger of Allah, that our folk is in bulk in Hell? Upon this the Holy Prophet observed: You curse too much and are ungrateful to your spouses. I have seen none lacking in common sense and failing in religion but At the same time robbing the wisdom of the wise, besides you.
Upon this the woman remarked: What is wrong with our common sense and with religion? He the Holy Prophet observed: Your lack of common sense can be well judged from the fact that the evidence of two women is equal to one man, that is proof of the lack of commonsense, and you spend some nights and days in which you do not offer prayer and in the month of Ramadan During the days you do not observe fast, that is a failing in religion Two wars. People will be punished for unjustified killing.
Suicide: " He who killed himself with a thing would be tormented on the Day of Resurrection with that very thing When we were in the thick of battle that man fought desperately and was wounded. It was said: Messenger of Allah, the person whom you at first called as a denizen of the Fire Hell fought desperately and died.
Some men were on the verge of doubt about his fate when it was said that he was not dead but fatally wounded. When it was night he could not stand the pain of his wound and killed himself. Blood streamed until he died. Afterwards, Tufail son of 'Amr saw him in a dream, and he was forgiven by Allah, and his hands were wrapped. Malik, while recounting the Night journey of the Holy Prophet may peace be upon him , from the mosque of Ka'bah, reported: Three beings angels came to him in the mosque of the Ka'bah, while he was sleeping in the sacred mosque before it the Command of Night Journey and Ascension was revealed to him.
The rest of the hadith is narrated like that of Thabit. However, some portions have occurred before and some of them have occurred after; some have been added and some deleted. Also see Sahih Muslim vol. Jesus had a white and red complexion. This meant his Umma [community] would not be misled. Mohammed would be the one to intercede for them.
Otherwise, Abu Talib would have been in deep Hell. He did this based on a hadith. He learned this from Mohammed. Three stones according to Abu Dawud vol. Hudhaifa said : I wish that our friend should not inflict such an extreme rigour. Mohammed also said so. This was to prove to the people that Moses was an ordinary male, without Moses purposely being immodest. It must fly from that place. If they lift up their eyes to heaven their eyes would be snatched away. Both were built by Adam Sahih Muslim vol. Purify me from sins as a white garment is purified from filth.
Wash away my sins with water, snow and hail. That is why you find extreme heat in summer and extreme cold in winter. He could sit when he prayed. On prayers, make sure you end with an odd number of rak'ahs. Allah kept his soul always alert and ready to receive His Commands in full consciousness. As he was fully aware of himself even in sleep, he was, therefore, not required to perform ablution after waking up.
Allah is king and lord Sahih Muslim vol. Forgive all my sins, He said: Did Allah mention me to you by name? Note this footnote contradicts Sunan Nasa'i vol. I heard 'A'isha say: I listened after this to the Messenger of Allah may peace be upon him seeking refuge from the torment of Fire and the torment of the grave. Umm Salama died in 59 H. One of them says: O Allah, give him who spends for the sake of Allah , and the other says: O Allah, bring destruction to one who withholds.
We used to recite a Sura which resembled in length and severity to Sura Bara'at. I have, however, forgotten it with the exception of this which I remember out of it: 'If there were two valleys full of riches for the son of Adam, he would long for a third valley, and nothing would fill the stomach of the son of Adam but dust. Sadaqa vs. Hadya Sahih Muslim vol. Superstition: Odd numbers of stones for cleaning oneself are better. Mohammed generously had it distributed among the people.
She further said: We went to Medina and I had an attack of fever for a month, and my hair had come down to the earlobes. Umm Ruman my mother came to me and I was at that time on a swing along with my playmates. She called me loudly and I went to her and I did not know what she had wanted of me. She too hold of my hand and took me to the door, and I was saying: Ha, ha as if I was gasping , until the agitation of my heart was over. She took me to a house, where had gathered the women of the Ansar. They all blessed me and wished me good luck and said: May you have shared in good.
She my mother entrusted me to them. They washed my head and embellished me and nothing frightened me. Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him came there in the morning, and I was entrusted to him. It says that "it was some exceptional circumstances that Hadrat 'A'isha was married to the Prophet The second point to be noted is that Islam has laid down no age limit for puberty for it varies with countries and races due to the climate, hereditary, physical and social conditions.
When Mohammed died 'Aisha was 18 years old. Veils are not required for slave women. It says, " They used to say sexual position could cause a child's squint. Mohammed disagreed. The Muslim soldiers had sex with them afterwards. A woman is like a rib. Had it not been for Eve, women would never have acted unfaithfully towards her husband. And if you attempt to straighten her, you will break her, and breaking her is divorcing her. See also Sahih Muslim vol. Conniving of 'Aisha against Mohammed Sahih Muslim vol. This was done to get around prohibitions on interest. Allah's Apostle may peace be upon him said: Come, I may write for you a document; you would not go astray after that.
