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OK, close. Write your review. William was one of the original proprietors, who, in , took possession of acres of land at Deerfield then called Pocumptuck , granted to the town of Dedham in lieu of acres, taken from the town by the General Court for the Indians at Natick. Twenty-eight years after their arrival and settlement in America, having lived all this time in Dedham, Margaret, wife of Dr.

Wil- liam, died. The date of her death, per Dedham Records, was Sept. William Avery was the earliest educated physician, who is known to have taken up his residence in Dedham. He appears to have been well educated, a man of benevolence, and especially a patron of learning, etc. Daniel Fisher and Ensign Fuller report that Dr. WiUiam Avery, now of Boston, but formerly of the Dedham church, out of entire love of his Church and Town, freely gives into their hands, sixty pounds, for a Latin school, to be ordered by the Selectmen and elders.

See "Memorial History of Boston," , Vol. Roberts, Boston, , Vol. He was called Sergeant in , was a [18] Dr. William married for his second wife, Mrs. Maria Wood- mansey Tappin, daughter of Mr. His tombstone stands in King's Chapel burial ground, Boston, near and facing the middle of the raihng on Tremont Street. On it is also inscribed the name of his widow, Maria. It is likely that this stone does not stand where it was originally placed, as a number of tombstones were taken up and set in a row by some person, — a barbarism that should never have been sanctioned.

In he published a book the title of which reads: 'The Neces- sity of pouring out the spirit from on High, etc' Boston: Printed by John Foster, for William Avery near the sign of the Blew Anchor, He was the Bookseller mentioned by Thomas in his History, Vol. Range XIV, No. King's Chapel burial ground by Tho's Bridgman, Boston, Dedham Records, Vol. Ill, pp. Sewall papers, Vol. More, one parcell of woodland, the quantyty being more or less, the same I bought of Mr.

More, one parcell or lott of Lands in Dedham aforesayd as it do Lye in that Devision of land near Meadfield bound line the quantity being two hundred and fifty acres, more or less, the whole lot as it was granted by the Towne of Dedham to the Rights of Ens. More, the moyetie or half part of my lot or par- cell of meadow that I bought of Cornelius ffisher as it lyeth in Fowle Meadow one the Northerly side of the River, being the first meadow streame towards the west that is yet layed out one the Northerly side of the sayd River.

William Avery acknowledged this Instrume. In Probate Office, Boston, Mass. I give unto my dear and loving Wife Mary, the summe of one hundred pounds of currant mony of New England as I promised upon marriage with her and which is now in her hand.

The Avery, Fairchild & Park Families of Massachusetts, Connecticut & Rhode Island

I give and bequeath to my two sons-in-law, William Sumner and Benjamin Dyer, twenty pounds apiece, accounting that which each of them hath received already as a part of this legacy to them. Concerning my part in several mines my Will is, that after all necessary charges laid out or to be laid out upon them be equally satis- fyed, then the profit or income of them, while my wife lives, shall be divided to her and to my four children, William, Robert and Jonathan Avery and Mary Tisdale, and after my wife's decease shall be divided among my said children; and my Will is, that in all these divisions my son William shall have a double share and the rest each of them, a single share or equal share.

And, if afterward there be anything re- maining, it shall be equally divided among my four children. Finally, I do nominate and request my worthy friends Mr. John Wilson of Medfield and Mr. And in testimony of my ordaining and constituting this my last Will and Testament. Signed and sealed in presence of us Samuel lane Samuel Fearrin. William Avery [seal] Sealed Published and confirmed by Mr. Married, , Eliza- beth Lane, of Maiden, Mass. They had five children. She died He died They had ten children.

They had eight children. Smith's tools, Anvill, Vice, Grindstone and crank, Great Seal Beam, three great hammers, a number of tongs, shears, 3 small hammers, Man- drill old tools Bellows. Cattel — 2 Oxen, a mare, 2 HefFers coming 4 years old, 2 more coming 3 years, 5 cows, 2 young hefF, a sow, a pigg, 12 piggs. Michael Dwight, his son-in-law, was administrator of the estate. The deed, from which the above are only extracts, bears date Feb. See page , Richard Warren and Family.

Harvard, 1. Born They had nine children. Jonathan Parker, of Plympton, Mass. Married John Draper, of Boston. They had one child. Married Anna Cushman. John Freeman, and great-granddaughter of Gov. Hence his second wife, as his first, was of Pilgrim stock. She was born November, Ephraim Avery' died in Brooklyn, Conn.

Married Mr. I think it therefore proper for me to settle the affairs of my body and soul, that when my great change cometh, I may have only this to say, viz. I do therefore make and ordain this my Last Will and Testament, that is to say. Avery was a member of the Board of Selectmen, to , and town clerk and treasurer from to He witnessed his father's signature Rev. And as to my Worldly Estate my will is that all those debts and duties as I do owe in Right and Conscience to any person whatsoever, be well satis- fied and paid in convenient time, after my decease, by my Executors hereafter named, and as to the Remainder of My Estate after Debts and funeral Charges paid, I give and bequeath as followeth; In the first place I give and bequeath to my well beloved wife Mary Avery, over and above what she is to have out of my Estate by my agreement with her before marriage the use and Improvement of my westerly bedroom and my Study appertaining thereto and the use and Improvement of my Woodland on the Easterly side of the Highway that leads from Neighbor Eldreds to the Meeting-house in said Truro, these privileges for her so long as she Continues to be my Relict or Widow, and shall think fit.

