Manual A Reflection of Love: A Different Kind of Love Story

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Loving nobly is considered as enriching and improving practice.

Four Kinds of Love; Eros, Agape, Phileo & Storge | Eros to Agape

Courtly love began in the ducal and princely of Provence, champagne, Aquitaine, Norman kingdom of Sicily and ducal burgundy. Falling love is the concept of moving from a feeling of neutrality towards a person to one of love. Factors which includes are mental, chemical and timing. Free love is a social movement which rejects marriage and is seen as s form social and financial bondage.

Free love movements initial goal to separate state from sexual matters such as birth control, adultery and marriage. It is claimed with such issues were concern of the people involved and no one else. A love triangle is also called as romantic triangle and romantic love triangle.


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It is usually a romantic relationship where three people will involve. It refers to two people independently romantically linked with a third, which implies three people have relationship with the other two individually. The relationships can be romantic, familal and friendships. The romantic triangle is formally identical to the friendship triad. Two main forms of love triangle can be distinguished. It is rivalrous triangle where the love is competed with a rival for the love of beloved. Split object triangle where love has split attention with in two love objects.

Love at first sight is a personal experience by an individual. It is a common trope in literature where an individual character, feels an instant, extreme which has ultimate long lasting romantic attraction on a stranger on first sight. It was well described by poets and critics in poetry, novels, and love stories. It is seen mostly in western friction. Love struck is experienced by an individual when love got stuck in their relation.

The reason may be anything for the cease. Love struck means having physical and mental symptoms associated falling love. Love struck will experience when any reason will struck the emotion of an individual. It hits the emotion of a person and anything may happen. It depends on the person how they receive. Some will be easy going and some may take it heart. Love struck is experienced by an individual when they love the other person truly and accepts them.

Lovesickness is seen in an individual when their love will struck. It describes the informal syndrome of rejected or absence of love covers physical and symptoms of mental also. Lovesickness leads a person to move under depression and this leads to health problems. The people will be like as they lost everything in their life. Love addiction is proposed model of pathological passion related behavior which involves the feeling of being in love. It means people will be addicted through some reasons. It acts as person addicted to a drug.

Unrequited love is also known as one sided love which is felt only by one person. The beloved will be not aware of person who admires. It will be strong romantic affection or rejected consciously. One side love will be experienced by almost all persons in their life. Because they admire the other person and it leads to the first sight of love at the stranger. In love every type of love is inter related to one another in one way or the other. From birth of a person until death or after death every person will be loved by their loved ones. Love is a reflection of a mirror. It means how a person behaves with other the same will be experienced by the person from others.

The Bookshop: A Sort of, Kind of, Love Story

Love which is eternal and a great gift of god. We can sympathize and may even empathize with the abandoned husband he portrayed in The Best Exotic Marigold Hotel movies. The shop would also be a personal statement of independence. Florence Green, the new owner, is a young widow who is determined to survive, financially and psychologically, in tribute to the loving memory of her husband. The bookshop was to be the flagship of her independence. When it comes to pursuing her dream, she is not a woman who frightens easily.

The town, with its harbor and windswept marshland coast along the North Sea, is aptly named in Charles Dickens fashion Hardborough. Violet Gamart — a Cruella de Vil incarnate — rules Hardborough with a genteel behind-the-scenes ruthlessness. But Mrs. She is a treacherous opponent. Green and her disloyal lawyer by having them narrate their point-counterpoint. The next undermining of the bookshop is done through the auspices of the Education Authority whose investigator has been tipped to the fact that Mrs.

Green expected on the sale of a complementary property is delayed and delayed by the inexplicable work-stoppages of laborers, who may well be commercially beholden to the Violet Gamart. A competing bookshop opens in a nearby town. But the moneyed fellow does happen to be under the sway of Violet Gamart.

A never-before-thought-of public lending library finds a home in Hardborough, in a dwelling that Violet Gamart generously purchases for that very purpose. The fatal blow to Mrs. As for just compensation to Mrs. Green, a double-crossing dandy a Trojan Horse, in a way provides access to building inspectors who, on a particular day, just happen to find water in the basement of the Old House.

