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Can multiple forms of undernutrition among children and women be tackled efficiently? Sweetpotato virus pathogen-tested planting material of susceptible varieties results in root yield increase in Uganda Namanda, S. Urbanization and the double burden: Trends and inequalities in under- and over-nutrition by residence and wealth among 1.

The timing of growth faltering in India has changed significantly over , with variations in prenatal and postnatal improvement P Headey, Derek D. Double burden of malnutrition: The role of framing in development of political priority in the context of rising diet-related non-communicable diseases in Tamil Nadu, India P Constantinides, Shilpa; Blake, Christine E. Life beyond the home: Nutritional, occupational, social and environmental predictors of common mental disorders among Indian mothers with 6- to month-old infants P Scott, Samuel; Arrieta, Alejandra; Kumar, Neha; Menon, Purnima; Quisumbing, Agnes R..

Intervention design elements are associated with frontline health workers' performance to deliver infant and young child nutrition services in Bangladesh and Viet Nam P Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Kim, Sunny; Tran, Lan M. Women's stated preferences for conditional cash transfer programs focused on maternal and child health and nutrition in India P Kachwaha, Shivani; Rao, Krishna; Kaplan, Avril; Bishai, David.

Analysis of pig trading networks and practices in Uganda Atherstone, C. Gender-based constraints affecting biofortified cassava production, processing and marketing among men and women adopters in Oyo and Benue States, Nigeria Olaosebikan, Olamide; Abdulrazaq, Bello; Durodola, Owoade; Adedayo, Ogunade; Parkes, Elizabeth;. A randomized feeding trial of iron-biofortified beans in school children in Mexico Finkelstein, Julia L.

Detection of circulating antigens for Taenia spp. Lima, Peru Iron bioavailability from multiple biofortified foods using an in vitro digestion, caco-2 assay for optimizing a cyclic menu for a randomized efficacy trial P Gannon, Bryan; Glahn, Raymond P. Washington, D. Optimizing food-assistance programs: Nutrition-sensitive food assistance lowers anemia prevalence in Burundi Leroy, Jef L.

Women's self-help groups, decision-making, and improved agricultural practices in India: From extension to practice Raghunathan, Kalyani; Kannan, Samyuktha; Quisumbing, Agnes R.. Dakar, Senegal Improving food safety on the farm: Experimental evidence from Kenya on agricultural incentives and subsidies as public health investments Hoffmann, Vivian; Jones, Kelly M.. Water, sanitation and child health: Evidence from subnational panel data in 59 countries Headey, Derek D.

Optimizing food assistance programs: Multisectoral program improves child growth in Guatemala Olney, Deanna K. Dhaka, Bangladesh Compact Conference program guide Compact Invisible heterogeneity in crop zinc concentration and child zinc intake in rural Uganda Bevis, Leah E. Are we there yet? The rigorousness of impact evaluations of nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions Meister, Will. Social network effects on consumer willingness to pay for biofortified crops Muange, Elijah N.

Habitual choice strategy, poverty and urban consumer demand for biofortified iron beans Oparinde, Adewale; Birol, Ekin; Murekezi, Abdoul. Can markets support smallholder adoption of a food safety technology? Income variability, evolving diets, and demand for processed foods in Nigeria de Brauw, Alan; Herskowitz, Sylvan. PIM gender research: in review Crimi, Gabriella. Local foods can meet micronutrient needs for women in urban Burkina Faso, but only if rarely consumed micronutrient-dense foods are included in daily diets: A linear programming exercise Arimond, Mary; Vitta, Bineti S.

Rainfall shocks are not necessarily a sensitive early indicator of changes in wasting prevalence Ledlie, Natasha; Alderman, Harold; Leroy, Jef L. Nutrition sensitive value chains: Theory, progress, and open questions Allen, Summer L. Process evaluation improves delivery of a nutrition-sensitive agriculture programme in Burkina Faso Nielsen, Jennifer; Olney, Deanna K.

Household access to traditional and indigenous foods positively associated with food security and dietary diversity in Botswana Kasimba, Salome Nduku; Motswagole, Boitumelo Stokie; Covic, Namukolo; Claasen, Nicole. Understanding the determinants of adolescent nutrition in Bangladesh Leroy, Jef L.

Countdown to Tracking progress towards universal coverage for reproductive, maternal, newborn, and child health Countdown to Collaboration. Nutrition-sensitive agriculture: What have we learned so far? Ruel, Marie T. Can integrated interventions create the conditions that support caregiving for better child growth? Menon, Purnima; Frongillo, Edward A.. Review: Time use as an explanation for the agri-nutrition disconnect? Through an analysis of 89 studies, identified through a systematic search, on rural areas of low and middle-income countries, we observe three findings.

First, women play a key role in agriculture, as reflected in their time commitments. Second, evidence from a very limited set of studies suggests that agricultural interventions tend to increase time commitments in agriculture of the household members for whom impact is measured. Third, while changing time use tends to change nutritional outcomes, it does so in a range of complex ways and there is no agreement on the impact. Nutritional impacts are varied because households and household members respond to increased time burden and workload in different ways.

The pathways from a behavior change communication intervention to infant and young child feeding in Bangladesh are mediated and potentiated by maternal self-efficacy Zongrone, Amanda A. United Kingdom Tubaramure, a food-assisted integrated health and nutrition program, reduces child stunting in Burundi: A cluster-randomized controlled intervention trial Leroy, Jef L. Factors influencing the uptake of a mass media intervention to improve child feeding in Bangladesh Kim, Sunny S. Importance of coverage and quality for impact of nutrition interventions delivered through an existing health programme in Bangladesh Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Frongillo, Edward A.

Reducing mineral and vitamin deficiencies through biofortification: Progress under HarvestPlus Bouis, Howarth. Basel, Switzerland The timing of growth faltering has important implications for observational analyses of the underlying determinants of nutrition outcomes Alderman, Harold; Headey, Derek D.. Farm diversification and food and nutrition security in Bangladesh: Empirical evidence from nationally representative household panel data Islam, Abu Hayat Md.

Low level aflatoxin exposure associated with greater linear growth in southern Mexico: A longitudinal study Leroy, Jef L. Bangkok, Thailand Effectiveness of food subsidies in raising healthy food consumption: Public distribution of pulses in India Chakrabarti, Suman; Kishore, Avinash; Roy, Devesh. Engagement of husbands in a maternal nutrition program substantially contributed to greater intake of micronutrient supplements and dietary diversity during pregnancy: Results of a cluster-randomized program evaluation in Bangladesh Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Frongillo, Edward A.

