A culture of bribery, corruption, nepotism and politicisation of all government systems, including the police, universities, civil service and the legal system meant that the State was run virtually as a family business from to At the ethno-religious tier of the hierarchy, Buddhist-Sinhalese identity is given the first place in culture. People are different by birth, appearance, beliefs, politics, abilities, professions and wealth.
Despite this, all people have equal rights in the State and need to be treated as valuable citizens. In attempting to enhance the Sri Lankan identity, the legends and myths that are used to boost the ethno-religious identity are critically assessed. The first among the chapters that deal with Sri Lankan Christian issues introduces pre-history and history of the Sinhalese. Chapter 2 focusses on the different forms of colonial Christianity and how Catholicism survived through the efforts of St.
Joseph Vaz after the defeat of the Portuguese by the Dutch. This chapter also refers to Christians as a binding force between the Sinhalese and the Tamils. Chapter 4 describes the services in education, health and welfare that the Christian institutions in Sri Lanka provide and the difficulties they underwent, following the nationalisation of schools. Chapter 5 describes some of the popular spiritualities adopted by Sri Lankans from a diversity of global Christian spiritualities. The first chapter that deals with universal issues of Christianity is Chapter 6, which outlines the teachings of Jesus Christ and the historical problems of the Church.
Chapter 7 explores the existence of God. Current theories on ethics and the failure of consequential ethics from the ethics of governance and ethics of the ethnic conflict in Sri Lanka are examined Chapter 8. The following two chapters Chapters 9 and 10 focus on Buddhist-Sinhalese nationalism, its impacts on minorities and propaganda activities against Christians, including anti-Christian literature. Chapter 11 considers Christians in Asia as a minority, who live in pluralistic societies, dominated by Buddhists, Hindus or Muslims, and reviews issues of these religions.
Chapters 12 and 13 discuss the impacts of modern philosophies of Marxism, materialism and science on religion. Chapter 14 recognises the value and meaning of prayer for inner peace and tranquility, found in all oriental religions, as well as in Christianity. The final chapter Chapter 15 espouses some ideas in moving Christianity forward in Sri Lanka. Despite its title, it is more than a religious text, and perhaps it is not even a religious text.
It uses religion as the catalyst to examine the complex and intimate relationship among the different religions and how they fit within the social, political and historical context of Sri Lanka, for which reason the publisher has classified it as a reference book on anthropology of Sri Lanka. Colombo Telegraph.
In recent years the History of Sri Lanka has become an important subject, not only because it is in school curriculum, but also because it has been used to shape politics and justify the ethno-religious basis for State policies. Sri Lankan history has been rewritten, amplifying Portuguese atrocities, making authoritative claims on myths and mere conjectures and overlooking historical facts and archaeological discoveries.
Some Buddhist monks and nationalists are preaching an exclusive Buddhist-Sinhalese history that ends in intimidation, verbal abuse and violence against minorities. The History of Christianity in Sri Lanka can be divided into 3 eras;. During the pre-colonial era, two groups of Christians, St. Thomas the Apostle of Jesus preached to Brahamins on a hill at Ginthupitiya in the island of Taprobane.
His wife, the sister of Mogalan and Kashyapa was also a Christian. When the Anurhadapura cross was discovered in , the Archaeological Commissioner R. Later W. Cordrington confirmed that Anuradhapura cross was indeed the cross of St. Thomas Christians found in Mylapore, Chennai and not a Portuguese or Nestorian cross as previously thought. Muhammad Al-Idrisi, the Sicilian cartographer, who visited Sri Lanka between and , found four of the16 advisors of the king were Christians.
Jordanus Catalha arrived in Sri Lanka in and Fr. Portuguese were involved in trade for the next 13 years. In the three sons of Vijayabahu VI killed him, divided the kingdom to three and ruled from Kotte, Sitawake and Raigma. In King Buvanekabahu sent a delegation to Portugal with a silver effigy of Prince Dharamapala, his grandson to be crowned by the king of Portugal and Franciscan missionaries were welcomed in Kotte. When Don Juan Dharmapala died in without an heir, he bequeathed his kingdom to the king of Portugal, the greatest betrayal of the country.
The invitation of the Portuguese for assistance turned into a Portuguese invasion, as Portuguese claimed the right to the kingdom. Yamasinghe became Don Phillip and went to Goa. Rajasinghe had embraced Hinduism after killing Mayadunne and monks have rebuked him that he will be punished in his next births. The Hindu priest Arittakeevendu Perumal had offered an alternative through animal sacrifices. He was baptized as Dom John of Austria and trained in Goa. Shortly, Yamasinghe was poisoned by Konappu Bandara.