Thereupon 'Umar said: Verily Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him , he said: Get up and go away 'Ubaidullah said: Ibn 'Abbas used to say: There was a heavy loss, indeed a heavy loss, that, due to their dispute and noise, Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him could not write or dictate the document for them. Suwaid was enraged, because you were not supposed to slap in the face. Deuteronomy says stoning. There were two mothers, and a wolf made off with one child, and they went to David [not Solomon] and asked to which one the surviving child belonged.
Do not lay hands on the old verging death, on women, children, and babes. This does not count the Mohammed had beheaded at Khaibar. Translator's commentary in Sahih Muslim vol. He wrote in reply to me that it was necessary in the early days of Islam. The Messenger of Allah may peace be upon him made a raid upon Banu Mustaliq while they were unaware and their cattle were having a drink at the water.
He killed those who fought and imprisoned others. If they respond to any one of these, you also accept it and withhold yourself from doing them any harm. Invite them to accept Islam; if they respond to you, accept it from them and desist from fighting against them. Then invite them to migrate from their lands to the land of Muhajirs and inform then that, if they do so, they shall have all the privileges and obligations of the Muhajirs. If they refuse to migrate, tell them that they will have the status of Bedouin Muslims and will be subjected to the commands of Allah like other Muslims, but they will not get any share from the spoils of war or Fai' except when they actually fight with the Muslims against the disbelievers.
If they refuse to accept Islam, demand from them the Jizya. If they agree to pay, accept it from them and hold off your hands. If they refuse to pay the tax, seek Allah's help and fight them. Killing women and children of polytheists is OK in night raids Sahih Muslim vol. He said: They are from them. He said : They are from them.
What it means is that since the children and women of the unbelievers live in their houses and in case of the night raid it is difficult to distinguish them from the non-believing combatants, so there is every likelihood of their being killed though quite unintentionally. It should be clearly borne in mind that this is an exception rather than the rule. The explicit injunction of Islam is that women, children, the sick and the religious devotees are not to be killed. Only the combatants are to be killed.
These properties were particularly meant for the Holy Prophet may peace be upon him. He would meet the annual expedition of his family from the income thereof, and would spend what remained for purchasing horses and weapons as preparation for Jihad. We went out with him until we came to them. The Messenger of Allah may peace be upon him stood up and called out to them saying O ye assembly of Jews, accept Islam and you will be safe.
They said He said to them the same words the third time and on getting the same reply he added : You should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle, and I wish that I should expel you from this land Those of you who have any property with them should sell it, otherwise, they should know that the earth belongs to Allah and His Apostle and they may have to go away leaving everything behind.
Mohammed's mother was named Amina. He had white armpits [so he must have been Caucasian, contrary to what Black-Muslims believe. It says Mohammed himself participated in 26, and there were 56 others where he did not personally participate. Someone can get the help of a non-Muslims in battle and sometimes not. So having a hereditary Sultan, and not a king, is just an excuse. There were horrifying atrocities, plunder, massacre, and many women were raped.
Abu Talib reported that Allah ' s Messenger may peace be upon him forbade on the Day of Khaibar temporary marriage Muta ' with women and the eating of the flesh of domestic asses. Shafi'ites say it is lawful. Perhaps this lizard might be one of them. Sahih Muslim 3 footnote p. Usama said: I am in doubt whether there was stone on that his belly or not. I asked some of his Companions why Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him had bandaged his belly. They said: He has done that to relive his hunger.
I went to Abu Talha, the husband of Umm Sulaim, the daughter of Milhan, and said to him: Father, I saw Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him having bandaged his belly. I asked some of his Companions the reason of it and they said it was due to hunger. Abu Talha came to my mother and said: Is there anything? She said: Yes, I have some pieces of bread with me and some dates. If Allah's Messenger may peace be upon him comes to us alone we can feed him to his fill, but if someone comes along with him this would be insufficient for them.
Truffles are a kind of manna and their juice is a medicine for the eyes. Beds after that are for Satan. Unfortunately, different authorities disagree on it. The Jews and Christians do not dye their hair , so oppose them. Angels do not enter a house with a dog or a picture Sahih Muslim vol. Photographs are prohibited pictures too, according to 'Allama Muhammad Munir or Damascus Sahih Muslim 3 footnote p.
The bell is the musical instrument of Satan. Mohammed answered this by saying people used to name their children after apostles and pious persons who had gone before them. It should, however, be borne in mind that this command does not imply that the Christians and the Jews should be forced to abandon streets and roads and thus walk by the side of the walls of houses or narrow paths. What this implies is that they should walk on the road away from the multitude of the Muslims, lest any harm should come to them.
The influence of the evil eye is a fact. Cruelly killing any other animals is not mentioned here. There is no prophet after Mohammed. Mohammed's appearance was white Sahih Muslim vol. Allah not only makes His Prophets morally and spiritually sound but also physically sound, and there is no defect whatsoever in their sacred bodies. When he came, he Moses boxed him and his eye was knocked out. He the Angel of Death came back to the Lord and said: You sent me to a servant who did not want to die. Allah restored his [the angel's] eye, Khadir did not, so he must have been an angel in human form.