I Give and bequeath to the children of my beloved daughter Ruth Parker, deceased namely, Ruth Bishop, Jonathan Parker, and Avery Parker, all the Goods and household stuff together with my Negro Girl named Phillis, all which their mother received of me in her life time, to them, their heirs and assigns forever, to be equally divided among them.

Moreover I do constitute and appoint my well-beloved sons John Avery and Job Avery, to be my Executors of this my last Will and Testament, and hereby do utterly disallow, revoke, and disannul all and every other former Test'mts or Wills, and bequests and Executors by me in any ways before this time named, willed and bequeathed. Ratifying and confirming this and no other, to be my last will and Testament. Signed, sealed, published pro- Further it is My Will that nounced and declared by the said my two negroes Jack and Hope John Avery, as his last Will and have the Liberty to choose their Testament, in presence of us the Master among all my children.

Possibly this Dorothy Parker may have been some distant family connection. A settlement was commenced here about Whereas, there is a certain tract of land known by the name of Paw- met, at present a District of Eastham, and under the constablerick of that town, consisting of about forty families, and daily increasing — the said land extending about fourteen miles in length from the Province lands at the extremity of Cape Cod reserved for the Fishery, and the lands of Eastham on the South, and running northerly as far as the lands called the Purchaser's lands, extends over the harbor named tRe Eastern harbor; according to the known stated boundaries thereof — the breadth thereof running from sea to sea across the neck of land commonly called Cape Cod.

And whereas the inhabitants of said district by their humble petition have set forth that they have built a convenient house to meet in for the public worship of God, and have for some time had a minister among them; humbly praying that they may be made a township, and have such necessary officers within themselves, whereby they may be enabled to manage and carry on their civil and religious concerns and enjoy the like powers and privileges as other towns in this Province have and do by law enjoy.

Be it therefore enacted, by his Excellency the Gov- ernor, Council and Representatives in General Court assembled, and by the authority of the same, that the tract of land called Pawmet, described and bounded as before expressed, be and hereby is erected into a town- ship and made a distinct and separate town, and shall be called by the name of Truro, and that the inhabitants thereof have use, exercise, and enjoy all the powers and privileges by law granted to townships within this Province; and the constable of the said place, for the time being, is hereby empowered and required to warn the inhabitants to assemble and meet together to choose selectmen and other town officers to manage and [30] carry on their prudential affairs until the next anniversary time for elec- tion of town officers, and the said inhabitants are enjoined to assemble and attend the said work accordingly.

Provided, that the inhabitants of the said town do procure and settle a learned orthodox minister to dispense the word of God to them, within the space of three years next after the passing of this act or sooner. Provided also, that they pay their proportion to the present province tax, as it is apportioned among them respectively by the selectmen or assessors of Eastham. John Clark, Speaker. District, — This Bill having been read three several times in Councils, passed to be enacted.

Addington, Sec'y. By his Excellency the Governor, I consent to the enacting of this Bill. It will be seen in the Act of the Incorporation of Truro, refer- ence is made to having a place of worship, and having had for some time a minister among them. John Avery was the first minister settled there. John Avery who had for some considerable time been employed in the work of the ministry among them to tarry with and settle amongst them in said work of ministrie, and for his encouragement and support in said work it was also agreed upon and unanimously voted to offer him sixty pounds per annum, and twenty pounds towards his building when he shall see cause to build himself a dwelling in the said town, and a com- mittee was chosen to inform Mr.

Avery of the town's desire and offer in the matter, who accordingly forthwith went and delivered their message to the aforesaid Mr. Avery, who gave good encouragement of his accept- ance, but left the result till he had advised with his friends. Attest, Tho: Paine, Clerk. John Avery shall proceed to the now proposed agreement of the inhabitants into an [31] orderly and regular settlement and ordination in the work of the Gospel, and shall so continue for the space of ten years next ensuing, after settle- ment and ordination, he shall have five and thirty acres of land at Tash- muit alias Clay Pounds.

Tho: Paine. It was also voted — same date — "to give to the first settled minister in the town of Truro, six acres of land on the north- easterly side of East Harbor;" and "four more acres to make up ten acres, which is reserved to be given to Mr. John Avery pro- vided he settle in the work of the ministry.

John Avery to a settlement in the work of the Gospel Ministry among them; and for his support and encourage- ment in said work, did offer him sixty pounds a year salary, and twenty pounds toward his building, when he shall see cause to build him a dwell- ing-house in said town, and sent by a Committee to inform the said Mr. Avery's settlement among them in the work of the Gospel Ministry; and the said Mr. Avery being then present, did accept of said call: Where- upon said town chose Thomas Mulford, John Snow, and Thomas Paine, a Committee in the name and behalf of the town of Truro, to make a full arrangement with the aforesaid Mr.