When the Portuguese proclaimed his year son, Dom Joao as king, Konappu Bandara overthrew him and chased away the Portuguese from Kandy. In , Portuguese brought the year old Dona Catarina to Kandy, hoping to make her the queen of Kandy. Dom Joao, the son of king Yamasinghe joined the Portuguese, studied at the University of Coimbra, Portugal and was ordained a Catholic priest. The King of Portugal looked after him well, with a royal grant. Prince Nikapitiye Bandara of Sitawaka also studied at the University of Coimbra, but died before his ordination.
Vimaladharmasuriy I instituted the Temple of the Tooth. As they were familiar with Catholic environment, they had their children educated by Franciscan priests. Before her death in , at the age of 35 she called Marcellus Boschouwer, the Dutch Envoy and Kuruwita Rala and handed over the children to their care.
She was given a Royal Catholic funeral. The perpetually burning lamp and the Mausoleum built by Kuruvita Rala and the 7 acres archaeological site set aside by H. Bell, the Archaeological commissioner in Rock Hill Estate have disappeared. Fishermen of Mannar had invited St.
Francis Xavier from Goa to preach and baptize them in Church law forbids forced conversion to Catholicism, then as it is now. The spiritual values that the missionaries preached, their example, preference for life-style and some fringe benefits may have contributed to their conversions. The destruction of temples by the Portuguese needs to be assessed in the context of thinking of people paradigm about years ago, when idolatry was considered to be an evil and when there was no international Human Rights Law or International Humanitarian Law. The recent ethnic war in Sri Lanka killed more than , and fully destroyed 93 churches and affected Hindu temples and shrines.
Sri Lankan kings made the mistake of fighting among the brothers for power rather than co-operating, invited a foreign military force and bequeathed Sri Lanka to a foreign country. Vimaladharmasuriya I invited the Dutch to evict the Portuguese. Admiral Joris van Spilbergen landed in Batticaloa in and by Admiral Rykloff van Goens captured Jaffna, evicting the Portuguese from the entire island.
The Dutch banned Catholicism, expelled all Catholic priests and took over Catholic churches and schools. After 30 years in an Indian priest, Fr. Joseph Vaz came to Mannar, disguised as a coolie. In Dom Pedro, a layman had secretly arranged Christmas masses to be celebrated in Jaffna houses by Fr. Vaz, when the Dutch apprehended the Catholics gathered for the mass.
Joseph Vaz escaped to Puttalam and then to Kandy. He was imprisoned by king Vimaladharmasuriya II, but later he was released. When an outbreak of smallpox occurred and people fled, Fr. Vaz and Fr. Carvalho cared for the sick and buried the dead, without contracting the disease. Vaz was allowed to build a church in Kandy, but his church was destroyed in after his death in Another scholarly priest to arrive from India was Fr. Jacome Gonsalves, who learnt Sinhala from the Buddhist monks of Malwatte.
He excelled in poetry and music, and wrote 22 books in Sinhala, 14 in Tamil, 4 in Portugues and 1 in Dutch. When king Kirti Sri Rajasinghe went to war with the Dutch in , they brought mercenaries from Europe that included Catholics. Get to Know Us. Amazon Payment Products. English Choose a language for shopping. Amazon Music Stream millions of songs. Amazon Advertising Find, attract, and engage customers. Amazon Drive Cloud storage from Amazon. Alexa Actionable Analytics for the Web.
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Amazon Inspire Digital Educational Resources. Amazon Rapids Fun stories for kids on the go. ComiXology Thousands of Digital Comics. DPReview Digital Photography. East Dane Designer Men's Fashion. Shopbop Designer Fashion Brands. Strict selection and quality control mechanisms for partners through regular and ad-hoc assessment;. Ex-ante controls on the selection of projects and before the contract's signature;. Through the cumulative effects of these controls, the Commission is in a position to provide detailed information on the final destination of aid, as made available, in a comprehensive set of regular reports.
Does it have any information on the fluctuation of the phenomenon of violence against women in the Member States? Does any research exist demonstrating a correlation between an escalation of this phenomenon of violence and the impact of the socioeconomic crisis? As we know, a plethora of actions financed by the European Structural Funds has already been implemented or is currently being implemented with the twofold aim of reducing and addressing violence against women and supporting women who have been abused.
How does it evaluate the results obtained to date? There are no official and comparable data available at EU-level on violence against women, mainly because: victims rarely report violence; when reported, complaints are not systematically recorded and registered by all relevant national services; classification of crimes and collection methods differ greatly between EU Member States. It is therefore difficult to measure violence and to analyse its fluctuations over time.
To improve knowledge of the prevalence of this phenomenon the Commission is exploring possibilities to exploit current Eurostat surveys and is actively participating in the work of the European Institute for Gender Equality. In Greece, the European Social Fund ESF co-finances projects providing assistance to the most vulnerable groups, including women who have been abused.
These projects are ongoing and no evaluation has been conducted yet. Projects co-financed by Structural Funds are not monitored on a sub-group basis, so no specific take-up rates are available. With the introduction of a new single property tax in Greece, plans exist to introduce a sliding scale tariff for all farmland, including small areas of uncultivated or fallow land not included in any urban or residential development plans and from which owners derive no financial or other rewards. What view does the Commission take of the classification of all land as a taxable asset?
