Guide Dachau Concentration Camp: A Self-guided Pictorial Sightseeing Tour (Visual Travel Tours Book 234)

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Take it up a notch with an excellently located hotel and enjoy all the fun and frolics of Oktoberfest, a trip to Dachau and a guided walk of Munich. Get your bearings on an orientation walk of Munich followed by two days of Oktoberfest fun, or enjoy an optional trip to Neuschwanstein Castle. Includes three nights in a twin-share tent with airbed bring your own sleeping bag , breakfasts and t-shirt. Stay central and hit the main festival to enjoy countless beers and heaps of Bavarian fare with fellow revellers in many beer halls.

Includes three nights' hostel multi-share and breakfast. Optional day trips and bike tours also available. Well, where there are four wheels, a fully-equipped kitchen and a load of storage space, the tarmacked world is your oyster! There are motorhomes for couples, families and groups of friends, and no motor is more than two years old. Campers can be taken across into Europe see charges above but need to be returned to the UK depot in Toddington. Fancy a bit of mystery? You'll still guarantee a high standard 2, 4 or 6-berth motorhome, but the layout will be chosen for you depending on availability.

You can choose from a whopping 38 countries to travel to and book custom hires from just about anywhere! Whether it's a road trip, a camping weekend in the mountains or a festival home you're after, Spaceships helps you uncover hidden gems. These award-winning campers are compact, custom-designed, easy to drive and fuel-efficient. Pick up yours from one of three depots and head off to whichever EU country plus Norway, Croatia, Switzerland and even Serbia!

And, with a bespoke trip planning service and free camp site guide with all hires, what's to lose? Insurance excess is reduced to zero and covers more stuff than a bogstandard insurance policy. Reliable, comfy and environmentally-friendly; European trains tick all the boxes. We've teamed up with Interrail to bring you the most flexible passes possible, perfect for flighty non-committal souls and curious wanderers. Choose from two kinds of passes: a One-Country Pass lets you explore one country in-depth all colour-coded on the opposite page , or get a Global Pass to gain access to up to all 30 of them!

This means you can start and end your Interrail adventure at a railway station that's local to you! With Interrail, you can travel when and where you want. Venice or Rome? Just flip a coin and away you go! Petrol in Europe is also quite expensive, so trains are also easier on your wallet. Sit back, relax and soak up the viewing pleasure of this gorgeous continent. In fact, taxis from out-of-the-way airports often cost more than plane tickets.

Go train! Miss a no-frills flight and you're up the River Seine without a paddle. Miss a train and you can hop on the next one; most cities are linked with frequent departures. Too easy! With Interrail, travel the easy way from city centre to city centre and arrive within walking distance of hotels and attractions. Did you know? What's not to love? Note: the Interrail Pass is not valid in the passholder's country of residence.

To purchase an Interrail Pass you must be a resident of Europe and a passport number is required at time of booking. To qualify for the youth rates you must be under 28 years on the first date of validity of the pass. Seat reservations, couchette and sleeper charges are not included in the cost of the pass and are payable at the normal rate. Passholder fares are payable on some services, such as highspeed, overnight and peak departures.

Prices may vary due to fluctuations in exchange rates. With connections to over European destinations, including the hubs of Lyon, Aix-en-Provence and Marseille, Eurostar's ever-expanding high-speed network means train journeys are now faster and easier than ever. What's more, take comfort in knowing that you're treading lightly on the environment, with journeys emitting a tenth of the CO2 of an equivalent flight.

Fast check-in and punctual trains mean you'll arrive relaxed and on time. Lille offers high-speed connections to destinations like Dijon or Bordeaux, Avignon or Nice. From Paris, high-speed services can take you all over France, and for a small supplement you can travel beyond Belgium or The Netherlands to stations in Luxembourg, Switzerland and Germany.

Classes of Service Standard: Perfect for travellers who want a seamless city-to-centre journey without any hassle. Standard Premier: For those seeking more, Standard Premier offers a light meal and drinks with a larger seat to make sure you arrive cool, calm and collected. High Speed Journeys Whichever departure point you choose to travel from, you'll travel on comfortable. Want to travel on a rail journey which isn't covered on the Eurostar extended network?

Sit back and watch the views whizz by with a cross-Germany journey from Munich to Berlin, explore Spain's fascinating cities, or journey down from Milan to Naples for the true taste of Italy. Ask your Travel Expert today where you can go and you'll have a train ticket with the freedom to ride in no time. We have never cancelled a trip and don't operate a minimum numbers policy. When you book any of our trips you are absolutely guaranteed to go.

Hop-on Hop-off is the ultimate flexible travel network for independent travellers making their way around Europe. With 38 cities and 14 countries gracing the Busabout map, you have the freedom to choose where you want to go and how long you want to stay there. What's yours? Pre-plan your route or book it as you go. No hidden fees or extra charges when you change your plan. Join a network of thousands of like-minded independent travellers and make new friends at every stop.

Modern and comfortable coaches, fantastic drivers, and your luggage secure. Just sit back and relax. Our guides are on hand to help whenever you need them. Restaurants, clubs, museums, galleries: they've got the lowdown. The coaches travel in the direction of the arrows. Dates in BLUE match the arrows on the map in blue. You can easily link Hop-on Hop-off to Busabout's other trips marked on the map with these icons. Each pass gets 1GB of data to use on the coach.

Or a great addition to another adventure so you can explore more. Ask your Travel Expert for details. The coach leaves the destinations marked below in orange on the orange calendar dates. It leaves the destinations marked in blue on the blue calendar dates. All coaches leave the first departure city at 8am sharp.

For all other departure and arrival times, talk to your local Travel Expert. But we also love what's in between: dramatic mountains, sunflower fields and vine-covered valleys. After a little taster of Europe but strapped for time? Take this short and sweet blast through eight countries in ten days, breaking up visits to Europe's biggest and best capitals with stays in beautiful Alpine villages.

Meet your team and co-travellers in London and sail via Calais to the Dutch capital of Amsterdam. Famous for its free spirit and bicycle-friendly streets, you'll also get the chance to check out the Red Light District. And yes, the coffee shops and the red-hued windows are still part of the attraction, but so are the trendy bars popping up in between. Explore canals, museums and boutiques the next day before following the Rhine River to the old-world village of St. Goar, home to a fairytale castle and the world's largest free-hanging cuckoo clock! If that's not worth your time, we don't know what is.

B, 2D. The Bavarian capital is a pro at blending traditional culture with an enviable modern lifestyle. Walk the city's Old Town and don't miss Marienplatz' Glockenspiel, a Gothic clock complete with 32 dancing figures and 43 chiming bells. Next up, Austria, and an exclusive Austrian Gasthof guesthouse in the mountains where you'll get the chance to take part in optional activities like paragliding. And what better way to see the city than on a private boat through the canals?

The Bridge of Sighs and St. Mark's Square are impressive architectural feats. With all that gold, exactly how are these islands still afloat? On Day 6, it's back into the Alps. See Lake Como, then follow the trail of clanging cow bells to the Swiss town of Lucerne and spend the night in a chalet at the foot of Jungfrau Mountain.

Re-charge the batteries and relax in a gorgeous Alpine setting. Want something a little different? Take the cog train at extra cost to the top of Jungfrau Mountain and Europe's highest railway station. Party overnight in a converted underground bomb shelter, and start your journey to Paris in the morning through the wine region of Burgundy. You'll also have time to visit a French perfumery before a last night with your group.

On Day 10, take a morning transfer to Charles de Gaulle Airport estimated arrival 10am or transfer back to London. In Europe, there's a lot you can do with 14 days. It's eclectic Europe Continue your journey through Burgundy's wine country, passing by Chablis, Burgundy and Beaujolais vineyards and whetting your appetite for your wine tasting session tonight. The next day, continue to the glamorous Riviera via a local perfumery.

Do as the locals do and browse upscale boutiques, lunch at a chic brasserie or head to local markets. Tonight, mingle with the rich and famous in Monte Carlo. See the opulent Royal Palace and visit a Monte Carlo casino. Enjoy a guided walking tour, then head to Rome for an evening walking tour. Mark's Square are awaiting you. From here, head north through the vineyards of the Rhine Valley.

You'll also get to learn how beer steins are made, relax with a glass of wine or indulge in optional wine tasting in an underground cellar. Next, it's on to the Netherlands and the vibrant, canallined streets of Amsterdam. There are more bicycles than cars here and you'll soon be in the saddle for a bike ride, stopping at a cheese farm and clog maker's house. Check out the city's museums on Day 13, then head home or back to London on Day Take the ferry across the Channel to France.