John Avery, for himself and the above named Committee, in the name and behalf of the town of Truro agreed as followeth: that is to say, the above named Mr. John Avery doth agree for himself that he will, God assisting him thereto, settle in the work of the Ministry in the said town of Truro; and the above named [32] Thomas Mulford, John Snow, Thomas Paine, in the name and behalf of the aforesaid town of Truro, do agree with the said Mr.

John Avery to allow him for a yearly salary during the time of his continuance in the work of the ministry, in the aforesaid town of Truro, sixty pounds per annum in money as it shall pass from man to man in common dealings or in other merchantable pay as it shall pass with the merchant in com- mon traffic at or upon the twenty-ninth day of March annually; and twenty pounds of like money toward his building, to be added to his salary, on that year, that he, the said Mr. Avery, shall see cause to build himself a dwelling-house in the town of Truro, aforesaid. In witness whereof, the above named Mr.

John Avery for himself, and the above named Committee, in the name and behalf of the town of Truro, have hereunto set their hands. Avery's ordination, and Lt. Constant Freeman, Hez. Purington and Thomas Paine were appointed to superintend the arrangements, and agree with a meet person to provide. It was also ordered that Mr. Thomas Paine shall have three pounds to reimburse him for money spent in securing the Act of Incorporation, and the services of a minister.

The charge was given by Rev. Ephraim Little, of Plymouth brother-in-law to Mr. Avery , who was pro- locutor; hands imposed by Mr. Little, Mr. Stone, and Mr. Joseph Metcalf, of Falmouth who was also a family connection of Mr. Avery ; the ordination sermon was preached by Mr. Avery, from "That text, 2d Cor. The church of which Mr. Avery's ordination, with seven male members beside the pastor.

Avery resided. Witness, Tho: Paine, Clerk for the time. That in which is the earliest date found on any grave-stones in the yard it was cleared and pre- pared for making interments, and that in the congregations had so increased as to deem it necessary to build more new gal- leries.

Avery was ordained. The next year, , they agreed to build a new meeting-house, to be "twenty-two feet in the height of the walls and forty feet in length and thirty-six feet in breadth," for which object the town appropriated three hundred and fifty pounds, the "house to be built and finished within the space of one year next ensuing. It stood for one hundred and nineteen years, a conspicuous landmark to mariners of Cape Cod.

Rich, in his "History," says: "It stood near the south-west corner of the present graveyard, facing the south, according to the customs of those days. The heavy white-oak frame was cut on the spot, and when the old meeting-house was demolished in , the timber was as sound as when raised. John Avery to build a pew in the new house on the left hand of the going up of the pulpit stairs. It received the name of Christian Union Church. The communion service was pre- sented to the church by Mrs. Ruth Avery, wife of the pastor. Ellwood, Lon- don," but no date.

Avery's salary as a preacher was sixty pounds a year; this, with land for farming, meadow, plenty of woodland — which has been known for over a century as the "Ministerial Woods" — together with his services as lawyer, doctor, and smith, must have yielded him a large income, considering the times in which he lived. Two years later they increased it to ninety pounds a year, and this continued to be his salary for the next five years.

Avery's salary to one hundred pounds. Two years later Mr. Avery was called to mourn the loss of the wife of his youth and the mother of all his children. Ben- jamin Webb, of Eastham, preached the funeral sermon, which was afterward printed in Boston, in pamphlet form. And Pastor of the second Church of Christ in Eastham. Mark the perfect man and behold the Upright, for the end of that man is peace. Printed at Boston in New England Avery's salary was raised to two hundred pounds old tenor; but owing to the depre- ciation in old tenor, the advance of his salary was more apparent than real.

To better understand the value of old tenor, we quote a Sand- wich record from "Rich's History": "In it was voted in Sandwich to extend a call to Mr. Abraham Williams, at a yearly salary of pounds O. Avery began to feel somewhat the in- firmities of age, and it was thought advisable to procure some suitable minister to assist him in preaching the gospel. Avery was without an assistant. In those days, it is evident everything was settled after great deliberation. Charles Turner, Mr. Caleb Upham or Mr. Samuel Angier, to preach the gospel on pro- bation. Voted by the Church to give Mr. Charles Turner a call to the pastoral work.

Danforth of Dorchester, and graduated from Har- vard College in , he could not have been more than twenty- two years old when he first went to North Truro. Twenty-four years after the ordination of the Rev. Deed except two pieces of land which I have already taken up by vertue of said Pierce? John Avery and when he witnessed his father's signature was but seventeen years of age.

The original deed, written on parchment, in very fine handwrit- ing, was presented to the Dedham Historical Society, Dedham, Mass. Walter T. John Avery's hand- writing in existence. They had three children. Married Hannah Piatt. Died soon twin brother of Ephraim. Married Eunice Putnam. She died? Married, May, ?