Does contract farming improve profits and food safety? Strengthening and evaluating the preventing malnutrition in children under 2 years of age approach: Guatemala follow-up report Heckert, Jessica; Leroy, Jef L. Does women's time in domestic work and agriculture affect women's and children's dietary diversity?

Cognitive performance in Indian school-going adolescents is positively affected by consumption of iron-biofortified pearl millet: A 6-month randomized controlled efficacy trial Scott, Samuel; Murray-Kolb, Laura E. Dietary diversity predicts the adequacy of micronutrient intake in pregnant adolescent girls and women in Bangladesh, but use of the 5-group cutoff poorly identifies individuals with inadequate intake Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Huybregts, Lieven; Sanghvi, Tina; Tran, Lan Mai; Frongillo, Edward A.

Animal sourced foods and child stunting Headey, Derek D. Seasonal variation in the proximal determinants of undernutrition during the first days of life in rural South Asia: A comprehensive review Madan, Emily M. Can governments promote homestead gardening at scale? Large-scale social and behavior change communication interventions have sustained impacts on infant and young child feeding knowledge and practices: Results of a 2-year follow-up study in Bangladesh Kim, Sunny S. Role of maternal preconception nutrition on offspring growth and risk of stunting across the first days in Vietnam: A prospective cohort study Young, Melissa; Nguyen, Phuong Hong; Gonzalez-Casanova, Ines; Addo, O.

Trade-offs related to agricultural use of antimicrobials and synergies emanating from efforts to mitigate antimicrobial resistance Wieland, Barbara; Grace, Delia; McDermott, John; Magnusson, U. Rome, Italy Do agri bodies give farmers a boost? Roy, Devesh; Sonkar, Vinay Kumar. The impact of reducing dietary aflatoxin exposure on child linear growth: A cluster randomised controlled trial in Kenya Hoffmann, Vivian; Jones, Kelly M. Improving farmer trust and seller reciprocity in agricultural input markets: A lab-in-the-field experiment in Bangladesh de Brauw, Alan; Kramer, Berber.

Global increase and geographic convergence in antibiotic consumption between and Klein, Eili Y. How do agricultural development projects empower women? Nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions, agricultural diversity, food access and child dietary diversity: Evidence from rural Zambia Rosenberg, Adam M. The potential contribution of yellow cassava to dietary nutrient adequacy of primary-school children in Eastern Kenya; The use of linear programming Talsma, Elise F.

Impact of biofortified maize consumption on serum carotenoid concentrations in Zambian children Palmer, Amanda C. Usual nutrient intake adequacy among young, rural Zambian children Caswell, Bess L. A food group dietary diversity score outperforms a 7-food group score in characterizing seasonal variability and micronutrient adequacy in rural Zambian children Caswell, Bess L.

Nutritional status measures are correlated with pupillary responsiveness in Zambian children Healy, Katherine; Palmer, Amanda C. The topology of between-herd cattle contacts in a mixed farming production system in western Kenya Ogola, J. Variability assessment of aromatic rice germplasm by pheno-genomic traits and population structure analysis Islam, M. Zahabul ; Khalequzzaman, M. Efficacy of high zinc biofortified wheat in improvement of micronutrient status, and prevention of morbidity among preschool children and women - a double masked, randomized, controlled trial Sazawal, Sunil; Dhingra, Usha; Dhingra, Pratibha; Dutta, Arup; Deb, Saikat; Kumar, Jitendra; Devi, Prabhabati; Prakash, Ashish.

Wasike, V. This toolkit is an open-access guide to mainstreaming biodiversity that draws on case studies across the four partner countries, outlining steps to 1 Provide Evidence; 2 Influence Policy, and 3 Raise Awareness. With an emphasis on both key focus areas and site-specific examples, the toolkit offers readers inspiration to adapt the work of BFN to other regions.

Links to key resources collect additional information and contextualise the project methods, for example, in relation to the FAO Voluntary Guidelines for Mainstreaming Biodiversity into Policies, Programmes and National and Regional Plans on Nutrition. Focus points within the toolkit include how to make use of: National Biodiversity Strategy and Action Plans, school feeding and procurement, green employment, cultural festivals, and business cases for mainstreaming biodiversity.

Sensory and cultural acceptability tradeoffs with nutritional content of biofortified orange-fleshed sweetpotato varieties among households with children in Malawi Hummel, Marijke; Talsma, Elise F.

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Hanoi, Vietnam Climate impacts on disasters, infectious diseases and nutrition Thomson, M. London, U. General contextual effects on neglected tropical disease risk in rural Kenya de Glanville, William A. Attitudes to feed fermentation for aflatoxin management in maize in Kenya: Investigating aflatoxin reduction by yeast-fermentation Hayo, Everlyne. Uppsala, Sweden Feed fermentation for aflatoxin reduction is not well researched. To address this approach the second goal of this project was to investigate how different yeasts could be used to degrade aflatoxins in Kenyan maize.

A laboratory pilot-trial was performed to find out if yeast-based feed fermentation of aflatoxin-contaminated maize might degrade or otherwise reduce toxin levels. Aflatoxin in the control treatment should have been constant during the incubation period, because the maize is dry and stable, and in the control would not be affected by addition of water or different yeasts. However, since the maize sample in the bottle was not homogeneous, each treatment, including the control, showed variation in aflatoxin content.

The water added to the fermentation treatments was not sufficient to support good growth of inoculated yeasts or other microbes which could ferment the maize, so no clear effect of fermentation was observed. The survey revealed that feed fermentation or silage making is not commonly practised in Kenya. Imputing nutrient intake from foods prepared and consumed away from home and other composite foods Mwangi, Dena M. Food Systems for Healthier Diets. Food Safety. Improving Human Health. Gender, Equity, and Empowerment. Show Filters. Sort by: Latest. Article in press Record detail View. This has become a primary concern in agriculture-nutrition research.

But are time-use data useful to explore agriculture-nutrition pathways? This study develops a conceptual framework of the micro-level linkages between agriculture, gendered time use, and nutrition and analyzes how time use has been conceptualized, operationalized, and interpreted in agriculture-nutrition literature on low- and middle-income countries LMICs.

The paper argues that better metrics, but also conceptualizations and analytics of time use, are needed to understand gendered trade-offs in agriculture-nutrition pathways. In particular, the potential unintended consequences can be grasped only if the analysis of time use shifts from being descriptive to a more theoretical and analytical understanding of time constraints, their trade-offs, and resulting changes in activity.

In view of these gaps, we investigated changes in the use of the services over the continuum of care from pregnancy up to early childhood between and We assessed equity gaps and factors associated with use of services. Our analysis has policy implications for India, but also offers global lessons to other countries embarking on scalingup integrated programmes to address maternal and child health, nutrition and child development. Respirable aerosol particles released by agricultural crop-residue burning ACRB , practised by farmers in all global regions, are potentially harmful to human health.