Or, if you're already there, just join us when we arrive! On your first evening, sip on Champagne and admire the city's illuminated sights, including the Eiffel Tower. Tonight, opt for a local cabaret show. Depart Paris on Day 3 and wind through Burgundy's wine country. Here you'll be treated to a wine tasting session and dinner. Day's 4 agenda? Relaxation in the countryside! Rub shoulders with celebs in Monaco, where you'll see the Royal Palace and visit a Monte Carlo casino. On Day 6, stop at a French perfumery and Pisa's famous leaning tower on your way to Florence.

Embark on a locally-guided tour of the Duomo, Giotto's Bell Tower and Piazza della Signoria before heading to watch a Florentine leather craft demonstration. Continue to explore on Day 9, heading into the world's smallest country, the Vatican City. It's only 0. Mark's Square the next day. Day 12 sees you leaving Italy and heading into the mighty Austrian Alps. You'll enjoy a free day here tomorrow, so make use of the many adventure sports on offer here, including hiking, mountain biking and even paragliding! On to Bavaria on Day 14, but first a stop at the sobering Dachau Concentration Camp Memorial to learn about the history of the Holocaust.

On arrival in Munich, head for the Glockenspiel and Marienplatz Square. Day 15 sees you head into the Swiss Alps, stopping in tiny Liechtenstein and Lucerne along the way. Move on through Heidelberg to the Rhine Valley the following day, passing by medieval castles and vineyards en route.

Learn how beer steins are crafted and see how much wine you can guzzle at an optional wine tasting session. Move on to Amsterdam on Day 18 for two final days before departing on Day 20 after breakfast. Eleven countries in 20 days? Challenge accepted. Take a larger-than-average bite out of Europe with a loop starting at either London or Paris and finishing up in Amsterdam, where you're free to stay on for as long as you want. Mix it up with high-octane cities, adrenalin activities and some quiet time here and there to really soak in your ever changing surroundings.

Set off for Amsterdam to check out the canals by night. The next day, head farther afield with a bike ride through scenic Edam and visit a clog maker's house. The next day, enjoy a free day to explore historic sites like Checkpoint Charlie, the Reichstag and the controversial remains of the Berlin Wall. On Day 5, stop for a tasty bratwurst in the beautifully rebuilt Baroque city of Dresden and continue on to Prague. With a free day on your hands, explore Wenceslas Square, Hradcany Castle and Charles Bridge and wash it down with Czech beer and a night out.

On Day 8, make your way through Alpine views on your way to a Tyrolean village famous for its adventure sports. Next morning, you have the option to plunge yourself into a white water rafting adventure before winding your way out of the mountains through the Bavarian Alps to Venice. Day 10, meander along the alleys of the Floating City or take a gondola ride along the city's iconic canals. Tonight's walking tour takes in some impressive sights such as the Trevi Fountain, the Pantheon and Piazza Navona. Day 12, enjoy free time to explore and take an optional tour of the Vatican Museums, the Colosseum and Roman Forum.

As your trip ends next morning, stay in Paris, catch the morning transfer to Charles de Gaulle Airport or take a complimentary transfer back to London. Welcome to the City of Light! Discover unique buildings and an almost dream-like skyline on a city tour then head to the beach. At night, opt to see a traditional flamenco show and fill up on tapas and sangria. On Day 9, wander the boutiques before heading to Monte Carlo to see the Royal Palace and to try your luck at a local casino. The floating islands of Venice hoard basilicas and grand churches like they're going out of fashion, not to mention the pretty-in-pink-and-white Doge's Palace, and pigeon-filled St.

Mark's Square. See as much as you can before continuing on to Pisa on Day Drive to nearby Florence the next day for a locally-guided tour of the city's striking buildings, with plenty of free time to explore the city's collection of Renaissance art. On Day 15, there's a chance to delve into history with a tour of the Vatican Museums and Sistine Chapel, where you can gawk at Michelangelo's ceiling masterpiece. Vesuvius and take an optional tour of Pompeii's ancient ruins. It's then onto the overnight ferry to Corfu for three days of fantastic sun.

Enjoy watersports, food, shopping, and local culture in this island paradise. Day 20, travel across the Corinth Canal to Athens. Your included city tour will also take you on a visit to the Acropolis, the perfect end to your trip. Say goodbyes on Day A journey of culture, food and fleeting fancies, with one last hurrah on the Greek island of Corfu.

More city than beaches? Finish up in Rome. You won't be the first we've lost to the Eternal City! Spend Day 2 around the sights, which might include a trip up the Eiffel Tower, a walk under the Arc de Triomphe or a culture hit at the grand Louvre museum. This evening, head out to an optional cabaret show or find yourself a wine bar and keep that cheese coming!

When in France! On Day 4, enjoy a rustic French picnic with a view. After a morning of scenic driving, you'll arrive at the scorching seaside city of Barcelona. Go steady! Day 10 is a treat with an insiders tour of Florence by a local Florentine. On top of the Duomo and Basilica Santa Croce, you'll also get to observe a leather demonstration in a local shop. Tonight, opt for a Tuscan evening of food and wine. A meander through the streets will reveal plenty of history with lots of hidden pockets, grand piazzas and stylish boulevards.

Later, there's an option to delve into history with a tour of the Vatican Museums, including the Sistine Chapel, with a local guide. Travel north through the Dolomite Mountains to Vienna for schnitzel, strudel and schnapps! Stephen's Cathedral, or wander the stalls of Naschmarkt. Gallic charm, Mediterranean sun, Austrian and German cool and stunning Alpine scenery.

Continue on to a small village for a stay in a traditional mountain chalet. On Day 21, take an optional cog railway ride to the top of Jungfrau Mountain or soak up the Swiss scenery. Tonight, enjoy your special stay in a traditional Austrian gasthof. This part of the world is synonymous with adrenalin-fuelled adventure, opt to go tandem paragliding, hiking or mountain biking. Or take it easy exploring the nearby villages and countryside.

Today, you're off to Munich, the merry home of Oktoberfest, but Munich has more to offer than its famous festival. Full of charm and Bavarian culture, spend your day walking around the Glockenspiel and Marienplatz, before heading off to the beer halls for some traditional German entertainment, food and did we say beer already? You could also opt to partake in a city bike tour, exploring the unseen streets before visiting a beer hall. Then, head on to the wine villages of the Rhine Valley. Take a bike tour that will take you to the windmills, cheese farms and clog makers of the surrounding countryside.

Later on, check out the city's canals and gabled houses by night. Your last day in Amsterdam is a free day to explore. The city centre is easy to navigate, so head to the museum quarter, indulge in a stroopwafel two thin layers of crispy dough filled with caramel syrup - divine and bargain hunt at one of the famous flea markets. In the evening, opt for a canal cruise to explore the city's waterways and enjoy the notorious nightlife.

A month in Europe means more stops, more variety and even a beach break on the Greek island of Corfu. After all, we all need a break from sightseeing from time to time. And there is a lot of that on this tour! Still haven't had enough? Extend your trip in London or Amsterdam. Whether you join the group in London or Paris, your first evening will be spent in the City of Light on a Paris by Night tour.

Sipping champers before seeing the sparkling Eiffel Tower - what a start! Day 2 is a free day for you to explore France's capital. Head to the Louvre and Notre Dame Cathedral then opt for a cabaret. Vive la France! Yep, you read that right. You're staying in a castle! Indulge in a French picnic lunch the following day, washed down with a glass of wine.

On Day 5, travel through Provence to the glamorous Riviera. Mingle with the rich and famous in Monaco, try your luck at a casino in Monte Carlo then chill out at the beach on Day 6. After you've got yourself elegantly scented up, cross the border into Italy and grab a photo at the famous Leaning Tower of Pisa. Continue on to the charming city of Florence, where you'll enjoy a day of sightseeing and a leather craft demonstration on Day 8.

The next day, explore the sights of the world's smallest country, the Vatican City, then opt to follow in the footsteps of the Emperors and Gladiators on a guided tour. Continue to Sorrento on Day 10, we may opt for a quick pit stop at the cliffside village of Positano. The next day, opt to tour Pompeii's ancient ruins, then hop aboard the ferry to the Greek island of Corfu for three days of beach time and soaking up the sun. This is the life! The next day, meander through the city's alleyways and canals to find art-filled palazzos, bustling markets and grand squares.