Does it have information regarding similar or corresponding all-encompassing land tax arrangements? If so, what are the implications thereof in terms of upkeep? Once plastic waste enters the oceans it can stay there for years and is carried all over the world, meaning that plastic waste from Europe can cause severe environmental damage thousands of miles away in places where we are not even aware of it.
Can the Commission state when the results of the consultation on the Green Paper on Plastic Waste will be published? Does the Commission plan to come forward with legislation which will address both the quantity of plastic waste produced and the ecological, environmental and health problems caused by plastic waste across the globe? The Commission is preparing a review of waste legislation for spring Would the Commission agree that small and medium-sized enterprises SMEs are a vital part of the European economy?
If so, can the Commission confirm if any targets exist for SMEs bidding for Commission work and what any such targets are? Do any opportunities exist for SMEs with specialist knowledge to access Commission contracts and how are such opportunities made available to SMEs? It aims to create conditions of fair and open competition for all economic operators. Public procurement is based on transparency and equal treatment, so no specific targets are set for SME bidding.
Yet, the rules strive to ensure fair conditions of access for SMEs. SMEs can participate individually or as part of a consortium or as a subcontractor, based on their specialised skills and knowledge. A CEI can be used either to pre-select candidates to be invited to submit tenders in response to future restricted procedures, or to collect a list of vendors to be invited to submit requests to participate or tenders in response to future procurement procedures.
A CEI shall be published in the Official Journal or wherever it is necessary to provide publicity among potential candidates, i. In , an enterobacterium known as Escherichia coli wreaked havoc in Germany, resulting in 14 deaths.
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That same year, three more deaths in Paris were attributed to a particularly virulent strain of Klebsiella pneumoniae. However, it is impossible to establish a direct link between their deaths and this bacterium, as most of the patients were vulnerable and had several concomitant diseases. Forty people have been infected and three infected patients have died. Here too, no direct causal link has been established by the medical community. The Commission is aware of the outbreaks mentioned by the Honourable Member and does not have information to establish a causal link between the infections and the fatal cases.
Additional investigations carried out locally by the French health authority are necessary to demonstrate such a link. These include developing guidance on infection prevention and control including the importance of hand washing and of hygienic procedures in high risks departments; strengthening surveillance of healthcare associated infections, including monitoring the spread of the most dangerous bacteria and training healthcare workers to minimise the risk of spreading the bacteria through medical and paramedical procedures.
It also includes giving appropriate information to patients for example on how to avoid behaviour that increases the risk to acquire and spread infections. Concerning EU legislation case definitions for healthcare associated infections and antimicrobial resistance have been adopted in , providing for an EU approach to identify, monitor and respond to multiresistant bacteria in healthcare facilities.
Concerning prevention beyond hospitals, the same approaches apply to other community institutions, such as nursing homes. Oggetto: Aggiornamento sull'utilizzo del Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale in Romania ai sensi dell'articolo 7, paragrafo 2, del regolamento CE n. Oggetto: Aggiornamento sull'utilizzo del Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale in Ungheria ai sensi dell'articolo 7, paragrafo 2, del regolamento CE n. Oggetto: Aggiornamento sull'utilizzo del Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale in Bulgaria ai sensi dell'articolo 7, paragrafo 2, del regolamento CE n.
Oggetto: Aggiornamento sull'utilizzo del Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale in Polonia ai sensi dell'articolo 7, paragrafo 2, del regolamento CE n. Oggetto: Aggiornamento sull'utilizzo del Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale a favore di Rom e Sinti. In quale misura i finanziamenti del FESR sono stati impiegati in Italia allo scopo di promuovere misure orientate all'inclusione sociale di Rom e Sinti dal a oggi? Risposta congiunta di Johannes Hahn a nome della Commissione. Non sono disponibili dati disaggregati per componenti etniche sugli stanziamenti del Fondo europeo di sviluppo regionale FESR.
Per quanto concerne la spesa del FESR per la crescita inclusiva nel suo complesso, gli Stati membri hanno stanziato per il periodo un totale di 17,8 miliardi di euro in investimenti per l'istruzione, la salute, l'alloggiamento, i servizi all'infanzia e l'infrastruttura sociale. Si allega una sintesi delle azioni previste nei progetti pilota di alloggi per i Rom.
What are the estimates for ERDF spending on such measures in and ? These principles do allow for explicit targeting, but this should not be exclusive in nature i. It is however by definition impossible to quantify the proportion of these amounts from which Roma benefit, either directly or indirectly, given that this is largely general mainstream, rather than targeted, expenditure.