Predestination: Humans are not mere chess pieces Sahih Muslim vol. Adam cannot be blamed for his sin because it was destiny. In other words, the boy was killed for sins he would commit in the future. They will give ignorant religious verdicts Sahih Muslim vol. Verily, Allah is Odd He is one, and it is an odd number and He loves odd number.
And in the narration of Ibn 'Umar the words are : 'He who enumerated them. It is "most irksome" that a child is attributed to Allah. The proof is that rats will drink goat milk but not camel's milk. Mohammed showed he knew the Torah forbade camel meat. Fable of persecutors ordering Muslims to jump into the fire. Ahmad Hasan. Book of Purification p. Abu Dawud vol. He completed the Sunnah in A. Abu Dawud presented his collection to Ahmad Hanbal when it was done. Sunnah is thus a behavoural concept, while Hadith is the narration of the behaviour.
Both are interlinked and sometimes identical. When the man said there were children, Mohammed then said to ask her to obey him. However, do not beat her like he would a slave girl. Should it be done again if simply feel it, or smell, or sound. Later this was abrogated. Later the unbeliever vowed to kill one of Mohammed's companions.
Sexually defiled here does not mean immoral; rather it is a person who has not yet bathed after intercourse. She might be able to enter it briefly though. She was the daughter of Jahsh, wife of 'Abd al-Rahman and sister-in-law of Mohammed, since Zainab of Jahsh was his wife. This was revealed on a hot day when everyone was wearing woolen clothes and smelling very bad.
Men tell their wives when to take a bath: "If anyone makes his wife wash and he washes himself on Friday, goes our early for Friday prayer , attends the sermon from the beginning, walking, not riding, takes his seat near the Imam, listens attentively, and does not indulge in idle talk, he will get the reward of a year's fasting and praying at night for every step he takes.
No reward for the wife is explicitly mentioned. Reasons to wash on Friday Abu Dawud vol. The dogs would urinate and frequently visit the mosque, and no one would sprinkle water over it. Book of Prayer p. No prophibition if she is not married to someone else. However, Abu Dawud vol. Bukhari , Sahih Muslim , and Nasa'i say 16 or 17 months. The devil breaks wind when he hears the call to prayer. There are four views: Abu Dawud vol. Allah does not accept the prayer of a woman who has reached puberty unless she wears a veil.
Sura al-Bara'ah is the latest one in the Qur'an. Hence I put them in the category of al-sab'u al-tiwal the seven lengthy suras , and I did not write 'In the name of Allah, the Compassionate, the Merciful' between them. Veils and seclusion of women from men in Muslim society [today] is required. I saw him when the time of the afternoon prayer had come. I said : I am afraid if a fight takes place between me and him Khalid bin Sufyan , that might delay the prayer. I proceeded walking towards him while I was praying by making a sign.
When I reached near him, he said to me : Who are you? But the non-deaf world has something to gain by learning more about Deaf worlds. Addison above wrote after many years of vicious warfare in Britain between parties representing different kinds of Christianity. Maybe the British learnt that discussing the weather was less risky than opening religious issues. However, a diffidence continued in the first half of the 20th century.
People who consider themselves intelligent and well educated, imagined that faith and belief in religion was inevitably 'withering away', and would soon be relegated to history, museums and little old ladies. Such a notion was also adopted as a national ideology by powerful Socialist governments ruling up to half the world. Yet the 'death of God' or gods is taking much longer than expected; while the death of Friedrich Nietzsche in is undisputed. Many kinds of institutionalised religion declined, yet belief has diversified, and in many places became more rigid, assertive and wealthy cf.
Millions of people have discovered that they have or feel some kind of 'spirituality', without wishing for creeds or dogmas. Adult Vocabulary. What is still not generally available among the English and perhaps the Scots, Welsh and Irish? The lack of familiarity with such a vocabulary is liable to hinder anyone studying Africa in the hope of understanding something about African ways of living and being. Evans-Pritchard demolished the theorists of 'Primitive Religion', on whom most of our university-trained parents were reared, one of his many telling criticisms was that they -- Tylor, Frazer, Durkheim, Marett, Malinowski, et al -- knowing practically nothing of religion in their respective experiences -- presumed to explain religions of which they knew absolutely nothing, and failed disastrously.
Today we appreciate more fully the need to understand the religions of the 'third world' peoples -- for theory's sake as well as our own and theirs. Annoying assumption of exclusion. One source of annoyance, perhaps giving legitimate reason for complaint by the annoyed people, is the tendency of many within 'religious worlds' to speak and write as though disbelievers, non-believers, unbelievers, 'kafirs' in the Arabic sense , agnostics, atheists, uncertains, -- amounting to perhaps a third of the population of the world or more, in the private recesses of the heart and mind where each of us may continue to wonder who we are, why, and what kind of universe we inhabit -- somehow lack any valid claim to morality, ethics, humane behaviour, goodness, or any kind of 'spirituality', awareness of 'higher things', participation in any kind of 'healing', etc.