Mutually adjusted generalized linear models were used to generate risk ratios for risk factors of ARI. Overall disease burden due to ACRB was estimated in terms of disability-adjusted life years. We aimed to examine associations between adolescent pregnancy and child undernutrition in India, where one in five adolescents live, and one in three of the world's stunted children. Leveraging school meals programs as platforms to scale-up nutrition interventions is relevant as programs function in nearly every country in the world.

Though previous studies have found cross-sectional associations linking women's empowerment and child nutritional status, there is limited empirical evidence supporting the hypothesis that empowering women as part of an intervention will, in turn, improve child nutritional outcomes. We tested this hypothesis using two waves of data from a cluster-randomized controlled trial of a nutrition-sensitive agricultural program in Burkina Faso. With structural equation models, we examined whether four domains of women's empowerment—purchasing decisions, healthcare decisions, family planning decisions, and spousal communication—mediated the program's impact on reducing wasting and increasing hemoglobin among children who were three to 12 months old at the start of the two-year program.

We found that improvements in women's empowerment in the domains of spousal communication, purchasing decisions, healthcare decisions, and family planning decisions contributed to the program's impact on reducing wasting with the largest share being attributable to spousal communication.

Improvements in women's empowerment did not contribute to the increase in hemoglobin. These findings provide the first evidence from a randomized controlled trial that women's empowerment is a pathway by which a nutrition-sensitive program can improve child wasting. Programs that aim to improve child nutritional status should incorporate interventions designed to empower women. They include, for example, recognition of the burden of a vaccine-targeted disease, prioritisation of the multiple problems associated with a disease, consideration of the differing socio-economic situations under which vaccines are used, the influence of advocacy groups, and assessment of the feasibility of large-scale vaccine manufacture and distribution.

In the field of human health, data-driven development of vaccines is becoming increasingly common through the availability of reliable information on the Global Burden of Disease GBD and stringent evaluations of vaccination programmes utilising empirical data on costing and effectiveness, and standardised cost-effectiveness thresholds. The data generated from such analyses allow policymakers, implementing partners, industries and researchers to make decisions based on the best, and most contextually relevant, available evidence. In this paper, we wish to explore the current use of economic and social data for the development of veterinary vaccines.

Through comparison with the development of human vaccines, we will look for opportunities in animal health sciences to better integrate socio-economic data and analyses into the process of veterinary vaccine selection, development, and field implementation. We believe that more robust animal health impact assessments could add value to veterinary vaccine development by improving resource allocation and animal disease management. This is done with the aim of increasing the speed of the calculations, which can be an important parameter for online applications in particular, especially when implemented on large databases.

In this study, the performance of the two local approaches was compared in terms of efficiency and speed. Breeding rice varieties with increased concentrations of elements in the grain is considered the most cost-effective approach to alleviate malnutrition. Development of molecular markers for high grain concentrations of essential elements, particularly Zn, for use in marker-assisted selection MAS can hasten breeding efforts to develop rice varieties with nutrient-dense grain. Twenty five epistatic interactions were detected for two agronomic traits and seven mineral elements.

Several DH lines with high Fe and Zn in polished rice were identified.


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These lines can be used as donors for breeding high-Zn rice varieties. Some of the major QTL can be further validated and used in MAS to improve the concentrations of nutritive elements in rice grain. This study is based on key informant interviews 70 interviews with 61 interviewees , policy document review, and social network mapping, with iterative data collection and analysis taking place over 6 years — Analysis was based on two established political science theories: policy transfer theory and the Advocacy Coalition Framework. With its focus on multisectoral action to reduce stunting, the recent nutrition policy narrative impinges directly on an existing food security narrative as it attempts to alter agriculture policy away from maize reliance.

The nutrition policy sub-system in Zambia is therefore split between an international coalition promoting action on child stunting, and a national coalition focused on food security and hunger, with implications for both sides on progressing a coherent policy agenda. This study finds that it is possible to understand policy processes for nutrition more fully than has so far been achieved in much nutrition literature through the application of multiple political science theories.

These theories allow the generalization of findings from this case study to assess their relevance in other contexts: the study ultimately is about the transfer of policy being explained by the presence of advocacy coalitions and their different beliefs, resources and power, and these concepts can be investigated wherever the nutrition system reaches down from international to national level. Provitamin A deficiency is still a public health concern mainly in developing countries.

Since beta-carotene is a vitamin A precursor, the increase of this compound in foods through biofortification is a manner to reach people under hidden hunger condition. This work aimed to evaluate the effect of different cooking styles on carotenoids content and antioxidant activity of two different genotypes of biofortified Cucurbita moschata. The cooking style affected the antioxidant activity. There was an increase of all carotenoids in both cooked pumpkins, and steam cooking showed the highest retention percentages.

Steam cooking presented a higher percentage of carotenoid retention. Pumpkin consumption in developing countries, especially in the Northeast Brazil may be promoted to combat vitamin A deficiency. The challenge of measuring empowerment, particularly across cultures and contexts, is also garnering attention. The 12 pro-WEAI indicators are mapped to three domains: intrinsic agency power within , instrumental agency power to , and collective agency power with.

A gender parity index compares the empowerment scores of men and women in the same household. The paper concludes with a discussion of lessons learned from pro-WEAI and possibilities for further development of empowerment metrics. This commitment is supported by the UN Decade of Action on Nutrition — , designed to promote the achievement of SDG2—a necessary condition for most other SDGs—and the Compact initiative, which was established to use data, research-based evidence, best practices, and South-South learning to accelerate progress in ending hunger and malnutrition. These efforts, however, represent only the first step along the path toward achieving a world free of hunger and malnutrition.

Success depends on following up commitments with concerted actions that produce measurable and sustainable results. So far, the evidence shows that the world is moving far too slowly along this path. Despite the political will expressed in the SDGs, hunger persists, and malnutrition is climbing. At the conference, more than distinguished decisionmakers, practitioners, and other stakeholders—from across governments, NGOs, civil society, research organizations, and the private sector— gathered to discuss how to speed up progress. In a wide-ranging set of keynote addresses, panel discussions, and side events, they shared evidence and lessons learned from around the world on transforming food systems to reduce hunger and malnutrition.

They explored opportunities for scaling up successful actions and innovations that can disrupt business-as-usual to build momentum and accelerate progress. Sharing this research and engaging through capacity building and dialogue informs effective policies, programs, and investments to help ensure that all people have access to safe, sufficient, nutritious, and sustainably grown food.

