Manual Auf dem Weg zum perfekten Menschen? - Ethische Fragen zum Neuro-Enhancement (German Edition)

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Das garantiert Ruhe selbst in der Winter. Von Anfang an sagte ihnen das milde Klima und die vielen Sonnenstunden im Sommer zu. Noch immer kommen viele Sommerurlauber zum Wandern und Entspannen. Die Saison startet offiziell am Einmal die Woche.

Das optimierte Gehirn - Wie verändert Neuro-Enhancement unser Denken?

Cervosa Instagram: hotelcervosa. Discover the German capital There is no denying it — Berlin is the coolest city to visit at the moment. World-class culinary offerings, the best clubs and other nightlife options, an impressive history that you can learn more about on almost every street corner, unprecedented cultural institutions and a special international flair that simply needs to be felt to be believed. No matter the season, if you visit Berlin, there will be plenty to do and see.

The essential sights that should not be left out are, of course, the Reichstag which houses the German parliament, the Tiergarten park, the remains of the Berlin Wall, Checkpoint Charlie and the Memorial to the Murdered Jews of Europe. But apart from these wellknown sights, there is so much more to see and explore. For example, why not take a boat through Berlin? It is a comfortable alternative to walking through the city and the River Spree offers you a different perspective on this once-divided city.

Or, if you want to do something really special, rent a kayak instead and go on your own DIY. In summer, special highlights are the many cool bathing lakes and in winter, do not miss out on the large offering of world-famous Christmas markets. A spectacle not to be missed is the Mauerpark Sunday flea market. Here, you can find everything from local designer clothes to vintage nik-naks and antiquities. Besides the flea market, it is also the location for the popular weekly outdoor singing sessions. For example, head to the alternative Friedrichshain district for flea markets, cool cafes and trendy bars and clubs.

If you are looking for a calmer atmosphere, head to Prenzlauer Berg — pop-. If you want to explore some nearby nature, check out Potsdam with its many beautiful lakes. There is sure to be something for everyone in Berlin. Berlin has a lot to offer — for first-time visitors, the sheer abundance of things to do and see might be overwhelming. The year-old Berlin TV tower, a historical reference as well as one of the most significant landmarks of the city, is a truly special address for both family functions and company celebrations. Enjoy an overview of the city at or metres.

Meet and greet with a welcoming cocktail at the bar on the upper foyer and start your TV tower event together from there. A high-speed lift will take you and your guests into lofty heights within 40 seconds, and you will find yourself at the Bar on the observation floor with a stunning degree panoramic view of the city.

Enjoy both seasonal and regional cuisine in the form of a buffet or a delicious two- to four-course meal while taking in the gently changing scenery. The restaurant is bookable for up to persons, while the observation platform with bar area is available for up to guests. The bar area can also be booked exclusively. The central location at Alexanderplatz allows easy access from all parts of Berlin. The TV tower is an unparalleled event space, serving as a meaningful link to both the past and the present. Auf Metern wartet die Aussichtsetage mit Bar und Rundumblick.

Below left: Hambach Forest: the effects of lignite mining. The picture shows acid mine drainage in the excavator tracks. Right: The effects of fertiliser on our environment. The museum follows the tradition and goals of Charles Darwin, Alexander von Humboldt and other natural scientists, to advocate a sustainable future for humans. Daher wachsen Wissenschaft und Austellungen hier zusammen und Besucherinnen und Besucher erhalten einen Einblick in die aktuelle Forschungsarbeit des Museums.

On show are aerial views of industrial areas which are difficult to access, toxic waste sedimentations and coal mining sites which document the partially catastrophic effects of human activity on nature. And for good reason: here, young and old visitors bring the illusion to life and therefore become part of the exhibition in which touching is explicitly permitted!

And this can be imagined as follows: unbelievable rooms, optical and haptic illusions, as well as holograms, games and kaleidoscopes test the brain and promise a museum experience of the special kind for young and old alike. Special photo points encourage visitors to take selfies and other extraordinary shots to get lasting memories. Particular highlights too, are the play areas with sustainable wooden toys, and the many impressive tangrams, 3D puzzles and riddles are fun and also train motor skills. Five new illusions are planned for which will convey the topic of fear of heights through virtual reality.

A visit to the Museum of Illusions is therefore always worth it! Ein Besuch im Museum der Illusion ist es also allemal wert! In a gigantic explosion of colour, the versatile and opulent show takes its audience on a lavish journey to show us the overwhelming beauty of things often overlooked. Stunning performances by an international line-up of vocal talents meet vibrant costumes and fantastic storytelling.

With the innocent view of a child, she sees the world with new eyes and discovers how much beauty lies in things we often overlook. The show is written and directed by Krista Monson, the first woman to do so at the Palast in almost years of show history. Oliver Hoppmann, the creative director at the Palast since and one of the young-. This fabulous cast and the talented team behind the show ensure that this stunning celebration of life will be an unforgettable event. It should come as no surprise that he was named British Accessory Designer of the Year five times. The international cast includes more than artists from 26 nations.

The German star and stage-veteran Andreas Bieber plays the Entertainer whilst DeviAnanda Dahm, winner of the German national singing contest, plays android.

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Held in both English and German, the exhibition, with its great mix of displayed items and multimedia activities, is a fantastic destination for tourists and locals alike. The red-brick building, which merges various regional architectural styles from different eras, opened its doors for the first time in Peter Lummel. Lummel adds. Left: Construction of the Berlin wall with border guards and playing children extract , Both concerts take place in the magnificent Great Hall.

Gendarmenmarkt konzerthaus. From cool street food to star-studded gourmet cuisine, Berlin has it all. Foodies will not be disappointed! Great cuisine speaks for itself and that is certainly true for the restaurant Dae Mon. Edamame and ramen meets fawn and beef tartare: and it really works. So auch im Restaurant Dae Mon. Edamame und Ramen treffen auf Hirschkalb und Beef Tatar.

The menu changes four times a year. We often go out for a meal. We talk to suppliers about seasonal or new produce. We read a lot. The range of guests is broad. But according to Reinhardt, they all have one thing in common: they are curious about new cuisines, love quality produce and appreciate true skills. Die Karte wechselt dabei vier Mal im Jahr. Wir gehen viel Essen. Wir sprechen mit den Lieferanten, was es saisonal oder gar Neues gibt. Wir lesen viel. Premium steaks prepared on the legendary Montague grill and a stunning selection of top whiskeys await the guests at the trendy The Brooklyn.

The steaks are exclusively supplied by certified breeders in Nebraska and are only of the two highest qualities. A fine piece of New York, therefore, and right in the heart of Berlin. The stellar team around creative head chef Tomasz Trabski pampers guests with culinary highlights and exquisite wines.