At worst, the more overt doubters may wrongly be assumed, by their own claim to 'non-believer' status, to be openly choosing the 'bad', demonic, sinful, wicked, scandalous behaviour of every sort, and so should be excluded, locked up and severely punished without need of further enquiry! Sadly, extreme reactions of that kind are still suggested in global media every week. Or they may seem to exclude people who believe they have found flaws and contradictions in particular interpretations of translations of ancient religious texts and have therefore dismissed the entire bundle of 'religion, faith etc' as nonsense, while continuing to have some ideological reason, such as socialism, liberalism, 'white guilt' or whatever, for working to relieve the oppression of the poor; or who do so out of simple human kindness.
On the contrary, they should if they wish feel 'included' and valued in the world of humanity and humane behaviour, and the global efforts to promote kindness and compassion among the stronger and weaker, the disabled and the able-bodied, the able-minded and those with mental debility, and the people of all races and ethnic origins.
Many 'moderate' atheists and agnostics are also to be appreciated for discovering and pointing out flaws and contradictions in the logic and language that is too often carelessly used within 'religious worlds' communications. Having stated this 'broad' recognition and inclusiveness, it must be admitted that some of the annotations below might seem to indicate greater sympathy with 'believers' as against the non-believers; while others may leave the thoughtful reader puzzled: whose 'side' is the compiler on?
Maybe the believers in something 'positive', however incomprehensible, have an advantage over those who would assert, e. Or, on a very different path, that ii our deity or cosmology is made more glorious when the greatest number of humans are tormented endlessly for failing to be 'good', or failing to make the necessary oblations, or to recite and believe the precisely correct dogma.
The entire total of human thoughts over the past 10, years of recorded history or , years of partly-evidenced archaeology, are alleged to be fleeting sparks in the vast coldness and indifference of the multi-billion-year cosmos. Our thoughts, our values, our supposed 'personality', likes and dislikes, vanish to nothing even as we think them. In case ii , if 'true', human life might have more potential; but all human solidarity seems to be lost. Schools of thought within most major formal religions have taught notions something like case ii , at some period in their history.
Yet the more flourishing branches of religion have also developed a more optimistic twig or wing, which might be called case iii in which there is a possibility for 'ordinary people', with some effort, to achieve enlightenment without aeons of torture; and this may extend their capacity to collaborate with people of 'other faiths or none' in humane efforts for the damaged or oppressed.
Nor is case i necessarily untrue, simply because it is hard to contemplate. That might be merely a result of the weakness of our minds and vocabulary. Smile and turn. It is hard to find any ultimately convincing 'proof' of any of these too-baldly outlined cases -- for what looks like 'proof' to one person may merely cause a million others to smile and turn away.
The 'positions in between' introduce compromises and more 'positive' or 'hopeful' positions, some of which are more attractive, but equally difficult to convince the sceptic with. Indeed, thorough sceptics have difficulty proving their own existence - can one momentary flicker meet another transient flash? The believer who admits difficulty using language with God, can at least turn the tables: "How can the human 'believe in God', who is too vast for the human mind to imagine. More to the point, God thinks of us -- that establishes our being.
God thinks, therefore we are! The compiler's ramblings should not take up so much space! Yet the careful reader or researcher has perhaps some entitlement to know how the compiler's thoughts run, so as to decide how far they affect the annotations, or may bias the selections. More can be found in Appendix 7.
- The Lie of”The Grave torture and the bald serpent”( part one ).
- Stories | God Reports.
- World Atlas 2011.
- CHALLENGE (Jeddon Series Book 5)!
- Filthy Thirteen: From the Dustbowl to Hitlers Eagle’s Nest - The True Story of the 101st Airbornes Most Legendary Squad of Combat Paratroopers.
With regrets, the compiler cannot supply documents listed in the bibliography. In many cases he does not own a copy, but saw the document in a library and made a written extract; or received a printed copy after promising not to copy it to anyone else. In some cases he has listed a document found in the reference list of a scholarly source, without seeing the document.
Some such documents may be quite rare, and difficult to obtain. Readers are expected to use Google or other search engine to identify any such items. They are advised to request the help of Librarians to locate copies or gain access. Those are tasks for which librarians are trained and experienced. The main compiler survives unexpectedly into his ninth year since diagnosis in November of myeloma, a cancer of blood plasma and bone marrow, incurable with present knowledge. He asks bibliography users to understand this situation and pardon the lack of comprehensive annotation, inadequate cross-referencing, and other irritations and rambling!
