Get used to having opinions that have more depth and reasoning to them than yours. Try listening to them for your sake and ours. Yes, yes and yes, so let this be exposed! Japan is part of the world and as citizen of the world, we should all care about the rise of this kind of indoctrination to years old children and what others are doing in the block, put a stop and not look this other way and tolerate the intolerable, no more normalization of nationalism and hate like we unfortunately see too much nowadays.
Japanese are very confusing to me. They speak of spreading the spirit of japaneseness all over the world, but in the same breath, and in their general behavior, they speak of exclusion, of how theirs is especially unique and Unpenetrable. I guess they just want the world to bow down and grovel at their feet in awe for cultural achievements that occurred centuries ago and have nothing to do with today's Japanese.
I think there's a psychological disorder in there somewhere, but I'm no Freud. And that reminds me: "Nationalism does nothing but teach you to hate people you never met, and to take pride in accomplishments you had no part in. Unique means it is the only kindergarten in Japan that offers such curriculum. Opposite of "norm". Kasunori Kagoike, principal of the kindergarten heads the Osaka branch of Nippon Kaigi and they are opening a primary school next year with Akie Abe as honorary principal: Japan steers another degree to starboard.
Guess you grew up in a less enlightened part of the U. I grew up during the Vietnam War, and there was no attempt to indoctrinate us. Scouting would probably have been as close as I ever came to that and I don't remember it happening there either. And while the Pledge of Allegiance is a bit much, if the "important American documents" hung in your classroom were the Declaration of Independence, the Gettysburg Address and the first Ten Amendments of the Constitution, those were, are good things that most nation still can't point to, especially anywhere in Asia, Africa, the Middle East and even most of Europe.
LDP has been in power most of the time since the end of WW2. If it were what we are supposed to expect under LDP, why would not it have happened already? Beyond belief. But the revealing thing here is Akie Abe's influence in all this. I have being saying this from the very beginning ever since Mrs. Abe's farcical "support" for liberal causes, she is nothing but an empty-headed puppet for her husband, actively trying to undermine liberal causes by giving half-arsed support for them and then asking leading rhetorical questions easily countered by Abe's conservative agenda and then being praised like a child who just learned how to spell.
She is a true danger to Japan and especially women as her entire position actively undermines all Japanese women and reinforces their lowly status in this country. Her support for this brainwashing school is proof of her treasonous activities against civil society. Believe it or not, parties do change over time as does the zeitgeist. In my country of birth, the UK, the Conservative government of the early seventies would be regarded as lefties by modern standards.
Question for Americans here, how do you feel about kids saying "The Pledge of Allegiance" everyday in the U.
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Rather disturbing. The "Japan" and "Japanese tradition" that these people talk about isn't real. It's just a phantasm created by the 19th-century government to justify imperialism. I'm not surprised that nationalists believe such rubbish about our country, but I am more upset when people who should know better just play along and say "yes, I guess that's our tradition.
What you describe isn't a product of Japanese culture "per se," but the myths created by the modern government that told us we were totally unique and had a divine mission in the world AND that we were a modern country that should have exchange and cultural dialog just like all other modern countries.
It was a bizarre contradictory message and some kind of "echo" of that is still left today, I feel. Maybe to round-off the lesson they should also teach the children what Japan was like at the end of the war in and how the Imperial Government led its people to destruction. You know, balance the patriotic line with images of Tokyo and Osaka after the firebombings. Also maybe take the children to Okinawa to ask the locals there what experiences they had from its patriotic government. Note that Akie Abe, Yasunori Kagoike, Chinami Kagoike and others pushing this 'offer yourselves courageously to the state' nonsense on kiddies are pushing it from the safety of the classroom and the principle's office, not from the ranks of the SDF.
If they sincerely believe what they spout, they should shut up, sign up and ship out, and stop pouring this filth into the unsullied ears of innocents. You're totally right. These aren't people who want to sacrifice themselves for the country. Instead, they're people who get off over making other people sacrifice themselves. Choosing to die for our beliefs can be heroic. Making other people die for our beliefs is just sick and cowardly. Well, next you will see more cartoons like G. Joe, training these kids up for war like they did to us 80's kids. Out of interest, when did America remove the Stars and Stripes from classrooms and do away with making students receit the Pledge of Alligence?