His culinary portfolio is not just wide-ranged but also on trend. For the talented chef, everything starts with fresh quality ingredients. That is why a lot of the produce comes from regional suppliers: for example, the majority of the fish is provided by the Saxon fishpond cultivation Petershain. The concept of sustainability spurs Trabski to support local suppliers and small factories.

Daher werden viele Produkte bewusst von regionalen Lieferanten und Herstellern bezogen. The is located at the LUX, which is known for its remarkable architecture. In this atmosphere of well-being, guests can look forward to authentic Mediterranean-French delicacies: sophisticated, but never pretentious. Unsurprisingly, Zurich is also a wonderfully trendy town — so there really is something for everyone to explore.

In the following special theme, we showcase some of the best places to visit. Views over the wintry lake basin of Zuerich with the Alps in the background. If you have been in Zurich before, you know how enchanting this city really is. If you have not been, might be the year you should plan a visit. With a population of around ,, Zurich lies at the north end of Lake Zurich in northern Switzerland. It is a relatively small city but nonetheless has a lot on offer. Taking a stroll through the charming lanes while gazing at the many cute shops and impressive medieval and Renaissance architecture is an experience in itself.

Or why not head to the Limmatquai, a waterfront promenade which follows the. Luckily, Zurich is perfectly laid-out for sightseeing on foot. Culture fans can go to a variety of different museums and exhibitions and nature fans should head to the Dolderbahn railway which brings them to the hilly Zurichberg district. From here, visitors can enjoy breathtaking views across Lake Zurich, the city and the mountains in the background. After an eventful day out sightseeing and exploring, a variety of innovative and top-class restaurants and eateries of every kind are waiting for guests.

Zurich does have it all! So what are you waiting for? Consumers are more and more conscious of the quality of their food. Zurich-based traditional butcher Keller sets an example and offers a wide variety of high-quality, yummy sausages and meat products. That notwithstanding, we are constantly developing new ideas and products. You may safely say that we are creative traditionalists who pass on their know-how and love of the product from generation to generation. Quality speaks for itself. Meat products and sausages not only are popular with private households, but also with gastronomical premises from around Zurich.

Yet, Keller Butchers does not want to rest on its laurels. Sortiment der Metzgerei so besonders machen. Wir sind schon sehr gespannt auf die Reaktionen unserer Kunden! Man kann schon sagen, dass wir kreative Traditionalisten sind. Next to the classic bathing tour, the team offers massages, cosmetic treatments and workshops.

At the Salon, guests are spoiled with culinary delights, and at the Basar, one can buy products for the home. Neben dem klassischen Reinigungsrundgang werden Massagen, kosmetische Behandlungen und Workshops angeboten. The Hammam, located in the northern part of the Patumbahpark, was explicitly planned as such and built following ecological specifications, with Lis Mijnssen as the initiator and owner. Ecology and sustainability are the basis of the whole project.

The interior of the Hammam is defined by its pleasant light and subtle openings, so-called Mousharabiehs. Initiantin und Inhaberin ist Lis Mijnssen. In a traditional hammam, women and men commit themselves to their body care separately. The bathing tour starts in the warm-up room, where guests get their utensils.

In the warm room, they wash themselves with a lot of water and Savon Noir, a soap made of olives, water and the ashes of cedar wood, followed by the stay in the hot room, where guests can also stimulate their circulation with a cooling footbath. Back in the warm room, the visitors scrub their skin with a gommage glove and rub their skin and hair with rhassoul, an alumina. After the thorough cleaning, the relaxation room or the roof terrace invite the guests to relax. In addition to the Hammam, massages, cosmetic treatments and workshops covering topics like natural cosmetics or nutrition are offered.

In the Salon, the guests are spoiled with Mediterraneanmaghrebian cuisine. The dishes are vegetarian or vegan, free of gluten and lactose. Fresh, organic and seasonal ingredients are used throughout. Verwendet werden marktfrische, biologische und saisonale Produkte. Below left: Pavilion Le Corbusier — from 10 May The Museum of Design Zurich is an absolute must-see for every design aficionado.

Exciting exhibitions at three different venues and a comprehensive collection of Design, Graphics, Poster and Decorative Arts make this an essential port of call. The latter is free of charge and shows the best Swiss furniture, which is still being produced today. Das frisch renovierte Stammhaus im Stadtzentrum ist eine Ikone der Architekturmoderne. With his touching report in black and white, he also questions how we deal with our planet.

At its second location, at the Toni-Areal, the museum presents exhibitions regarding the whole range of applied arts. Das Highlight ist aber der Pavillon an sich, der farbigste und letzte Bau des Maestros. With a state-of-the-art sound system by VOID and a casual party atmosphere, it is crystal clear that music takes centre stage here. It is a top location for all music lovers, but also for clubbers who just want to get carried away by the music and dance through the night.

Those who prefer a larger, more mainstream club, should perhaps keep looking, because Club Bellevue is far more unique and authentic, with a great personal vibe. Quality instead of quantity is the credo. What is most important for owner and manager Marco Ammann is that his guests can enjoy the music fully, let go and party properly. Not just parties, but also cultural events take place here. As a venue, Club Bellevue is a very special location with a lot of character.

Regardless of whether it is for corporate events, big celebrations, live TV shows or theatre, the club is equipped with top-notch technology and the team around Marco Ammann and organisational powerhouse Jessica Makwala has a lot of experience when it comes to event management. There are no long queues at crowded bars and also no old couches, but instead, a carefully selected retro-style without much bling. At Club Bellevue, one finds a balanced mix of chic and underground. A location that invites you to be yourself and dance to the bass until the wee hours of the morning. Man findet eine gekonnte Mischung aus schick und Underground.

Chic entertainment - from am to pm We have got an exciting must-visit location in Zurich for you, which simply needs to be tried out: the chic Fat Tony! Situated in the hip Langstrassen quarter, the bar and small restaurant entices its guests with creative delicacies throughout the day and attracts all those that love great drinks, cool sounds and tasty snacks with an exceptional mix of great interior design and a wonderful bar concept. Already at 8am, the Fat Tony welcomes its guests with coffee and pastries in a relaxed atmosphere, before the bar transforms into a small restaurant with a trendy tone and atmosphere over lunchtime.

The restaurant part then offers fresh, daily changing menus. How about one of the dozen different pizzas, for example, which get served as large slices with thick dough crust? This means that you could spend the entire day here, if you want to! The Fat Tony combines exceptional interior design with a refreshing bar concept — no wonder then, that hipsters, as well as chic business people, both love to spend time here.

Furthermore, with the terrace that lies directly at the Langstrasse and its equally gorgeous terrace in the back yard, the Fat Tony emits unparalleled warmth and charm. An alternative of the very special kind After some tasty food and great drinks, we then suggest heading to the nearby Gonzo. Club which opens from Wednesday until Saturday. It gets organised with two famous faces and offers artists like drag queens, for example, a platform outside their usual scene. Additionally, the Gonzo holds various live shows from national and international bands several times a month.