To add the new visual media might double the number of items pertinent to the title. With only a small fraction of all that, I intend the present bibliog to make more widely accessible a broader range than has been offered earlier, sampling across the length and breadth of Africa, across language groups, across many types of literature and evidence, across time periods, across religion, spirituality, belief, doubt and disbelief, and having free, full-text online access.
I wish I had the knowledge, skills, time and understanding to make it all much clearer, better, more accessible. Christine's teaching and advisory work funded the Miles household and library for forty years, beside her useful hobby of learning to speak or read eleven languages beyond her native Welsh and English. Originally a mathematician, her continuing university studies and research in child learning, bilingualism, theology, philosophy, and therapeutic play during 25 years also gave access to many useful electronic resources.
Has this kind of textually-bound, static, non-singing, non-dancing, non-pictorial bibliography already been outdated by the colourful, fast-moving world of electronic sources and databases, in which Google, Wikipedia, Amazon and social networking sites aim to provide automated answers within seconds, or informed discussion within minutes, to all the questions anyone ever asked -- at least, in English, Chinese, Spanish, or Arabic?
But then, the entire history of the world is outdated. It's history! It has gone down the river! Yet it is hard to exist or to think about the present or future without some knowledge and understanding of the past. The words and images we use have meanings deeply rooted in the past apart from new technical terms, which are often short-lived. Our thinking, feelings, beliefs, disbeliefs, common sense, our spirituality, and the nuances of change within them, are all rooted in past experiences. Those responses have been informed, and often confused, by systems of belief or unsystematic faith.
Among them, as part of the greater human heritage, are efforts to discover compassion, empathy, and to practise kindness, to recognise the inter-dependence of all humans and to take part in humane actions as a community. Such efforts might be summed up in the word-group around muntu and ubuntu or expanded phrases such as umuntu ngumuntu ngabantu , or umuntu umuntu ngabantu or botho which are said to be widely understood across Southern Africa and more likely to be practised in rural villages than crowded cities. Maybe it cannot so easily be summarised in a few paragraphs on Wikipedia, and put into practice by an invitation on Facebook!
Or they have become too politicised for modern, urban Africa, along with other keywords employed by wealthy politicians as 'higher baloney'. See sketches of a debate in Appendix 5, e. A bibliography does not need a conclusion… But after taking a quarter of a million words, does anything stand out, from the spiritual or transcendental sides of disability in Africa?
It appears that a major part of the vast problems facing humankind can be traced, directly or indirectly, to the desire for stability amidst rapid changes; desire for money and possessions, to bolster stability; fear of people having different appearance, language, beliefs and customs; obsession with having power over others; arrogance and pride within one's 'own group'; desire to put one's own wishes before everything else; fear of unseen powers or spirits; and development of machines and strategies that enable a few thousand people to control and manipulate hundreds of millions of others as though they had no human value at all.
These childish or foolish but often understandable behaviours seem to be deeply rooted within human hearts -- our hearts. Yet they are in contest with other, more admirable feelings that would lead to greater sharing of resources, caring for others, social responsibility, and prioritising the needs of the weaker, more vulnerable people, and perhaps even of animals. This contest in the human heart has been recognised through several millennia.
The major systems of religion and philosophy have condemned the ill-fitting behaviours, and offered some suggestions for improvement. The outstanding achievement of the 21st century, so far, has been to build worldwide machines by which, at modest cost, hundreds of millions of individuals can spend hours every day openly or secretly creating and perfecting images of themselves to display, and competing for the admiration of millions of other people, with monetary gains for the most attractive 'selves' on offer.
For the unattractive, less-liked and unliked millions, sadness and bitterness may result; but they are consoled by offers of short cuts to cheap pleasure, e. Some earlier global machines have been devoted to building colossal, open, illustrated encyclopedias of useful human knowledge; but that phase seems to be ceding ground to the 'social networking' machines, which started with apparently innocent promotion of friendship, but have developed toward more devious and destructive ends, for private profit.
The measure and balance of the motives in the human heart, whether inside or outside the psycho-neurological laboratory, are very hard to know. In some circumstances, we humans can be influenced to practice more open, generous, peace-building behaviour, and refusing to treat others badly. In much of Africa, the belief is still current that children, from the earliest years, can and should be prepared and trained in non-selfish behaviour, communally useful duties, and the exercise of social responsibility.
People with disabilities, whether child or adult, can and sometimes do play a part in encouraging others to put aside their fears, look beyond the 'difference', to take the risk of sharing their goods, refusing to treat others like sacks of potatoes or like machines to be worked until they fall to pieces.
He thought it likely that the present work would increase the complexity of knowledge within a large field ; and now thinks that it offers the chance for individuals to embrace the complexity , and not be daunted by it. It is probably beyond the power of one person to assimilate and synthesise any worthwhile conclusions; yet it is open to individuals and teams within Africa or beyond, to go further and trace patterns within the complexity, and to produce something of greater benefit to the wider world; and, of course, to challenge any conclusions such as those above.