Under the rules of shared management of cohesion policy, implementation is carried out by the Member States. The Commission would therefore suggest that the Honourable Member contact directly the competent managing authorities in Member States concerning the implementation of specific projects funded by ERDF. Oggetto: Aggiornamento su violenze, persecuzioni e discriminazioni anticristiane in Vietnam.
Sembrerebbe tuttavia inevitabile che il numero complessivo di canali di trasmissione disponibili da utilizzare in Italia sia destinato a diminuire rispetto a pochi anni fa o quantomeno a operare a livelli di potenza che non creino interferenze transfrontaliere. What view it takes of the decisions made by the Italian authorities when allocating radio frequencies? The Commission understands that Italian transmitters have earlier used TV channels that were allotted by that treaty to neighbouring countries, creating interference with the transmitters operating in those countries. The Commission supports these efforts and appreciates the willingness of all involved parties to acheive a fruitful outcome.
It would, however, seem inevitable that the total number of transmitting channels available for use in Italy would decrease in comparison with the situation a few years ago as a consequence, or at least have to operate at power levels that do not create cross-border interference. The introduction, by Italy, of Single Frequency Networks should at least partly alleviate this effect. The Commission in parallel continues to monitor the compliance of national radio spectrum allocations and assignment with EU rules. Oggetto: Aggiornamento sull'utilizzo del Fondo sociale europeo a favore di rom e sinti.
Per tale motivo gli Stati membri non presentano relazioni sui finanziamenti dell'FSE a favore dei Rom ed alcuni vietano addirittura la registrazione dell'origine etnica delle persone. Inoltre, il finanziamento di misure destinate alle persone svantaggiate in generale, di cui i Rom fanno parte, andrebbe a sua volta preso in conto anche se i beneficiari comprendono anche i non Rom.
In addition, the funding of measures benefiting disadvantaged people in general, of whom Roma are one target group, should be taken into account, though the beneficiaries include non-Roma, too. Tiere in der Ukraine. Die Bundesregierung argumentiert u. Die Weltbankgruppe wird von ihren Mitgliedern geleitet, deren Finanzminister im Gouverneursrat vertreten sind. Die Kommission kann keine verbindlichen Mindestnormen vorschlagen. Two of these projects served to expand the capacity of Avangardco, which claims to be the largest egg producer in Europe, through the construction of two egg production factories for three and five million animals, respectively, in Ukraine.
A few exceptions exist at present such as welfare standards at slaughter that are based on the international guidelines adopted by the World Organisation for Animal Health. The Commission constantly promotes the acceptance of animal welfare standards with its trading partners and in multilateral organisations. It is not within the competence of the Commission to propose binding minimum standards. The situation is similar with regard to the OECD, i.
Oggetto: Raggiri fiscali delle multinazionali USA. Nell'aprile ha istituito la piattaforma sulla buona governance fiscale C per assicurare il seguito attuativo di queste raccomandazioni. L'UE sostiene con forza il progetto e tanto la Commissione quanto gli Stati membri partecipano attivamente al suo sviluppo e alle sue realizzazioni. Is the Commission aware that US multinationals have been engaging in tax dodging in Europe? How does it intend to respond? Does it know which other countries are involved in triangulation arrangements used to avoid tax? The Commission is aware of the issue of international corporate tax avoidance, which takes a multitude of forms.
The EU strongly supports the project and both the Commission and Member States are actively involved in its development and delivery. The problem cannot be solved by singling out and addressing individual countries. Businesses will easily find alternatives. Oggetto: Costi di fabbricazione dell'euro. Negli ultimi giorni, in Italia, diversi organi di stampa hanno riportato notizie circa il costo del conio delle monete. La maggior parte degli Stati membri sostiene costi di acquisizione superiori fino a quattro volte al valore facciale delle monete stesse.
La Commissione non dispone di indicazioni circa il prezzo di acquisizione delle monete da 5 cent. Various Italian media outlets have recently carried reports on the cost of minting euro coins. Those reports indicate that it costs more than four cents to mint a one-cent coin and more than five cents to mint a two-cent coin — i.
Most Member States are confronted with acquisition costs exceeding up to four times the face value of these denominations. The Commission has no indications on the acquistion price of 5 euro cent coins. For the acquisition prices in Italy, the Honourable Member may ask the Italian authorities. The slate industry in Wales employs people in its four operations, with approximately a further personnel employed in sectors which rely directly on the slate industry.
Slate was excluded from this levy. Since the Commission could not exclude that some of the exemptions, including that for slate, constituted aid on the basis of the information available, and as their compatibility with state aid rules had not yet been demonstrated, the Commission had to open a formal investigation procedure to examine them more in detail.
The formal investigation procedure gives the slate industry the possibility to comment on the opening decision and to provide any information it deems liable to demonstrate that the exemption for slate does not constitute aid or is compatible aid. Opening the formal investigation procedure does not prejudge the outcome of the investigation.