This included; activities to promote nutritious food production and consumption, promotion of optimal feeding and caring practices and engagement with parents in pre-school meal planning and preparation.

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The NEEP-IE trial has demonstrated that CBCCs can be an effective platform to scale-up an integrated agriculture and nutrition intervention, and improve food production diversity, maternal knowledge, nutrition practices at household level and diets of pre-schoolers and their younger siblings, as well as improve linear growth in younger siblings aged m 7. This study presents the impact results of the NEEP-IE trial focusing on child development outcomes of pre-school children during a 12m intervention period. Our analysis is based on a primary survey of 1, farmers covering four major crops: wheat, mustard, pearl millet, and gram.

The study aims to identify the farmer-level constraints in adopting modern cultivars and decomposing into the elasticity of adoption probability and the use intensity. The study also attempts to assess the role of the key characteristics of cultivars in their adoption. It focuses on findings from impact evaluations of different types of nutrition-sensitive agricultural programs, including biofortification, homestead food production systems, livestock transfer programs, value chains for nutritious foods, and irrigation programs.

The review also includes, where available, information regarding pathways of impacts, mechanisms, and contextual factors that affect where and how agriculture may improve nutrition outcomes. The chapter concludes with a discussion of what the findings imply for the design and implementation of successful nutrition-sensitive agricultural programs, and highlights some key research gaps that need to be addressed in order to further our understanding of how to unleash the potential of agriculture to deliver on nutrition.

Food value chains for nutrition have been the focus of a number of reviews but evidence of their impacts remains limited. Using a systems perspective to look at markets and the role of the private sector in nutrition includes not only the complex relations between multiple actors and trade-offs between often competing objectives, but also the supporting environment in terms of infrastructure e.

In , HarvestPlus entered its fourth 5-year phase and is implementing its new strategic plan, which is designed to lay the groundwork for biofortification to benefit 1 billion consumers globally by In this new phase, HarvestPlus has commissioned efficacy studies on zinc biofortified crops, as well as effectiveness studies on both zinc and iron biofortified crops. Additional studies are planned to understand the efficacy of biofortification for additional target groups, like adolescents, and on health outcomes beyond micronutrient deficiency status.

As part of this new phase, HarvestPlus will work closely with others to further elucidate the comparative advantages of different interventions biofortification, fortification, and supplementation across time and location and to establish optimal micronutrient intervention portfolios for scenarios such as global population growth and climate change. This new phase will also analyze, document and make publicly available the data, tools, processes, and the lessons learned from interventions to introduce and scale up biofortification.

The ultimate aim of these efforts is to anchor biofortification within the various national and international policies, programs and investments in the agriculture and nutrition nexus. It highlights recent literature on the impacts of gendered and nutrition-sensitive agricultural programs. It also goes beyond a singular focus on women to consider the role of gender dynamics in agriculture and nutrition, and why the relationships between men and women are just as important for nutrition. Finally, it considers the ways in which agricultural research and nutrition-sensitive agricultural interventions can be designed so as to achieve better outcomes within nutrition and gender, and how these outcomes can be more accurately measured.

The EAT—Lancet Commission is the first of a series of initiatives on nutrition, led by The Lancet in , followed by the Commission on the Global Syndemic of obesity, undernutrition, and climate change. Along with these, we have articles from an issue of Public Health Nutrition that focuses on child and adolescent nutrition, and much more. Included under the umbrella are chemical, microphysical and microbiological aspects of food safety. This study was undertaken to enhance food-risk surveillance and guarantee food safety for the beneficiaries of food aid recipients.

The following issues were addressed: 1 Whether the quality of the stored grains meets the requisite global standards set for aflatoxins, arsenic, mold and moisture contents; 2 Critical aspects contributing to grain quality loss as well as assessing the magnitude of the problem; and 3 Establishing remedial actions aimed at minimizing quality loss and largely improving food safety in the overall distribution system. Essentially, the research combined data generated from laboratory tests conducted on grain samples, as well as data compiled through a nationally representative survey of public warehouses.

To avoid representation bias, a systematic random sampling method was used to select the LSDs to be reported in the study. This ensured an impartial assessment in terms of the food security status of the location and operational size. The findings from this study suggests that grain stored in PFDS do not largely contain any major contaminants aflatoxins, arsenic and mold at levels exceeding the maximum allowable limits to pose serious threat to public health. Despite that moisture itself is not a contaminant, excessive moisture content as detected in few cases has implication for mold growth in grain if stored for an extended period of time.

Finally, the recommendations outlined in this study for remedial actions are aimed at satisfying most of the stringent standards set under the Food Safety Act as well as ensuring high quality in longer term grain storage. We define innovators, early adopters, and late adopters based on the time taken to adopt improved technology in a well-defined geographic area. The paper is based on a primary survey of wheat farmers conducted in the state of Rajasthan, India. The primary objective of the study is to identify the structural characteristics and information channels for farmers classified as innovators and early adopters.

The secondary objective is to present a more disaggregated analysis by assessing the factors that affect the adoption of recent seed varieties. The first objective is based on binary choice modeling, and the second objective relies on the empirical formulation drawn from Besley and Case that accounts for the dynamic processes related to adoption in the cross-sectional framework. To reduce malnutrition, innovations in food systems are needed to both provide sufficient options for consumers to obtain diets with adequate nutritional value, and to help consumers make conscious and unconscious choices to choose healthier diets.

A potential solution to this challenge is food systems innovations designed to lead to healthier diets. In this paper, we lay out a multidisciplinary framework for both identifying and analyzing innovations in food systems that can lead to improvements in the choices available to consumers and their diets from a health perspective.

The framework identifies entry points for the design of potential food systems innovations, highlighting potential synergies, feedback, and tradeoffs within the food system. Essays on Civil Disobedience. Revolution and Other Essays. Essays on Life Itself. Essays on the Trinity. Essays of a Catholic. A Collection of Essays. Home economics: fourteen essays. Stories, Essays and Poems. Nature and Other Essays.

Essays on Modern Novelists. Collected Essays On Americanism. Essays of Francis Bacon. The Astro Boy Essays. Some Poems and Essays. Botanical Essays from Kent. Favourite Essays: An Anthology. Essays Ancient and Modern. Essays on Elizabethan Drama. Essays on Global Perspectives. Essays on Gender Perspectives. Essays from the Margins. College essays that made a difference.

McLean, Michelle Michelle Marquis. Homework helpers Career Press Inc. Homework helpers. Emerson, Ralph Waldo, , author. Poe; a collection of critical essays. Twentieth century views. Stand still like the hummingbird; [essays]. Southern Lady Code [electronic resource] : Essays. Upstream [electronic resource] : Selected Essays.