Much gratitude to people who worked and wrote earlier, as listed in the bibliography below, and others already acknowledged in our earlier bibliographies. Some friends and colleagues still sent further advice. Because of declining health, I decided to get on and put the materials online, without tucking in all the edges or cross-references, or reconfirming every footnote. In any case, the annotations are not the most important part, but the materials listed:. The annotations shown here must not be regarded as a substitute for reading the actual works listed! The views of textual commentators cannot substitute for the original texts on which they are commenting!
All translations should be regarded with caution! Once again, we are most grateful to our old friend, independent thinker and pioneer campaigner Adolf Ratzka, along with the new co-Director Jamie Bolling and their colleagues at the Independent Living Institute, whose website finds space in its Library for much of my work through 15 years, amidst hundreds of other articles on disability concerns; and sometime webmaster Miles Goldstick who exercised his IT wizardry, and great patience and humane concern, to make my earlier monstrous texts accessible online, and the present ILI webmaster Philip Day for his kind contribution.
I must also thank our friendly Asian IT advisor 'Em Raj' in Birmingham, who supplied a succession of hardware at very low rates over 20 years, and rolled my entire output from ancient floppies in laptops and PCs to ever-more-powerful platforms, understanding how we work, calmly sorting out the periodic crises, and gently nudging us toward decent size screens and better antivirus protection.
Thanks also to Martin Smith, for advice on a French text; and to Victoria Nyst for generously sharing academic texts; and many others who listened patiently while I talked about this work -- while telling, I often got new ideas. To make the bibliography compatible with more screen drivers and printers, without downloading additional fonts, many non-standard diacriticals have been omitted.
This entails some loss of guidance on pronunciation, and indications of the historical evolution of words. It may irritate purists who know where the diacriticals should go anyway, and are welcome to re-insert them mentally. The modern scholarly works cited below do print the accents and diacritical marks, while earlier work may use a variety of different spellings, or italics, to represent different consonants or vowels.
Yet it's a field in continual evolution. Some countries have simplified their national language and dropped diacriticals, to make it easier for everyone to learn - and easier to find with Google, which ignores diacriticals. This came from a young Swedish man, teaching her to count in Swahili. Blixen was delighted to contemplate the originality and courage of a people who could defy the standard "pedantry of the numeral series". Later, friends enlightened her: the Swahili word for 9 had an indelicate sound in Swedish.
The shy young Swede had been embarrassed to pronounce the word to a lady, so he denied that there was any such thing. This occurred in the childhood of the human race, that wonderful era, pre-Facebook, pre-Wikipedia, before everything could be googled within seconds and fairy-stories exploded with brutal 'facts'. The use of single apostrophes ' But in the era of 'Politically Correct', it's a necessary defensive part of English. Words within square brackets [ ] usually indicate supplementary material which might appear in footnotes in an oldfashioned book - but footnotes might be confusing in an online bibliography.
At other times, squiggly brackets appear because they just felt more appropriate, humorous, ironic, or whatever. Much of the listed materials can in fact be found 'open online', and this is sometimes stated, yet the URLs are mostly not shown in this bibliography. URLs are often unstable over five or ten years, as the internet evolves and earlier formats become unsustainable, or a particular website goes down but the contents are moved elsewhere, or simply disappear. Readers wishing to view full text legitimately but without paying large dollar fees may find it useful to search the web carefully.
There may be an open full-text copy posted at a university or other site, sometimes being the author's 'original manuscript' or at some other stage. Such copies are not always identical with the 'published' article, but give a good idea of what the author wrote. Many articles can be requested from the 'corresponding author' by email, free of charge. Use a sensible 'subject line' in your email request; and be very specific about the title and date of the item you need!
Many authors repeat their main points in successive papers and articles, deliberately or unconsciously, so it is worth checking whether some are openly available. In such searches, 'Google Scholar' is useful, filtering out junk sites and making it easier to search by year or period, and across languages. Names preceded by Al- or El- are indexed by the proper name following. All dates are 'CE', or 'BC', and refer to the Common Era or Christian calendar, with apologies to those who would have preferred other calendars to be shown.
First authors. No disrespect to co-authors -- the capitalised first surname helps the compiler, who is juggling hundreds of names on different screens and softwares using different pairs of glasses to see with, and trying not to make mistakes with African names that are not familiar to an elderly Brit. First personal name. Where an author's first name could be ascertained, it has been given in full in the first of any list of that author's works, whether or not it actually appeared as such in the original publication.
In further items, the initial s only will be used. In some countries, the convention is to offer names in a different order, so "Jane Smith" would introduce herself - and her article - as Smith Jane - which some might then index as JANE, S. This is perhaps uncommon in Africa; but there are other African habits, such as having different personal names for different purposes, some of which may 'tell a story' to people who know the language, while others are short and snappy.