Aaron Putnam of Reading, born Harvard, He died , Pomfret, Conn.

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Aaron Putnam was second cousin to Gen. Israel Putnam, who married the widow of Rev. He died? Married John Brewster of Hampton. She died.? He died.? They had two children. Ephraim Avery of Truro, Mass. The difficulties and differences now vanished and all parties were satis- fied with the gifts and abilities together with the conversation of the young candidate in his 22nd year and gladly united in calling him to settlement. Avery who in view of the fluctuations in currency then prevailing, agreed "To pay him yearly six pence upon the list of all the polls and ratable estate, until it amounts to one hundred and twenty pounds in money or bills of public credit to be fixed with respect to the following commodities viz: wheat, rye, Indian corn, beef, pork, sheep's wool or flax; or that the salary vary ac- cording as the price of them shall rise or fall from the present year.

These terms being accepted by Mr. The work on the Meeting-house was now hastened. It was voted to build a pulpit and have pews all around the house, only the place for the pulpit and the doors and the stairs excepted; some years passed before these were com- pleted. The site of this Meeting-house in Brooklyn, Conn. Meanwhile a body of seats was set up and the house made ready for the ordination of Mr. Avery Wednesday Sept. All the neighboring ministers participated in the service on the occasion. The Rev. Coit of Plain- field gave the charge, Mr. Wadsworth the right hand of fellowship, Mr.

Cabot the last prayer. The sermon was preached by the father of the young divine — Rev. John Avery of Truro, from 2 Tim. Jonathan Cady's, two miles westward over Blackzvell's Brook, which being still [41] bridgeless was forded on this occasion by all of the ministers and mes- sengers. The prosperity of the Parish was greatly checked by prevalent sickness and mortality. A pleuratic distemper in was followed in by a malignant dysentery especially fatal to children. Scarcely a family in Windham County escaped the scourge. In Brooklyn where it raged with great violence about seventy deaths were reported.

Ephraim Avery, still apparently the only medical practitioner in the vicinity, night and day ministered to the sick and dying till he was prostrated and overcame and fell a victim to the disease. The death of this excellent minister was greatly mourned. Printed by John Draper, Boston, Ephraim Avery, formerly of Truro, Mass. As to his natural endowments, he was calm, peaceable, patient, open hearted, free of access, sociable, hospitable, cheerful, but not vain, capable of un- shaken friendship — not a wit, but very judicious, not of the most ready and quick thought, but very penetrating, capable of viewing the rela- tion of things, comparing them and drawing just conclusions from them.

In a word, the Author of Nature had dealt out with a liberal hand, to him, humanity and good sense. As to his acquirements in learning: he was esteemed of the best judges of his acquaintances, a good scholar, a good Divine and no small proficient in several of the liberal sciences. In his family he was the courteous, obliging, tender hus- band, the kind, provident and exemplary father. As a minister of [42] Christ, he was an example to his flock. His preaching was judicious and pungent, well adapted to enlighten the understanding, convince the judgment and reform the life.

It was his study and his care to feed his people with knowledge and understanding.

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Ephraim Avery'' died in Brooklyn, Conn. An inventory of the estate of Rev. Silver vessels Rakes 20s. House land and other buildings 6, Wood Lott I yoak of oxen I young horse John Gardiner, 5th Proprietor of Gardiner's Island. The ceremony probably took place at the house o his brother-in-law her cousin.

Joshua Lothrop Mr. Gardiner's first wife having died the next day after Mrs. Avery's first husband. They had two chil- dren. She married, third. On page of Chandler's copy of "Pomfret Records" is found: "A marriage was solemnized between Col. Israel Putnam and Mrs. Putnam had a large circle of friends and much social experience. Her husband was the most popular man of the day. Their hos- pitable home drew throngs of visitants. Every soldier passing through Windham County would go out of his way to call upon his beloved Colonel.

Putnam was called again to experience the heaviest of domestic afflictions in the loss of his wife. She died at his quarters about a week after his removal to Fishkill [and about ten days after the loss of Forts Montgomery and Clinton], and it is not im- probable that her death was hastened, if not caused by the ex- posure and fatigue incident to this sudden change.

Putnam, in his letter to Gen. Putnam, and sympathize with you upon the occasion. M,, as per Gov. Clinton's letter to Gen. Putnam [formerly Rev. Beverly Robinson's family vault. Married, Stephen Barritt. Married, Mr. While there he turned his attention to theology, and was considered a very promising young man. He then went to England, and was ordained Deacon and Priest by Dr. Hinchman, Bishop of London, , being well recommended by the clergy of New Jersey and others, and found worthy by the Lord Bishop of London, was appointed to the vacant mission of Rye, N.

Soon after this, the Clergy of the Church of England fell upon troublous times, which tried to the utmost the firmness of men. The Revolutionary War broke out, threatening an utter disruption of the ties which had so long bound the Colonies and the Mother country together. The relations of the Clergy with the latter, were of a more close and enduring character than those of almost any other class of men. This conduct, how- ever harmless, gave great offence. They were everywhere threatened, and often reviled, and sometimes treated with brutal violence. At Rye, Mr. Avery was a principal sufferer.

