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Review of Aston Arms Portuguese Restaurant. Aston Arms Portuguese Restaurant. Improve this listing. Ranked 49 of 81 Restaurants in Jeffreys Bay. Cuisines: African , Portuguese. Description: Aston Arms is a family restaurant with a touch of a Irish restaurant with wooden panel walls red carpet and cozy!! We got 8 tables inside then a varande with 3 tables that looks into a very green garden and overlooks into the famous lagoon the Seekoei River with its beautiful Flamigos. Aston Arms been trading with some owners for 19 years. Restaurant details Description: Aston Arms is a family restaurant with a touch of a Irish restaurant with wooden panel walls red carpet and cozy!!
Reviewed January 11, Date of visit: December Ask rebeccaw about Aston Arms Portuguese Restaurant. Thank rebeccaw. Write a Review Reviews Traveler rating. See what travelers are saying:. Alfie P. Reviewed May 29, Best chicken peri-peri by far. Date of visit: May Thank Alfie P. Reviewed May 5, Reviewed April 22, Description Lesser coat of arms of Portuguese India.
The annexation of Goa wasn't recognized by Portugal until This image shows a flag , a coat of arms , a seal or some other official insignia. The use of such symbols is restricted in many countries. These restrictions are independent of the copyright status. The following other wikis use this file: Usage on ar. Dezember Portugiesische Ostindien-Kompanie Usage on en. Structured data Items portrayed in this file depicts P Flag officers with the role of commanders, directors or chiefs of the aforementioned bodies also have the right to bear achievements of arms.
The small naval units not included in the aforementioned ones usually bear an heraldic device that serves as badge and as main charge of their heraldic pennants. The achievements of arms used in the Navy usually consist of a shield topped by a naval crown. They can also include crosses and collars of orders, decorations with their ribbons, trophies, mottos and war cries. The achievements may also include supporters and their compartments. The shields are of the round-bottom shape, but round shields flanked by laurels can also be used to constitute badges. The Navy's heraldry allows the augmentation of honors to the achievements of arms.
The possible marks of augmentation are based in the ancient Portuguese usage of royal augmentation with elements of the coat of arms of Portugal and are a canton charged with a castle or , a canton charged with a quina or an escutcheon argent with the five quinas. Naval flag officers have specific heraldic rank insignia to be inserted under the shields of their achievements of arms. These are two anchors argent in saltire each charged with two quinas for admirals , the same anchors but without the quinas for vice-admirals , a single anchor argent per pale for rear-admirals and the same anchor but with a reduced canton in the shield charged with an anchor argent for commodores.
The Portuguese Navy has the custom of granting coats of arms to ships with the blazoning of the family or personal coat of arms of their patrons. The Navy also uses heraldic flags that are based in the Army's standards and so are considerably different from those used today by that branch of service.
The guidons are also square flags 0. The heraldic pennants - not to be confused with the commissioning pennants - are triangular flags 0. Heraldic standards are borne by the Navy itself, the Naval Command and the maritime zone commands, the Marine Corps and the naval and marine forces and units entitled to bear coats of arms, the marine battalions, the Naval School , the Naval Technologies, Maritime Authority and Marines schools and the Naval and Marine bases.
Guidons are borne by independent Marine companies and divers units. Heraldic pennants are borne by small naval units not entitled to bear heraldic standards and by Marine companies that are part of battalions. The heraldry of the Portuguese Air Force was officially regulated in , being largely based on the Army's heraldic standards.
The Regulation of Heraldry is an update of the transitional standards approved in and replaced the previous Air Force's flag regulation of , which also defined the mainly non-heraldic shields used by each unit. The coat of arms of the Air Force itself is field azur with a spread eagle or beaked and membered gules , an aeronautical coronet and under the shield a scroll with the motto Ex mero motu from the mere motion.
The aeronautical or Air Force's coronet is a variation on an astral crown , in which the pairs of wings alternate with crosses of Christ traditional emblem of Portuguese military aviation. The achievement of arms of the Air Force can also be represented in the form of greater arms, with the addition of the following external elements: crest a wing or charged with a cross of Christ , torse azur and or , supporters a lion gules handling the banner of arms of the Armed Forces General Staff in dexter and a dolphin sable handling the banner of arms the Air Force in sinister and compartment mountains vert in dexter and water waves vert in sinister.