See the Bridge of Sighs and St. Mark's Square, then opt for a romantic gondola ride. Ride through the Dolomite Mountains to Vienna on Day 18 and enjoy a walking tour the following day. Stephen's Cathedral and the State Opera House. Snake past the city's sights on Day 21 and enjoy plenty of cheap beer. Prague is famous for it! The next day, cross into Germany and make for Munich, where you'll visit the famous Glockenspiel and have a stein or two at a traditional beer hall.

Continue into the beautiful Alps, where you'll be based the next few days. Visit Hopfgarten, Liechtenstein and Lucerne, then head to the Rhine Valley on Day 26 for charming wine villages and more. End up in Amsterdam for Days 27 and Depart any time on Day Like that? Try this… Plus Corfu Sailing Option Spend Days on a private yacht, cruising the waves, swimming and sunbathing in paradise. Take a ferry across the Channel, travel through Belgium and arrive into the quirky Dutch capital of Amsterdam.

Tonight, venture out and see the city's canals and gable houses illuminated on an optional canal cruise. Top it off by experiencing the city's outlandish nightlife. Explore Amsterdam's cobbled streets before weaving through the Rhine Valley, where you'll enjoy an optional wine tasting in a historic cellar. Next, head for Munich, home of Oktoberfest. Pass through the Burgundy wine region to the City of Light. Tonight, enjoy an illuminated Paris by Night city tour. Day 8 is yours to explore all that Paris has to offer, especially its food!

It's then on to Venice, the so-called Floating City, to explore its canals on an optional gondola ride. Typically 2 departures per month Typically 3 departures per month Typically 2 departures per month. Weave through gable houses and canal-lined streets by night after a dinner with your group. Pedal past windmills in Edam summer only to get a taste of traditional Dutch life at a local cheese farm and a clog maker's house.

On Day 3, motor down the autobahn to Berlin's bar scene. Day 4 Berlin Learn about Germany's darker past and be inspired by Berlin's creative scene, not missing the graffiti-covered Berlin Wall. Get acquainted with Prague's medieval streets, daunting Gothic architecture and tasty beer. See the magnificent Hofburg Palace, St. Stephen's Cathedral and drive along the historic Ring Road. Your trip concludes on Day 8, but if you're not ready to go home, why not continue to Rome on our 9-day Eastern Trail trip?

Please ask your Travel Expert for more details. Typically 3 departures per month Typically 6 departures per month Typically 5 departures per month more in Dec. Jump right in with a special Paris by Night city tour Champagne and escargot included to take in a twilight view of the Eiffel Tower and other iconic sights. Indulge in a cellar wine tasting session with a vino expert and sample the local wine. On Day 5, enjoy a delicious French picnic in the countryside, followed by some relaxation time by the pool. Original, colourful and full of joy, it really reflects the character of the city.

Put on your best pair of shoes maybe flip flops will just have to do , and head to Monte Carlo to see the Royal Palace and visit a grand casino. Cross the border into Italy and head to the fair city of Verona to see Romeo and Juliet's famous balcony before heading on to Venice. Day 11, explore the Floating City's shops and squares or take an optional gondola ride through the canals. As you make your way around the highlights on tonight's tour, namely the Colosseum, the Roman Forum, Trevi Fountain and the Pantheon, keep a look out for masterpieces by Michelangelo, Raphael, Caravaggio and Bernini.

Day 15, there's a chance to take a tour of the Vatican Museums and the Sistine Chapel before hitting the road to Athens on Day Pass by Naples, Mt. Vesuvius and Pompeii before hopping on an overnight boat to Greece. Unwind for a couple of days surrounded by azure seas, golden beaches and a vibrant party culture. Cross through Montenegro on your way to the Croatian town of Dubrovnik. With a full day free, explore the walled city and try out some of its delicious seafood.

Day 25, move up the Dalmatian Coast, stop in Split to see Diocletian's Palace then travel on to the seaside city of Zadar. On Day 26, travel to Slovenia's capital, Ljubljana. Back to Greece's mainland to the coastal fishing town of Preveza. On Day 22, travel into Albania, a country scattered with old Cold War bunkers. But also, home to the dynamic capital of Tirana. The city has a lot more developing to do, but it's well on its way to becoming a new European favourite.

It's basically cream, custard and pastry and it's great. Later, opt for a Mozart and Strauss concert in an imperial palace and soak up Viennese culture at its finest on a city tour the next morning. It's time to choose your adventure on Day 30 as you make the most of the region's outdoor lifestyle. Opt to go tandem paragliding, hiking or mountain biking. Head to Munich on Day 31 to enjoy some Bavarian beer.

Tonight's special stopover is in a typically quaint Swiss village, nestled in the Alps. On Day 33, opt to take the cog railway train to the top of Jungfrau Mountain. See picturesque Heidelberg and learn how to craft beer in the Rhine Valley. Day 36 is yours to roam free. Take an optional canal cruise then party in one of the many nightclubs. After saying your farewells, take a morning transfer to Schiphol Airport estimated arrival 10am , extend your stay in Amsterdam or take the complimentary transfer back to central London.

Life's too short to hang around. So this trip doesn't! Follow the sun along some of the world's most beautiful coastlines and venture over to Eastern Europe and the Balkans. Later, you'll get to see the city's famous sights, including the Eiffel Tower and Arc de Triomphe, illuminated by night on a late city tour. Over the next two days discover the city's bistros, museums, and a trip to Versailles. Because, France! Day Riviera Pass through Provence and make your way down to the Riviera.

Stroll down the glamorous promenade of Nice, head to Monte Carlo's Royal Palace and visit a Monaco casino as you rub shoulders with the high-rollers. Visit Pisa on your way to the Tuscan capital of Florence and discover its Renaissance masterpieces on a locally-guided tour on Day Day Rome Ciao bella Roma! Step back in time as you make your way around the Trevi Fountain, the Pantheon and Piazza Navona on a walking tour.

On Day 15, there's a chance to delve into history with a guided tour of the Vatican Museums, including the Sistine Chapel and the Colosseum. Vesuvius, and have the chance to tour Pompeii's ancient ruins at extra cost , before taking the overnight ferry to the Greek paradise of Corfu. Head to Athens on Day 19, where the group will split depending on the option you choose. Learn about the Parthenon and Acropolis from a local. Later, cruise to Ios, grab a cocktail and rest up weary feet on the beach.

Then, let loose and join the outdoor party on the local squares! Explore Athens' ancient sights before your flight to Egypt to see the ancient Pyramids and the Sphinx. Head to laidback Aswan, walk along the Nile River and shop in the markets on the way. Check out the blue-domed buildings of Santorini, opt to Next up, Luxor's Valley of the Kings, then to the Red Sea sail out to the volcanic island of Nea Kameni and relax on for pristine beaches, a swim and an optional cruise.

Fly volcanic sand beaches. On Day 26 return to Athens. Arrive in Vienna on Day 36 to explore the historic home of the Habsburg Empire. Istanbul, where east literally meets west! Walk the line between two continents as you explore the Blue Mosque, Topkapi Palace and the Grand Bazaar with a local guide. Jaunt across the plains of Bulgaria to Sofia, a city often overlooked. Discover a youthful capital peppered with Ottoman mosques and historic monuments. Next up is Serbian capital Belgrade. Rugged and a little rough around the edges, you'll find great food here. Nice, fancy and cheap - just how we like it.

Back in Athens you'll journey past Mt. On Day 29, make a pilgrimage through historic Gallipoli en route to Istanbul. Please note that the ANZAC departure requires warm and waterproof clothing and a sleeping bag, as you'll be sleeping outside. In Tyrol, enjoy a unique stay at a traditional Tyrolean gasthof and opt to try your hand at paragliding or mountain biking. Day 39, opt to try white water rafting before enjoying a stein in Munich's beer halls. On Day 41, opt to ride the Jungfrau cog railway.

Day 43, arrive at the Dutch capital after a cheese and clog farm visit en route. Opt for a dinner cruise on Day 44 before transferring to Schiphol Airport estimated arrival 10am or returning to London the next day. Journey from London to the far corners of the Balkans and into Turkey. This trip even goes that extra step further with options for a Greek island getaway or a whistle stop tour of Egypt! With 38 nights of camping in 46 days, one thing's for sure: you'll soon be a champion at setting up tents! First up is French capital Paris.

