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Tracing Changes Through a Thousand Years. Chapter: Heat. Take test. Chapter: Integers. Vouchers cannot be exchanged for cash 2. Meritnation Vouchers can be redeemed against any product worth Rs. Meritnation Vouchers will be valid till 15th April 4. The decision of Meritnation will be final in choosing the top students in case of a tie. This will be done through a lucky draw. Applect Learning Systems Pvt. Who would like to cook dinner? Which side does the fork go on? Indefinite pronouns refer to people, places, objects, or things without pointing to a specific one.

The most common indefinite pronouns are listed in the chart on the previous page. Verbs Verbs name an action or describe a state of being. Every sentence must have a verb. There are three basic types of verbs: action verbs, linking verbs, and helping verbs. Action Verbs Action verbs tell what the subject does. The action can be visible jump, kiss, laugh or men- tal think, learn, study. Louise considered buying a new china cabinet. An action verb can be transitive or intransitive. Transitive verbs need a direct object.

The boss dropped the ball. The workers picked it up. Intransitive verbs do not need a direct object. Who called? The temperature fell over night. If you can find an answer in the sentence, the verb is transitive. Linking Verbs Linking verbs join the subject and the predicate. They do not show action. Instead, they help the words at the end of the sentence name or describe the subject.

As you read earlier in this. Parts of Speech 13chapter, the most common linking verbs include: be, feel, grow, seem, smell, remain, appear,sound, stay, look, taste, turn, become. Look for forms of to be, such as am, are, is, was, were,am being, can be, have been, and so on.

The manager was happy about the job change. He is a good worker. Many linking verbs can also be used as action verbs. Linking: The kids looked sad. Action: I looked for the dog in the pouring rain. Quick Tip To determine whether a verb is being used as a linking verb or an action verb, substitute am, are, or is for the verb. If it makes sense, the original verb is a linking verb. Helping VerbsHelping verbs are added to another verb to make the meaning clearer. Helping verbsinclude any form of to be, do, does, did, have, has, had, shall, should, will, would, can, could,may, might, must.

Verb phrases are made up of one main verb and one or more helpingverbs. They will run before dawn. They still have not yet found a smooth track. A noun names a person, place, or thing. Proper nouns are never capi- talized. Plural nouns show ownership. Verbs express action, condition, or state of being. There are six basic types of verbs: action verbs, linking verbs, helping verbs, transi- tive verbs, intransitive verbs, and plural verbs.

Helping verbs are added to another verb to make the meaning clearer. Helping verbs include any form of to be. Adjectives describe nouns and pronouns. Never use an adjective after a linking verb. Adverbs describe verbs, adjectives, or other adverbs. All adverbs are formed by adding -ly to an adjective. Prepositions link a verb to another word. Conjunctions connect words or groups of words. Interjections express strong emotions and are usually set off with an exclamation mark!

Completion Questions Select the word that best completes each sentence. Proper adjectives are formed from common nouns, proper nouns.

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The three articles are a, an, and the, then. The is called the indefinite article, definite article. Predicate adjectives, Proper adjectives , which describe the subject of the sentence, are adjectives separated from the noun or pronoun by a linking verb. Parts of Speech 15 5. Interjections, Conjunctive adverbs are used to connect other words and to link ideas and paragraphs. There are three, seven different coordinating conjunctions. Correlative conjunctions also link similar words or word groups, but they are always used in pairs, one at a time. Collective nouns name groups, show ownership.

I, Which is a personal pronoun. Yours, Herself is a possessive pronoun. Intensive pronouns, unlike reflexive pronouns, begin a subordinate clause, add emphasis. Interrogative pronouns, Indefinite pronouns ask a question. Every sentence must have a noun and a preposition, verb. Action verbs can be visible and mental, linking. Helping verbs, Linking verbs join the subject and the predicate and do not show action. Helping verbs, which are added to another verb to make the meaning clearer, can include any form of to be, to see. Multiple-Choice QuestionsIdentify the part of speech for the underlined word in each sentence.

The outside of the boat needs scraping. You should scrape the boat without outside help. The ambulance is parked right outside the yard, next to the beehive. The politician repented of his past mistakes. Turn right past the store with the neon sign in the window. Did you hear that song before? Always follow through with what you start. The remark went right through one ear and out the other. TCompletion Questions 1. Predicate adjectives 5.

Conjunc- tive adverbs 6. Yours Interrogative pronouns Linking verbs A pronoun gets its meaning from the noun it replaces, called the antecedent. Case refers to the form of a noun or pronoun that shows how it is used in a sentence. This means that they change form depending on how they are used in a sentence. English has three cases: nominative, objective, and possessive. G In the nominative case, the pronoun is used as a subject.