My apologies for any that appear wrongly. Some authors in earlier decades tried not to 'personalise' their work by disclosing their first names; or more recently, because they have had nicknames bestowed on them at various times, which no longer fit in a world where most things start by filling an application form online, causing endless bother. Nobody now uses the first name on my birth certificate.
Very few now use a confusing nickname I was given in my 20s, which stuck for 30 years. At different times I have been confused with Margaret Miles eminent scholar of 'the body' in religion and antiquity ; Michael Miles, professor of tropical medicine, expert in leishmaniensis; Malcolm Miles, who wrote about therapeutic art in mental hospitals, and later on city design; Mathew B. Miles who wrote on research methodology; and a few others. I am not and never have been any of those scholars. Nor am I married to Susie Miles, who worked for some years in South Africa, and has written articles on disability in Africa, and is a long-time friend and 'fictive sister', but not a blood relative.
In Britain it is still just about possible to choose and use a name by which one wishes to be known, provided it is not indecent, not intended to evade a court of law, and no fraud or impersonation is involved. Journal Names. These were mostly found in abbreviated forms, but below appear almost in full, with 'J. Some disability-related journals have changed their names during the past 20 years, e. Declaration of Interest.
No grant, salary or other payment or material benefit was received in connection with the preparation or dissemination of this Bibliography. Through my life, I usually worked on 'volunteer' terms, and was seldom paid for whatever work I did. There is no special merit in this - it simply became a habit. As a teacher, my wife earned enough for us both to live on.
When one works without earning a salary there is freedom to study and write whatever one finds worthwhile, including if necessary some criticism of national and international organisations. Mostly I have benefitted personally from the intellectual pleasure and stimulation of finding and wrestling with the materials in this bibliography. That has been a powerful tonic and reward; also, in recent years, a pleasant distraction from cancer, decay and disablement. Titles and abstracts, and authors' and publishers' names, of books or journals or web pages listed below are understood to belong to those authors and publishers, who are normally happy for them to be displayed in public so that their work will be more widely known and consulted.
Some of the annotations contain direct quotations, to show readers that the listed work does contain text pertinent to this bibliography, and to indicate its nature. For accuracy, the author's exact words are often used, in quotation marks, rather than a paraphrase. These direct quotations also of course fall within the copyright of the authors and publishers, and they appear here in a scholarly and non-commercial context under the rubric of legitimate 'fair use' of a small part of the work , to give a more accurate understanding, without causing any financial or other loss to the authors or publishers.
This is believed to be consonant with the authors' and publishers' own wishes, interests and purposes, and not to contravene any law. Readers who wish to copy any such direct quotation in their own work are strongly advised to find a copy of the work in question, and be clear about its context and accuracy and any legal restrictions on the way they are planning to use it. Any authors or publishers who are unhappy with the use of quotations from their work in the present bibliography are asked to contact the present compiler and the webmaster s , and that work will be removed or the annotation amended.
Nobody should suffer any loss or feel any grievance or be put in danger as a result of any part of their work being quoted directly on this site. There is enough trouble in the world -- this bibliography should not add to it! Some activities or drugs or herbal roots mentioned or described in items annotated below may have serious and possibly irreversible adverse consequences for people's health. They probably should not be done or ingested at all -- such as any form of self-harm, burning or cutting or making a hole in parts of the head or body, or ingesting 'traditional medicines' prepared in unhygienic conditions or by practitioners with insufficient experience.
This caution applies also to modern 'western' medicine, psychiatry and surgery, where some risks are always present, and are often discussed openly with patients, and may be listed on open websites. Other activities may be harmful to people who have existing physical or mental vulnerability or fragility, so they should not be tried without suitable guidance and preparation, including consultation with an experienced guide and practitioner e.
The advice of a qualified medical practitioner should be taken before embarking on any special dietary restriction, or ascetic practices such as living in isolation, going without sleep for several days, or other attempts to push the normal boundaries. Historically, it was well understood that the first step toward making progress was always to find an experienced guide, teacher, guru or 'holy person', whatever the local term, and learn under the supervision of that person. There was no such thing as 'surfing the web', reading about some exotic practice, and thinking that it sounds a cool thing to try out in one's bedroom, or in the woods, or up a mountain.
Also check what is known about the teachers, guides or gurus, whether online or in the considered opinion of senior members of your local community. Sq uare brackets in notes: mostly compiler remarks. From Cairo. East African J. Peace and Human Rights 19 1 Berkeley: University of California Press. From the Introduction: "The history of Islamic medicine in Africa compasses the interaction of multiple streams of therapeutic tradition: Graeco-Islamic medicine based on the theory of the four humours, the medicine of the Prophet Muhammad based on religious precedent and inspiration, and the local African medical traditions with which these interacted in each particular locality.
This essay will sketch the character of medicine in the Islamic heartland and then go on to discuss the process by which it diffused into Hausaland in what is now northern Nigeria. It will examine how and when Islamic medicine interacted with local therapeutic practices, and explain the historic significance of these important developments.