Head out to see the Eiffel Tower, the Louvre, Notre Dame Cathedral and the Palace of Versailles - the pinnacle of opulence - then continue on to one of the country's best wine regions, Beaujolais. First up is Verona, then on to impressive Venice. Floating in a lagoon off the northern coast of Italy, you'll barely be able to move without walking into a palace or a basilica. Opt for a Secrets of Venice walking tour to uncover what many won't. Next up, Renaissance sweetheart Florence and capital Rome, with a full day in each to explore their imposing landmarks.

On Day 15, drive down to Naples and catch a boat to the Isle of Capri before making your way to Corfu for three days of complete relaxation. Take some time to visit the Acropolis then continue your journey along the Greek coastline to Kavala. On Day 23, make your way to Turkey starting with the historic Gallipoli battlefields, making your final approach to Istanbul with a ferry across the Dardanelles.

After a full day in the city, start your exploration of the Balkans with overnight stops in Bulgaria's Sofia, Macedonia's Struga and Albania's fascinating capital, Tirana. Renowned for its history, galleries and seafood, you'll have two full days to soak it all in. On Day 32, enjoy a stop in Split to visit Diocletian's Palace on your way to Seline, your last Croatian stop before stepping off the bus in lively Budapest.

Visit both sides of the city, Buda and Pest, then make your way to Vienna on Day 35 with a cheeky lunch in Slovakia en route. Next up, beer-loving Munich. Gorge on traditional German food and enjoy visits to the Glockenspiel and Marienplatz. Take to the countryside on Day 41 and head to the soaring beauty of the Swiss Alps. Finish up in Europe's wildchild, Amsterdam, and opt to transfer back to London on Day From London, you will drive past the White Cliffs of Dover and cross through Belgium into Amsterdam, enjoying an introductory dinner with your travel crew once you've popped the bags down.

Explore this pretty city by foot or do it the Dutch way on wheels, go along the canals, pop into one of the many quirky museums and fuel on Dutch pancakes. Visit Edam and a cheese farm on Day 2 riding bikes through the charming countryside lined with windmills. Say goodbye to Amsterdam and hello to Berlin on Day 3, delve deep into the history and alternative culture of the city. Bar hop, get lost in numerous museums and fuel yourself with currywurst, you can also opt for a historical walking tour.

Head to gothic Prague on Day 5 via medieval Dresden, check-out the Old Town square before a big day of must-see sites on Day 6. Make your way to the famous ruin bars, which were built in abandoned WW2 properties, and are now at the centre of the city's underground scene. Visit the stunning art nouveau thermal baths and discover both sides of the city Buda and Pest , before heading to Sarajevo on Day 9.

Uncover the historical and political complexities of Bosnia's capital city with a local guide while indulging in culinary treats. Leave Sarajevo for King's Landing Your Croatian holiday ends on Day 14, as you make your way to lovely Ljubljana. Arriving in the evening, you'll have a guided walking tour and then you could make your way towards the bohemian district, sampling local food along the way.

See you one day again soon Slovenia, but now it's time for Venice and gondolas and Venetian cuisine. Enjoy a private water taxi ride to the floating city and make your way through the colourful canals before heading to Lucerne. You'll pass by Lake Como on the way to Lucerne, and through the scenic Swiss Alps arriving to an included dinner.

Driving past the vineyards of Burgundy you will arrive in Paris for two days of boutiques and baguettes. Get the perfect picture at the Eiffel Tower, get stuck into the city's secrets on a Paris by Night tour for a beautiful view of the City of Light. Day 19 is yours to see the city, head into the university district of St. You have the option to enjoy a dinner and cabaret show at the Moulin Rouge in the evening before leaving Paris behind and ending the tour in London with fond memories and new friends.

This is the kind of trip that offers a real mix of European culture. Nine countries in 12 days gives you a taste of some of Europe's biggest and best cities. From the cycle lanes of Amsterdam to the bohemian Mecca of Paris, this trip is for history buffs, culture vultures, and city slickers alike. We've also thrown the Alps in for good measure. Leave the White Cliffs of Dover for the illuminated canals of Amsterdam where you can enjoy an optional cruise before heading to the infamous Red Light District.

Head to Amsterdam's museum quarter before hopping on the bus, making your way along the Rhine and stopping for an optional wine tasting. Day 3, you're off to Munich, the Bavarian capital and home to the world-famous Oktoberfest. Opt for a bike tour then sample traditional Bavarian food in the evening. Accommodation: Twin or triple-share hotels 11 nts Transport: Air con coach with Wi-Fi and power points for charging, ferry Meals: 11 breakfasts, 5 dinners Note: Hotel tips, local taxes and service charges are included.

Make a visit to the mountainous and ridiculously photogenic Innsbruck before crossing the Brenner Pass into Italy. Your first stop in the boot-shaped country is Venice. Enjoy a walking tour through the quaint streets and follow the charming canal network over its bridges! Peter's Basilica, and take an optional locally-guided tour of the Vatican Museum. Lose yourself in the city's streets surrounded by monuments, fountains and pizzerias aplenty. Admire the scene-stealing Duomo as you get the inside track on Florence's cultural beginnings from a local guide, and explore streets crammed with artwork from masters like Michelangelo.

You can also indulge in an authentic feast in the heart of the Tuscan hills. Sure why not?! On Day 9, hop across the border to the Swiss city of Lucerne, which boasts a lakeside setting perfect for an optional cruise in summer. Day 11, pick up the latest fragrances on a visit to a French perfumery, then get busy exploring the city's bistros and museums.

Tonight will be your last night as a group, so why not treat yourself to an optional cabaret experience, complete with can-can girls, dinner and Champagne? On Day 12, transfer to Charles de Gaulle Airport estimated arrival 10am or take a complimentary transfer back to London.

On Day 3, Germany's hedonistic capital beckons. Berlin's notorious nightlife calls for a day of recovery, so Day 3 will be yours to spend at leisure. Accommodation: Twin or triple-share hotels 15 nts Transport: Air con coach with Wi-Fi and power points for charging, ferry Meals: 15 breakfasts, 6 dinners Note: Hotel tips, local taxes and service charges are included. Day Prague Say hello to the best beer in Europe. Prague is a firm favourite on the European trail, and not just for the homely beer cellars and hard-to-beat microbreweries. The city is a beauty in terms of architecture, with the Old Town taking centre stage with its beautiful church domes and old chapels.

That's right, Salzburg was the setting for 'The Sound of Music'. Follow in the footsteps of Julie Andrews and Mozart on an optional tour, or take your time to get to know this quintessential Austrian city. Day 8, you're on to Italy and Venice's myriad of alluring backstreets. Mark's Square, or opt for a gondola ride through the canals. Check out St. One of the most beautiful areas in Europe, the area is perfect for seafront walking trips and even gives the Amalfi a run for its money.

On Day 13, it's another scenic highlight as you hit the lakeside town of Lucerne. On Day 15, indulge in boutique browsing, bistro dining, sightseeing and absorb the magic of this classy city before returning to central London. Want to see the best of Europe but don't have too much time on your hands? This trip follows a classic route through western Europe and includes plenty of activities to get you right in the swing of things. Wander along its canals and gable houses by day and check out the racy Red Light District by night.

On Day 2, pedal past windmills in Edam to a cheese farm and a clog maker's house. Tonight, explore the brightly-lit canals on an optional canal cruise. On Day 4, check in at Checkpoint Charlie then go on an optional walking tour. Don't forget the clubs this evening! Accommodation: Twin or triple-share hotels 18 nts Transport: Air con coach with Wi-Fi and power points for charging, ferry Meals: 18 breakfasts, 8 dinners Note: Hotel tips, local taxes and service charges are included. This afternoon, head over the border to Prague. Vitus' Cathedral. By night, there's something for everyone, from jazz bars and DJs to opera.

Tonight, head to one of the massive beer halls for a night of Bavarian-style entertainment. Mark's Square on Day 10, then finish up with an optional gondola ride for a slice of romance. On Day 12, tick off plenty more of the city's famous sights, including St. Peter's Basilica in the tiny Vatican City. When in Rome!

Depart Italy's capital on Day 13 and stop in the Tuscan Hills for a cheese and Chianti wine tasting experience.

  • The Night Caller;
  • Pagans Paradise.
  • Block No. 18, Auschwitz;

Next stop - Florence! Here, you'll set off with a local guide who will show you the Duomo, Basilica Santa Croce, the Baptistry and Piazza della Signoria to name a few. You'll then enjoy a traditional leather craft demonstration and optional Tuscan evening. Enjoy a free day on Day 16 and wander through Lucerne's cobbled streets. If you're feeling active, make sure you hike up into the mountains! Move on to France's glistening capital Paris on Day 17 and visit the Arc de Triomphe, the Louvre and a certain famous tower.