I threw the ball. G In the objective case, the pronoun is used as an object. Give the ball to me. G In the possessive case, the pronoun is used to show ownership. The ball is mine. The following chart shows the three cases of personal pronouns:Nominative Objective Possessive Pronoun as subject Pronoun as object Ownership I me my, mineyou you your, yourshe him hisshe her her, hersit it itswe us our, oursthey them their, theirswho whom whosewhoever whomever whoever To avoid errors in personal pronoun use, you must understand how to use each case.

The rules are explained below. Using the Nominative Case 1. Use the nominative case to show the subject of a verb. Father and I, me like to shop at flea markets. Answer: I is the subject of the sentence. See which one sounds better. For example:. Using Pronouns Correctly 21 I like to shop at flea markets. Me like to shop at flea markets. The first one definitely sounds better. Quick Tip When you list two or more subjects, always put yourself last. Answer: Who is the subject of the verb is. They do not affect pronoun case.

Use the nominative case for a predicate nominative. A predicate nominative is a noun or pronoun that follows a linking verb and identifies or renames the subject.

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Remember that a linking verb connects a subject to a word that renames it. Linking verbs indicate a state of being am, is, are, etc.

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The salesman of the month was I, me. Answer: Use I, since the pronoun renames the subject, the salesman of the month. Using the Objective Case 1. Use the objective case to show a direct object. A direct object is a noun or pronoun that receives the action. Who, Whom did she finally invite to the dinner party? Answer: She is the subject, the person doing the action. Answer: Of course, she can invite whomever she wants. Quick Tip When you have a pronoun combined with a noun such as we guests, us guests , try the sentence without the noun. It is always a pleasure for we to attend their party.

It is always a pleasure for us to attend their party. The second sentence is correct. Use the objective case to show an indirect object. An indirect object tells to or for whom something is done. You can tell a word is an indi- rect object if you can insert to or for before it without changing the meaning. Answer: The bill gave us a shock. Use the objective case for the object of a preposition. Remember that a preposition is a small word that links a noun or a pronoun following it to another word in the sentence. Sit by I, me. Use the possessive case to show ownership. Answer: Hers is the correct spelling of the possessive case, which is needed here to express ownership belonging to her.

Use the possessive case before gerunds. A gerund is a form of a verb that acts as a noun. Gerunds always end in -ing, and they always function as nouns. Using Pronouns Correctly 23 Answer: The gerund walking requires the possessive pronoun your. Answer: Do you mind my borrowing your cell phone? Use some possessive pronouns alone to show ownership. This cell phone is mine, not yours. A pronoun used in apposition with a noun is in the same case as the noun. For example, "Gandhiji, the Father of the Nation, died on 30th January, When two persons, things or other elements are contrasted, the two are separated by a comma.

For example, I meant Raj, not Robin. Direct quotations are marked by comma. For example, She said, "I'm sorry. An idiom is an expression or a phrase whose meaning cannot be easily understood from the individual meanings of the words it contains. Idioms play an important part in the language as they make language richer and more colourful and convey their point subtly. The aspirants can use idioms to enrich their language skills, make an impact and say more in few words.

Find a list of few idioms given below:. English Grammar Exercises with Answers, Examples Grammar is the fundamental component of language learning. Language skills can't be learnt overnight. Sanskrit, as well as Persian, was taught there Test yourself Fill in the blanks with a Verb in agreement with its Subject.

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Preposition A preposition is a word placed before a noun or a pronoun to show in what relation the person or thing denoted by it stands in regard to something else. Types of Prepositions Preposition of Place Preposition of Time Preposition of Direction Preposition of Place These prepositions are used to show the position or location of one thing with another. Test yourself Fill in the blanks with a suitable preposition.

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Articles An article is a kind of determiner which is always used with and gives some information about a noun. Therefore, this module will discuss articles for the benefit of the MBA aspirants to help them improve their language skills and become aware of one of the components of English grammar Articles are divided into two categories: a. Why Language skills are so crucial?

How to check overconfidence for Grammar English Vocabulary Understanding of Articles will improve your language skills.

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Tenses Tenses play a crucial role in the English language. Conjunction The art of communication, whether oral or written, lies in how words are brought together to form sentences. There are two kinds of conjunctions: a. There are four types of Co-ordinating Conjunctions: Cumulative- these merely add one statement to another.

For example, "God made the country and man made the town. For example, "I was annoyed, still I kept quiet. For example, "Walk quickly, else you will not overtake him. For example, "All precautions must have been neglected, for the disease spread rapidly. Clauses Clauses are the building blocks of the English language.

There are two kinds of Clauses: a.

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The bankers need to know what they should do. The books, which are lost, are not really necessary. Whether you like it or not, you have to go to bed now. Students who are intelligent get good grades. No one knows he is. Punctuations You may possess good language skills and know how to express yourself in the language but without the knowledge of punctuation marks, your skills, especially written, is incomplete.

For example, "Yes, Sir. Punctuate the following sentences. Idioms An idiom is an expression or a phrase whose meaning cannot be easily understood from the individual meanings of the words it contains. Tricks of the trade Clever or expert way of doing something.

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