Am Abend verwandelt sich der Imbiss dann in eine der angesagtesten Bars der ganzen Stadt. Und wer dann noch nicht genug hat, sollte auch am Wochenende vorbeischauen, denn das. Ausserdem gibt es mehrere LiveShows pro Monat von nationalen und internationalen Bands. Nach einem leckeren Essen und tollen Drinks sollte es dann in den nahegelegenen Gonzo Club gehen, der von Mittwoch bis Samstag. Three Christmas markets, two countries, one day Lake Constance has a lot to offer, especially during the Christmas season. With over 60 Christmas markets nestled all around the beautiful lake, travellers can enjoy the unique festive flair of Germany, Austria, Switzerland and even a little bit of the nearby Principality of Liechtenstein in one go.

A special boat trip run by Voralberg Lines offers the unique experience of visiting three different Christmas markets in one day. Welcome to Christmas paradise! Ever heard of the Christmas Ship? Then it is about time you find out about it and come onboard! Voralberg Lines makes it possible to really get into the festive spirit with their wonderful and, of course, comfortably heated ship, which takes guests from Bregenz in Austria to Lindau in Germany.

The ship features an exhibition of nativity scenes and a lovingly decorated fairytale forest. But the true highlight of the trip remains the stunning ride with the beautifully lit shores of Lake Constance as a backdrop. The island of Lindau welcomes guests with a wonderful Christmas market right at the harbour, which is unique in the region. Under twinkling lights and with glistening mountain tops in the background, Lindau invites its visitors to indulge in homemade mulled wine and roasted chestnuts. At 14 euros per person, the boat trip is as affordable as can be and is certainly a lovely adventure to enjoy during the festive season.

Christmas markets as far as the eye can see For those who prefer to remain on land, Lake Constance has a wealth of Christmas themed treats on offer, and with it being surrounded by snowy mountain tops, it is also an ideal base for winter sports holidays. The number one culinary speciality, which one can find at the majority of the markets around Lake Constance, is a traditional cheese dumpling.

Romantic castles and majestic strongholds galore When you are filled to the brim with what all the Christmas markets along the kilometres of shoreline have on offer, it is time to check out the cultural side of the region around the popular lake. There are plenty of castles and palaces, which are particularly scenic when covered with a gently glistening layer of snow. Classic highlights are the Baroque palace of the Counts of Montfort in Tettnang, the abbey and palace in Salem, the old castle in Meersburg, the ruined stronghold in Hohentwiel in the volcanic Hegau area, Arenenberg castle in Salenstein, Kisslegg castle, the stronghold Munot and the Vaduz castle in Liechtenstein, with another Christmas market at its feet.

Any Vorarlberg Lines Christmas Ship. For a little peace and quiet after Christmas shopping or winter sports or simply to warm up again after a day in the cold, visit one of the numerous thermal baths and unwind in the healing waters whilst gazing out over the lake. Slow food, massages and also certain fasting concepts are widespread in the spas around Lake Constance. But if we are being honest, right now might not be the best time for a cleansing fast. There is too much good food to try and you would not want to miss it.

So, perhaps let the diet plans wait until next year and indulge in all the Christmas goodness of wonderful Lake Constance. Chances are, you will want to come back anyway. In spring, in summer, in autumn — but especially during Christmas. Christmas Market at Kornmarktplatz Bregenz. Genuinely personalised luxury while traveling: the VIPServices at Frankfurt Airport satisfy every wish, thoroughly pampering guests with a standard of comfort and exclusivity that is hard to find anywhere else. Frankfurt Airport sets new standards with its professional VIPServices, whether guests have just landed, are about to take off, or wish to spend a layover in a luxurious ambiance.

A VIP guest relations manager personally greets each guest and handles all travel formalities for them. On request, it is also no problem to arrange for a tailor, masseur, hairdresser, or physician to attend to them on-site. In the main VIP facility, which spans 1, square meters and boasts five-star furnishings and amenities, guests will find an excellently stocked bar, a cigar lounge, and a gaming lounge, among other things.

Fully-equipped conference rooms with high-speed Wi-Fi are available for holding business meetings and working without distractions. Eight private suites, each in a different design, feature marble bathrooms and apron views: ideal for relaxing and unwinding. Guests of the VIP-Services at Frankfurt Airport can also enjoy topnotch regional and international cuisine, including an outstanding selection of vegetarian and vegan dishes.

Excellent house wines, as well as coffee and espresso-based specialties prepared with premium beans from the Kuffler roastery, round out the offering. In der Hauptlounge des 1. Middle: Dr. Christian Grams - director MCG. Right: MCG estimated that German exports could have been around 43 billion US dollars higher than they actually were had the non-tariff barriers that were introduced between and not existed. The globalisation process challenges many businesses to access new markets while at the same time adhering to country-specific legal requirements.

Christian Grams and Dr. Christian Grams und Dr. Waltraud Martius und ihr Syncon-Team. Wie funktioniert das? Konkret bedeutet dies, dass wir in enger Zusammenarbeit mit den Kunden die Strategie, das Konzept und die Umsetzung des Franchisevorhabens passgenau erarbeiten - sowohl auf nationaler als auch auf internationaler Ebene. Stephan, Vienna Austria. Vienna-based falkeis architects has created highly efficient, innovative buildings ever since they started out three decades ago. Their exhibition Active Buildings — Innovation for Architecture in Motion has by now reached international recognition, and was recently visited by 3, visitors in Berlin alone.

The office focuses on building-integrated energy production and sustainable structures as well as the social impact of technological innovation on urban life. The innovative, building-integrated energy production system was developed by falkeis architects and the Vaduz project now forms the prototype for a new independent building design. Always interested in new solutions, falkeis architects covers a broad creative spectrum from large-scale urban architecture to art projects through to object design.

The Curhaus St. Stephan, the Austria Abroad exhibition at the Austrian Parliament, the Museum and Documentation Center of Austrian Resistance as well as the virtual concert hall of the Mauthausen Memorial, are just some of their equally innovative, manifold Vienna-based projects. Beauty through science Dr. Based on his long-standing experience and comprehensive training at internationally renowned institutions, Jens Kauczok can offer the whole range of plastic and aesthetic surgery, including solutions for patients who have already undergone previous surgical procedures.

Seit April leitet Dr.

Kauczok hat in den letzten Jahren eine Methode des Brustaufbaus perfektioniert. Expert legal advice When it comes to legal advice, you only want to work with the very best. On the following pages we introduce you to the top law firms in Germany. Right on target with enthusiasm and excellence f.