Visit a local perfumery the next day, then finish your trip on Day 19 in either Paris or London. Accommodation: Twin or triple-share hotels 22 nts Transport: Air con coach with Wi-Fi and power points for charging Meals: 22 breakfasts, 9 dinners Note: Hotel tips, local taxes and service charges are included. You'll ferry over the English Channel to Calais, arriving in Paris in the evening just in time for an illuminations tour of the city. Opt for a cabaret show and dinner in the evening. Day 7 is yours to spend at leisure, and you can opt for a guided tour of the Vatican Museum or the Colosseum.

Arrive in Florence on Day 8 and enjoy a traditional walking tour before a free afternoon off and an optional Tuscan feast for dinner. The next day, you're Venice bound! Make your way through the mountains and spend the evening exploring the floating city. Say ciao to Italy on Day 10 for the fresh mountain air of Tyrol and two days of adventure sports or relaxing summer only.

Winter departures will go to Salzburg. Go on the hunt for the city's best strudel and Wiener schnitzel or opt for a fancy evening at a classical music concert with dinner. Arrive in Gothic Prague on Day 13 where you'll have two days to make your way through the cobblestone streets, castles and the Old Town Square. Spend Day 18 immersing yourself in Polish history and pastries during a guided walk of the city, visiting the Old Town and Warsaw's quirkier more colourful side.

Depart for the alternative and unique Berlin on Day 19, get in the know about this city's edgy culture and history over two days. Visit the famous Berlin Wall and Brandenburg Gate and venture out to experience the famous nightlife. Make your way across the Netherlands from Berlin into Amsterdam on Day 21, enjoy an included dinner on arrival and the night is yours.

Explore the Dutch countryside on bikes summer only and visit a cheese farm and a clog maker's house. Opt for a canal cruise and a farewell dinner before wrapping things up in Amsterdam, or return to London on Day See a rougher and more unique side of Europe with this trip combining the romantic with the alternative. Venture through the Alps and get active, visit historic and edgy cites, and don't forget to let your hair down for a booze and boogie after dark at each stop.

Pedal past windmills in Edam summer trips only , gorge on cheese and check out a traditional clog maker's house. Trust us, there are many a quirky museum in the 'Dam. Check out Berlin's eclectic galleries, clothes shops and markets, and indulge in the city's exploding arts, bars and club scenes. Badly damaged during World War II, this comeback kid of a city has once again earned its nickname as the Florence of the North.

On Day 6, get yourself acquainted with Prague and its medieval streets, imposing Gothic architecture and absurdly cheap but delicious beer. There's always some Mozart and Strauss tunes to be heard around the place. Head on a sightseeing tour of both parts of the city, taking in the Royal Palace, Chain Bridge and Fisherman's Bastion. This evening, there's an optional river cruise and dinner. Day 12 Budapest A free day is yours to spend. Don't miss the chance for a relaxing soak in one of the city's thermal baths such as the Gellert or the fabulous open-air Szechenyi Baths.

The 16th-century Rudas baths are certainly atmospheric. Slovenia's capital boasts a young, vibrant culture with a mixed bag of quirky, vibey bars. Hike to the hilltop castle, visit the 13th-century Cathedral of St. Nicholas or simply people-watch in Ljubljana's lively main square. Throw a coin over your shoulder into the Trevi Fountain, saunter to the top of the Spanish Steps and admire Rome's Baroque centrepiece, the Piazza Navona.

Head to the nearest gelateria before tonight's dinner, then make a repeat visit to the same gelateria immediately after! You can never have too much ice cream, right? Peter's Basilica. Later, head through rolling hills and terraced vineyards to the Renaissance city of Florence. On Day 18, a local guide will give you the inside track on some of the city's striking buildings and sacred art. Be sure to check out the Duomo, Basilica Santa Croce and Piazza della Signoria, as well as admiring a demonstration of the city's traditional craft of leather making.

Journey through the scenery of the Julian Alps before heading to Venice. The Floating City flaunts tight alleyways, canals and gondolas that lead to charming Italian eateries, grand squares and palazzi. Pizza and pasta time! En route to the Swiss Alps, catch a glimpse of Lake Como, its shores scattered with the villas and mansions of the rich and famous. This afternoon, stock up on some chocolate in the stunning Swiss Alps.

Next day, head through the winesoaked region of Burgundy to the City of Light, Paris. Visit a French perfumery and later on, opt in to a Parisian dinner followed by a traditional cabaret show. Your trip ends in on the morning of Day 23, so it's time to bid adieu to your travelling companions. Alternatively, take a complimentary transfer to end your trip back in central London. A tempting platter of European delights. If time isn't on your side, split this trip into handy, pocket-sized legs. See details in the list shown below.

This evening, tour the city by moonlight on an exclusive Paris by Night tour and soak up its romantic atmosphere. Cut through the Loire Valley, pass through rolling vineyards and land in the world-famous wine region of Bordeaux, home to some of the world's most expensive and prestigious wines. Crack open the wine and enjoy your peaceful surroundings by the river. Spend the next couple of days basking in the sun, swimming or testing your surfboard stamina. By night, go to Parte Vieja's famous pintxos bars for patatas bravas and a copa de cava.

End up in one of its many haunts. For a live jazz venue come gallery, head to Axterri Bar. It's then on to the midst of Barcelona's fanciful fiestas. Admire its attention to detail, second to none.

Concepts, Approaches, and (Self-)Representations

Squeeze past street artists and stalls on Las Ramblas before treating yourself to a traditional flamenco show in the evening. On Day 9, join the locals as you stroll through outdoor markets, browse upscale boutiques and sunbathe on the famous pebble beach. Later, don your fanciest outfit in Monte Carlo, choose to dine near the Royal Palace, visit a French perfumery and try your chances with a few bets in a casino.

Red or black? Enjoy the seaside setting, sip local wine and gorge on freshly-caught seafood. Wander in the shadows of the Duomo, Basilica Santa Croce, Giotto's Bell Tower and the Baptistry, and check out a Florentine leather craft demo - all with a local guide. On Day 13, chill out on the Isle of Capri for striking coastal views and amazing restaurants.

Explore the harbour or relax on a boat trip weather dependent where the emerald green waters implore you to dive right in. Drive along the coast to Rome. Take an optional tour of Pompeii to see the devastating effect of the eruption of Mt. Vesuvius, then continue on to The City of the Seven Hills for a sightseeing tour. Day 15, tap into la dolce vita of the Eternal City with an optional guided tour of the Vatican Museums, including the Sistine Chapel.

Fancy yourself as a bit of a culture fiend? Add on an optional tour of the Colosseum. Seriously, there's a lot to get through! Roll your way through iconic cities, rolling vineyards and lip-smacking cuisine! From the lovestruck charms of Paris to the cobbled canals of Amsterdam and everything in between, we know you'll want to do it all.

Time of the essence? Choose a shorter slice from the list shown below. Then it's on to the well-restored city of Dresden - the Florence of the North - before making your way to streetwise Berlin. Tonight, make the most of the city's vibrant hour nightlife. With increased emigration beginning in , the institutions of Jewish DP life began to disband and the various central committees representing Jewish DPs in Germany, Austria, and Italy were dissolved by the end of Almost all of the DP camps in all three countries were closed by A small number of items also document activities of the revived Jewish communities in the city centers of Munich, Germany Subseries 15, Subsubseries C , and Vienna, Austria Subseries 1, Subsubseries K.

Many of the posters use not only language but also color, graphic design, and pictorial and figurative elements to engage their audience with calls to entertainment, lectures, protests, and commemorations. Whereas the majority of items are posters advertising events and communicating news and announcements, scattered items are of a different nature, including technical drawings, charts, maps, and children's artwork.

Only Series III Austria contains items dating from after , to as late as , all related to organizations in Vienna e. Please note that item numbers begin anew in each series, and reflect the posters' respective countries of origin, i. Duplicate items are labeled with small letters following the item number, e. Item GER. Fifteen items in the collection are double-sided , i. In these instances, the two sides of the item are each described as a separate poster but are assigned the same item number, with the addition of "r" recto or "v" verso to distinguish them.