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You know, I don't agree with this at all, but really people. This is one It will get a lot of coverage, because, let's face it, people are prejudiced to believe that Japan is full of warlike tormentors despite 70 years of domestic and international peace. Does anyone see this in real life? Because what I see every day is a peaceful tolerant community with which I have endured the most dire of disasters.
It's been over a year now that the History Channel Japan starting filling their airtime with shows of the SDF caring out military exercises. These are not documentaries and their is no dialog.watch
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It could have come from "the State" or just History Channel Execs trying to rape their customers with cheap useless shows, or both. The moment a kid learns his country isn't as perfect as they have been indoctrinated What if dissent probing journalism, political satire, etc. I guess they're not going to teach these kids what happened to Japan as a result of this kind of education. Japanese chidren are not given enough to learn their own national history.
Basically Japanese kids do not hear about WW2 at school. Have no ideas what their grand parents did, agreed or endured. This could also stretch a parallel with nowadays Islamic extremist schools such as Boko Haram teaching women or small children to become terrorists and brainwash them for years.
It just happened to these 2 girls, 7 and 8, apparently "kamikaze" who were blown up Sunday morning in a market in northeastern Nigeria. Not that we heard about such crimes yet here although there are more and more cases of discriminations in Japan the kids evacuated from Fukushima for instance hate speeches and nasty behaviours during demonstrations low salaries for foreign workers, especially Asians history revisionism etc.
Now, be clear, nothing bad to teach a child to respect the flag of his her country. But this school of Osaka has options, and it is definitely carrying a strong sense of nationalism. And nationalism leads to wars! Who can say what will happen with the new world disorder and what exactly is Education ministry doing? Seriously -- send these girls and boys on a field trip to Okinawa and to Himeyuri-no Tou and show them that this is their future with this kind of education. Of course, they'll try to spin it and say it was American aggression that resulted in the children's death and their sacrifice for the nation's "troubles" was glorious, but I want them to see and know what these educators expect of them, because I know a WHOLE lot of people who find that monument and the girls who died an absolute tragedy, but these educators think so for all the wrong reasons.
I can just imagine the parents who send their kids to this school. And people here would be offended if you told them Japan is the same as North Korea in terms of brain washing. Uh, I don't know, just maybe it has something to do with a global swing to the right, and someone like Abe at the reigns. The only people who benefitted at the time of Japan's empire were the military leadership and the Imperial royal family. Everyone else who was Japanese suffered despite Japan's stranglehold on most of south east Asia. I believe that one of the reasons why the Japanese miraculously rebuilt after was because they had experienced suffering from years of this nationalism anyway.
What a horseplay. It's just one private school. This is the same messed up nationalism as anywhere — bravado and projection to make up for pathological feelings of inferiority. Just look at the contradictory statements from the staff at the nursery.
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But then what is the purpose of this pride and how should it be manifested? The answer seems overwhelmingly to be the following:. But in actual fact they are weedy, lack all personal responsibility, and have a mentally disturbed approach to dealing with other people. True patriots of Japan or elsewhere , who want their country to be forward looking and successful, should call such ideas out for what they are. I just wonder, did the principal along with other Nippon Kaigi members don the gear and courageously ship out to Fukushima Dai ichi to help with the clean up " emergency for the " good of the state back in ?
If not , why not? In addition, there was the nobility, from which most members of the House of Peers were selected. Not only were they denied—as women—the right to participate in politics but, because of their subjection to the head of the family or household in private life, as wives they were almost completely denied the right to inherit and to engage in legal transactions. Women are now full members of the political and social community. Universal suffrage was introduced before the new Constitution was adopted; women's participation in the first general election in the postwar period and in deliberations on the government's constitutional draft greatly enhanced the legitimacy of the text.