Alexander Hoff, Sabine Przerwok, Dr. Right on target with Mit Begeisterung und Exzellenz enthusiasm and excellence zum Ziel Building projects are complex. Law firm Bartsch in Karlsruhe, Stuttgart and Frankfurt on the Main is a competent adviser with huge enthusiasm for legal subject matters. Bauprojekte sind komplex. Law firm Bartsch is proof that working with legal texts can be far from as dry as it is often made out to be. Alexander Hoff, founding partner of law firm Bartsch.

Hoff and his team have extensively studied BIM and are therefore one of the few experts who are able to give well-founded advice. Hoff underlines as the aim of his work. It is therefore understandable that a highly qualified tax consultant specialised in big building and real estate projects has just recently joined law firm Bartsch too. With counsel as wide-ranging and well-founded as this, the success of your next project is most definitely guaranteed with Bartsch! The ability to rely on a competent, broad-based partner in complex settings like these is important.

Dass dies auch in der Zukunft so bleibt, will jeden Tag neu erarbeitet sein. Welcome to the future We all know the future is digital. Check out the following pages and discover Business 4. Are you safe?! Did you know that unencrypted emails can be read? Do you trust the email file, though senders or recipients can manipulate emails and change them without leaving traces? Does your company send important business data and personal information by email?

Do you send your business emails securely and verifiably? Many businesspeople ask themselves these questions. But why is it only now that intensive thought is being given to making digital business communication secure and verifiable? How many years have we been sending contracts and sensitive business data around the world without any additional protection? Fortunately, nothing has happened so far IT departments, managers and CEOs now have to deal with data protection and security. Totally new terrain for many of them. The fear of hurdles in the technical implementation and the low acceptance by senders and receivers is high.

By disregarding the regulations, companies face penalties of up to 20 million euros. Be safe. Email encryption is a difficult issue for many people. The fear that business partners cannot receive encrypted emails or cannot open them is especially high. Keep in mind: the right solution depends on the acceptance of your business partner.

Solutions that require the recipient to click on links or ask the recipient to open an account are not suitable and too complex for daily work. Be verifiably safe. One way to ensure being verifiably safe is with Frama RMail. Frama RMail focuses on two things: an auditable proof of delivery for the sender compliant with data protection regulations as well as the recipient experience.

Frama RMail works with any. Send and receive — it is as simple as that. In addition to RMail, Frama also offers many other services related to business correspondence letter, email, archiving and data protection. Email encryption. Sind Sie sicher?! Versenden Sie Ihre Business Emails sicher und nachweisbar? Frama RMail funktioniert mit jedem Email-. Senden, empfangen, gut! Mit uns sind Sie sicher.

Aber sicher! Nachweisbar sicher! Nothing is more constant than change ELO Digital Office is one of the few companies that recognised the signs of digital transformation very early on. In times where the world did not believe in a paperless way of working, this German company chose to specialise in precisely that. Today, 20 years later, ELO is one of the leading experts in digitisation as well as efficient and visionary business processes.

ELO Digital Office is a pioneer of the paperless office because it foresaw the digital transformation even before the Internet began to play a major role and when paper still dominated the office world. This wealth of experience and a broad global network are of the highest value to its customers.

It should come as no surprise that today, ELO Digital Office successfully sells its products in over 40 different countries, has around employees and is active in 21 locations including Jakarta, Boston, and Sydney. Information exchange and intelligent data analysis are also important aspects, enabling customers to evaluate and view company data in graphical interfaces at the touch of a button. This increases transparency in the workplace and shows where there is optimisation potential by identifying weak spots and helping to prevent errors.

Whether it is a global corporation, the administration of Zurich, or a roofing company in Vienna, according to Mosbach, digitisation is relevant for companies of all sizes. Companies that deal with large volumes of documents that are processed manually particularly benefit from ELO solutions and their great potential for optimising work processes.

And that requires a collective effort. Hinzugekommen ist in den letzten Jahren eine Vielzahl an intelligenten Komponenten, die zum Beispiel das mobile Arbeiten oder die Zusammenarbeit verbessern. A few columns ago, I looked at the risks that lawyers take with their life and livelihood in some parts of the world, simply by going about their profession.

Today, I want to look at another profession that can find itself - quite literally - in the line of fire: journalists. A free press is one of the pillars of a functioning liberal democracy and individual journalists are those who secure and defend that press freedom for us. The publication at the beginning of November of In Extremis, the biography of iconic war correspondent Marie Colvin, reminds us of those who perhaps take the most extreme risks.

Jamal Khashoggi perhaps represents those around the world who work against the odds to fight repression in a more mundane but equally important way. Unfortunately, Mr Khashoggi is not alone: according to Reporters Without Borders, an independent representative organisation defending and promoting freedom of information, 63 journalists have been killed so far this year in connection with their journalistic work.

Pen International holds an annual World Press Freedom Day to draw attention to the dangers they face. So what does the law do to protect journalists? Actually, surprisingly little that is specific to the important role they play in society. In countries in which journalists routinely face censorship, political and economic pressure, the abuse of defamation laws, as well as intimidation, physical attacks, detention and imprisonment, the rule of law is unfortunately normally also in a precarious state and the law is often the very tool used to repress journalists.

In January , the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe adopted the Resolution on protection of the safety of journalists and of media freedom in Europe. In April , the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted a recommendation on protection of journalism and safety of journalists and other media actors, indicating as alarming and unacceptable the level of current threats to journalists and media actors in Europe. In his report State of Democracy, Human Rights and the Rule of Law, the Secretary General of the Council of Europe assessed the level of protection of journalists and other media actors in member states against specific criteria.

He identified a trend that saw a decline in protections for journalists in recent years and warned that this trend continues. Given its role, the Council of Europe focuses on the protection of journalists on a human rights level. Further afield, the International Committee of the Red Cross focuses on the protection of journalists and media professionals in times of armed conflict.

So what can we do? Leading by example, and enshrining in English law specific protections for journalists acting in their professional capacity, would be a start on a wider societal and political level. On an individual level, we can all support organisations, such as those mentioned above, who represent journalists in danger and defend their rights. On some rather interesting metaphors — The delights of the German and French vocabulary In this column, author Adam Jacot de Boinod explores the weird and wonderful world of German and French vocabulary, and discovers some rather interesting terms.

Let us take a look at what he has found. Other more complex words have often come on. He is a British author having written three books about unusual words with Penguin Press. Culture Calendar It is the last month of the year and once again it is packed with wonderful events around art, music and, of course, Christmas markets. Fireworks, mulled wine, gingerbread and hopefully some snow — bring it on, December!