His horses were seized, his cattle driven off, and his property plundered. His death, supposed by some, to have been occasioned by these losses, happened soon after. The Society's Abstracts for say: "By a private letter received from Mr. Ingles, it appears that Mr. Avery was murdered in a most barbarous manner, on the fifth of last November, for refusing to pray for Congress, his throat having been cut and his body shot through and thrown in the public highway.

Tradition, however, reports that Mr. Avery was murdered by one Hains, an Irish Jesuit, who kept a private school which stood upon or near the site now occupied by a carriage shed, directly opposite the Church at Rye. It is said that frequent discussions on religious topics had taken place between them; on these occasions Mr.

Avery was always observed to maintain his argument with great coolness and moderation, while his antagonist, who was of a violent temper, would betray the worst feelings. Under the garb of liberty, the murderer waylaid and shot the innocent and defenceless victim, cut his throat and dragged his body into the highway. But the conscience stricken murderer found no rest, and finally removed to Ohio. Not long after he was tried for a second murder, and condemned to the gallows. According to an account of his execution, published in one of the Ohio papers of the day, — on the bolts being drawn, the rope broke and the unfortunate man fell to the ground.

Then he entreated the officers to spare him a few moments; when he declared that he first shot Mr. Avery and then cut his throat. Related on the testimony of Mrs. Wetmore and other aged inhabitants of the Parish, who have heard their parents speak of Hains, and remember to have seen the account of his execution in the papers of the day. The remains of Mr. Avery, with those of his wife, repose in the burying ground belonging to the church, on the opposite side of Blind Brook.

He died , In early life was lost at sea in the Jeanette. Married, , Jane Gunning. She died September, They had seven children.

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Married, , E. He died November, American An- cestry, Vol. A granddaughter remembers having been told that he was a clergyman. It is probable that he was, as he was the eldest son, and a descendant, in a direct line, of three generations of Episcopalian clergymen. She died, Hartford, Conn. They had one daughter. They had one son. They had no children. Columbia University, See forward, III. Manfred P. Welcher, of Newark, N. Died, Brooklyn, N. Benjamin Parke of New York. His father, who was in the leather business in New York, and died there in the cholera epi- demic of , when only thirty-five years of age, was the son of [51] John William Averyof New York, and Sarah Fairchild, of Stratford, Conn.

Ephraim Avery was the son of Rev. Ephraim Avery of Brooklyn, Conn. John Avery of Truro, Mass. Left by the death of his father at the early age of ten to make his own way in the world, Mr. Avery began engraving as a mere boy in a bank-note company, where he studied copperplate en- graving, then engraving on wood, and afterwards edited art com- pilations of his own selection, sometimes contributing illustra- tions of his own handiwork.

In he entered into the business of commercial engraving and art publishing at the corner of Broad- way and Fourth Street. The following year he abandoned engraving and art publishing and became a dealer in works of art. He removed to No. Avery, Jr. During this latter period of business activity he became widely known as an art connoisseur and one of the foremost men in art circles in New York City. Forty years ago, when he entered the picture market, the conditions of aesthetic taste in America were decidedly mixed.

The sentimental or humorous anecdote, painted by the mediocre artist, was quite as likely to appeal to the collector as was any masterpiece of modern art. Avery was a man of common sense, and so did not try to make things over in a day; besides, he knew, what we are sometimes disposed to forget, that even the painted anecdote can be, on occasion, a masterpiece.

But he had an instinctive feeling for what was best in contemporary art; he realized from the outset the value of the Barbizon school, for example, and he was of great service to us in bringing really good pictures into the country. More than one noted gallery in New York owes its ex- cellence to his share in its creation. On his visits to Europe in earlier days he established friendly relations with scores of artists since become famous.

He was among their first, as he was among their most discerning patrons, and a? He had a gift for discovering the unique picture or print, the most interesting personal souvenir. Ranging- far outside the boundaries of pictorial art, he swelled the list of his acquisitions with beautiful bindings, porcelains, and divers objects of artistic craftsmanship.

These treasures he often lent for exhibition pur- poses, and finally, in the leisure of his later life, bestowed upon different institutions, so that while at the time of his death he left his home still full of beautiful things, he had made in one direction or another a remarkable number of important gifts. His collection of etchings, including a wonderful array of Whistlers, went to enrich the print department of the New York Public Library. Again and again it has furnished forth a notable ex- hibition at the Lenox Library Building.

The Metropolitan Museum of Art, which he helped to found and which he faithfully served as a trustee, also profited by his generosity. But the extent to which Mr. Avery benefited the many artistic organizations with which he was identified has already been noted [53] in the Tribune. What we wish especially to point out today is the fact that in matters of art he was as cultivated as he was open- handed. He exerted a salutary influence, not simply because he was ever ready to give practical support to an enlightened move- ment, but because he reinforced his more tangible contributions with the counsel that comes from taste and judgment.