In addition, family life is regarded as an important locus in the realization of equality between men and women since the now-obsolete concept of ie , as a miniature of the state by analogy with the family, was the basis of absolutist rule. The Constitution contains a detailed provision on family, 72 the potential impact of which is enormous, because it establishes a horizontal rather than vertical human relationship as the standard.
In a liberal democracy with popular sovereignty, freedom of expression is crucial both to individual self-realization and democratic decision making. The strengthening of the judiciary enhanced the protection of freedoms and rights, including free expression. Unlike the weak and dependent judiciary in the old regime, the postwar Constitution has greatly fortified and expanded the judiciary.
This represents a major inroad on the Diet's monopoly on legislative power.
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Further, no disciplinary action may be taken against judges by an administrative organ. Liberal democracy in Japan finally has a genuine opportunity for development despite the difficulties involved in accommodating the majority will to the protection of minority rights; 93 this is especially so, since the judiciary must state reasons for its decisions.
Judicial review was soon on trial. The new constitutional system was based on the principle of popular sovereignty with a symbolic tenno system. Theoretically, popular sovereignty requires the full protection of freedom of speech.
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On May 19, , a popular mass meeting to gain rice the so-called Food May Day was held. In the demonstration, a communist worker at a machine factory carried a placard that mocked the tenno. It marks the beginning of a true understanding of the lofty spirit of the new national charter, which affirms the dignity of all men, and secures to all the right freely to discuss all issues, political, social, and economic, of concern to the people of a democratic nation. For, the free interchange of ideas, the free expression of opinions, the free criticism of officials and institutions is essential to the continued life and growth of popular government.
Democracy is vital and dynamic but cannot survive unless all citizens are free thus to speak their minds. In his new role the Emperor will symbolize the repository of state authority—the citizen. The dignity of the state will become the dignity of the individual citizen, and the protection accorded him as the symbol of the state ought to be no more and no less than the protection accorded the citizen. To hold the contrary would constitute a direct negation of one of the basic principles of democratic government.
It would but serve to perpetuate the pattern of feudalism and autocracy and do violence to those basic freedoms acknowledged by Japan and to which the Emperor himself has given most hearty accord. The judgment of the Tokyo district court seemed to track MacArthur's views. The court recognized the fundamental change in the status of the tenno after Japan accepted the Potsdam declaration. Special legal protection for the tenno had been abolished because the tenno was now regarded as an individual and not a god.
In effect, the judgment turned the legal issue into a policy issue when it said that free expression should be exerted with moderation and courtesy. The day after the district court's decision, the new Constitution was promulgated on the principle of popular sovereignty. On appeal on June 28, , the Tokyo appellate court rendered a menso -adjudication.
In fact, the appellate court went ahead and held a trial even after the amnesty was ordered. One was to assure respect and protection for the sacred and inviolable tenno as the head of state—as sovereign. In this sense, the court argued, the people entertained a deep conviction that to maintain respect for the tenno was equivalent to protection of the state itself. For example, under the new Constitution, the tenno, as the head of state, occupied a special diplomatic position, granting honors and holding ceremonies. Like the district court, the appellate court also undervalued free expression.
It placed an undue emphasis on a moderate and courteous manner in exercising the right. The defendant appealed to the Supreme Court to seek a decision of not guilty. On May 26, , the Court dismissed the appeal. Thus, the Court dismissed the case on purely formal grounds, without determining whether an act constituted a crime.
The majority denied an appeal that was founded on the claim that the facts did not constitute a crime, and so the Supreme Court did not reverse the lower court judgment. Two other justices found that the appeal was legal, but, unlike the majority, they believed that the illegality of the original judgment was so serious that the Supreme Court should reverse it and itself render the formal menso -adjudication. In his view, this understanding was conformable to the democratic principle that all people are equal before the law, given that the new Constitution had established popular sovereignty and a symbolic tenno system.