That finding renders the Old House uninhabitable, and thus makes it and Mrs. Green ineligible for compensation. Her courage and endurance are tested again and again, until despair yields to resignation; eviction to defeat. Green represents positive thinking and light. She brought hope, inexperience and innocence, to the community whose economy and spirits had been flagging. The virtuous and trusting Mrs.

Green will not be able to forever blind herself to the perfidy that Violet Gamart will line up against her. Hers was stuck at such a low ebb that it no longer gave her the instruction for survival. The reclusive Edmund Brundish is a descendant of an ancient and landed Suffolk family. Until the arrival of Florence Green, Brundish had no kindly expectations. You are doing us an honour.

From behind those piles of books, the pale, dignified hermit asks Mrs. The Church's charitable organizations, on the other hand, constitute an opus proprium , a task agreeable to her, in which she does not cooperate collaterally, but acts as a subject with direct responsibility, doing what corresponds to her nature. The Church can never be exempted from practising charity as an organized activity of believers, and on the other hand, there will never be a situation where the charity of each individual Christian is unnecessary, because in addition to justice man needs, and will always need, love.

The multiple structures of charitable service in the social context of the present day. Before attempting to define the specific profile of the Church's activities in the service of man, I now wish to consider the overall situation of the struggle for justice and love in the world of today.

Despite the great advances made in science and technology, each day we see how much suffering there is in the world on account of different kinds of poverty, both material and spiritual. Our times call for a new readiness to assist our neighbours in need.

On the other hand—and here we see one of the challenging yet also positive sides of the process of globalization—we now have at our disposal numerous means for offering humanitarian assistance to our brothers and sisters in need, not least modern systems of distributing food and clothing, and of providing housing and care. Concern for our neighbour transcends the confines of national communities and has increasingly broadened its horizon to the whole world.

The solidarity shown by civil society thus significantly surpasses that shown by individuals. Church agencies, with their transparent operation and their faithfulness to the duty of witnessing to love, are able to give a Christian quality to the civil agencies too, favouring a mutual coordination that can only redound to the effectiveness of charitable service. Significantly, our time has also seen the growth and spread of different kinds of volunteer work, which assume responsibility for providing a variety of services.

For young people, this widespread involvement constitutes a school of life which offers them a formation in solidarity and in readiness to offer others not simply material aid but their very selves. Lk et passim for others. In the Catholic Church, and also in the other Churches and Ecclesial Communities, new forms of charitable activity have arisen, while other, older ones have taken on new life and energy.

In these new forms, it is often possible to establish a fruitful link between evangelization and works of charity. Here I would clearly reaffirm what my great predecessor John Paul II wrote in his Encyclical Sollicitudo Rei Socialis [28] when he asserted the readiness of the Catholic Church to cooperate with the charitable agencies of these Churches and Communities, since we all have the same fundamental motivation and look towards the same goal: a true humanism, which acknowledges that man is made in the image of God and wants to help him to live in a way consonant with that dignity.

The increase in diversified organizations engaged in meeting various human needs is ultimately due to the fact that the command of love of neighbour is inscribed by the Creator in man's very nature. It is also a result of the presence of Christianity in the world, since Christianity constantly revives and acts out this imperative, so often profoundly obscured in the course of time. The reform of paganism attempted by the emperor Julian the Apostate is only an initial example of this effect; here we see how the power of Christianity spread well beyond the frontiers of the Christian faith.

For this reason, it is very important that the Church's charitable activity maintains all of its splendour and does not become just another form of social assistance. So what are the essential elements of Christian and ecclesial charity? The Church's charitable organizations, beginning with those of Caritas at diocesan, national and international levels , ought to do everything in their power to provide the resources and above all the personnel needed for this work.

Individuals who care for those in need must first be professionally competent: they should be properly trained in what to do and how to do it, and committed to continuing care. Yet, while professional competence is a primary, fundamental requirement, it is not of itself sufficient. We are dealing with human beings, and human beings always need something more than technically proper care. They need humanity. They need heartfelt concern. Those who work for the Church's charitable organizations must be distinguished by the fact that they do not merely meet the needs of the moment, but they dedicate themselves to others with heartfelt concern, enabling them to experience the richness of their humanity.