Feel Free [electronic resource] : Essays. Essays By Ralph Waldo Emerson. Seventy-nine Short Essays on Design. The Oxford Book of American Essays. On Liberty and Other Essays. Civil Disobedience and Other Essays. Russian Spirituality And Other Essays. Bedside Essays for Lovers of Cities. A Marriage Agreement and Other Essays. Essays Towards a Theory of Knowledge. Essays on the Theory of Numbers.

Einstein's Essays in Science. Self-Reliance and Other Essays. A Collection of Classic Essays. Women Deacons? Essays with Answers. Utopia of Usurers and Other Essays. Critical Essays of Ford Madox Ford. Do "the classics" still have relevance? Or are they just an outdated repository of class vanity, racial prejudice, and pedantic obscurantism.

In this personal journey through Greek history, Frederic Raphael springs to the defense of a much-maligned but bracingly elitist world. Includes more than illustrations. Drawing on modern legal theory, the author examines the nature of "open texture" in Athenian law and reveals that the Athenians were much more sophisticated in their approach to law than many modern scholars have assumed.

At the same time, the book studies the weaknesses of the Athenian legal system and how they contributed to Athens' defeat in the Peloponnesian War. From the identity of Greek athletes and the place of Greek games in the Roman era to forms, functions, and venues of Roman spectacles, this volume contains eleven articles and chapters of enduring importance to the study of ancient Greek and Roman sport, a field located at a crucial intersection of social history, archaeology, literature, and other aspects of those cultures. Smith's varied sources, which include middle-class portraits, baby pictures, and mugshots, as well as literary, scientific, and popular texts, enable her to demonstrate how new visual paradigms posed bodily appearance as an indicator of interior "essence.

In this vividly written cultural history, Hale sheds light on why so many white middle-class Americans chose to re-imagine themselves as outsiders. Cannato, eds. Some see the s as a Golden Age, a "Morning in America" that revived America's economy, reoriented American politics, and restored Americans' faith in their country. Others see the decade as a new "Gilded Age," selfish, superficial, glitzy, greedy, divisive, and destructive. This multifaceted exploration brings together a variety of voices from different political persuasions, generations, and vantage points.

This reference work reflects the increasingly multidisciplinary nature of postcolonial studies and reiterates its continuing relevance to the study of both the colonial past and the contemporary globalized world.

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Taken together, these essays, the dialogues they pursue, and the editorial comments that accompany them constitute a blueprint for the future of a much-contested but intellectually vibrant field. Reveals how we use economic activity to create, maintain, and renegotiate important ties -- especially intimate ties -- to other people.

Through a host of compelling examples, Zelizer shows us why price is central to three key areas of intimacy: sexually tinged relations; health care by family members, friends, and professionals; and household economics. A masterful narrative of how the worst economic crisis in postwar American history happened, what the government did to fight it, and what we must do to recover from it. With bracing clarity, Blinder chronicles the perfect storm of events beginning in , from the bursting of the housing bubble to the implosion of the bond bubble, and how events in the US spread throughout the global economy.

Drawing on insights from biology, anthropology, history, psychology, and literature, Seabright explores how our evolved ability of abstract reasoning has allowed institutions like money, markets, and cities to provide the foundation of social trust. Tracing the fast-rising prices of health care and education in the US and other major industrial nations, Baumol finds the underlying cause to lie in the very nature of providing labor-intensive services.

Once we understand the "cost disease," he argues, effective responses will become readily apparent. Drawing on psychological and neurological studies that underscore how tightly people's happiness and satisfaction are tied to performing hard work in the real world, Carr reveals how shifting our attention to computer screens can leave us disengaged and discontented.

It marshals massive historical data and sharp analytics to support the authors' claim that steady control of the money supply is profoundly important to the management of the nation's economy, especially in navigating serious economic fluctuations. One of the few economists to warn of the global financial crisis before it hit warns that a potentially more devastating crisis awaits us. He shows how the individual choices that collectively brought about the economic meltdown were rational responses to a flawed global financial order in which the incentives to take on risk are out of step with the dangers those risks pose.

Shiller, Robert J. In this important and timely book, Shiller argues that, rather than condemning finance, we need to reclaim it for the common good. He makes a powerful case for recognizing that finance, far from being a parasite on society, is one of the most powerful tools we have for solving our common problems and increasing general well-being. The Nobel Prize-winning economist who warned of both the tech and housing bubbles now cautions that signs of irrational exuberance among investors have only increased since the financial crisis. With high stock and bond prices in the US, and rising housing prices in many countries, the post-subprime boom may yet be another illustration of Shiller's argument that psychologically driven volatility is an inherent characteristic of all asset markets.

This book tells the story of these two financial schemes from the letters and accounts of two leading personalities. While some regard economics as a modern invention, Backhouse shows that the origins of contemporary economic thought can be traced back to the ancients. Taking us from Homer to the frontiers of game theory, this book presents an engrossing history of economics, what Alfred Marshall called "the study of mankind in the ordinary business of life. Writing in the tradition of Max Weber, Perrow concludes that the driving force of our history is not technology, politics, or culture, but the rise of large, bureaucratic organizations.

This two-volume Handbook contains chapters on the main areas to which post-Keynesians have made sustained and important contributions. These areas include theories of accumulation, distribution, pricing, money and finance, international trade and capital flows, the environment, methodological issues, criticism of mainstream economics and post-Keynesian policies.

Shiller Ever since Adam Smith, the central teaching of economics has been that free markets provide us with material well-being, as if by an invisible hand. Two Nobel Prize-winning economists here deliver a fundamental challenge to this insight, arguing that as long as there is profit to be made, sellers will systematically exploit our psychological weaknesses and ignorance through manipulation and deceit. After years of close study of hundreds of cases, the author explains the striking patterns that emerge and the common characteristics of the con artists and their victims.

It argues that current economic processes are shaped not by autonomous market forces but by the nature of states and state differences. Sheds light on the poor thinking behind nine of the worst economic policy mistakes of the past years, missteps whose outcomes ranged from appalling to tragic. Grossman tells the story behind each debacle -- from the Smoot-Hawley Tariff of , to Japan's lost decade of the s, to the American subprime crisis -explaining why the policy was adopted, how it was implemented, and its short- and long-term consequences.

Peter Ross Range richly depicts the stories and scenes of a year vital to understanding the man and the brutality he wrought in a war that changed the world forever. Informed by four decades of research and written by the premier historian of the German Resistance, the book constitutes the definitive work on those tens of thousands of Germans who fought the Third Reich from within. Including an in-depth account of the impact of Nazism and its aftermath, it offers a fresh critical perspective on narratives of "race" in German history.