Some further coverage of the 'diffusion' and impacts of Islamic medicine in North Africa, appears below, see e. Lewiston, NY: Edward Mellen. MIT Electronic J. Middle East Studies , 4: Women and Disability. If one were to survey opinion across the Arab world, asking about who does the practical, everyday work of caring for disabled children, or for elderly people with infirmities of age, there can be little doubt that the participation of women would be very prominent.
The mothers, sisters, wives, daughters, aunts, female cousins and in-laws can be found at home, tackling these duties of practical caring, cooking, feeding, washing, providing clean clothes and house, making comfortable. Yet Amira Abd el-Khalek found that, among the current disability literature of Egypt, men and children were given some attention, but women were invisible. The author looked at a number of variables in the ways in which these women's lives and disabilities were socially constructed, such as "class, age, education, religion, power relations, time and space"; yet she found that these were all "intertwined and interchangeable.
They are all related to one another, and in this case, they were all overridden by the fact that these women are disabled" p. The apparent context of their lives is a Muslim country, patriarchal power structures, and 'third world' medical services'; yet Islam as a structured set of doctrines and documented revelation and collected traditions is almost invisible in the constructions studied here.
Religion is barely mentioned, except in the case of the one woman belonging to a rural Coptic Christian community. Al Andalous. On the web, the author states in French that he has summarised the instructions from Allah concerning disabled people, and hopes that this will enlighten them and their families and carers, about the teachings of Islam in their case.
In: I. Al-Issa ed Al-Junun: mental illness in the Islamic world , This chapter aims to address issues concerning some different principles and techniques of psychotherapy as practised in Arab-Muslim nations and cultures. Some examples of difference are: the strongly patriarchal nature of such societies; some client resistance toward insight-oriented therapy; the opportunities of integrating specifically Islamic spiritual support and reassurance; the reality that the "basic psychosocial unit is not the individual but the family, the group and the whole community".
Case histories illustrate the difficulty of finding solutions to some relationship problems generated by rapid modernisation of some, but not other, aspects of Arab Muslim societies. In: T. Blakely; W. Thomson eds Religion in Africa: experience and expression , , bibliography Portsmouth, NH: Heinemann. The deity Orisanla Obatala is responsible for making people's physical bodies, as "Blacksmith of heaven. Behavioural Neurology [Article ID , 14 pages. Full text open online. Within those two countries, teams were at work in different regions.
Some studies of autism were listed from Ethiopia 1 ; Kenya 3 ; Tanzania 3 ; Uganda 2 , and Zimbabwe 2 ; as well as studies in Tunisia, two countries of 'North Africa', and of Somali children living in Sweden, which did not fall within "sub-Saharan' Africa. If the reviewers had thought to pull in some literature on African children displaying a variety of peculiar behaviours, as found below, e. Besides, analysis of selected works of art by these artists was done. These findings might partly run counter to a review in local literature, which found considerable negative attitudinal barriers, and a few positive views.
In: Girls at War and other stories , London: Heinemann. This curiously related Southern Nigerian tale tells of two men, one a nameless simpleton of village Afo who is attracted by big bazaars in towns; and the other being a respectable farmer, Nwibe, of good standing at Ogbu town, pursuing his business and hoping to make his mark in society.
Nwibe is pictured dispensing male wisdom to calm the eternal quarrel between his two wives. On the journey between Afo and the Eke market at Ogbu, the unclothed simpleton, rambling in his mind, leaves the road to drink from the stream. Nwibe is also going to Eke, and stops for a bath.
But Nwibe's personal cloth is stolen by the simpleton, who has been watching and laughing and also, it seems, identifying in Nwibe all the bullies and stone-throwing boys who normally make life a misery for rural half-wits. This man wraps himself in Nwibe's cloth and runs toward the market town, chased by Nwibe like a roaring bull. The clothed man disappears in the crowds walking to market. The pursuer is highly conspicuous, thundering along, raging and naked. Two people from Nwibe's village notice him, give chase and manage to subdue Nwibe, return home with him and ask local healers to treat his 'crazy behaviour'.
Nwibe calms down. A healer gets great credit for his 'cure'. Nwibe is accepted again in the community but withdraws from any boisterous activities. His chances of rising to join the leaders of Ogbu are finished. Adedeji and colleague, writing from the Federal University of Technology, Futa, Akure, Nigeria, pronounce a high view of holistic healing that is entirely dependent on divine intervention: "No human person can bring holistic healing and cure to any patient, but only God can with the cooperation of the patient.
Neither a medical doctor nor herbalist nor a miracle healer can do so. Rehabilitation for them is, more often than not, difficult if not almost impossible. They are rejected by the society without any compassion and mercy. Even in some situations their families abandon them, disown them and are unwilling to identify them. Many times, they are pegged or tied to a stake like some sacrificial animal.