Besides the Air Force itself, the following existing bodies have the right to bear coats of arms: base units, technical departments, commands, the Air Force Academy , the Inspection General of the Air Force and the Air Force Staff. The commanding officers of the base units and technical departments with a rank of colonel or above have also the right to bear a coat of arms. Exceptionally and if authorized by the Chief of Staff of the Air Force, coats of arms can also be granted to other bodies not listed above whose commanding officers have the rank of major or above.
The coats of arms of the bodies are usually represented in a heater shield with an aeronautical coronet, with or without the crest. Additional external elements can also be represented. The coats of arms can form a badge, for this use being represented in a round shield surrounded by a laurel wreath in dexter and an oak wreath in sinister , topped by the aeronautical coronet and the crest. The personal achievements of arms of commanding officers of the bodies are the coats of arms of the respective bodies, but with the aeronautical coronet replaced by a helmet with torse and mantling.
These coats of arms can also include the crest and other external elements.
- Translations of “arm”.
- Coat of arms of Portugal?
- Die Fabel als Lesebuchtext in der Grundschule (German Edition).
The distinctive flags are borne by the general officers and usually are a quadrature of the coat of arms of the body they command. The standard of the Air Force itself is its banner of arms. The guidon of merit is a square flag 0. The guidon is a square flag 0. The pennant is a triangular flag 0. The standards are intended to be borne by the base units, commands, the Air Force Academy and the Air Force; the guidons are by groups ; and the pennants by squadrons and independent flights. The merit guidons are to be borne by flights, squadrons and groups distinguished, with the golden medal of distinguished services or above decorations, for exceptional merit in a combat action, including the name of the unit and the date when that action occurred.
The Air Force heraldic authority is the Historical Archive of the Air Force, which includes a deputy chief for heraldry. The coat of arms was represented in a round bottom shield. The distinctive flags galhardetes of the Chief and Vice-Chief of Staff were their respective banners of arms. The standard estandarte of the EMGFA followed the model of the Army units' heraldic standards with a quarterly field of azure and argent and a countercharged bordure of gules and or , a reduced cross or overall and the shield of the EMGFA on the center surrounded by a scroll with the designation of the body.
In , a coat of arms was also established for the Minister of National Defense.
The shield was the reproduction of a quina azure , five plates in saltire , an helm, torse and mantling azure and argent , with an issuing dragon argent as crest, a scroll with the motto Os Portugueses somos do Ocidente We Portuguese are of the West. Heraldry for several other bodies of the Ministry of National Defense has been created, but not following a specific standard besides the general standards of the Portuguese heraldry.
The GNR started to implement a system of heraldry in the s, following closely the model of the Army's heraldry. The standards used until were based in the Army's heraldic regulations of When the Army changed its regulations in , the GNR kept the heraldry of the already existing bodies, but the heraldry of the newly created bodies started to follow the Army's new regulations.
Finally, in , the GNR implemented a new heraldic regulation for general application, which is based in the Army's regulation. The coat of arms of the GNR is field vert , an ancient sword or sustained by two fronted dragons or , military helmet argent , torse and mantling vert and or , a dragon of the shield wielding an ancient sword or as crest, the collar of the Order of the Tower and Sword and a scroll with the motto Pela Lei e pela Grei For the Law and for the People.
This coat of arms was granted in and replaced a non-heraldic design used since the s. Units and sub-units deployed outside of the national territory of Portugal have also the right to bear a coat of arms. The coats of arms of the above bodies follow exactly the model of the coat of arms of the GNR, being always represented with a heater style shield. The flags, the standards, the guidons and the pennants for sub-units follow the model of the Army's respective flags, standards for independent bodies, standards for battalions and pennants.
The pennants for vessels are triangular flags and include near the staff the heraldic symbol of the Coastal Control Unit, and near the fly the symbol of the vessel. The distinctive flags to be borne by general officers are the quadrature of the field of the coat of arms of the bodies they command, with a chief vert charged with a number of stars corresponding to the rank of the general.
The flags are to be borne by the bodies entitled to bear a coat of arms, the guidons by battalion-size units, and the pennants by company-size units and by vessels under the command of officers. In , particular coats of arms were also granted to the several units and commands of this body, following the same general standard. With the integration of the GF in the GNR as its Fiscal Brigade, the coat of arms of the previous body became the coat of arms of its successor. Besides the National Republican Guard and the former Fiscal Guard, other Portuguese security forces and services make use of military type heraldry, despite most of these having a civil nature.