Drawing heavily on research in printed and unpublished sources, Russell highlights the constitutional problem of multiple kingdoms within Britain; the religious problem of competing theologies within and outside a state church; and the economic problem of the inadequacy of royal revenue. Drawing on newly opened archives in Russia and Kazakhstan as well as memoirs by actual prisoners, Barnes shows how the Gulag was integral to the Soviet goal of building socialism.

A collection of life stories of Russian women in the first half of the 20th century. In literary memoirs, oral interviews, personal dossiers, public speeches, and letters to the editor, these women document their diverse experience of the upheavals that reshaped Russia. Can great art be produced in a police state? In this dazzling exploration of one of the most contradictory periods of literary and artistic achievement in modern history, Andy McSmith evokes the lives of more than a dozen brilliant artists and writers, revealing how they pursued their art -- often at great personal risk -under Stalin's regime.

Moving from Moscow and St. Petersburg to Beijing and Berlin, London and Luanda, Mexico and Mississippi, Marks conducts an intellectual tour of the Russian exports that shaped the 20th century. The result is a richly textured and stunningly original account of the extent to which Russia -- as an idea and a producer of ideas -- has contributed to the world we live in.

In this magisterial account of one of the most tragic periods in history, Brian Moynahan sets the composition of Shostakovich's most famous work against the backdrop of the siege of Leningrad and the years of repression and terror that preceded it. Weaving Shostakovich's own story and those of many others into the context of Stalin's purges and the brutal Nazi invasion, he relates how the music and the defiance it inspired provided a rare beacon of light for the watching world. Is Russian history nothing more than one big inevitable failure?

In this provocative and elegantly written short history, Marshall Poe takes us beyond the Soviet haze deep into the nation's fascinating past, finding it to be not at all inevitable, and in key respects remarkably successful. From peasants to princes, no one was untouched by the spiritual and intellectual upheavals of the 16th century, as Luther's challenge to church authority shook the foundations of Christianity, and as dynastic rivalries and military changes fundamentally altered the relations between ruler and ruled.

Mark Greengrass's magnum opus, this volume fosters a deeper understanding of Europe's identity today. Edmund Burke grappled with the significance of the British Empire in India, fought for reconciliation with the American colonies, and was a vocal critic of national policy during three European wars. He also advocated reform in Britain and became a central protagonist in the debate on the French Revolution. This volume offers a vivid reconstruction of the major concerns of this outstanding statesman, orator, and philosopher. This landmark work, first published in , details what happened in France during the first year of the French Revolution.

Placing the "common people" at the center of his analysis, Lefebvre emphasizes the class struggles within France and the significant role they played in the coming of the Revolution. In a series of revolts starting in , four military officers rode forth from obscure European towns to bring political freedom and a constitution to Spain, Naples, and Russia, and national independence to the Greeks. Stites sets these stories side-by-side, allowing him to compare events and movements and illuminate such topics as the transfer of ideas and peoples across frontiers, the formation of an international revolutionary community, and the appropriation of Christian symbols and language for secular purposes.

Central to Irish and British history, European demography, and the story of American immigration, the Great Famine is presented here from a variety of new perspectives. Moving away from the traditional narrative historical approach to the catastrophe, the book highlights economic and sociological features of the famine previously neglected in the literature, such as the part played by traders and markets, by medical science, and by migration.

This volume examines how the Irish created their own identity in the context of slavery and abolition, empire, and revolution, not only in Ireland, but in the US, Britain, Australia, and elsewhere. The remarkable story of the German prosecutor who, in , risked everything in an attempt to prosecute the first perpetrators of the Holocaust.

Though Hartinger's efforts were only a temporary roadblock to the Nazis, the evidence he compiled played a key role in the Nuremberg tribunal and struck a lasting blow for justice. A fiercely partisan examination of the heretical and millenarian movements that challenged social and ecclesiastical authority in Europe from the s into the s. Although Vaneigem discusses a number of different movements, his main emphasis is on the various manifestations of the Movement of the Free Spirit in northern Europe.

This social and cultural history of the Italian Renaissance discusses the social and political institutions that existed in Italy during the 15th and 16th centuries, and analyzes the ways of thinking and seeing that characterized this period of extraordinary artistic creativity. This sweeping history explores the paradoxes of 20th-century history, shedding new light on why the European encounter with modernity led to cataclysm, inhumanity, and self-destruction, but also to social justice, democracy, and peace.

Hearder places the main political developments in Italian history in their economic and social context, and shows how these related to the peaks of artistic and cultural endeavor. Drawing upon a rich array of contemporary sources, including many previously unpublished manuscripts, diaries, and personal letters, Roy and Lesley Adkins vividly portray the daily lives of ordinary people, discussing topics as diverse as birth, marriage, religion, sexual practices, hygiene, highwaymen, and superstitions.

It concentrates on four important periods in the life-course for the reproduction of these masculine values: schooling, university, foreign travel, and marriage and family life. Dissatisfied with these explanations, Gordon Martel has gone back to the contemporary diplomatic, military, and political records to investigate the twists and turns of the crisis afresh, with the aim of establishing just how the catastrophe really unfurled.

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But as Johnson shows, when improvement schemes foundered, northern Scotland instead became a crucible for anxieties about overpopulation, resource exhaustion, and the physical limits to economic growth. More than illustrations provide a rich visual record of Scotland's art, craftsmanship, and intellectual life. Explores six major British scandals between and , demonstrating how the incidents brought people into politics by evoking familiar stories of sex, treachery, and betrayal. Clark's unique blend of sexual, women's, political, and constitutional histories reveals the ways scandal can transform democratic institutions.

Where was the German air force on D-Day? Why was it unable to mount a single effective combat mission against the invasion forces? Douglas Keeney here carefully reconstructs the events in the air war that led up to D-Day, painting an in-depth portrait of the lives and times of the aviation pioneers who swept the skies of France clean of the Luftwaffe. The result is both a gripping eyewitness account of the last major Holocaust trial to galvanize world attention and a vital meditation on the law's effort to bring legal closure to the most horrific chapter in modern history.

This book brings together their most important intelligence reports on Nazi Germany, most of which are published here for the first time. It also demonstrates how Germans made sexuality a key site for managing the memory and legacies of Nazism and the Holocaust. It considers the testimony of both perpetrators and victims, and adopts the biographical approach as the only possible way to approach the destruction of the individual in the camps.

In this tightly written and fascinating new history, Robert Hutchinson explodes this myth, revealing the true destroyers of the Spanish Armada: inclement weather and plain bad luck. Rich in incident and colorful detail, Robert Hutchinson's narrative history gives readers the real inside look into the life of the protagonist of Hilary Mantel's Wolf Hall and Bring Up the Bodies. Beginning with the lead-up to the outbreak of war in and ending in the middle of on the eve of the Nazi invasion of Russia, this is a landmark history of the war on land, in the air, and at sea.