The designation "double-sided" also appears in the physical descriptions. The two sides are always listed in sequence according to the item number, recto followed by verso. Since it sometimes happens that one of the sides pertains to an organization or entity different from the heading under which the item has been placed, cross-references have been inserted as needed. The collection is arranged in three series, corresponding to the three YIVO collections from which the posters were drawn, namely, RG Within each series, the posters are grouped according to the entity responsible for their creation.

The specific arrangement of those entities into subseries reflects the series structure found in each corresponding collection of records, with all of the headings given in the same sequence as in the records, even when the poster collection does not contain any material relating to a particular heading. For that reason, some subseries in the collection are empty. In all three series the following three major groupings of items can typically be distinguished: 1 the Jewish Central Committee in the respective country; 2 individual DP camps, arranged alphabetically by camp name; and 3 organizations that operated throughout the camps, often arranged alphabetically by name of organization.

An exception to this pattern in the case of Germany is that besides the alphabetically-sequenced grouping for camps in the American Zone, there are two separate small subseries toward the end related to camps in the British Zone Bergen-Belsen and in Berlin Schlachtensee, in the American Zone. The arrangement for Austria Series III is slightly different: in that case, the first subseries, devoted to organizations, includes the Jewish Central Committee, integrated with the others in alphabetical sequence; and the individual camps follow in the second subseries.

The title for each individual poster in the inventory list below is first provided in English, with a title in the poster's original language and script following in parentheses. The English title is used for alphabetization. Most English titles are direct translations of poster text, or paraphrases incorporating translations of key words and phrases; for posters with limited or unclear text, a descriptive title was constructed.

The notes following each poster listing provide additional details, including language information, dimensions height x width , poster material, and method of creation handpainted, printed, etc. The placement of individual items is sometimes ambiguous. For instance, items pertaining to events at specific DP camps that also represent the activities of larger organizations e. Jewish National Fund; Poale Zion have typically been placed under the heading for the camp, rather than the organization. In the case of items relating to events co-sponsored by two or more groups, the item has simply been placed under the heading for one of the named entities, and a note about the other s included in the description.

Schwarz RG Schwarz Papers. The posters and supplemental files in this collection were received together with the records of displaced persons camps and centers in Germany, Italy, and Austria, in the course of a wide collection project begun by YIVO in Europe in The aim of the project was to locate and collect archival materials on the Holocaust and the post-war years of Jewish revival in Europe.

The history of the Jewish displaced persons figured prominently in this project. During the present processing the posters were sorted and arranged according to the arrangement schemes found in the corresponding collections of records of the DP camps and centers; and placed in new acid-free folders, interleaved with tissue paper. Many items subsequently received conservation treatment. For detailed background, please consult the historical note for that collection. Thirteen posters represent events sponsored by the Central Committee of the Liberated Jews in the American Zone Subseries 1 ; and one item pertains to a meeting of the Union of Employees of the Central Committee Subseries 6.

Arranged alphabetically by entity name in the following subsubseries, then alphabetically by title. Depiction of persecutions of Jews throughout history, death and clock arms; artist F. Arranged roughly alphabetically by entity or organization name, then alphabetically by title. Arranged alphabetically by entity or organization name, then roughly alphabetically by title. For other items related to landsmanshaftn, see the following, found in subseries for specific camps: Items GER.

Image of hands with hammer and rifle on the background of Land of Israel map outline. Artist: Sh. Zilberstein; printer Klischee-Fabrik Osiris, Munich. Image of a dancing pair; printer: J. Mohn Abt. Plakate Ulm. Nearly three-quarters of the items relate to eight different individual DP camps, the best represented being Cremona, Adriatica, and Scuola Cadorna, all in the Lombardy region, in the vicinity of Milan; and Trani, in Apulia, in southern Italy see Subseries 5. Finally, one item from the Baranovichi landsmanshaft is found in Subseries 7 ; and several items of unidentified provenance collages of Yiddish compositions with clippings , in Subseries 8.

Arranged alphabetically by camp name in the following subsubseries, then alphabetically by entities or categories within each camp, and then roughly alphabetically by title. For another poster concerning a camp meeting, see Item ITA. Note: This side of the double-sided item relates to the camp's Council. Note: This side of the double-sided item relates to the camp's Sports Committee. Note: This side of the double-sided item relates to the camp's Cultural Office. Arranged alphabetically by organization name in the following subsubseries, then roughly alphabetically by title.

Nearly two-thirds of items relate to organizations Subseries 1 , and approximately one-third to camps Subseries 2 , with some posters of unidentified provenance at the end Subseries 4. The Jewish Central Committee of the U. Zone in Austria, which apparently had two branches, one in Salzburg and one in Linz Upper Austria , is among the organizations of Subseries 1 see Subsubseries M.

The latter international committee, headed by Bronislav Teichholz, directed the operations of several DP camps in Vienna, including Rothschild Hospital, and a few items in that subsubseries relate to those activities. Two items relating to landsmanshaftn are found within groupings for specific camps: Item AUS. Image of two boxers; insignia: ATSV. Printer: Buchdruckerei Josef Huttegger, Nachf. Anton Stadler, Salzburg.

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With an address by Bronislav Teichholz to the residents of Rothschild Hospital. Topic: "What significance has the assistance of the American-Jewish welfare organizations had for the Jewish refugees as of Verso is a fragment of a printed poster with images of red German military plane in sky.

Poster accompanied by a copy of the program leaflet. Co-sponsor: Zionist Federation of Austria. Printer: N. Fischer, Vienna. With keynote speech by Israeli consul Daniel Lewin. Poster accompanied by copy of program booklet. Black border. Printer: Plakatdruck, Vienna. Text refers to the IKG's efforts on these issues, and its encountering obstacles. Printer: E. Kainz vormals J.

Wallishausser, Vienna; Victor E. Pordes responsible for content. Image of the tablets with the 10 commandments, and black background; artist's signature: Sussmann The text expresses empathy with brothers and sisters, the Jewish DPs in Austria, over the fact that on the 3rd Passover after liberation they are still in DP camps — and not yet in Erets Yisrael. Poster was evidently folded and mailed; postmarks on verso: New York, May-June Printer: Karl Nakladal, Vienna. Co-sponsor: International Committee for Jewish former concentration camp internees and refugees in Austria.

Printer: Norbertus-Druckerei, Vienna. Fragment approximately the right half of the original item, with piece of lower right corner also missing. Includes photographic images of people signing up and performing service in Erets-Yisrael. Note: contains no reference to Austria; similar items are found in the Germany series.

Logo of the organization: shield with star of David and Israeli flag. Date and venue filled in by hand but the camp could not be identified; printed names of organizer and administrator have been crossed out and the names Emil Tesse and Dowid Tabakblatt written by hand. Other handwritten emendations indicate "Jewish music," with names of classical composers lightly crossed out. With H. Neumann-Jankowska, piano soloist; Prof. Lubowsky, cello; and Prof. Knauer, piano accompaniment. Printer: Salzburger Druckerei. Artistic direction by Prof. Floyd, Jr. Date and venue kur kasino filled in by hand but the camp could not be identified.

Posters were found accompanied by an invitation to a celebration of the proclamation of the United Nations General Assembly on a Jewish state, December 4, , in Linz, co-sponsored by the Zionist Federation in Austria and the Jewish community of Linz. Item AUS. Image of refugees huddled near a barbed wire fence adorned with Stars of David.

Directed by Leyb Zilbershteyn Silberstein , well known tenor and chief cantor from Salzburg temple, with Ita Shtaynhamer Steinhammer , Lemberg Conservatorium, and a scholarly lecture about Jewish music by Ze'ev Vaynberg, of the Central Committee's traveling folk university. Photographic images from the concentration camps; an exclamation point runs the length of the left side.

Accompanied by a postcard with a photograph showing how this poster was hung at the entrance of an exhibition of photographs and documents mounted by Jewish Historical Documentation at DP Camp Bindermichl, near Linz, on April , Map has scale , The locations of Jewish DP camps are given with the years they were open, and marked with either a circle or a square — the former for camps that closed before November 1, , and the latter for camps still open as of November 1, The title and legend are given in German, English, French, and Russian. Circular photographic images of Israeli landscapes on background of plowed earth.

Printed in Tel Aviv; artist: Kraus. Image of stylized human figure laying bricks, adding to a topographic suggestion of Israel, partially filled in with bricks. Artist: Zvi Silberman. Woodcut image of man with airplane overhead. Artist's signature: Sussmann Printer: Globus II, Vienna. Image of concentration camp prisoner, barbed wire, against a black background, bordered in purple. Wilhelm Schmidt; entire event organized by Willy Krell. Printer: Karl Stolik, Vienna. Drawing of scene of uprising upper left, and of houses in Palestine, lower right; artist: D.