As a result, love of neighbour will no longer be for them a commandment imposed, so to speak, from without, but a consequence deriving from their faith, a faith which becomes active through love cf. Gal It is not a means of changing the world ideologically, and it is not at the service of worldly stratagems, but it is a way of making present here and now the love which man always needs. The modern age, particularly from the nineteenth century on, has been dominated by various versions of a philosophy of progress whose most radical form is Marxism.

Part of Marxist strategy is the theory of impoverishment: in a situation of unjust power, it is claimed, anyone who engages in charitable initiatives is actually serving that unjust system, making it appear at least to some extent tolerable. This in turn slows down a potential revolution and thus blocks the struggle for a better world.

Seen in this way, charity is rejected and attacked as a means of preserving the status quo. What we have here, though, is really an inhuman philosophy. People of the present are sacrificed to the moloch of the future—a future whose effective realization is at best doubtful. One does not make the world more human by refusing to act humanely here and now. We contribute to a better world only by personally doing good now, with full commitment and wherever we have the opportunity, independently of partisan strategies and programmes.

This heart sees where love is needed and acts accordingly. Obviously when charitable activity is carried out by the Church as a communitarian initiative, the spontaneity of individuals must be combined with planning, foresight and cooperation with other similar institutions. Love is free; it is not practised as a way of achieving other ends. For it is always concerned with the whole man. Often the deepest cause of suffering is the very absence of God. Those who practise charity in the Church's name will never seek to impose the Church's faith upon others. They realize that a pure and generous love is the best witness to the God in whom we believe and by whom we are driven to love.

A Christian knows when it is time to speak of God and when it is better to say nothing and to let love alone speak. He knows that God is love cf. He knows—to return to the questions raised earlier—that disdain for love is disdain for God and man alike; it is an attempt to do without God. Consequently, the best defence of God and man consists precisely in love. It is the responsibility of the Church's charitable organizations to reinforce this awareness in their members, so that by their activity—as well as their words, their silence, their example—they may be credible witnesses to Christ.

Finally, we must turn our attention once again to those who are responsible for carrying out the Church's charitable activity. As our preceding reflections have made clear, the true subject of the various Catholic organizations that carry out a ministry of charity is the Church herself—at all levels, from the parishes, through the particular Churches, to the universal Church.

For this reason it was most opportune that my venerable predecessor Paul VI established the Pontifical Council Cor Unum as the agency of the Holy See responsible for orienting and coordinating the organizations and charitable activities promoted by the Catholic Church.

In conformity with the episcopal structure of the Church, the Bishops, as successors of the Apostles, are charged with primary responsibility for carrying out in the particular Churches the programme set forth in the Acts of the Apostles cf. In the rite of episcopal ordination, prior to the act of consecration itself, the candidate must respond to several questions which express the essential elements of his office and recall the duties of his future ministry.

He promises expressly to be, in the Lord's name, welcoming and merciful to the poor and to all those in need of consolation and assistance. With regard to the personnel who carry out the Church's charitable activity on the practical level, the essential has already been said: they must not be inspired by ideologies aimed at improving the world, but should rather be guided by the faith which works through love cf.

Consequently, more than anything, they must be persons moved by Christ's love, persons whose hearts Christ has conquered with his love, awakening within them a love of neighbour. The consciousness that, in Christ, God has given himself for us, even unto death, must inspire us to live no longer for ourselves but for him, and, with him, for others. Whoever loves Christ loves the Church, and desires the Church to be increasingly the image and instrument of the love which flows from Christ.

The personnel of every Catholic charitable organization want to work with the Church and therefore with the Bishop, so that the love of God can spread throughout the world. By their sharing in the Church's practice of love, they wish to be witnesses of God and of Christ, and they wish for this very reason freely to do good to all. Interior openness to the Catholic dimension of the Church cannot fail to dispose charity workers to work in harmony with other organizations in serving various forms of need, but in a way that respects what is distinctive about the service which Christ requested of his disciples.

Saint Paul, in his hymn to charity cf. This hymn must be the Magna Carta of all ecclesial service; it sums up all the reflections on love which I have offered throughout this Encyclical Letter. Practical activity will always be insufficient, unless it visibly expresses a love for man, a love nourished by an encounter with Christ.