A good citizen who was also a connoisseur has been lost in his death. His business methods were always clever and often brilliant; but his most intense activity was uniformly guided by a natural appre- ciation of beauty and fine workmanship. Boldness in action and perfect taste — these always characterized his business career.

The people of New York — and perhaps it is not too much to say the American people — appreciated these qualities, and were glad to make large returns for the faithful and expert service which he so constantly rendered. When in the course of a long and happy life Mr. Avery reached an age which made active endeavor burdensome and unnecessary, he brought to the disposal of his accumulations the same quali- ties which had created them.

Boundless courage and great knowledge, and an alertness which made him ready for any emer- gency — to these were added that extraordinary delicacy and tenderness of temperament which made him not only a great critic and connoisseur, but a dear friend as well. It is doubtful if there is a worthy charity or a well-managed [54] public institution in the city of New York which has not felt in a material way the benefit of his good will. Of these, however, the Library of Columbia University has been most kindly cared for.

The Avery Architectural Library is a most characteristic pro- duction of Mr. Avery's genius. The profession of architecture is peculiarly dependent upon its literature. At the same time the cost of the best architectural books places them beyond the reach of many serious practitioners. This became apparent to Mr. Avery during the short practice of their son, Henry Ogden Avery, perhaps the most brilliant and promising of the younger architects of his day — who had gathered for his own use a remarkably valuable collection of books.

At the death of their son there came to his parents the thought of the endow- ment of a monumental architectural library, as a suitable memo- rial; a library which should be easily accessible to all interested persons. Having made this decision, Mr. Avery, quite as a matter of course, placed their great resources in commission with a liberality which has known no limit except their own good judgment and that of the purchasing committee created by the foundation.

To this library and this work Mr. Avery has always given most freely of that which after all has been most enriching and most valuable — himself. To the very last his interest never flagged, and his generous heart beat strong and true in spite of a keen consciousness of failing physical powers.

More enduring than on bronze or marble is the inscription which he has written by his life on the hearts of his fellow citizens. Columbia University Quarterly, September, Resolved, That this Executive Committee consider it a privilege to place on its records and directs that it be so placed, this minute indicative of its appreciation of the quiet and unassuming but generous and fruitful life which Mr.

Avery led, and the high purpose by which his career always seemed to be actuated. This led to the organization of the Metropolitan Museum of Art, of which he be- came one of the founders and a leading director. The loss of his son, Henry Ogden Avery, a talented young architect, caused him to found in the Columbia University library, the Avery collection of architectural and art books as a memorial.

This contains more than fifteen thousand volumes and is probably the best special library of [56]. For this Columbia gave him the honorary degree of Master of Arts. Nor were his bene- factions confined to this University. He gave to the Lenox Library seventeen thousand nineteenth-century etchings and engravings, a collection which he had been accumulating for nearly forty years. The Grolier Club, of which he was President, and the New York Genealogical and Biographical Society, of which he was at one time a Trustee, were also recipients of valu- able gifts, and one of the collections of Oriental porcelain in the Metropolitan Museum was collected and given by him.

Avery's usefulness may never be known. Con- spicuous as his position here in New York was, he gave modestly from the surplus of his collections to many country institutions, ever fostering the love of art in its feeble beginnings. He is survived by his widow and two children: Samuel P. Fanny F. Welcher, wife of the Rev. Welcher of Brooklyn. The City of Tokio, bearing the remains of the late Benjamin Parke Avery, was telegraphed fifteen miles out at a.

Avery were sent in care of Lieut. Lyon, U.

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The body was embalmed in China by the surgeon of the Russian Embassy, and was placed in an enameled or varnished casket, which was rolled in oil silk and cemented. This was then placed in the outside casket of teak wood, which was also varnished.

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At 2 o'clock P. Stillman in the chair, other members of the Association and Dr. Stout from the Committee of the Academy of Sciences being present.

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It was decided that the body, attended by the friends of the deceased and the Guard of Honor, should be removed from the undertaking rooms of Mr. Gray at 10 o'clock this morning to Dr. Stebbins' church, where it will lie in state until the funeral, which takes place from the church at 2 o'clock to-morrow afternoon.

It was decided also to invite the members of other societies with which Mr. Avery was identi- fied to attend the funeral at the church in a body. At 4 o'clock the Com- mittee with a few friends of the deceased followed the casket from the wharf to the undertaking rooms under the escort of Lieutenant Reno of the Fourth Artillery, with a detachment of thirteen men from Company A of the same regiment from the Presidio, who will constitute the Guard of Honor until the interment takes place.

The eulogy upon the life and character of the deceased will be pronounced by Rev. Horatio Stebbins. In this memorial service Rev. Hamilton of Oakland will assist. The music at the church will be rendered by a choir from the Bohemian Club, under the leadership of Joseph Maguire. The Committee appointed to direct the obsequies have selected as pall-bearers the following named gentlemen: Major-General John M.