Event includes a commemorative service, lecture, and artistic program. Drawing of large red flag at center, with a hammer hitting an anvil over blue and white stripes in upper left corner. Event includes a lecture on the significance of the international holiday, and artistic program, with orchestra. Image of disabled veteran amputee supporting himself, using as crutches the first two Hebrew letters in the organization name, with star of David in background. Printer: DDV Linz.

Image of young man carrying red orange flag with name of Left Poale Zion in Austria, Jewish workers' party, striding atop a globe. Re-purposed "Lecture evening" poster, with "speaking on the topic" crossed out. Gives lists of publications. Blue-tinted background, with photographic images of fliers and portraits, including Bialik, Herzl, and David Ben-Gurion.

Dachau Tour

Includes the following speakers: Kurt Schubert, "The worldview of Jewish mysticism"; Akiba Eisenberg, "The spiritual foundations of the Talmudic tradition"; and Kurt Lewin, "From idea to state: intellectual currents in Israel. Image of Jabotinsky hovering behind a marching brigade that flies the Israeli flag; hands entangled in barbed wire at the edge. Artist's signature: A.

Eyrets [? Image of child, with "Betar" on sleeve, behind barbed wire; suggestion of Erets Yisrael in distance, with blue sky. Items AUS. Date and venue blank. Hebrew text in black-bordered box dated June 29, Poster is dated by hand Austria, The portrait is clipping from a magazine, pasted down. Gruner is shown in military garb, with rifle. With quotation from Jabotinsky's testament: "After my death Images of revisionist Zionist personalities, including Josef Glasman, Joseph Trumpeldor, Dov Gruner, and Ze'ev Jabotinsky; and stylized images of the uprising; figure with Israeli flag; menorah atop a mountain.

Printer: Verlag "Unser Ziel" Linz. Image of Jabotinsky hovering behind a marching brigade; artist's signature: A. Eyrets [sp? Printer Yitzhak Goldberg, Munich. Printer: Avouka, Paris. With introductory remarks by Daniel Lewin, Israeli consul. Note: Item AUS.

Under the auspices of the World Jewish Congress. Title inside white circle full moon against blue background. Printer: Repperdruck, Vienna. Under the auspices of the Israeli Consulate; includes showings of recent Israeli films. Background of three wide blue and white vertical stripes. Silver-lettered title on all-blue background. Gold-lettered title on all-blue background. Poster is accompanied by an invitation and a flier.

Poster is on a smaller piece of white card stock pasted down on larger piece of blue card stock. Includes photograph of Abidov. The item is a leaf from the newspaper Die Stimme , page 3, issue no. Lettering in black, white, and aqua-blue. Artist: Zvi Zilberman Silberman. Poster has blanks for title of lecture and name of camp. Pulawer, cultural director Kulturleiter ; Administrator, P. Image of Trumpeldor hovering behind monument of roaring lion, black and white on aqua-blue background.

Pulawer, cultural director Kulturleiter and Administrator, P. Image of a green landscape with houses, and, in the foreground, a pipeline against plowed earth; artist: Kraus. Printed in Tel Aviv. Drawing in upper left corner of lit candle, with group of people In background; black border. Program of opera arias and folk songs, with participation of artists of the Kiev Jewish state theater.

Table of contents

Date and venue filled in by hand. With painting of dancing couple in formal dress. Artist's signature: Schvarcz J. Includes painting of soccer players on a field. Signed by Betar in Bad Gastein. Includes clippings of photographs, pasted down, showing difficult conditions for Jews in Palestine, attributed to British policies and actions.

With clippings of photographs and cut-out letters pasted down. The clippings depict Betar groups and activities, including marching and sport. Images of Bialik and Herzl, blue and black lettering; signed by artist: Zvi Silberman. With logo crossed swords under menorah and stamp with similar image on verso; black border. Also, stamp: O. Maizinger, Badgastein verso. Under auspices of Jewish Central Committee in the U.

Printer: G. Plasser, Bad Ischl.

Local Students Win Regional Art Competitions

This subsubseries pertains to events held at Beth Bialik under the sponsorship of the Jewish Central Committee of the U. Zone in Austria. Printer: "Unser Ziel," Linz. Features images of Ze'ev Jabotinsky and one of Theodor Herzl clippings , and handwritten compositions in Yiddish from residents at Bindermichl, as well as clippings of slogans, pasted down. Several of the compositions refer to a visit of American Betar leader Aaron Propes, who was on his way to the 22nd Zionist Congress in Basel, Switzerland. Co-sponsored by the Jewish Central Committee in the U.

Stamp: M. Pulawer, cultural director Kulturleiter. Stamps: M. Images of red hearts in background of title. Image of hands warming over a fire; letters spelling 'winter relief' with a layer of snow, melting. The right half torn away from what was apparently a bilingual poster, with some loss of text in heading and first lines. Pulawer, cultural director Kulturleiter ; Approved, P. Artist's signature: Adler, Bl. Poster is missing upper right corner and part of upper left corner. Pasted down at bottom center is a copy of a form letter in Yiddish, dated June 28, , from the Ebelsberg Tarnower Committee to Tarnower committees in other localities, inviting participation in the event, which is described as a gathering of all Tarnower Jews in Austria.

Organizer Emil Tesse, administrator Matys Szarfman. Sponsored by the Jewish Central Committee of the U. Zone in Austria; date and venue filled in by hand. Poster has corrections in title, venue, and date, using whiteout. This subseries is arranged in the following subsubseries: Subsubseries A: Handpainted items, , undated 9 items Subsubseries B: Printed items, , , undated 9 items Subsubseries C: Supplemental files, , , undated 13 files of correspondence or ephemera. This subseries contains items for which the creator, organizing entity, or disseminator could not be determined.

It also includes some "supplemental files" Subsubseries C of miscellaneous correspondence and ephemera small-format items found with the posters. Images of castle, boat on river, hiking, gardening; title is framed inside a book. Includes compositions in Hebrew pasted down, one of which mentions "Greifenstein. Images of fish in ocean, sunset, grapes, barrels of wine and beer. Possibly by artist Zvi Silberman this painting can be seen in background of a photograph of Silberman held by Yad Vashem, Artist: Wallish; printer: Ferd.

Repper, Vienna. Image of brown and white striped rectangle ticket against green background, with sun and rays of sunshine. Printer: Waldheim-Eberle, Vienna. Gives table of contents. Not clear whether the poster was used in Austria price given in marks. Image of barbed wire fence, prayer shawl, in a barren landscape; words in red on black background. Includes fliers, forms, and one letter, dated March 26, , from the Executive of the Zionist Organization in Israel.

Three invitations are for events held under the auspices of the Israel ambassador Shmuel Bentsur. Official correspondence to the Palestine Office from various offices of the Austrian government in matters of immigration to Palestine. Includes World Ort Union report on the mission in Austria, circa December ; invitations; forms; letterhead; photographs of posters and diploma; and clippings. Includes fliers, forms, a photograph of a poster, and a typescript 2 leaves in Yiddish, "Der betarisher pasport.

Includes invitation to an event in Vienna, on the occasion of the UN resolution on Palestine December 15, ; and form letter, dated July 15, , from Austrian Advisory Committee, American Federation of Jews from Austria, affiliated World Jewish Congress, New York, addressed to Austrian Jews, with questionnaires 2 versions , and return address envelope.

Includes correspondence received by the Camp Committee; Keren Hayesod invitations and form letter; Poale Zion list of members not yet registered; Sport Club Hakoah flier and invitations; and Zionist Federation in Austria flier. Includes two booklets one of drawings, the other of Hebrew compositions, with illustrations , and loose drawings colored with crayon or paint.

For questions, comments, or suggestions: archives yivo. This collection of posters includes approximately 1, rare or unique items pertaining to over displaced persons DP camps and centers in Germany, Austria, and Italy, dating primarily from to A small number of items also document activities of the revived Jewish communities in the city centers of Munich and Vienna. The collection is predominantly in Yiddish approximately three-quarters , with some German and Hebrew, and scattered items in or using English, Romanian, Polish, Italian, Hungarian, Russian, French, or Aramaic.

Arrangement: Arranged alphabetically by entity name in the following subsubseries, then alphabetically by title. View the item. Buy, read and broaden the use of books in Yiddish! Language: Yiddish 25 x 19 inches; white paper, printed. Exhibition of Jewish artists E. Brzezinska, Prof. Foiring, L.