Various differently themed locations from the romantic and nostalgic Square of the Stars, to the Kripperlmarkt, where you can find Christmas crib rarities, this market sure has it all. The heart of it is certainly the big. Christmas tree, decorated with an impressive 3, candles. Only the very top of the circus scene are invited to perform here. A magical journey of acrobatics, poetry and fairy-tales awaits visitors in the Volksgarten. Folk music, small vocal ensembles and Alpine melodies make this a uniquely Salzburg experience.

Of course, both markets capture the uniquely Bernese character and with the smell of chestnuts lingering in the air, what could be a nicer way to spend the run-up to Christmas? International stars from different genres and sectors in comic, film and TV are expected to make an appearance. If you love comics or are a super fan of a particular show, you simply cannot miss this.

The chocolate-filled programme includes fine chocolate tastings, creative praline courses, artful cocoa painting, inspirational readings and chocolate lectures. But what are the so-called chocolate theatre and the chocolate illumination? Well, you simply have to find out for yourself! Zeughausmesse, Berlin 6 — 9 December This fair for commercial decorative art takes place at the German History Museum Berlin and presents over 90 artists and designers who showcase and sell their works on 1, Held each year in Hanover, it showcases a wide range of quality products by over exhibitors from over 20 countries.

Dresdner Stollenfest, Dresden 8 December The legendary Stollen festival in Dresden, with the incredible baking of a massive Stollen weighing several tonnes, is celebrating its 25th anniversary this year. The oversized Stollen is paraded around the city centre before guests can buy delicious pieces of the fresh treat. All profits go to a selected charity and with the. You can choose to run in traditional running outfits or go the symbolic extra mile and do the marathon wearing fancy dress. Zurich, with all its Christmas lights, is a magical and often snow-covered backdrop and it should come as no surprise that this is an absolute crowd favourite every year.

Louis Lewandowski Festival, Berlin 20 — 23 December This special choir festival is named after German-Jewish composer Louis Lewandowski and is dedicated to the music of Jewish composers who emigrated from Germany. It is organised by the Association of Friends and. Sponsors of the Synagogue Ensemble Berlin. The concerts take place in various locations across the city and invite attendees to enjoy choir music at its best. Located between the Brandenburg Gate and the Victory Column, this massive free party attracts around one million people — tourists and locals alike — every year.

Live concerts, top DJs, laser shows and spectacular fireworks ensure an unforgettable night. Either one of them offers a party to remember. The Austrian capital also turns into a big street party on 31 December with a show of waltzes, operetta, rock, pop and, of course, world-class DJs. Admittedly, I used to fret about this most important evening of the year a lot when I was younger; what to do and if to say yes to a party or no because maybe something better might still be waiting round the corner.

However, at some point, I decided to simply treat this evening like any other, to stop stressing and instead, just to take it as it comes. And the last thing I needed at the end of the year is to have to engage in forced small talk this was meant to be relaxed! Silvester is a popular time for private parties. Invite your friends, put a buffet on and get in a silly mood. Carnival decorations such as paper streamers, confetti or little party hats are not uncommon. Philosophical Library Inc. Wenn die Schule von diesem Standpunkt aus erfolgreich arbeitet, wird sie reichlich belohnt werden durch die kommende Generation, und die Aufgaben der Schule werden wie eine Art Geschenk behandelt.

Ich kannte Kinder, die die Schule den Ferien vorzogen. Fajardo, Marco Web more. Fenton, E. Developing moral dilemmas for social studies classes. PDF protected. Frank, H. Frankfurt am Main: Peter LangVerlag. And the core problem lies precisely at the point bctween ability and obligation because many people in this countrv have grown accustomed to a democratic government. People get the impression that democracy and its moral foundat ions are granted.

The question of how we can enable people lo live in a dermocratic way is one of the most important questions today. Fuchs, M. Glasstetter, Stefan Excerpt from Glasstetter, , Table 6. Obviously, with his dilemma discussions and just community meetings, Glasstetter was able to prevent inmates' loss of moral judgment competence as measured with Lind's MJT which seems to prevail in institutions of corrections.

For a regression effect in prisons, see McPhail, Gomberg, S. Leading dilemma discussions: A workshop. Pittsburg: Carnegie-Mellon University. PDF excerpts, protected. Gonzales, Jackeline Kohlbergian educational intervention program with high school students. Universidad de Monterrey. A group of 22 high school students 16 to 18 years received two Kohlbergian dilemma discussions for 12 weeks, that is 24 sessions altogther.

A control group of 27 students received no treatment. Comment: Unusual many sessions produced no measurable progress of moral competence as measured with the MCT. The authors discuss severy possible reasons for this ineffectivity. But they forget to mention that moral education is difficult and the method of dilemma discussion requires thorough training. This was not the case here. If a method is used by an untrained teacher, it does not produce the expected effects regardless of how often it is used.

Key words: Dilemma discussion, efficacy, effect size, MCT, teacher training. Gonzales, C. Evaluating Moral Schemata Learning. Implications for moral education and moral cognitive modeling are presented. Gooldsby, L. University of Northern Iowa. Wenn ein Freund nicht teilen will 13 Seiten. Wenn ein Freund mehr isst als ihm zusteht 9 Seiten. Laminiert und mit Stahlringbindung. Herausgegeben und verlegt von Georg Lind Druck auf Wunsch. Grabow, Mainard Frankfurt: Lang.

Grintsch, Juliane Dilemmadiskussion und Debatte im Vergleich. Welche Bildungsziele lassen sich mit diesen Methoden erreichen? Which educational aims are compatible with these methods? Welche rhetorischen Mittel haben beide angewandt, um an ihr Ziel zu kommen. Gross, Michael. Ethics and activism: The theory and practice of political morality.

This publication reports about three empirical studies by the author on the moral judgment competence a of members of the peace now movement and the sttlers movement oin Israel, b of pro life and pro choice activists regarding the abortion issue, and c of people who have saved Jews during World War II in France and the Netherlands. Gross, Nadja Application of the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion in French class and its impact on pupil well-being. Abstract: Georg Lind further developed a method for the support of the cognitive abilities that goes back to Moshe Blatt and Lawrence Kohlberg.

Its application to foster moral judgment competence has already been tested and confirmed numerous times. In particular, competencies such as the respectful handling of one other, listening to, getting to know and evaluating different arguments and opinions, and attempting to come to terms with difficult, realistic situations, are fostered. Gross, N. The language of love?!

Invited presentation at the international conference "Can morality be taught? Is it a competence? Gutmann, Amy Democratic education. The pessimism would also have to include auhtority: The authority or master, who is to instill morality into the young, Kant says, is also "an animal which needs a master". Moralbewusstsein und kommunikatives Handeln. Frankfurt: Suhrkamp. Habermas, J. Moral consciousness and communicative action. Introduction by Thomas McCarthy. Harding, Carol Gibb Moral Dilemmas and Ethical Reasoning. Read online. Studies in the nature of character.