Schofield, U. Waite; ex-Governor Frederick F. Cunningham, U. General Schofield made a requisition upon the commander of the National Guard for a regiment of militia, and the following companies, under command of Colonel George W. Granniss, have been detailed in accordance with the order: Emmet Guard, Co. MacMahon Grenadier Guard, Co. Sumner Light Guard, Co. E, First Infantry, Captain H. Franklin Light Infantry, Co. D, First Infantry, Captain R. San Francisco Fusileers, Co. Germania Rifles, Co. D, Second Infantry, Captain G. Von Senden. The Sumner Light Guard or the Franklin Light Infantry will accom- pany the body to the cemetery, and fire the volleys over the grave.

Avery were transferred this afternoon from the United States Consulate to the United States steamer Monocacy, which is to convey them to Shanghai. The procession formed at 3 o'clock. The coffin, covered with the national flag, was placed on two gun-carriages sent from the Monocacy, and drawn by a company of twelve seamen. A guard of honor from the same vessel consisting of eighty men preceded the bier with reversed arms.

At the right of the coffin were members of the Consular staff and two Chinese officials, and at the left, the com- manders of the men-of-war in port, who acted as bearers. Following the remains were the British Minister, Mr. Wade; Mr. Then came other naval officers, the American and other foreign residents. While the procession was forming, the United States Consular flag was run up to the top of the staff; just preceding the order to march, it was dropped to half-mast, and at the same moment minute guns commenced firing on board the Monocacy, and continued till the regular salute of nineteen guns due the rank of the lamented Minister had been fired.

Avery accom- panied the remains of her husband, and goes to Shanghai in the Monocacy. Companies from the English, Russian and French gunboats, drawn up [59] on the bund, saluted the remains as they passed by, presenting arms and rolHng the drum. A goodly number of the foreign residents of Tientsin were in attendance.

Altogether rather an imposing spectacle was presented to the interested gaze of the Chinese crowd which gathered to witness the ceremonies. The only ceremony observed was that the naval officers superintending the landing were in full u-niform, the national flag was dropped half-mast and minute-guns were fired. God rest thy soul! O, kind and pure. Tender of heart, yet strong to wield control. And to endure! Close the clear eyes! No greater woe Earth's patient heart, than when a good man dies, Can ever know.

With us is night — Toil without rest; But where thy gentle spirit walks in light, The ways are blest. God's peace be thine! God's perfect peace! Thy meed of faithful service, until time And death shall cease. Just as our last form goes to press, news comes of the death of Hon.

Benjamin P. The shock is so sudden we can hardly realize our friend has gone from our gaze forever. Have the cruel wires lied, or has his gentle spirit passed from this world of care and pain to "the land where all is peace"? Avery was in many respects a remarkable man. He typified the ripest fruitage of our western thought and culture. He was essentially Californian, but he represented the finer feminine side of California — California in those gentler moods of which we see too little. He had the freshness without the brusqueness of the frontier spirit.

Perhaps no one person did so much to educate the people of the State in the right direc- tion — to lift the thoughts of men above the sordid interests of the hour and the mean ambitions of personal gain. He embodied in his life and character that spirit of a broader culture, purer morals, and loftier aims which constitute the basis of all healthy growth. He loved California with an almost idolatrous love, but lamented its hard materialism, and [60] strove to make it more worthy of its great destiny.

And he was un- wearying in his efforts to elevate and refine. The hours that other workers gave to rest and recreation he devoted to the building up of new aesthetic interests and the study of those gentler arts that uplift society and smooth down the sharp angles of our western life. He was one of those rare men who are estimated rather below than above their true value. His modesty made him shy; and some people, who but half knew him, made the mistake of thinking he lacked force.

No man was more firm in upright purpose — could be more courageous in the assertion of honest conviction. His adherence to principle was firm and uncompromising. He was constitutionally incapable of putting a falsehood in print, or perverting facts to partisan uses. His pen was never soiled by an attack upon private character. He abhorred with all the intensity of a pure soul the personalities of journalism.

His capacity for work was marvelous. We cannot recall a journalist, with perhaps the exception of the late Henry J. Raymond, who could write so rapidly, yet so pointedly and correctly. His well-stored mind poured forth its treasures in a rapid-flowing copious stream. He was equally ready in all departments of journalistic activity. He was an admirable dramatic critic, was well versed in the elementary principles of music, while in the specialty of art criticism he was without a rival among Californian writers.

His editorials were models of clear state- ment and strong but elegant English, while all that he wrote was per- vaded by a certain spirit of candor and a power of moral conscience that compelled attention and carried conviction. While the prevailing tone of his mind was serious, few writers could be more delightfully playful, more charmingly humorous. Socially Mr. Avery was very lovable. In him all the virtues seemed harmoniously combined. He was absolutely without guile, as he was without vices.

His heart overflowed with love for his fellows. He could not bear to think ill of any one, and if a sense of public duty compelled him to criticise, it was done so kindly, so regretfully, that censure lost half its sting. And his friendships were so firm and steadfast, his trust in those he loved, so deep and unquestioning! Who that has felt the grasp of his manly hand, and looked into the quiet depths of his kindly eye, can ever forget the subtile influence that crept like a balm into his soul?