In the same year, the PSP Command initiated a process of creation of coat of arms for the several units and commands of the body, with the support of Colonel Jorge Guerreiro, head of the Army's Heraldic Office. Guerreiro designed a specific PSP coronet, consisting of a ring topped by four stars of six points three visible with displayed falcons in their intervals, all in or. The achievements of arms of most of the units including of all territorial commands were then represented as a heater shield topped by the PSP coronet and a scroll with a motto under the shield.
However, the heraldic standardization was not universal as, besides the PSP's own coat of arms, the coats of arms created for a number of units did not follow the PSP heraldic standards.
Coat of arms of Portugal - Wikipedia
The coat of arms of the Internal Security Intelligence Service SIS is sable , an eagle head argent beaked or , a bordure or with eight castles sable , an ancient crown or , a scroll with the motto Principiis obstare To hold the front line. The coat of arms of the external intelligence service SIED is gules , an armillary sphere or , an helm argent , the crest an owl or and a scroll with the motto Adivinhar perigos, e evitallos To foresee dangers and avoid them. The achievements of arms of the three bodies are represented with round bottom shields. This is a shield azur with an armillary sphere or , helm argent , rose and mantling azur and or , the crest a flying swallow in its proper , a scroll with the motto Sub lege, libertas Under the law, freedom.
This criminal police body adopted a coat of arms in However, this had a disastrous design that completely ignores the rules of heraldry. The design of the coat of arms includes a round bottom shield with a dancetty field and charged with the logo of the ASAE, two crossed halberds over the shield, two griffons on top the shield, a scroll with the motto Pro Lege For the Law and the coat of arms of Portugal under the achievement, all involved by laurel wreaths.
Heraldry accompanied the Portuguese overseas expansion since the early 15th century, reaching Africa , Asia and America. The heyday of Portuguese heraldry coincided with the height of the Portuguese Empire in the 16th century. The Portuguese monarchs granted probably the first achievements of arms to be borne by sub-Saharan Africans : namely, coats of arms were granted to prince Bemoym of Jolof , to King Afonso I of Congo and to Emperor Mwenemutapa of Mutapa.
In the main cities and towns of the Portuguese Overseas, local municipal councils were established according to the model that already existed in European Portugal. As their European counterparts did, many of these municipal councils also adopted their own heraldic insignia. The Portuguese practice was the universal use of the royal coat of arms through all the Portuguese Empire and not to create particular coats of arms for the dominions, even to those to which the status of state was granted Portuguese India , and later Brazil.
Besides the coat of arms of Portugal, other national heraldic insignia were used, these being especially the cross of the Order of Christ and the armillary sphere. From the reign of Manuel I onward, this last device was so much used in the Overseas that it came to be considered as a kind of semi-official symbol of the Portuguese Empire.
The first official grant of coat of arms to a Portuguese overseas territory was made to Brazil in , when it was elevated to the status of a constituent kingdom of the then created United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. The coat of arms of the Kingdom of Brazil became field azure with an armillary sphere or. The armillary sphere often displayed over a cross of the Order of Christ had been already used as a badge of the Portuguese State of Brazil since the 17th century and, from , continued to be present in the coat of arms of the Empire of Brazil.
After the establishment of the republic in , the armillary sphere was altered and transformed in the celestial sphere of the present Brazilian national flag and coat of arms. After the independence of Brazil in , a Brazilian heraldry appeared, which continued the Portuguese tradition in most of its aspects.
File:Lesser coat of arms of Portuguese India.svg
Regarding family heraldry, as most of the noble families of Brazil descended from Portuguese lineages, in many cases they continued to bear their coats of arms. The Portuguese tradition of civic heraldry was also partially followed in Brazil. In the 20th century, the Portuguese municipal heraldry official standards established in served as the model for the municipal heraldry of Brazil. Many Brazilian municipalities created new coats of arms or adapted their old ones to such standards.
In the remaining parts of the Portuguese Empire, the official grant of civic coats of arms only started in the late 19th century, when a number of municipal achievements of arms were granted to several cities of the Overseas by the Portuguese Crown. These granted coats of arms joined municipal coats of arms that had been assumed earlier by other Overseas municipalities. In , the Portuguese Institute of Heraldry proposed a model of coats of arms to be borne by the Portuguese colonies.