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At the end of the investigation, the Commission can conclude that the exemption does not constitute aid, is compatible aid or is not compatible with state aid rules. If at the end of the investigation the Commission has to conclude that the exemption for slate constitutes aid and is incompatible with the internal market, the aid has to be re-paid as from the date it was granted, provided this recovery is not contrary to a common principle of European law.
Em caso afirmativo, onde, quando e de que forma foi o mesmo divulgado? The report is also quoted as stating that the Portuguese authorities are to forward to Eurostat a copy of the document detailing possible penalties against Madeira drawn up by the National Statistics Council, but that no such information has as yet been received and that this requirement has therefore not yet been complied with. During the abovementioned visit, the Portuguese statistical authorities informed Eurostat on the follow-up of the previous statistical misreporting case in the Autonomous Region of Madeira discussed in a visit by Eurostat to Portugal in , including the investigation launched at national level by the Public Prosecutor, the discussions held in the Statistical Council and the national statistical law, where sanctions are foreseen.
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Em caso afirmativo, como e quando? The news report quotes wording allegedly taken from the report, according to which Eurostat felt that this was a case of deliberate misreporting on the part of a Portuguese government body and, in the report drawn up by the team of experts that visited Lisbon, it noted that this oversight was serious and warranted severe sanctions.
The team of experts are included in the published report. Can the Commission explain why it is funding a new training facility for European police officers while it is proposing to merge the European Police College and Europol because of budget cuts? The Commission awarded a grant for a two-year project, arising from the open call for proposals under the Prevention of and Fight Against crime ISEC programme, and based on a proposal submitted by the University of Strasbourg with the anti-fraud office of Catalonia Spain and the Commission for establishing of property acquired from criminality Bulgaria together with associated partners.
The funding is not for a new training facility, as suggested in the question, but for a specific action — a training course with a research component — of limited duration. It is designed to achieve not only cost savings, but also and more importantly, functional synergies in accordance with the Common Approach on decentralised agencies.
Objet: Consultations publiques de la Commission. Can the Commission say to what extent it takes account of the results of its public consultations? The online consultation carried out in early elicited answers from a very large number of European citizens. A large proportion of respondents to this consultation declared their membership of associations related to firearms use. The Commission took the results of the public consultation into account, along with other relevant information.
Can the Commission specify what proportion of its telecommunications equipment is manufactured in the United States? The Commission's corporate telecommunications infrastructure consists of equipment from a large number of manufacturers. In almost all cases, undertakings are not the Commission's contractors. This is because, in the context of procurement procedures, a tenderer or candidate is perfectly entitled to offer products manufactured by another company, which may itself be based in a different country.
Subiect: Riscuri ale pilulelor contraceptive. A year-old woman from Arad in Romania died last month from a pulmonary embolism caused by the contraceptive pills she was taking. Shortly after the post mortem report was compiled, the National Agency for the Safety of Medicine and Health Products reported this case to the European Pharmacovigilance Committee.
Unfortunately, this is not a one-off incident, as news agencies around the world regularly publish such tragic stories. There is also a six times higher incidence of cancers among women who have taken the pill compared to those who have never taken the pill. The well-known risk of venous thromboembolism can potentially cause a pulmonary embolism is small and varies depending on the type of progestogen the product contains. The risk of arterial thromboembolism can potentially cause a stroke or heart attack is very low and there is no evidence for a difference in the level of risk depending on the type of progestogen.
The review has reinforced the importance of ensuring that clear and up-to-date information is provided to women who use CHCs and to the healthcare professionals giving advice and clinical care. The product information of these medicines will be updated to help women make informed decisions about their choice of contraception together with their healthcare professional. What percentage of the allocated funding was spent by these organisations on the promotion of abortion or the provision of abortion services?
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A detailed project description is always part of the contractual terms between the Commission and beneficiary organisation for each project funded under the Development Cooperation Instrument. Programme implementation is also closely monitored in respect for the agreed contractual terms. EU funded projects with these organisations neither include promotion of abortion nor abortion services. The Commission has a variety of instruments available including those relevant for providing support to the civil society organisations. De plannen van de Vlaamse overheid om de concessie rechtstreeks, zonder aanbesteding, door te schuiven van de BAM Beheersmaatschappij Antwerpen Mobiel , die verantwoordelijk is voor de financiering en implementatie van het Masterplan project, naar TLH een dochter van BAM , is volgens de Commissie niet in strijd met de Europese regels rond overheidsopdrachten.
Die verschuiving werd in opgezet om het Oosterweeldossier uit de Vlaamse begroting te houden. TLH wordt daarbij beschouwd als een autonoom overheidsbedrijf en wordt niet gekoppeld aan het Vlaams Gewest, waardoor de begroting van TLH niet opgenomen wordt in de Vlaamse begroting. Zoja, wat is het resultaat en is dit beschikbaar? Op welke rechtsgrondslag wordt de TLH niet opgenomen in de Vlaamse begroting? Gaat de Commissie daarmee akkoord? Welke motivatie en omkadering heeft de Vlaamse regering gegeven om die overdracht te motiveren?