He lived in and for his friends. Caring little for general society, his social world was bounded by a charmed circle of intimates.

He was such a delightful companion; so fresh and bright and genial, so apt in repartee, so quaintly witty, so rich in various learning without taint of pedantry. To know him, to be much in his society, to feel the sweet influence of his pure life, was a boon and blessing. He is dead; but the seed of thought and culture he has sown has not fallen on barren ground. His work survives him. The interests he promoted and the institutions he helped found, are living monuments of his beneficent activity. We shall see him no more in the flesh, but his spirit will long be a pervading presence to hosts of loving hearts.

San Francisco Overland Monthly, December, Williams College, II Welcher", Alice Lee, born. He never married. In he was admitted as a student to the office of his father's friend Russell Sturgis. In September, , he became a student in the Ecole des Beaux Arts, Paris, France, where he applied himself with great zeal to master his chosen profession. Not only that, but to the study of language, of music, of political economy and the history and laws of the land of his birth. Hunt, later on taking up business on his own ac- count, when he achieved considerable success.

Meantime his professional zeal was too ardent to be contented with ordinary routine. He delivered lectures before the Architectural League and the Gotham Art students and wrote for Scribner's Magazine a history of the Paris school of fine arts, also other articles for several periodicals on topics connected with art.

Avery removes one of the few organizers and superior workers for the good of the profession at large; one of those who had high Ideals of professional Intercourse and work, whose time was always at the disposal of the Architectural League and other societies with which he was identified. His acquaintance with all the allied arts made his service valuable; he had great efficiency and ability in organiz- [63] ing and aiding all enterprises that tended to bring architects together and to inculcate an esprit de corps. At a time when so many think only of the almighty dollar, he sacrificed his own interest in service, and service is the hardest thing to get and the most valuable when so unselfish as was his.

The J? The Archaeological Institute of America, New York Society, through the undersigned, who have been appointed a committee for the purpose, records its sense of the loss that it has suffered in the death of Henry Ogden Avery, one of its most zealous members, and one who promised to be a chief support and help of the society and the Institute in all its future work. The undertaking of the Institute is new, and has reached but a slight development as yet; but in looking at the possible future, we can- not but feel that one of our chief hopes has been removed in the taking away of Avery.

Thoroughly taught, first in the architectural oifice of a member of this committee, and then, for an unusual number of years, at the ficole des Beaux Arts and a good Paris atelier; afterward engaged in the active practice of his profession in New York, in one of the largest and busiest offices of the city, and independently, he was eminently in- telligent, thoughtful, highly instructed, and high-aiming as an architect, as a decorative designer, and as a member of his profession and of the whole community.

In the societies with which he had been connected he was markedly useful, and was willing to sacrifice time and strength for the cause in which he had enlisted; he was not one of those who will accept office for the honor it may give without discharging the duties which it brings with it.

In our society he has been a member of the Committee on Mem- bership, and has shown great zeal in that which must be the foundation of all success — the filling up of the roll of members. Other services were to come, and the personal esteem felt for him and our personal re- grets at his loss are intensified by our sense of what the cause of archaeology and the study of art have suffered in this premature death. Russell Sturgis Frederic J. De Peyster Wm. At its monthly meeting the Secretary moved that the Chapter take appropriate action in honor of the memory of the late Henry O.

Henry Ogden Avery is a source of profound regret to those associated with him in this Chapter. Quiet, gentle and unobtrusive, he was always ready to work for the good of others — for the interests of the profession at large. His quick [64] intellect gave him weight in council and fitted him for important, active work, which promptly showed the effect of his endeavors, and his genial nature endeared him to all with whom he came in contact.

The profession has lost an accomplished artist, an earnest servant, and a faithful brother — such men are rare. New York Chapter of the Archi- tectural Institute. Henry O. Avery by the President, Russell Sturgis, who spoke of the virtues of Mr. Briggs and other members made similar addresses. Wright offered the follow- ing resolution, which was read and adopted: "The Architectural League hereby records the death of H.

He was one of the organizers of the first Architec- tural Exhibition and took a leading part in the reorganization of the League, having been a member of the executive committee from its start. By his earnestness and experience he encouraged and greatly aided each of our annual exhibitions. His work in this cause indirectly brought about and hastened his death. His ideals of progressional work and in- tercourse were high, and he sought every opportunity to inculcate an esprit de corps that will raise the standards of all artistic labor and make its united influence tell for the best.

In doing this he kept modestly in the background, but we who knew his devotion can characterize it as wholly unselfish. This League is indebted to him for all his kindly quali- ties of heart and mind exerted unselfishly and so fully to its benefit. We record his loss in a spirit which would be characteristic of the man whose memory we honor, and regret that his career so full of promise was cut off at so early a period. The Architectural League of New York.

Wright, E. Hapgood, F. F'ice-Chairman J. Treasurer Frederick R. Secretary Edward R. John B. Pine, Clerk of Trustees, Columbia University. Robert W. Robert B. Archer M.