Switching perspectives between Britain and Belgium, prison and palace, poet and pauper, lover and betrothed, husband and wife, David Crane paints a picture of a summer when everything changed. An engaging overview of an important trend, the work of postcolonial, Third World, and other displaced filmmakers living in the West. Treating creativity as a social practice, Naficy demonstrates that these films are in dialogue not only with the home and host societies but also with audiences, many of whom are also situated astride cultural fault lines.

Kracauer's pioneering book, which examines German history from to in light of such movies as The Cabinet of Dr. Caligari, M, Metropolis, and The Blue Angel, broke new ground in exploring the connections between film aesthetics, the prevailing psychological state of Germans in the Weimar era, and the evolving social and political reality of the time. The first authorized visual biography of the iconoclastic director, this volume includes photographs and ephemera, many from private family albums, as well as personal recollections of the director.

Each entry includes a critical summary and filmography. Mayer, Edward G. Robinson, George Murphy, Ronald Reagan, Harry Belafonte, Jane Fonda, Charlton Heston, Warren Beatty, and Arnold Schwarzenegger -- this volume reveals how the film industry's engagement in politics has been longer, deeper, and more varied than most people would imagine. Includes more than illustrations in color and black-and-white. Through these examples, Izod demonstrates how Jungian theory can bring new tools to film and media studies. Featuring the work of Upton Sinclair, C.

Wright Mills, Walter Lippmann, Noam Chomsky, and many others, this provocative anthology charts such topics as the consolidation of ownership, the role of advertising, and the corruptions of profit. Cowie focuses on those filmmakers -- including Antonioni, Bergman, Cassavetes, Fellini, Godard, Kurosawa, and Truffaut -- who set the creative and intellectual standard by which today's finest films are judged.

For each plant, an elegant period hand-colored engraving, watercolor, or woodcut is presented along with glorious new photographs by Barbara Temple Lombardi. Packed with illustrations from the herbals, design treatises, and practical manuals that inspired the creators of that revolution, this volume enthrallingly charts how England's garden grew. Since its creation in , Jan Joris has become one of the main garden design firms in Western Europe, renowned for its trendsetting projects in a timeless and contemporary style.

This beautiful book features 20 exceptional Joris gardens in lush settings. It offers cutting-edge solutions for those seeking an entirely new look as well as key details that can make all the difference. The gardens of Oxford's colleges are surprisingly varied in style, age and size, ranging from the ancient mound in the middle of New College to fine modernist designs.

In this volume, Tim Richardson's elegant text combines with Andrew Lawson's glorious photographs to reveal the full charm of Oxford's college gardens. Ranging from an examination of temblors mentioned in the Bible, to a richly detailed account of the catastrophe in San Francisco, to Japan's Great Kanto Earthquake of , to the Peruvian earthquake in the Western Hemisphere's greatest natural disaster , this book is an unequaled testament to a natural phenomenon that can be not only terrifying but also threatening to humankind's fragile existence.

In this magisterial account of the great revolutionary era in which the outlines of the modern democratic state came into being, Palmer traces the clash between an older form of society, marked by legalized social rank and hereditary or self-perpetuating elites, and a new form of society that placed a greater value on social mobility and legal equality. Philpin, eds. A scholarly presentation of a variety of points of view concerning the debate about the transition from feudalism to capitalism stirred by Brenner's bold article of Covers a very wide range in time, place, and approach.

Arguing that the displacement and replacement of the native peoples in the temperate zones by European settlers was more a matter of biology than military conquest, Crosby examines how the spread of European disease, flora, and fauna went hand in hand with the growth of populations. In this new edition, Crosby revisits his now classic work and the global historical importance of European ecological expansion.

Treats all aspects of the subject: the development of warfare on land, sea and air; weapons and technology; strategy and defense; discipline and intelligence; mercenaries and standing armies; cavalry and infantry; chivalry and Blitzkrieg; guerilla assault and nuclear arsenals. It ranges in scope from the Greek victory at Marathon to the jungle warfare of Vietnam and the strategic air attacks of the Gulf War. In this subtle and wide-ranging book on the Western intellectual and political condition, Manent argues that the West has rejected the laws of God and of nature in a quest for human autonomy.

But in declaring ourselves free and autonomous, he contends, we have, paradoxically, lost a sense of what it means to be human. The focus is on the nuts and bolts of historical research -- that is, on how to use original sources, analyze and interpret historical works, and actually write a work of history. A masterful account of the assassins who hunted down the perpetrators of the Armenian Genocide. Casting fresh light on both one of the great crimes of the 20th century and one of history's most remarkable acts of vengeance, Eric Bogosian sets the killings in the context of Ottoman and Armenian history, and captures in vivid color the history of an era that was rife with political struggles and massacres.

In this definitive narrative history, Ronald Suny cuts through nationalist myths, propaganda, and denial to provide an unmatched account of when, how, and why the atrocities of were committed. An examination of Western imperialism's complex relationship with technology, from the first Portuguese ships that ventured down the coast of Africa to America's conflicts in the Middle East today. Headrick traces the evolution of Western technologies from muskets and galleons to jet planes and smart bombs, and sheds light on the factors that have led to victory in some cases and defeat in others.

Drawing on his own experiences as a renowned historian of Spain, Europe, and the Americas, Elliott provides a deft and sharp analysis of the work that historians do and how the field has changed since the s. He offers acute observations on such topics as the history of national and imperial decline, political history, biography, and art and cultural history. Davidson, Neil Once of central importance to left historians and activists alike, the concept of the bourgeois revolution has recently come in for sustained criticism from both Marxists and conservatives.

In this volume, Neil Davidson systematically examines the approaches taken by a wide range of thinkers to explain the causes and outcomes of revolutions from the Reformation to decolonization. In this landmark reconception of battle and war, Stephen Biddle argues that force employment is central to modern war, and has become increasingly important since in a world of ever more lethal weaponry. Did human involvement in climate change only begin with the industrial revolution, as is commonly believed?

William Ruddiman's provocative book argues that humans have actually been changing the climate for some 8, years -- as a result of the invention of agriculture. The essays in this volume focus on exploration's instrumental role in shaping a European sense of exceptionalism and its iconic importance in defining the terms of cultural engagement with other peoples.

The contributors address such key themes as exploration's contribution to European imperial expansion, Western scientific knowledge, Enlightenment ideas and practices, and metropolitan print culture. In their Atlantic colonies, Europeans developed a form of plantation agriculture quite different from the agricultural system used at home.