Each coat of arms would have a field with the particular heraldic achievement of each colony and a common bordure or charged with four quinas alternating with four crosses of the Order of Christ. The shield was to be topped by a specific model of mural crown with five visible towers or , each tower charged with an armillary sphere gules and between each tower a shield argent charged with the cross of the Order of Christ.
Particular heraldic achievements for each colony were also designed to be inserted in the fields of the respective coats of arms. Although this model was never officially adopted, it was apparently in limited use by some colonies. Finally in , the Ministry of Colonies granted official coats of arms to all of the then Portuguese colonies. All these coats of arms followed the same model: a shield tierced in mantle, the I field argent with the five quinas of Portugal Portugal ancient , the II with the particular heraldic achievement of the colony and the III field wavy in vert and argent.
The shield was placed over an armillary sphere or , topped by a colonial mural crown of the same design as was proposed in and under it a scroll argent with the name of the colony. As a kind of lesser arms, the achievement was occasionally represented with only the shield topped with the crown. Some of the designs for the particular heraldic achievements proposed for the colonies in were also used in this model of coats of arms, being placed in the II division of the field of the shields.
The coats of arms had a small adjustment in , when the status of the overseas territories reverted from that of "colonies" to "overseas provinces", this being reflected in the inscriptions of the scrolls with the name of those territories. In the late s, the Portuguese Government started a policy of general granting of coats of arms to the municipalities of the Overseas, most of which - especially the newly created ones - did not yet have them. These new coats of arms followed the standards established for the heraldry of the municipalities of European Portugal.
Portugal flag meaning
However, as the municipalities of the Overseas were not under the authority of the Ministry of the Interior and its rules, instead being under the Ministry of the Overseas , some different approaches were made. Almeida Langhams, to design the new municipal coats of arms. Besides introducing its own style, Almeida Langhams ignored some of the restrictions imposed by the standards of municipal heraldry.
So some coats of arms were made with divisions of the field and, in others, a motto replaced the designation of the municipality in the scroll under the shield. Most of the rest of the standards were followed, including the use of the round bottom shield and the mural crowns with a number of towers identifying the rank of the municipal seat. The coats of arms granted to the capital cities of the several Overseas provinces included mural crowns of five visible towers or like the model until then only used by Lisbon as capital of the Nation.
The members of the Portuguese Catholic Church have made use of heraldry since it was first introduced in Portugal. Portuguese ecclesiastical heraldry follows the general standards established for the heraldry of the Roman Catholic Church. However, some national features stand out. One such feature is that the Patriarchate of Lisbon is the only Catholic see - besides the Holy See itself - that has the right to bear the Papal tiara in its achievement of arms. The coat of arms of the Patriarchate of Lisbon differs from that of the Holy See only in combining the tiara with a processional cross crossed with a pastoral staff , while the Holy See combines the crossed keys of Saint Peter.
The Patriarchs themselves have the right to bear the Papal tiara in their personal coat of arms; however this has fallen into disuse, with the latter holders of the office who, by tradition, are always made cardinals preferring the use of the red ecclesiastical hat galero of cardinal. Another feature is that the Portuguese bishops and archbishops often don't use the standard entirely green ecclesiastical hat, but use instead a Portuguese specific model that is black with the facing and tassels in green.
With fifteen tassels, the black and green galero may also be used in the coats of arms of the Primates of Braga and of the Patriarchs of Lisbon if they are not cardinals.
Ecclesiastical coats of arms are often represented in oval shields. However, the use of round-bottom "Portuguese shield" , heater and other shapes of shield is also common. In the past, most ecclesiastical coats of arms consisted of family coats of arms, often representing the lineages from which the holder descended. This reflected the noble origin of most of the high-ranking officials of the Portuguese Church. As there were few legal restrictions regarding the ecclesiastical coat of arms, many officials of the Church bore arms that they were not supposed to be entitled to bear, e.
There were also many cases of officials of the Church that adopted the family coat of arms corresponding to their surnames, although not even belonging to that lineage. These have become more common, as a growing number of non-noble persons ascended to the high ranks of the Church.
There were also coats of arms created through the marshaling of Arms of Faith with family arms. Since then the title has remained associated with the ecclesiastical office, with its holders being known as "bishops-counts". Because of their singular status as holders of both an ecclesiastical and a secular title, the bishops-counts of Coimbra used a coat of arms in which the shield was topped by a count's coronet, and that was topped by a bishop's ecclesiastical hat.