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My deep personal sharing in the needs and sufferings of others becomes a sharing of my very self with them: if my gift is not to prove a source of humiliation, I must give to others not only something that is my own, but my very self; I must be personally present in my gift. This proper way of serving others also leads to humility. The one who serves does not consider himself superior to the one served, however miserable his situation at the moment may be. Christ took the lowest place in the world—the Cross—and by this radical humility he redeemed us and constantly comes to our aid. Those who are in a position to help others will realize that in doing so they themselves receive help; being able to help others is no merit or achievement of their own.

This duty is a grace. We recognize that we are not acting on the basis of any superiority or greater personal efficiency, but because the Lord has graciously enabled us to do so. There are times when the burden of need and our own limitations might tempt us to become discouraged.

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But precisely then we are helped by the knowledge that, in the end, we are only instruments in the Lord's hands; and this knowledge frees us from the presumption of thinking that we alone are personally responsible for building a better world. In all humility we will do what we can, and in all humility we will entrust the rest to the Lord. It is God who governs the world, not we. We offer him our service only to the extent that we can, and for as long as he grants us the strength. When we consider the immensity of others' needs, we can, on the one hand, be driven towards an ideology that would aim at doing what God's governance of the world apparently cannot: fully resolving every problem.


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Or we can be tempted to give in to inertia, since it would seem that in any event nothing can be accomplished. At such times, a living relationship with Christ is decisive if we are to keep on the right path, without falling into an arrogant contempt for man, something not only unconstructive but actually destructive, or surrendering to a resignation which would prevent us from being guided by love in the service of others.

Prayer, as a means of drawing ever new strength from Christ, is concretely and urgently needed. People who pray are not wasting their time, even though the situation appears desperate and seems to call for action alone. Piety does not undermine the struggle against the poverty of our neighbours, however extreme. In the example of Blessed Teresa of Calcutta we have a clear illustration of the fact that time devoted to God in prayer not only does not detract from effective and loving service to our neighbour but is in fact the inexhaustible source of that service.

How can we obtain it? It is time to reaffirm the importance of prayer in the face of the activism and the growing secularism of many Christians engaged in charitable work. Clearly, the Christian who prays does not claim to be able to change God's plans or correct what he has foreseen. Rather, he seeks an encounter with the Father of Jesus Christ, asking God to be present with the consolation of the Spirit to him and his work.

A personal relationship with God and an abandonment to his will can prevent man from being demeaned and save him from falling prey to the teaching of fanaticism and terrorism. An authentically religious attitude prevents man from presuming to judge God, accusing him of allowing poverty and failing to have compassion for his creatures. When people claim to build a case against God in defence of man, on whom can they depend when human activity proves powerless? Certainly Job could complain before God about the presence of incomprehensible and apparently unjustified suffering in the world.

I would learn what he would answer me, and understand what he would say to me. Would he contend with me in the greatness of his power? Therefore I am terrified at his presence; when I consider, I am in dread of him. Often we cannot understand why God refrains from intervening. Instead, our crying out is, as it was for Jesus on the Cross, the deepest and most radical way of affirming our faith in his sovereign power.

Immersed like everyone else in the dramatic complexity of historical events, they remain unshakably certain that God is our Father and loves us, even when his silence remains incomprehensible. Faith, hope and charity go together. Hope is practised through the virtue of patience, which continues to do good even in the face of apparent failure, and through the virtue of humility, which accepts God's mystery and trusts him even at times of darkness.

Faith tells us that God has given his Son for our sakes and gives us the victorious certainty that it is really true: God is love! It thus transforms our impatience and our doubts into the sure hope that God holds the world in his hands and that, as the dramatic imagery of the end of the Book of Revelation points out, in spite of all darkness he ultimately triumphs in glory.

Faith, which sees the love of God revealed in the pierced heart of Jesus on the Cross, gives rise to love. Love is the light—and in the end, the only light—that can always illuminate a world grown dim and give us the courage needed to keep living and working. Love is possible, and we are able to practise it because we are created in the image of God. To experience love and in this way to cause the light of God to enter into the world—this is the invitation I would like to extend with the present Encyclical. Finally, let us consider the saints, who exercised charity in an exemplary way.