Het feit dat de concessiehouder buiten de overheidssector wordt geclassificeerd, brengt echter niet automatisch met zich mee dat de financiering van het project volledig buiten de overheidsbegroting wordt geboekt. Zo bepaalt het ESRhandboek overheidstekort en overheidsschuld dat indien de overheid de meeste risico's in verband met het project draagt, de gebouwde infrastructuur moet worden opgenomen in de overheidsbegroting. According to the Commission, the plans of the Flemish authorities to pass the concession on directly, without a procurement procedure, from BAM Beheersmaatschappij Antwerpen Mobiel , which is responsible for the financing and implementation of the Masterplan project, to TLH a subsidiary of BAM do not breach European public procurement law.
However, the fact that the concessionaire is classified outside the general government sector does not automatically entail that the funding of the project is fully recorded off the government budget. For example, following the ESA95 Manual on Government Deficit and Debt, if the government is bearing most of the risks associated with the project, the infrastructure built should be recorded in the government budget. A The connected continent package bears great significance for Europe. Through this legislation a greater part of society can enjoy the advantages of Internet and mobile communication.
The proposal contains complex measures which would affect the entire market structure. Such important changes can only be implemented via a package based on thorough analysis and wide consensus. Have impact assessments been carried out on the potential effects of this package on smaller Member States, specifically on their markets, SME sectors and budgets? The package will introduce a new roaming concept just after the adoption of the Roaming III regulation.
Could the continuous modification of roaming rules cause market obscurity, given that operators are unsure of the regulation to which they must adhere? The proposal aims to achieve the right balance between the need to ensure regulatory consistency and the respect of national competences in accordance with the subsidiarity principle. It envisages mechanisms that facilitate day to day coordination of regulatory measures, rather than shifting decision-making competences. In line with the current regulatory framework, national regulators will continue to have a key role in monitoring and regulating markets in their territory.
Equally, in the area of spectrum the Commission is not seeking a transfer of responsibilities from the national to the European level, but the coordination of use of radio spectrum ensuring a synchronised approach and the application of consistent conditions across Europe. The proposal is based on an extensive impact assessment that considered the interests of smaller Member States and also the impact on SMEs. In particular, the impact assessment concludes that improved connectivity would enable growth possibilities across all economic sectors enabling the use of applications such as e-Commerce, cloud computing and organisational innovation, driving productivity gains especially for SMEs.
As regards roaming, the proposal builds on the Roaming Regulation and proposes a solution to end high roaming charges by reinforcing competitive market conditions. The Commission considers that it is important to incentivise operators to find agreements which allow them to reduce wholesale roaming costs and thus enable them to provide roaming services at the level of domestic prices roam-like-at-home starting in Building on the Roaming Regulation the proposal gives interested mobile operators a roadmap to fix roaming surcharges before the review.
The European steel industry is the second largest steel producer in the world and is of strategic importance for several other major European industries. However, the global competitiveness of the European steel industry is at risk due to low demand, high operational costs and unfair international trade restrictions. How does the Commission intend to fight illegal activities, including VAT evasion?
What best practices are in place to fight VAT evasion in the steel production market? The organisation and the management of tax systems is primarily the responsibility of Member States. This means that the assessment, collection, auditing and the recovery of VAT fall under the responsibility of Member States. In order to assist the Member States in their efforts to fight fraud more efficiently, the Commission provides the legal framework that allows Member States to cooperate in this field as well as offering them tools to fight cases of cross-border fraud.
These tools comprise exchanges of information, carrying out multilateral controls and the presence of tax officials in enquiries in other Member States. Ritiene la Commissione che l'iniziativa di questa associazione sia compatibile con la sua iscrizione nel registro dei portatori di interessi? However tongue in cheek it may be, the statement is clearly intended to show animal rights activism in a particular light. Hitler, whose crimes against humanity are symbolised by the image of Auschwitz concentration camp, is the ultimate expression of this twisted logic.
The aim of quality checks is to limit, as far as possible, the existence of flagrant errors, mistakes, inconsistencies or other abuses found in the Transparency Register content. It is recalled that the information provided is, and should remain, the responsibility of the registrant, who remains liable for any violation of the code of conduct.
Therefore the quality checks do not have the effect of formally clearing the declaration or constituting a validation process. Directiva privind publicitatea pentru produsele din tutun interzice publicitatea pentru acestea. The tobacconist pointed out a loophole in the legislation concerning the advertising of electronic cigarettes. The directive on the manufacture, presentation and sale of tobacco and related products bans the advertising and sale of electronic cigarettes to minors, but does not make reference to how advertising directed at adults should be handled.