Following the ban on the use of noble titles by the members of the Catholic Church, the bishops of Coimbra dropped the use of the title and the use of the respective coronet in their coat of arms. Another peculiar mixed ecclesiastical and secular coat of arms was that of by the Cardinal-King Henry of Portugal. Being the youngest son of King Manuel I, Henry followed the ecclesiastical life, later becoming a cardinal. As a cardinal and King, Henry bore the Royal Arms of Portugal, with a cardinal hat over the royal crown. In the s, the heraldist J. Accordingly, with this model, the achievement of arms is composed of a round-bottom shield, a Marian crown and a scroll with the designation of the institution.
Corporate heraldry refers to the coats of arms of the several types of Portuguese corporations , including charitable organizations , labor organizations, educational institutions and others. Corporate heraldry achieved a high development in the scope of the corporative regime of the Estado Novo , in force from to Under the Estado Novo, the labor and economic activities of the Nation were to be framed by corporative bodies or corporations in a broad sense , including the trade unions , the guilds , the orders of independent professionals, the houses of the fishermen and the houses of people.
Under the leadership of the heraldist F. Almeida Langhans, the Office of Corporate Heraldry was established as the official heraldic authority for those bodies. Almeida Langhans created a specific model for the coats of arms of corporative bodies that consisted of an oval shield entirely encircled by a cartouche designed as a scroll bearing the designation of the body. The charges used in these coats of arms were often the tools used in the crafts that the body represented and the images of the patron Saints of those crafts.
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An unconventional type of charges, also often included in the field of the shields, were complete achievements of arms including its external elements , especially those of the municipalities where the corporative bodies were located. The model created for the coats of arms of the corporations in the narrow sense that represented the large branches of industry was different and consisted in a heater shield topped by an helmet, torse, mantling and crest.
Within the scope of corporate heraldry, Almeida Langhans was also responsible for the creation of a model of coat of arms for the corps of volunteer firefighters. This consisted in the Phoenix issuing from the flames and holding two crossed axes, charged with the municipal coat of arms of the city or town where the corps was located. This model of coat of arms is still today used by almost all the corps of volunteer firefighters of the country. The use of heraldic insignia was not traditional among Portuguese universities and other educational institutions.
As insignia, these usually preferred the use of variants of their seals, usually with allegoric and non-heraldic designs. However, since the s, a number of universities and polytechnic institutes have adopted coats of arms as their insignia. The law regulating the Portuguese municipal heraldry also defined a model for the corporate coat of arms to be borne by the legal persons of administrative public interest. These would be represented in a round-bottom shield, with a civic crown and a scroll with the name of the institution; however, this model of coat of arms was apparently never granted to any institution.
During the period of the Monarchy until , the heraldic authorities of the Kingdom were the officers of arms and the Nobility Register Office. The Portuguese Monarchs had officers of arms at their service since the 14th century or earlier. At that time, the granting of arms was not reserved to the Monarch. Several nobles not only assumed their own arms, but also granted arms to their vassals.
So besides the Monarchs, several princes and other members of the high nobility also had private officers of arms in their service. This ended in , when King Afonso V decreed that all grants of arms were to be made through the Portugal King of Arms. The heraldic ordinances of King Manuel I of , not only regulated the heraldry itself, but also strictly regulated the organization of the corporation of officers of arms of the Crown. The corporation was to be headed by a principal king of arms - whose role was to be fulfilled by the already existing Portugal King of Arms - and was to further include additional kings of arms, heralds and pursuivants.
The corporation of the officers of arms came so to include three kings of arms , three heralds and three pursuivants. The kings of arms were named after the three constituent states of the Portuguese Crown the Kingdom of Portugal, the Kingdom of Algarve and the State of India , the heralds after their respective capital cities and the pursuivants after a notable town of each of the states.
The High Armorer, besides his main role of maintaining the personal armor and weapons of the King, had the heraldic responsibility of keeping a roll of arms for the King's immediate consultation. From the late 17th century, associated with the beginning of a period of decadence of heraldry in Portugal, the role of the officers of arms became increasingly merely ceremonial.
The offices were often filled by persons with little heraldic knowledge, instead of the highly literate officers of arms in the past. From then until the end of the Monarchy, the responsibility for the heraldic authority function fell mainly on the Scrivener of the Nobility and his Nobility Register Office.