I: Studies in deceit, Book one and two. New York: Macmillan. See also here. The X-boys are those participants in the experimenty by Hartshorne and May , who recieved an additional ethics instruction: advocation of values, presentation of moral role models, and documentation of good deeds. The graph shows that especially those showed the most violations of moral norms who received special ethics intructions and incentives for moral behavior. Obviously, indoctrination, value trnasmission, and propadanga for moral ideals as practived in the ethics instruction, are no adequate methods for moral education.

Hartshorne and May did not find a positive correlation between honest behavior and length of ethics instruction. For a more extensive discussion see Kietzig , in German. Hemmerling has done one of the best studies about the efficacy of an intervention in correctional institutions. The KMDD works! It takes just a few sessions directed by a well-trained KMDD-Teacher to produce strong increase of the inmates ability to solve problems and conflicts through thinking and discussion rather than violence andf deceit.

In other words, his study shows that we must no longer condone the regression of moral competence of people as a consequence of the deprived learning environment of prisons. The message of this book is: We can prevent criminal behavior by fostering delinquents' moral competence through adequate methods and adequately trained teachers for this method.

Let us begin. Hemmerling, K. The keys of cognition: Insights into moral and democratic education in prison. In doing so, many of them discover their own moral principles. In this way, offenders can somehow "reinvent" moral thinking and moral behavior for themselves. The regression of moral judgment competence can be diminished.

Schildknecht, eds. Herrmann, Ulrich, ed. Weinheim: Beltz. Herrmann, U. Mit dem neuen Begriff tauchen altbekannte Konzept in neuem Gewand auf, ohne dass sie dadurch besser werden. Aber durch den Auszug aus der Schule allein ist es nicht getan, wenn wir nicht auch aus unserem alten Denken ausziehen. Eigene Haltungen und Orientierungen zu haben, ist ein Menschenrecht. Welchen Lebensweg strebt er oder sie an?

Ethics and professionalism in medicine: Cross-curricular integration of ethical basis for medicine students. George Lind at the University of Konstanz. Hesse, Reinhard Worum geht es in der Philosophie? Grundfragen der Philosophie zwischen Wahrheit und Macht. Berlin: LIT Verlag. Hilligen, W. Sievering, ed. Frankfurt a. Hook, S. Dewey, Moral principles in education , pp. Moral education according to Dewey is "to teach all subjects in such a way as to bring out and make focal their social and personal aspects, stressing how human beings are affected by them, pointing up the responsiblities that flow from their interrelatedness.

In the teaching of geography, 'the ultimate significance of lake, river, mountain, and plain is not physical but social; it is the part which it plays in modifying and irecting human relationships. Huang, Viola Laying the foundations for democratic behavior — A comparison of three different approaches to democratic education. Huber, Rudi Evaluation einer Intervention bei jugendlichen Strafgefangenen. Diplomarbeit, FG Psychologie. Huber convened an intervention study with juvenile prisoners, all with long sentences because of murder charge.

His study shows that dilemma discussion may not have any stimulating effect on moral competence when the teacher does not have a thorugh training in the method. Huber convened four dilemma-discussion events according to the method by Blatt and Kohlberg Jefferson, Th. Jumpertz, Sylvia Vom Zustand des Anstands. Moral im Management. Ob Entscheidungen in der Lebenspraxis immer oder auch nur oft "logisch argumentierend angegangen" werden sollen, ist als unrealistisch zu bewerten. Entscheidungen im Alltag verlangen meist sehr schnelle Entscheidungen auf der Grundlage unzureichender Informationen.

Die meisten Menschen haben, wie sehr viele Studien mit dem MUT gezeigt haben, eine relativ niedrige moralische Kompetenz. Ein Kompetenz, die nicht in Taten umgesetzt wird, ist keine Kompetenz. Ein Dilemma liegt eben 'im Auge des Betrachters'. Juul, Jesper Aus Erziehung wird Beziehung. Freiburg: Herder. Kammerer, T. Abschlussarbeit zur Erlangung des Grads B. Kang, L. Learning global citizenship skills in a democratic setting: An analysis of the efficacy of a moral development method applied in China.

In: Filozofia Publiczna i Edukacja Demokratyczna. Tom III, , Numer 2, pp.


  1. Why Leadership Training Fails—and What to Do About It;
  2. KMDD references.
  3. Johannes Gumbrecht (test)'s Profile | Stanford Profiles.
  4. Einleitung - Piano.
  5. Albert Guerard Professor of Literature and Professor of Comparative Literature, Emeritus.
  6. Kathrin Schmidt.

It is built upon the theories of Kohlberg, yet focuses on moral judgment and democratic decision-making competence. Lind designed a scale based on his dual-aspect theory, and suggested a follow-up method for building up moral competence. KMDD has been used in Germany and other countries for many years and has achieved positive results when applied. The initial application of this type of method in China started in Participants were set as the control and experiment groups.

After analysing the preand-post-test data from all the participants, the result shows that the intervention effect with experiment groups was very significant with a noticeable Absolute Effect Size of C-score, while the competence score of control group regressed sharply due to reasons to be identified. Data from the experiment were analysed and intervention results were compared, to examine the efficacy of the method and to evaluate further application and research of KMDD in China.

Vorsicht Stufe! Ein Kommentar zur Stufentheorie der moralischen Entwicklung. A commentary on the stage theory of moral development. Portele, ed. My transl. Kim, Soyoung A comparative study on measurement instruments for moral judgment: selecting an appropriate instrument Paper presented at the meeting of the AERA, San Francisco, April 10, Summary: In a direct comparison between the DIT's P-score and the MJT's C-score, the latter showed to be more sensitive to the effects of an educational intervention than the former 12,9 versus 9,0 points gain. Kirschenmann, Martina Unpublished diploma master thesis, University of Konstanz, Dept.

Klein, P. Sozialwissenschaftliches Inastitut der Bundeswehr, Strausberg. Kohlberg, Lawrence The development of modes of moral thinking and choice in the years 10 to University of Chicago, Unpublished Dissertation. Dual-aspect theory: "A systematic general observation of moral behavior, attitudes, or concepts in terms of such set of formal criteria of morality Kohlberg, L. Development of moral character and moral ideology. Hoffman, eds. I, pp. New York: Russel Sage Foundation. Education, moral development and faith.

Journal of Morel Education, 4 , 1, 5 - Essays on moral development, Vol. II, The psychology of moral development. All of us recognize this is intuitively incorrect, since moral exemplars like Socrates, Gandhi, and Martin Luther King consistently acted in opposition to, and in order to change, social norms -- in terms if the moral principles of Stage 5 or 6.