This justice believed that the feudal idea that the dignity of the tenno could not be protected without the threat of criminal punishment was obsolete. Thus he insisted that the Court should reverse the original judgment and declare the defendant to be innocent. Twelve of the fifteen justices accepted that even a symbolic tenno deserved special legal protection, and, in so doing, they failed to value appropriately the profound relationship between the principle of popular sovereignty and freedom of expression.
The case vividly demonstrates how powerfully old ways of thinking persist even into a new era. At the same time, however, the case did indicate, after all, the arrival of much that was new. Thanks to the system of disclosing the opinions of justices, a divided Supreme Court revealed that the justices could not reach an agreement. Moreover, there were dissenting opinions in the case. An ideological monolith became a fading myth. The Japanese people found themselves in a world where judges may disagree over important political matters, just as politics must be based upon public discussion.
This is fundamentally different from the prewar kokutai system. To whatever degree the outdated ideas lingered, and whatever influence they retained, the Placard case showed that public discourse on important political issues had been fundamentally transformed. The very institution of tenno had become an object of public discussion.
Japan Sovereign (1867-1912 : Meiji)
Postwar Japan had finally adopted a regime of legitimating political power through popular persuasion by means of speech. Judicial review, as a matter of legal theory, presupposes different approaches to constitutional interpretation. If one assumes that there is only one right interpretation, the courts need not have the power to review the statutes the legislature enacts; if the legislature believes them to be constitutional, then they are—by definition.
In sum, the institution of judicial review is necessarily at odds with orthodoxy and the state's monopoly on value judgments, which were features of the Meiji constitutional system. The old regime was so intolerant of disagreements on fundamental issues of political morality that its constitutionalism inevitably became superficial, although it had many positive achievements such as the development of party politics and a quasi-parliamentary system of government. The current Constitution, however, has established the principle of popular sovereignty and due respect for the basic rights of individuals, and it leaves considerable latitude for varied opinions among citizens.
The Constitution of Japan for the first time has opened up the possibility that judicial review will discharge its proper function in a governmental system. To be sure, this is merely a theoretical possibility, so far. There remains the important question of how to implement the institution of judicial review in practice.
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Volume 5. Article Contents. The old regime without judicial review. The system of judicial review in the current Constitution. Rights beyond legality and judicial review in the new constitutional system. The Placard case: The Supreme Court and the emergence of new politics.
The birth of judicial review in Japan Norikazu Kawagishi. Oxford Academic. Google Scholar. Cite Citation. Permissions Icon Permissions. Abstract Judicial review was introduced to Japan when the current constitution took effect in May ; this paper examines how it was institutionalized in the postwar period. See, e. D ahl , O n D emocracy Yale Univ. Press We cannot say that judicial review is an inevitable factor of constitutionalism.
Tokyo Press Moore trans. Robinson eds.
Press of America ; Dale M. Press ; Ray A. P oli. Freedom of religion was an exception. Because the state and Shinto was unified in the Meiji constitutional scheme, freedom of religion was difficult for other religions to enjoy. C ommentaries , supra note 17, at See T oshiyoshi, supra note 20, at The Great Court of Judicature at first denied the power to review orders as well as statutes.
Later, it exercised the power to review orders. See the Great Court of Judicature decision, Mar. See also T oshiyoshi , supra note 20, at A draft prepared by the Kenpo Kenkyukai Constitutional Research Group , a private group of intellectuals who were willing to create a new constitutional system, included the idea of fundamental human rights without reservation of law; it had no provision for judicial review.
In contrast, the Kenpo Kondankai Constitutional Discussion Group proposed a system in which the court has the power to review constitutionality of statutes. Inada Masatsugu, who was a central figure of this private group, advocated introducing the U. The request for the lectures was initially communicated to Hayashi Tadasu , then ambassador in London from December At first Sawayanagi Matsutaro was to give the lectures, but he was recalled when in Rome on the way to London and Kikuchi gave the lectures instead.
As a preparation for the lectures he translated the Imperial Rescript into English.
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Imperial Rescript on Education. Empire of Japan. Administration Ministries. Armed Forces. Imperial Japanese Army.