Given that electronic cigarettes contain nicotine, will the Tobacco Advertising Directive be updated to include specifications on electronic cigarettes? Oggetto: Turismo del welfare in Gran Bretagna. Applicare alle persone che si spostano in un altro Stato membro le disposizioni del loro paese d'origine sarebbe contrario all' acquis dell'UE e sarebbe impraticabile sul piano amministrativo. La maggior parte dei cittadini dell'UE che si spostano in un altro Stato membro lo fanno per lavoro. Il corpus della legislazione dell'UE contiene inoltre rigorose disposizioni di salvaguardia contro la frode oltre ad assicurare che gli obblighi in forza della normativa unionale siano rispettati e che sui sistemi di assistenza sociale degli Stati membri ospitanti non ricada un onere irragionevole.
Ulteriori particolari su tali salvaguardie sono contenute nella comunicazione di cui sopra. UK job centres have reported that they have already been flooded with inquiries from Bulgarian and Romanian nationals wanting to know how to access the benefits to which residents are entitled. Furthermore, freedom of movement for EU citizens is one of the four fundamental freedoms that constitute the cornerstones of the Single Market. Nevertheless, the principle of equal treatment is subject to limitations and conditions set out in the Treaty and in secondary legislation.
The Commission has not received any information from the UK authorities on the specific situation described by the Honourable Member, and it is not therefore in a position to investigate it. Most EU citizens moving to another Member State do so to work. Further details of such safeguards are set out in the communication referred to above. Oggetto: Mutilazioni genitali femminili e immigrazione. Nonostante l'approvazione della risoluzione votata dall'Assemblea generali della Nazioni Unite circa un anno fa che ha messo al bando universalmente le mutilazioni genitali femminili Mgf , per milioni di ragazze in tutto il mondo ancora incombe la minaccia delle mutilazioni dei loro genitali.
Quali azioni intende intraprendere la Commissione per l'intensificazione e il coordinamento degli impegni politici, legali e finanziari per far cessare concretamente le mutilazioni genitali femminili a livello globale? Quali azioni intende intraprendere, a livello europeo, la Commissione a tale riguardo? Come osserva l'onorevole deputato, ogni anno milioni di donne e ragazze in tutto il mondo, anche nell'UE, sono sottoposte a mutilazioni genitali, in violazione dei loro diritti umani. Despite the UN General Assembly resolution banning female genital mutilation FGM , passed a year ago, millions of girls around the world still live with the threat of having their genitals mutilated.
What action does the Commission intend to take to step up and coordinate political, legal and financial commitments to help put a real stop to female genital mutilation around the world? Can the Commission provide any recent information and up-to-date statistics and can it say which Member States are affected by the practice of FGM?
However, these national figures are not necessarily comparable. The communication has a strong focus on prevention and includes both internal and external actions. This communication defines a list of measures that the Commission will take to push forward the elimination of FGM. Dalla rivolta di Gezi Park, i giornalisti stranieri non sono visti di buon occhio in Turchia. Since the Gezi Park revolt, foreign journalists have been viewed with suspicion in Turkey.
Now, a journalist has been threatened with expulsion from Turkey. He will not be welcome in the country and will not be allowed to stay there or to return in future. The reasons are unclear, however, as the Turkish authorities refuse to explain either to his employer or to the Dutch Foreign Ministry what grounds they have for such harsh treatment. Does the Commission agree that freedom of speech and freedom of the press have been violated yet again in Turkey and that this attitude is plainly at odds with the values of the European Union, which Turkey has been trying to join in vain for many years?
The Commission is aware of the case referred to by the Honourable Member. It has been informed by the Turkish authorities that the issue has been resolved and that the journalist is now free to travel to, and work in, Turkey. In their daily lives, people are exposed to a whole range of chemicals. In many cases, there is currently insufficient knowledge to assess the hazard presented by a given substance, for example how human health is affected in the long term. Work on chemicals legislation needs to be deepened and broadened in Europe.
The revision of REACH, and the future criteria for hormone disrupters, are very important steps in this context, but by no means sufficient. The UN panel on climate change IPCC has played a big role in collating and presenting scientific material on which to base political decisions at all levels, including in particular global level.
As the issue of chemicals is equally complex and global and will perhaps have a comparable impact on our future, it would be desirable for the UN to set up a similar panel for chemicals. The Commission supports international cooperation on chemicals management to improve the protection of human health and the environment. There are already a number of legally binding international agreements, as well as non-binding instruments in place, which are actively supported by the Commission and which establish scientific material that is made available to all countries in order to support national management of certain chemicals.
The Commission together with the Member States and other countries is currently considering options for a future chemicals policy in the context of a consultative process on chemicals management launched by UNEP. In view of the above, the Commission considers better use of existing instruments to be more important than the creation of new ones. One important issue in preparing the new Patient Mobility Directive has been to ensure that patients are exempted from having to pay in advance themselves for planned healthcare in another Member State.