Thus, it is the overcoming of these situational pressures on either a verbal or a physical level that constitutes the test of moral behavior. The test constructor must postulate structure from the start, as opposed to inductively finding structure in content after the test is made. They are the realization of the 'archetypical' structure in actuality, under special conditions. One might say that the hypothetical structure is the principle of organization of the responses.

To treat is on the same level as the responses would be, in Ryle's sense, to commit a category mistake. The Just Community approach to moral education in theory and practice. In: W. Oser, eds. Hillsdale, NJ: Erlbaum. However, while the intervention operation was a success, the partient died: that is, we went back a year later and found that not a single teacher continued to do moral discussion after the commitment to the research had ended. In other words, it didn't speak enough to the teachers' and students' needs, eben though it did lead to a one-third stage change.

Kritik: Unsere Meta-Analysen Lind, von ca. Kohlberg's observation that a year later no teacher continued to use this method, had, as we know today, other reasons than those which Kohlberg mentions. Not a lack of techers' and students' need for this method was the cause, but a the lack of training of the teachers "ordinary teachers Kohlberg's and his followers' turning way from the dilemma method was premature.

Lind, H. Wakenhut, Eds. Rutgers, NJ: Transaction Books, second edition. First edition by Precedent Publishing , pp. Online reading. Kohlberg acknowledges that with the MCT "a scoring algorithm can be arrived at for assigning pure stage structure score for an individual. Jenseits von Befehl und Gehorsam. Die Konstanzer Methode oder wie Bundeswehr-Soldaten lernen sollen, moralisch richtige Entscheidungen zu treffen. Kohr, H.

Wertewandel und Soziomoral: Auswirkungen auf die Bundeswehr. Koszinoffski, Rafaela Lind ]. With this study, Rafaela Koszinoffski has taken a new approach to assessing the efficacy of teacher continuing education. Instead of asking the teachers to self-assess their efficacy, she used an objective test of moral competence the MCT to measure the real learning progress of theses teachers' students, with a prestest-posttest design. This way it was possible see whether and how much a training program for teachers affected the moral development of the students of these teachers.

Inspite of the small sample of teachers and their students for which she could obtain complete data sets, it was possible to draw some conclusions because the findings were clear-cut: Only the students of the teachers who completed their training showed, at average, a measurable increase of moral competence after a KMDD-session. The students of the teachers without a complete training did not show any progress. GL Krappmann, L. Die Sozialwelt der Kinder und ihre Moralentwicklung. Edelstein, F. Schuster, eds.

Nicht nur der Zeitdruck, unter dem Unterricht oft stehen, sondern auch Scheu, Konflikte aufzugreifen, ist da verantwortlich. Kuhn, Deanna The skills of argument. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. Schule und Werteerziehung. Ein Werkstattbericht. Lerkiatbundit, S. Randomized controlled study of the impact of the Konstanz method of dilemma discussion on moral judgement. Journal of Allied Health, 35 2 , - Overall, the scale satisfies four validity criteria: preference hierarchy, quasi-simplex structure of stage preference, affective-cognitive parallelism, and positive correlation between education and moral competence score C-index.

Test-retest reliability with onemonth interval was 0. Lesniewska, A. Lickona, Thomas Wie man gute Kinder erzieht! Die meisten Menschen zeigen eine Mischung von Argumentationsformen und ein Anpassung ihrer Argumentation an die unterschiedlichen moralischen Anforderungen verschiedener Lebenssituationen. Diese Bindung an die eigenen Moralprinzipien ist nicht einfach. Aber dies erfordert hohe Moralkompetenz. Mehr dazu in meinem Buch: Lind Lienemann, A. Die Konstanzer Methode der Dilemmadiskussion im Englischunterricht.

An intervention study on the sstimulation of moral judgment competence and communicative competence]. Sie erfahren, dass auch andere Fehler machen und deswegen nicht kritisiert werden. My translation: "Conclusion In this study, we could not show an increase of moral judgment competence. The sample was too small to produce a significant gain of the C-score.

However, thios study could how that through the KMDD negative emotions and attitudes which can prevent the fostering of communicative competence can be lowered. During the dilemma discussion, in which the teacher steps into the background, the students experience that it is not necessary to speak an absolutely fluent and error-free English in order to express their opinion.

They experience that others also make mistakes and are not criticized for this. This helps the to engage more intesively in the communication, which enhances their self-confidence and reinforces their interests and views in social settings. The visiting English teacher expressed her surprise about the high participation of her students and about the quality of their reasoning. Especially teacher students should get training in this method. Moral competence and education in democratic society. Weingartner, eds. Dordrecht: Reidel, pp. A fictitious interview on school, democracy, and cognitive-moral development.

Raschert, eds. Eine Auseinandersetzung mit Lawrence Kohlberg. Weinheim: Beltz, pp. Pollitt-Gerlach, eds. Zu einer partnerschaftlichen Ethik in Erziehung und Gesellschaft. On a cooperative ethics in education and society]. Heidelberg: Asanger, pp. Moralerziehung als demokratische Bildung.

What do educators know about their students? A study of pluralistic ignorance. Svik, eds. Frankfurt, Bern: Peter Lang, pp. Klasse, Realschule. The importance of role-taking opportunities for self-sustaining moral development.

Why Leadership Training Fails—and What to Do About It

Journal of Research in Education 10 1 , 9 - Ist Moral lehrbar? Ergebnisse der modernen moralpsychologischen Forschung. Berlin: Logos-Verlag. Zweite, korrigierte Auflage. Klasse, Hauptschule DVD, ca. Bestellung: tomcom GmbH, Heuridweg 14, Lindau. Soest: LSW, pp. Moral dilemma discussion revisited - The Konstanz method. Perspektive "Moralisches und demokratisches Lernen" [Perspective 'moral and democratic learning'. In: A.

Fritz-Stratmann, R. Ricken, eds. Neue Kindheit, neues Lernen, neuer Unterricht. Hellenic Journal of Psychology, 3, - Das Dilemma liegt im Auge des Betrachters. Praxis der Naturwissenschaften. Die Kluft zwischen Ideal und Verhalten. Zur Konstanzer Methode der Dilemmadiskussion [The gap between ideals and behavior. On the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion.

Offener Unterricht. Schulmagazin , Feb. In: R. Vogt, ed. Stauffenburg-Verlag, pp. Teaching students to speak up and to listen to others: Cultivating moral democratic competencies. In: D. Carr, eds. New York: Peter Lang Publishing. The meaning and measurement of moral judgment competence revisited - A dual-aspect model.

Willis, eds. NJ: Hampton Press, pp. Umgestaltung der Ausbildung ist notwendig. Favorable learning environments for moral development — A multiple intervention study with nearly 3. Revised lecture. In: Kiel, E. Baltmannsweiler: Schneider Verlag Hohengehren, pp.