Kreicer, P. Schwartz, H. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; white paper, printed. Organ of the Central Committee. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; white paper, printed, 2 color. Depiction of headstones, open book and candles; artist: M. Depiction of starving prisoner and ghetto fighter; artist: P. Predominantly in Yiddish, with two items in English and one in Hebrew. Bad Reichenhall — Bureau of Statistics. Artist: O. Language: Yiddish, romanized 35 x 27 inches; on verso of topographic map, handpainted.

Chart; artist: O. Bad Reichenhall — Cultural Department. Ansky, directed by Jonas Frajndlich, technical direction by Zilberglajt Dram-krajz o. Tog un Nacht. Lecture, "The achievements of the French Revolution," by Dr. Language: Yiddish, romanized 22 x 19 inches; on verso of topographic map, handpainted. Bad Reichenhall — Election Committee. Eschwege — Cultural Department. Language: Yiddish 35 x 35 inches; parchment paper, handpainted. Language: Yiddish 36 x 28 inches; parchment paper, handpainted. Language: Yiddish, romanized 31 x 24 inches; white paper, handpainted; double-sided on other side: Item GER.

Language: Yiddish 29 x 24 inches; white-blue paper, handpainted. Arrangement: Arranged roughly alphabetically by entity or organization name, then alphabetically by title. Language: Yiddish, romanized 33 x 23 inches; white paper, printed. Language: Yiddish 34 x 24 inches; peach color paper, handpainted. Sponsored by the Jewish Agency.

Fire Marshall. Directions on how to prevent fires Onwajzungen wi ci farhitn fun fajergefar. Hashomer Hatzair. Lecture by poet Sh. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; white paper, printed and handwritten. Jewish Agency. Image of a man with a hoe and rifle. Landsmanshaft of Jews from Maramuresh. Hazkorah — memorial prayer for the dead and solemn gathering Haskurah-Trorakademie far die Maramaroser-Kidoisim. Landsmanshaft of Jews from Vilna Wilno, Vilnius. Language: Yiddish 46 x 34 inches; white paper, handpainted. People's meeting and presentation by A. Language: Yiddish, romanized 34 x 24 inches; rose paper, handpainted.

Language: Yiddish, romanized 38 x 24 inches; white paper, handpainted. Sport club Maccabi. Language: Yiddish 34 x 24 inches; brown paper, handpainted. Language: Yiddish 36 x 21 inches; brown paper, handpainted. Union of Jewish Fighters. Union of Jewish Invalids. Language: Yiddish 39 x 29 inches; peach color paper, handpainted. United Zionist Revisionist Organization. Language: Yiddish, romanized 23 x 20 inches; white paper, 2 color print.

United Zionist - Socialist Workers' Block. Language: Yiddish 57 x 36 inches; brown paper, handpainted. Language: English and German 18 x 12 inches; transparent paper. Language: English and German 16 x 12 inches; technical paper. Arrangement: Arranged alphabetically by entity or organization name, then roughly alphabetically by title. Language: Yiddish, romanized 24 x 17 inches; white paper, printed.

Language: Yiddish, romanized 34 x 24 inches; white paper, printed. Brith Yeshurun. Meeting and lecture by Rabbi Y. Language: Yiddish 6 x 5 inches; white paper, printed. Coordinating Committee for celebration of proclamation of Jewish state. Cantorial performance by Jankiel Apelewicz, student of M. Kusiewicki-Sierota Apelewicz Jankiel mit sein mener chor. Bornstein Reprezentanc Orkestr fun der Szerit Haplejta, dir. Hofmekler Reprezentanc Orkestr fun der Szerit Haplejta, dir.

Concert of Shamai Rosenblum — declamation, music, singing Koncert fun Schamai Rosenblum — wort, muzik, gezang. Language: Yiddish, romanized 25 x 17 inches; white paper, printed and handwritten. Lecture by B. Symphony concert conducted by M. Radio to be raffled today Language: Yiddish 34 x 24 inches; white paper, handpainted.

Lecture by A. Language: Yiddish 33 x 24 inches; white paper, handpainted. Shvartsblat and N. Review Commission. Language: Yiddish 27 x 18 inches; brown paper, handpainted. Sport Club Maccabi. Talmud Torah. Meeting with Isaac Remba, former secretary of Z. In Yiddish and German, with one item in Hebrew, and one partly in Polish. Arrangement: Arranged alphabetically by camp name, then alphabetically by title. Language: German 17 x 14 inches; white paper, printed.

Mikhail Bardi. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; white paper, handpainted. Presentation by M. Fingerhut, B. Bauer and Y. Camp Cultural Office. Cultural Office of the Jewish Committee. Language: Yiddish 39 x 28 inches; white paper, handpainted. Obituary announcement about author and labor activist Sh. Holocaust images; artist: Sh.

Language: Yiddish, romanized 34 x 25 inches; white paper, printed. Language: Yiddish and Polish 34 x 24 inches; white paper, handpainted. Subseries 7: Union of Invalids. Scope and Content: For other items related to landsmanshaftn, see the following, found in subseries for specific camps: Items GER. Bialystok landsmanshaft. Horizontal banner in 2 parts, and a. Subseries Various DP unions.

The Historiography of the Holocaust

Subseries not used. The Yishuv calls: by all paths to the Land of Israel! Language: Yiddish 34 x 24 inches; white paper, handpainted, clipping. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; white paper, color print. Printer: L. Poeller, Munich. Poale Zion Party - Unity. Language: Hebrew 24 x 17 inches; white paper, color print. Worker and peasant figures. Poale Zion Party - Unity - Landsberg branch. Printer: Landsberger Verlagsanstalt Martin Neumeyer.

Language: Yiddish, romanized 24 x 17 inches; blue paper, printed. Poale Zion Party - Unity - Stuttgart branch. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; gray paper, printed. Language: Yiddish 18 x 11 inches; pink paper, handpainted. Language: Yiddish and Hebrew 24 x 17 inches; whitepaper, printed. Language: Yiddish, romanized 24 x 16 inches; white paper, printed.

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Language: Yiddish 34 x 24 inches; white paper, printed. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; pink paper, printed. Zionist Revisionist Organization - Munich branch. Zionist Revisionist Organization, Stuttgart branch. Printer: Jos. Language: English 51 x 47 inches; technical drawing, mimeographed. Agudath Israel general. Printer: Gelbard Jewish Printers, Paris. Language: Yiddish, romanized 24 x 17 inches; green paper, printed. Agudath Israel - Munich branch. Language: Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; blue paper, printed. Agudath Israel, Wetzlar Camp. Festive service at the Munich community synagogue on the 2nd anniversary of proclamation of the State of Israel Ein feierlicher Gottesdienst.

Memorial service for the dead on the 5th anniversary of Liberation Die Totenandacht und Feierstunde. Jewish Agency general. Language: Hebrew and Yiddish 22 x 14 inches; white paper, printed. Language: Hebrew and Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; gray paper, printed.

Language: Hebrew and Yiddish 24 x 17 inches; white paper, printed. Jewish Agency — Sherut Ha'am. If they have forced us to fight, we will win! Language: Yiddish 25 x 11 inches; white paper, printed. Jewish National Fund general. Language: Yiddish 39 x 26 inches; white paper, printed. Artist: P. Garden party for kids and adults Grandiezer gortn fest far kinder un dervaksene. Language: Yiddish 34 x 24 inches; green paper, printed.

Language: Yiddish 33 x 24 inches; yellow paper, printed. Language: Yiddish, romanized 33 x 23 inches; white paper, color print. Language: Yiddish 21 x 19 inches; white paper, color print. Artist: Y. Jewish National Fund, Berlin. Jewish National Fund, Frankfurt am Main. Jewish National Fund, Munich. Language: Yiddish 25 x 19 inches; white paper, color print. Language: Yiddish 20 x 16 inches; white paper, color print.

Non-Jewish organizations: Arbeiter-Wohlfahrt Workers' welfare. Non-Jewish organizations: Bavarian government-related entities. Issued under the name of Philipp Auerbach. Non-Jewish organizations: Komitee ehemaliger politischer Gefangener Committee of former political prisoners. Non-Jewish organizations: Heidelberger Gastspiel-Direktion performing arts group. Language: German 34 x 17 inches; white paper, color print. Peace rally in memory of Carl von Ossietzky Friedenskundgebung in memoriam Carl v.