This explains the great emphasis on hospitality, refuge and care of the infirm in the vicinity of the monasteries. It also explains the immense initiatives of human welfare and Christian formation, aimed above all at the very poor, who became the object of care firstly for the monastic and mendicant orders, and later for the various male and female religious institutes all through the history of the Church. Cottolengo, John Bosco, Luigi Orione, Teresa of Calcutta to name but a few—stand out as lasting models of social charity for all people of good will.

The saints are the true bearers of light within history, for they are men and women of faith, hope and love. Outstanding among the saints is Mary, Mother of the Lord and mirror of all holiness. In these words she expresses her whole programme of life: not setting herself at the centre, but leaving space for God, who is encountered both in prayer and in service of neighbour—only then does goodness enter the world. Mary's greatness consists in the fact that she wants to magnify God, not herself. She is lowly: her only desire is to be the handmaid of the Lord cf. Lk , She knows that she will only contribute to the salvation of the world if, rather than carrying out her own projects, she places herself completely at the disposal of God's initiatives.

Mary is a woman of hope: only because she believes in God's promises and awaits the salvation of Israel, can the angel visit her and call her to the decisive service of these promises. Lk The Magnificat —a portrait, so to speak, of her soul—is entirely woven from threads of Holy Scripture, threads drawn from the Word of God. Here we see how completely at home Mary is with the Word of God, with ease she moves in and out of it. She speaks and thinks with the Word of God; the Word of God becomes her word, and her word issues from the Word of God.

Here we see how her thoughts are attuned to the thoughts of God, how her will is one with the will of God. Finally, Mary is a woman who loves. How could it be otherwise? As a believer who in faith thinks with God's thoughts and wills with God's will, she cannot fail to be a woman who loves.

We sense this in her quiet gestures, as recounted by the infancy narratives in the Gospel. We see it in the delicacy with which she recognizes the need of the spouses at Cana and makes it known to Jesus. We see it in the humility with which she recedes into the background during Jesus' public life, knowing that the Son must establish a new family and that the Mother's hour will come only with the Cross, which will be Jesus' true hour cf. Jn ; When the disciples flee, Mary will remain beneath the Cross cf.

Jn ; later, at the hour of Pentecost, it will be they who gather around her as they wait for the Holy Spirit cf. The lives of the saints are not limited to their earthly biographies but also include their being and working in God after death. In the saints one thing becomes clear: those who draw near to God do not withdraw from men, but rather become truly close to them. In no one do we see this more clearly than in Mary. Mary has truly become the Mother of all believers.

Men and women of every time and place have recourse to her motherly kindness and her virginal purity and grace, in all their needs and aspirations, their joys and sorrows, their moments of loneliness and their common endeavours. They constantly experience the gift of her goodness and the unfailing love which she pours out from the depths of her heart. The testimonials of gratitude, offered to her from every continent and culture, are a recognition of that pure love which is not self- seeking but simply benevolent.

Mary, Virgin and Mother, shows us what love is and whence it draws its origin and its constantly renewed power. To her we entrust the Church and her mission in the service of love:. You abandoned yourself completely to God's call and thus became a wellspring of the goodness which flows forth from him. Show us Jesus. Lead us to him. Teach us to know and love him, so that we too can become capable of true love and be fountains of living water in the midst of a thirsting world.

Cousin, vol. I Apologia, PG 6, Apologeticum, 39, 7: PL 1, Bidez, L'Empereur Julien. Pontificale Romanum, De ordinatione episcopi , Benedict XVI Encyclicals. The newness of biblical faith 9. Jesus Christ — the incarnate love of God Love of God and love of neighbour Charity as a responsibility of the Church Thus far, two essential facts have emerged from our reflections: a The Church's deepest nature is expressed in her three-fold responsibility: of proclaiming the word of God kerygma-martyria , celebrating the sacraments leitourgia , and exercising the ministry of charity diakonia.

Justice and Charity In order to define more accurately the relationship between the necessary commitment to justice and the ministry of charity, two fundamental situations need to be considered: a The just ordering of society and the State is a central responsibility of politics.