Coaching - Efficiency enhancement and motivation

Malti, eds. Interview mit SeeMoZ, Favorable learning environments for moral competence development — A multiple intervention study with nearly 3. Original German version For more publications by Lind and downloads, see list of publications. Loevinger, Jane Issues in the measurement of moral development.

Moral Development. It is not the answers but the questions asked that both show and stimulate moral development. More than that, it may be helpful to moral education; indeed, it may be the very essence of it. Lohmann, Joachim Gemeinsam lernen -- kein Einwand stichhaltig! Fischer und F. Lorenzen, Paul Philosophische Fundierungsprobleme einer Wirtschafts- und Unternehmensethik.

In: H. Stuttgart: Poeschel. Mansbart, Franz-Josef Motivational influence of moral judgment competence on the formation of intentions. Unpublished master thesis Diplomarbeit. Dept of Psychology, University of Konstanz, Germany. See also Prehn et al. The above figure summarizes the findings by Franz-Josef Mansbart in terms of relative effect sizes correlation coefficient r , computed by GL.

Marcus, Ruth Moral dilemma and consistency. The Journal of Philosophy, 3 , - Article [ Access data ]. I want also to argue that, on the given interpretation, consistency of moral principles or rules does not entail that moral dilemmas are resolvable in the sense that acting with good reasons in accordance with one horn of the dilemma erases the original obligation with respect to the other.

Maroshek-Klarmann, U. Stark, T. Fitzner, K. Schubert, eds. Marshall, J. Journal of Moral Education, 40 , 1, 51 - Louis, Inc. Abstract: " Students learn to identify and process social conventions within the core values of the school and community and have opportunities to learn practical reasoning skills in schools where character education is integrated into all aspects of the schooling process.

Reported in this article are several studies, including two large-scale experimental investigations, that show integrated character education results in an improved school environment, student pro-social and moral behaviour, and reading and maths test scores. Definition of morality: "We define morality , according to Turiel , as interpersonal behavior considered to be right or wrong by most societies. Defined this way, morality is embedded in actions that pertain to the welfare and fair treatment of individuals.

Morality is governed by universal truths accepted by most societies In many instances, the line between social convention and morality is blurred. Complicating the issue of social convention and morality in education is the wide social diversity of US public schools. This heterogeneity makes it difficult to reach consensus on core values Thus, educators must intentionally develop shared social norms and moral understanding within the school community.

Moral truth is defined either as "universal" or as "accepted by most societies". We cannot have it not both ways. Aim: " Activities: "Assessment School reports Staff development Training institutes School leadership teams [are] composed of the principal, two teachers, two parents and a counsellor or social worker Evaluation by counting "percentage of positive mean ratings" p.

Note: Of the "Eleven Principles" see Table 4, p. The growth in the first treatment group compared to the control group for the total score of the fours project years Data are imputed from Figure 1 on page 62 because the authors give no numbers. Fortunately, they report effect size, obviously using the d-coefficient. The equivalent r is 0, This effect has to be qualified by the size and costs of implementation of this intervention see above , by the length of time three years , and by the fact that the authors measured only "perceptions of certified staff perceptions" p.

Study 2: "The [treatment] schools as compare to control schools showed a significant The authors do not discuss this problem at all. This showed up most in communication arts where a significantly larger Study 5: Only ten of the eleven "Principles" showed statistical increases of positive perception by staff in the treatment group; no Ns and effect sizes are reported. Only one of how many? Conclusion: "These studies provide a solid foundation for the potential benefits of integrated K charater education. Review: The aim of this commercial method of an "integrated moral and character education programme" is " Moreover, the definition of morality on which this programme is based, is highly external and heteronomous and thus is not compatible with the aims of democratic education, i.

Rather it is meant to implement school's and society's core values. It is not based on universal moral principles but on the values accepted by "most societies", actually only on values accepted by US-schools. These findings do not even support the authors' own moderate conclusion "potential benefits" , given the fact that the staff members and the students of the treatrment sschools had a self-interest in letting their programm look effective, that the assessment instrument consists only of rating of statements about the perceived school enviroment, and discipline referrals were used which often reflect certain referral policies of the schools, that only proficiency in "communication arts" showed consistently a small effect, and that, in general, the effect sizes are only small or moderate and are reached only with a very high input of money, personell, and time.

Compare this to the high effect sizes resulting from much less costly and time consuming KMDD interventions, in which students' objective moral competence is assessed Lerkiatbundit et al. McPhail, D. The moral education approach in treating adult inmates. Criminal Justice and Behavior, 16 , 1, 81 - It is noteworthy that it slightly drops in the control group by one 10th stage for this regression effect in prisons, see also Glastetter, Metzinger, Stefanie Daraufhin kann er nach seinen Prinzipien zu handeln.

Mockus, Antanas First, the main thesis is introduced: Democracy depends on the differentiation and harmonization of three regulatory systems: law, morality and culture. Next the argument follows that public policies depend strangely on legal changes being accompanied by changes in moral and social rules. Mouratidou, Katerina Promoting students' moral development through physical education. As a consequence, two theories were formulated which stressed sports' relationship with education which in turn, influenced attitudes towards sports. School as an institution, and the classroom as a practical framework.

Mouratidou , K. Physical e ducation and moral development: An intervention programme to promote moral reasoning through physical education in high school students. European Physical Education Review , 13 1 , 41 - Naylor, Gordon The experience of moral capabilities in a high school setting. Nowak, Ewa Democracy begins in the mind. Abstract: Teaching advanced college students in thc faculty of philosophy.

I have observed that they reflect on democracy at a sophistic level Rosen calls this phenomenon "overprofessionalization. At the same time, most of these students have never been in the middle of a real democratic discussion. All cognitive competencies need to be developed by practicing them repeatedly. Democracy is an advanced personal, interpersonal. Lind once established the concept of "democratic personality. Nowak, E.

Educating competencies for democracy. New York: Peter Lang Verlag. Educating competencies for democracy, Journal of Moral Education, 43 4 , Can the Konstanz Method of Dilemma Discussion support an emotional-cognitive balance in aggressive juveniles?

PRENATUS e.V. - Relevante Artikel und Therapeutenverzeichnis

Journal of Strategy and Decision-Making , October , pp. Oser, Fritz Moral education and values education: The discourse perspective. In: M. Wittrock, ed. Oser, F. Die Gerechte Schulgemeinschaft. Lernen durch Gestaltung des Schullebens. Weinheim: Beltz Verlag. Journal for Moral Education, 37 3 , - The thin line phenomenon. Helping bank trainees form a social and moral identity in their work place.

Wakenhut, eds. Edison, NJ: Transaction Publisher. Pascarella, Ernest College's influence on principled moral reasoning. Educational Record, The calculation of the "r"s is by GL.