This is important because healthcare should be provided to all on an equal footing, and many patients are not able to take out loans or otherwise finance their healthcare abroad, even if they can expect to receive reimbursement later from their own Member State. How many EU Member States have introduced systems exempting patients from having to pay in advance themselves for healthcare in another Member State? In drawing up the Patient Mobility Directive, systems were discussed whereby, for example, patients could apply in advance for a voucher which they would show the healthcare provider.
The provider would then invoice the Member State directly and not the patient on the basis of this voucher. At the time of writing the Commission has received notification of transposition measures from thirteen Member States. These measures are currently being translated and assessed. The practical procedures that apply when a Member State receives a European arrest warrant EAW and the authority that carries out the arrest pursuant to the EAW, will be determined by national law.
On the basis of Eurostat Balance of Payments statistics, the United Kingdom trade goods and services balance with other EU members can be estimated as follows:. The Commission does not have information of the nature requested by the Honourable Member. Indeed, the Commission is not aware that such precise information is available even at Member State level although there may well be academic research which does look at this question.
As a result of this, all Member States of the European Union benefit from the same trade regime on third markets. Therefore, trade restrictions faced by the UK in overseas markets are usually the same as those faced by other Member States. One of the main objectives of the EU's common commercial policy is to remove trade barriers and trade restrictions in third country markets, to the benefit of all Member States. Apparently the presence of dioxin has also been confirmed. The Commission is not aware about the situation presented by the Honourable Members concerning Bussi sul Tirino.
To such actions, however, the polluter-pays principle applies which implies that the funds will not intervene whenever the contamination can be traced to a polluter. Detailed provisions on the possibility for support by the funds to such projects will be the subject of negotiations between the Commission, Italy and individual regions on the partnership agreement and operational programmes and will be laid down in these programming documents.
All the objectives mentioned can only be met by applying a specific strategy for the Carpathian region, as they cannot be achieved through the Danube Strategy. Given the very large geographic overlaps that would exist with the Danube Strategy, that Strategy's geographic flexibility and its coverage of Carpathian challenges, the Commission does not see the rationale for a Carpathian Strategy.
EUR-Lex Access to European Union law
The strategy includes almost entirely the countries covered by the Carpathian mountain chain, and has adapted a functional geographic approach, staying open on a case by case basis for other partners, such as Poland. The Carpathian Convention is an important partner in implementing the action plan.
The Commission also encourages cooperation among Carpathian countries using European Territorial Cooperation programmes and urges the Carpathian countries to make use of the existing EU Strategy for the Danube Region, which already provides a framework for cooperation.
In the countries covered by the Carpathian mountain chain, EU involvement is already guaranteed by the numerous activities in the Danube Strategy. The ministers agreed to come back to the issue later in the year. In this respect, on the basis of a proposal to be made by the Commission in early autumn based on the most up-to-date estimates of payment appropriations, the Council commits to make a decision, without delay, on a further draft amending budget to avoid any shortfall in justified payment appropriations.
A negative EFF balance for Sweden, for instance, is the result of such changes in status. Member States' payment forecasts cannot directly be compared to the actual payments that have taken place thus far in the year because the latter includes the significant amount of payment claims received before the end of last year and had to be charged on the appropriations available in the budget. According to the President of the Commission, should be a year for getting things done and for decisive action.
In its Work Programme for , the Commission identifies the implementation of proposals to boost growth, the completion of banking union and the single market of the Digital Agenda, as well as the use of funds under the future Multiannual Financial Framework to combat youth unemployment, as priorities.
Om: Tvangstilslutning til antenneforeninger. I et svar af Den danske regering har nu vedtaget et lovforslag, som pr. These are households where the property is rented and where landlords force the tenants, via the rental contract, to buy a particular TV product from a particular TV service provider.
Thus, the provisions of the Danish Rent Restriction Act, which allow landlords to impose particular TV products on tenants, have the same effect of restricting competition on the TV market as the soon to be abolished compulsory affiliation to cable distribution networks. The Danish Government will shortly take a decision as to whether the Rent Restriction Act is to be repealed in order to put an end to mandatory collective agreements.
However, since the Commission intervened, Denmark has amended the law. However, under the Danish Rental Act, where the landlord is letting property in return for the payment of a rent, there are no State measures involved. Further, even where undertakings are involved in the rental contract, the situation does not prima facie appear to involve a breach of EU competition law with an effect on trade between Member States, in particular where the practises would be proportionate and justified by legitimate interest objectives, such as the landlord's right to protect its property and ensure that any antenna installation by the tenants is carried out in an acceptable manner.
Therefore, based on the information available to the Commission, further action does not seem necessary at this moment in time. Many EU countries allow private vehicles to use the roads for certain periods during the year for example 3. Will it take the initiative to try and make the Greek Ministry of Finance see the many benefits of such an arrangement?
In particular, it must not give rise to border-crossing formalities in trade between Member States and must respect the non-discrimination principle.