Much more than an economic order, the plantation complex had an important place in world history. The essays in this volume illuminate the intercontinental impact of the plantation system. It offers a new understanding of Latin American and Atlantic history, one that blurs traditional distinctions between the "imperial" and the "colonial. When Indonesia's Mount Tambora erupted in , it unleashed the most destructive wave of extreme weather the Earth had witnessed in thousands of years. Tracing Tambora's global and historical reach, Wood relates how the volcano's three-year climate change regime sparked the first worldwide cholera pandemic, expanded opium markets in China, and plunged the US into its first economic depression.


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The Greek philosopher Diogenes said that when he died his body should be tossed over the city walls for beasts to scavengers, yet even in our supposedly disenchanted scientific age, the dead body still matters -- for individuals, communities, and nations. This ambitious history offers a compelling and richly detailed account of how and why the living have cared for the dead from antiquity to the 20th century. Why did Europe rise to the top, when for centuries the Chinese, Japanese, Ottomans, and South Asians were far more advanced?

Rejecting conventional explanations -- such as geography, epidemic disease, and the Industrial Revolution -- Hoffman argues that if key variables had been different, Europe would not have achieved critical military innovations, and another power could have become master of the world. The first grassroots social, economic, and cultural history of the shtetl. Challenging popular misconceptions of isolated, ramshackle Jewish villages stricken by poverty and pogroms, Petrovsky-Shtern argues that, in its heyday from the s to the s, the shtetl was a thriving Jewish community as vibrant as any in Europe.

Leon Judah Aryeh Modena was a major intellectual figure of the early modern Italian Jewish community, well-known to contemporary European Christians as well as to Jews. This complete translation of his autobiography provides a wealth of historical material about Jewish family life of the period, religion in daily life, the plague of , the influence of kabbalistic mysticism, and a host of other subjects.

This pioneering reference work offers a focus for the study and understanding of Jewish-Christian relations internationally, both within and between Judaism and Christianity. It includes more than entries -- covering events, institutions, movements, people, places and publications -- contributed by more than internationally renowned scholars. In the 18th and 19th centuries, as German Jews struggled for legal emancipation and social acceptance, they embarked on a program of cultural renewal, giving a special place to the Sephardim of medieval Spain, whom they depicted as morally, intellectually, and aesthetically superior to the Polish Ashkenazim.

John Efron here examines in depth the special allure Sephardic aesthetics held for German Jewry. Jewish tradition and American culture did not converge seamlessly; it was American Jews themselves who consciously created this idea of an American Jewish heritage and cemented it in the popular imagination.

Wenger here examines how Jews in the US collectively wove themselves into the narratives of the nation and came to view the American Jewish experience as a unique chapter in Jewish history.

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Schwartz, Seth This provocative history of Palestinian Jewish society in antiquity marks the first comprehensive effort to gauge the effects of imperial domination on this people. Probing more than eight centuries of Persian, Greek, and Roman rule, Schwartz reaches some startling conclusions -- foremost among them that the Christianization of the Roman Empire generated the most fundamental features of medieval and modern Jewish life.

Slezkine argues that the ancient Jews were, in effect, among the world's first free agents. Traditionally belonging to a social and anthropological category known as "service nomads," an outsider group specializing in the delivery of goods and services, these exemplary ancients are now model moderns. How did Zionism take shape as an identity? And why does it seem so immutable? Analyzing the messianic fervor of Zionism, Rose argues that it colors Israel's most profound self-image to this day.

She also explores the message of dissidents, who, while believing themselves the true Zionists, warned from the outset against the dangers of Jewish statehood. A collection of 22 essays by distinguished scholars on the Jewish response to antisemitism worldwide over the past years. The authors paint a vivid portrait of the Rebbe, showing how he reinvented himself from an aspiring electrical engineer into a charismatic leader who believed that he and his Lubavitcher Hasidic emissaries could transform the world.

Maimonides was the greatest Jewish philosopher and legal scholar of the medieval period, a towering figure who has had a profound and lasting influence on Jewish law, philosophy, and religious consciousness. This book provides a comprehensive and accessible introduction to his life and work, revealing how his philosophical sensibility and outlook informed his interpretation of Jewish tradition. This volume, the first full, human portrait of this fascinating man, provides a vivid sense of Mendelssohn's daily life as well as of his philosophical endeavors.

In this book, Ruth Wisse evokes and applauds the genius of the most celebrated of all Jewish responses to modernity -- as well as the brilliance of comic writers like Sholem Aleichem, Isaac Babel, Isaac Bashevis Singer, and Philip Roth. At the same time, she draws attention to the precarious conditions that call Jewish humor into being -- and the price it may exact from its practitioners and audience alike. What has it meant to be Jewish in a nation preoccupied with the categories of black and white? Goldstein traces the often tumultuous encounters with race experienced by Jews from the s through World War II, when they became vested as part of America's white mainstream and abandoned the practice of describing themselves in racial terms.

Brenner takes readers from the mythic wanderings of Moses to the unspeakable atrocities of the Holocaust; from the Babylonian exile to the founding of the modern state of Israel; and from the Sephardic communities under medieval Islam to the shtetls of eastern Europe and the Hasidic enclaves of modern-day Brooklyn. The first comprehensive survey of Jewish illuminated manuscripts from the Middle Ages to the present day. Magnificently illustrated with pages from hundreds of manuscripts -- including hand-illustrated versions of the Bible, the Haggadah, the prayer book, marriage documents, and other beloved Jewish texts -- it offers surprising new perspectives on Jewish life, and presents the books of the People of the Book as never before.

How do American Jews envision their role in the world? Are they tribal -- a people whose obligations extend solely to their own? Or are they prophetic -- a light unto nations, working to repair the world? Rooted in the understanding of how history shapes a political community's sense of the world, this volume is a bold reading of the past, present, and possible future foreign policies of American Jews.

More than ever before, American Jews are arguing about Israeli policies, and many, especially younger ones, are becoming uncomfortable with Israel's treatment of Palestinians. Dov Waxman argues that Israel is fast becoming a source of disunity for American Jewry, and that a new era of American Jewish conflict over Israel is replacing the old era of solidarity.

Redefines the place of the Talmud and its study, both traditional and academic, in the intellectual map of the West, arguing that Talmud is a scholarly art of its own and represents a fundamental intellectual discipline, not a mere application of logical, grammatical, or even rhetorical arts for the purpose of textual hermeneutics.

Vividly combining history and ethnography, Matory spotlights a so-called "folk" religion defined not by its closure or internal homogeneity but by the diversity of its connections to classes and places often far away.